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THE KEY OF HEAVEN; 

i: OR, A 

POSEY OF PRAYERS, 

SELECTED FROM 

Catholic 9Lutt)(Jv$. 

FOURTEENTH EDITION. 
To which are added, 

G O T H E R's 

INSTRUCTIONS AND DEVOTIONS 

FOR CONFESSION AND COMMUNION. 



Th* just man s prayer is the key of heaven : our 
petitions ascend to God, and his mercies d*sct>nd' 
to us. - St. Aug. 

Honfcon: 

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED 

BY KEATING, BROWN,. AND CO. 

38, Duke-street, Grosvenor-square. 



WfkJ: 



5C5 *tlVi? 



TABLE OF FEASTS, &e. 

throughout the Year. 

N. B. Those of Obligation are in Capital*. 



-January. 

1 CIRCUMCISI- 

ON. 
6 EPIPHANY. 

February. 

2 Purification. 

24 St. Matthias, 

25 In Leap Years. 

March. 
19 St. Joseph. 
25 ANNUNTIA- 
TION. 
April. 

23 St. George.. 

1 SS. Philip and 
James. 

3 Finding of the 

Holy Cross. 
June. 

24 Nativity of St. 

John Baptist. 
29 SS. PETER and 
PAUL. 
July. 

25 St. James. 



26 St. Ann. 

August. 
10 St. Laurence. 
15 ASSUMPTI- 
ON. 

24 St. Bartholomew 

September. 

8 Nativity B.V.M. 

21 St. Matthew. - 

29 St. MichaeL 

October. 

28 SS. Simon and 

Jude. 

November. 

1 ALL SAINTS. 

30 St. Andrew. 

ember. 
8 Concept. B.V.M. 
21 St. Thomas. 

25 CftRISTMAS- 

DAY. 

26 St. Stephen. 

27 St. John. 

28 H. Innocents. 

29 St. Thomas of 

Canterbury. 



A2 



V 



MOVEABLE FEASTS. 

EASTER-MGNDAY and TUESDAY, 
ASCENSION-DAY, WHITSUN-MON- 
DAY and Tuesday, CORPUS-CHRISTI- 
DAY. 

FASTING DAYS. 

1. The Forty Days of Lent. 

2. The Ember-days, being the Wednesday, 
Friday and Saturday of the first week in 
Lent ; of Whitsun-week ; of the third week 
in September, and of the third week in 
Advent. 

3. The Wednesdays and Fridays of the 
four weeks of Advent. 

4. The Vigils or Eves of Whitsuntide, of 
the feast of SS. Peter and Paul, of the 
Assumption of the B. V. M. of All Saints, 
and of Christmas-day, 

N. B. When any fasting* day falls upon 
a Sunday, it is observed on the Saturday 
before. 

DAYS OF ABSTINENCE. 

1. The Sundays in Lent, 2. The three 
Rogation- days, being the Monday, Tuesday, 
and Wednesday, before Ascension-day. 3. 
St. Mark, April 25, unless it falls in Easter- 
week. 4. The Fridays and Saturdays out 
of Lent, and the Ember-weeks* or such as 
happen to be Vigils : but should Christ- 
mas-day fall upon a Friday or Saturday, it 
is not abstinence. 



Lay Baptism, 5 

JV. B. The Catholic Church commands all her children 
upon Sundays and Holidays to be present at the great Eu. 
charistic Sacrifice, which we call the Mass, and to rest 
from servile work on these days, and to keep them holy. 
adly» She commands them to' abstain from rlesh, on all 
days of fasting and abstinence : and on fasting days to eat 
but one meal. 3dly, She commands them to contess their 
3ins to their pastor at least once a year. 4thly,She com- 
mands them to receive the blessed sacrament at least 
once a year, and that at Easter, viz. between Palmoun* 
day and Low-Sunday, as may be seen from the following 
Extract. 

The 4th Council of Lateran, Can. 21. ordains, 
«' That every one of the faithful of both sexes, 
<; after they come to the years of discretion, shall 
*' in private faithfully confess all their sins, at 
" least once a year, to their own pastor ; and 
n take care to fulfil, to the best of their power, 
€< the penance enjoined them; receiving reve- 
" rently, at least at Easter, the Sacrament of 
4C the eucharist, unless perhaps, by the counsel of 
M their pastor, for some reasonable cause, they 
M judge proper to abstain from it for a time ; 
'« otherwise, let them be excluded out of the 
" church whilst living, and when they die, be 
** deprived of christian burial," 



The Marnier of Lay Persons baptizing an 
Infant in Danger of Death. 

TAKE common water, pour it on the head 
or face of the child, and whilst pouring it, 
sat/ the following words : 

" I baptize thee, in the Name of the 
" Father, and of the Sox, -and of the 
** Holy Ghost. Amen." 

Note, Any person, whether man, wotnan, 
or child, may baptize an infant in case of 
danger of death* 

A3 






A TABLE OF MOVEABLE FEASTS. 





gear 


Septua- 


Ash- 


Easter- 


Whit- 


Sun. 


1st bun 




of our 
Lord 


gesbtia 
Sunday 


ice dries 
day. 


Sunday 


Sunday 


after 
Pent 


of 
Advent 




1819 


Feb 7 


Feb 24 


Apr 11 


Mav30 


25 


Nov 28 


> 


1620 


Jan 30 


Feb 16 


Apr 2 


May 21 


27 


Dec 3 




1821 


Feb 18 


Mar 7 


Apr 22 


Jun 10 


24 


Dec 2 




1822 


Feb 3 


Feb 20 


Apr 7 


May26 


26 


Dec 1 




1823Uan 26 


Feb 12 


Mar 30 


May 18 


27 


Nov SO 




18*24 l Feb 15 


Mar 3 


Apr 13 


June 6 


24 


Nov 28 




1825 


Jan 30 


Feb 16 


Apr 3 


May 2 2 


26 


Nov 27 




1826 


Jan 22 


Feb 8 


Mar 26 


May 14 


28 


Dec 3 




1827 


Feb .11 


Feb 28 


Apr lo 


June 3 


25 


Dec 5 




1828 


Feb 3 


Feb 20 


Apr 6 


May 25 


26 


Nov 30 




1829 


Feb ^5 


Mar 4 


Apr 19 


June 7 


21 


Nov 29 




.1830 


Feb 7 


Feb 24 


Apr 11 


MaySO 


25 


Nov 23 




1831 


Jan 30 


Feb 16 


Apr 8 


May22 


26 


Nov 27 




1832 


Feb 19 


Mar 7 


Apr 22Jun 10 


24 


Dec 2 




1833 


Feb S 


Feb 20 


Apr 7 


May 26 


26 


Dec 1 




183 4 


Fan 26 


Feb 12 


Mar 30 


May 18 


27 


Nov 30 




1835 


Feb 15 


Mar 1 


Apr 19 


June 7 


24 


Nov 29 




1836 


Jan 31 


Feb 17 


Apr 3 


Mav22 


26 


Nov 27 




1837 


Jan 22 


Feb 8 


Mar 26 ?■ lay 14 


28 


Dec 3 




Feb 11 


Feb 28 


Apr 15 June 3 


25 


Dec 2 




Jan 27 


Feb 13 


Mar 31 May 19 


27 


Dec 1 




1840;i'eb 14 


Mar 4 


Apr 19 June 7 


24 


Nov 29 




184lFeb 7 


Feb 24 


Apr llMa\30 


25 


Nov 20 




1812'Jan 23 


Feb 9 


Mar 27 May 15 


27 


Dec 27 




1 8 43: Feb 12 


Mar 1 


Apr 16 June 4 


25 


Dec 3 




1844 Feb 4 


Feb 21 


Apr 7 May 26 


26 


Dec 1 




1845! Jan 19 


Feb 5 


Mar 23 May 11 




Nov 3C 




1846jFeb 8 


Feb 25 


Apr 12MaySl 


25 


Nov 29 



PLENARY + INDULGENCES 

Granted to the Faithful in the four Districts 
of England. 

AN Indulgence is not a leave to corimit 
a sin, nor a pardon or future sins, nor in- 
deed, properly speaking, any pardon of at 91 at 
all j but it is only a remission of the whole or 
a part of the temporal punishment that often, 
remains to be suffered for sins, which, as to 
their guilt and eternal punishment, have been 
already remitted. 

For the validity and effect of an Indulgence, . 
it is not only necessary that there be a compe- 
tent authority in him who grants it, and a just 
ground or motive for the grant; but it is also ne- 
cessary, on the part of him who obtains it, that 
he renounce and be s/ncerely sorry for all his 
sins, that he be in the state of grace, and thac 
he duly perform all the conditions prescribed. 

Hence Indulgences, so far from withdraw- 
ing sinners from performing good works, serve 
to excite and encourage them to greater fer- 
vour in the practice of them. They must ap- 
ply for the benefit of Indulgences with a pe- 
nitential spirit, with a sense of the great debt 
of punishment <hey have contracted by their 
sins,and with earnest petitions to be discharged 
from it, through the merits and satisfactions of 
Christ, by the power of the keys which he has 
committed to his Church, If this debt be not 
paid by penitential sufferings or graciously re- 
mitted by Indulgences in this life, it will, after 
death, retard the entianceof a soul into the 
kingdom of Heaven, until the last fartkmg be 
paid in the prison of purgatory. 
A-4. 



8 Plenary Indulgences. 

Of Indulgences some are called Plenary, 
which .when fully obtained, remit the whole 
debt ot temporal punishment that remained 
due on account of past sins ; others are of a 
certain number of years or days, which, when 
fully obtained, remit so much of the debt of 
temporal punishment, as would have been 
discharged by the performance of so many 
years or days of Canonical Penance. 

The Holy See Apostolic, considering the 
spiritual necessities of the Catholics in this 
kingdom, has been graciously pleased to au- 
thorize the Rt. Rev. Vicars Apostolic to grant 
to the Faithful committed to their chaTge in 
, their respective districts, the following Plenary 
Indulgences, on certain specified conditions, 
leaving to their choice the seasons or solem- 
nities which they shall think proper to appoint 
for this purpose. With respect to the publi- 
cation of Indulgences granted to religious or- 
ders, Pope Benedict XIV. has established the 
following rule, (Num. 23, Reg. obs. in Ang. • 
Miss.) " For the good of the English Mission, 
all acts of piety are approved, Prayers, Fasts, 
and meritorious works, which are approved of 
by the Holy Roman Church. But as to the I.v- 
pulce.vces annexed to these works, by virtue 
of the privileges which have been granted by 
Popes to any religious order, they are sus- 
pended." 

undersigned Vicars Apostolic, in virtue 
of the authority imparted to them by the Holy 
See, grant to the Faithful throughout the king- 
dom of England the following Plenary Indul- 
gences, at the seasons and on the conditions 
appointed and specified below, which are to 
be observed uniformly in all the four districts. 



The Seasons for Plenary Indulgences are, 

I. CHRISTMAS-DAY, and the twelve days 
following, to the day of the Epiphany, inclu- 
sively. 

II. The FIRST WEEK of LENT, beginning 
with the first Sunday, and ending with the second 
Sunday, inclusively. 

III. EASTER, i. e. from PALM-SUNDAY, 
inclusively, to LOW-SUNDAY, inclusively. 

IV. From WHIT-SUNDAY, inclusively, to the 
end of the Octave of CORPUS CHRIbTI. 

V. The FEAST of SS. PETER and PAUL, 
andduring,the Octave. 

VI. From the Sunday, inclusively, preceding 
the Festival of the ASSUMPTION of the B.V. 
MARY to the 22d day of August, inclusively. 
But if the Festival of 'the ASSUMPTION fall 
on a Sunday, the Indulgence begins on that day. 

VII. From the Sunday, inclusively, preceding 
the Festival of St. MICHAEL, to the Sunday 
following, inclusively. But if the Festival of St. 
MICHAEL fall on a Sunday, the Indulgence 
begins on that day. 

VIII. From the Sunday, inclusively, precede 
ingthe Festival of ALL SAMTS, to the 8th day 
or November, inclusively. But if the Feast of 
ALL SAINTS fall on a Sunday, the Indulgence 
begins on that day. 

CONDITIONS of the IL IV. and VIII. 
arc, 

1. That the faithful confess their sins, with sin-- 
cere repentance, to a Priest approved by the Bi-* 
shop. 

2. That they worthily tecerve the Holy Com»* 
rnuniou. 

A 5 



10 Plenary Indulgences. 

3. That if their state and conditioh allow it, 
they give some alms to the poor, either on the 
eve or on the day of their communion. 

4. That on the day of their communion, they 
offer up some prayer to God, for the whole 6tate 
of the Catholic Church throughout the world ; for 
the bringing back all straying souk to the fold of 
Christ; for the- general peace of Christendom, 
and for the blessing of God upon this nation. 

Conditions of the I. III. VI. and VII. are, 

1. That the faithful confess their sins, with 
•incere repentance, to a priest approved by the 
Bishop. 

2. That they worthily receive the Holy Com- 
munion. 

3. That they visit some Chapel or Oratory, 
where Mass is celebrated, and pray to God for 
the peace of the Church. 

4. That they be in a readiness of mind to assist 
the poor with al ms in proportion to their abilities ; 
or to frequent catechism and sermons as often as 
they can do it without great inconvenience; or 
to afford their assistance to the sick, or to such as 
are ftear iheir end, out of the motive of Christian 
charity. 

Note. It is not required, for the gaining these 
four indulgences, granted by Pope BenedictXIV. 
that these works of mercy, corporal or spiritual, 
or the assisting at catechisms and sermons, should 
be done on the same day with the communion ; 
but only that persons be then in a disposition or 
readiness of mind to do these things, or some of 
them at least, when they may have an opportunity, 

llic Conditions of the V. are, 
1. That the faithful confess their siDS, with 
sincere repentance, to a Priest, approved by the 
JJishop, 



Festivals expounded. 11 

9. That they worthily receive the Holy Com- 
munion. 

5. That, forborne space of time, they pray to 
God with a sincere heart, for the conversion of 
infidels and heretics, and for the free propagation 
of the holy faith. 

London, Feb. 22, 1810. 

►J* William Acanthen, V. A. 
*£« John Cent until, V. A. 
*J« John Castabaleu, V. A. 
•%* BtruardFttcr T/iespiett, V. A, 

The principal Festivals expounded, 

SUNDAY was dedicated by the apostles 
to the more particular service and ho- 
nour of Almighty God, and transferred 
from Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath, which 
they then abolished, to tiie day following, 
in memory that Christ our Lord ro^e from 
the dead, and sent down the Holy Ghost on 
that day, whence it is called the Lord's 
Day ; and Sunday, from the heathens de- 
dicating it to the sun, 

1 Jan, The Circumcision of our Lord is 
called New Year's Uay, from the Uomans 
beginning their year on it. This least is 
instituted by the Church in memory of our 
Lord's circumcision on the eighth day after 
his nativity, according to ihe precept of the 
Old law, Gen. xvii. 12. when he was called 
JeMis, as the angel had foretold, Lukci.32. 
and began to shed his infant blood by the 
stony knife of circumcision. 

Jan. Epipkiiyiy of our Lord is a feast 
A <5 



tfe Festivals expounded. 

Solemnized in memory and honour of 
Christ's manifestation to the Gentiles hy 
an extraordinary star, which conducted the 
three kings from the east to adore him in 
the manger, where they presented him 
with gold, myrrh, and frankincense, in to- 
ken of his regality, humanity, arid divinity, 
or of .his being God, King, and Man. The 
word Eriphunu is derived from the Greek, 
and signifies a manifestation. It is also called 
Twelfth-day, on account of its being cele- 
brated the twelfth day after Christ's birth, 
exclusively. On the same day are comme- 
morated cur Saviour's baptism, and his first 
miracle of turning water into wine at the 
-wedding of Canafin Galilee. 

12 Jan. St. Bennety surnamed Biscop, 
was the venerable Bede's ma< ter,and abbot 
of Ware, near Durham. After he had five 
times visited the Apostolic See, and thence 
obtained very large and ample privileges, for 
two stately monasteries which he had erect- 
ed in honour of God, and in memory of the 
apostles Peter and Paul, he reposed in our 
lord Hi a venerable old age, replenished 
whh sanctity, anno 703, and was buried 
in the monastery of St. Peter. lie was the 
first that united the Benedictines or Biack 
Monks of our island into one body, aiid is 
therefore venerated by that illustrious order 
as chief patron of the "English congregation. 

25 Jun. Conversion of St. Fa u /, is a feast 
instituted by the Church, to perpetuate 
the memory of his miraculous conversion, 
vt hicfc happened on this day i n the S5t 1 



Festivals expounded. 13 

of Christ, as he was going with letters from 
Jerusalem to Damascus, to persecute the 
Christians, -when hewas suddenly arrested 
by a voice from heaven, which of a perse- 

i cutor rendered him an apostle, Acts ht. 
2 Feb: The Purification of the B. Virgin, 
or Can d tern ds-day, is a feast in commemo- 
ration and honour, both of the presentation 
of our blessed Lord, and the purification 
of our Lady in the temple ,of Jerusalem, 
the fortieth day after her happy delivery, 
performed according to the law of Moses, , 
Lev. xii. It is called purification, from the' 
Latin word purifico, which signifies to pu- 
rify ; not that the blessed Virgin had con- 
tracted any thing by her child-birth -which 
needed purifying, (being the mother of Pu- 
rity itself), but because other common mo- 
thers were by this ceremonial rite, freed 
from tke legal impurity of child-birth, and 
lo which, out of her great humility, she 
submitted. It is also called Candlemas- day, 
because before ???ass on that day, the Church 
blesses her candles for the whole year, and 
makes a procession with blessed candles in 
the bauds of the faithful, in memory of the 
light wherewith Christ illuminated the 
whole CI urch at hispresefl n old 

Simeon styled him a Light t enlighten the 
Gen files. (>nd the glory of ■' his people lsr<tel % 
Luke ii. 32 

Septaagesima, Sexagesinta, and Quingva- 

..gesbntt Sundays, are days set apart by the 
Church, for acts of penance and mortirica. 
tion, and u certain gradation or preparation 



14 Festivals expounded. 

to the devotion of Lent, being more proper 
and immediate to the passion and resurrec- 
tion of Christ; taking their numeral de- 
nominations from their being about seven- 
ty, sixty, and fifty days before Easter. 

Shrovetide signifies the time of confession ; 
for our Saxon ancestors used to say, We will 
go shrift ; and in the more primitive times, 
it was the custom of all good Christians 
then to confess their sins to a priest, the 
better to prepare themselves for a holy ob- 
servance of Lent, and worthily receiving 
the blessed sacrament at Easter. 

Ash-Wednesday is a day of public penance 
and humiliation in the" whole Church of 
God, so called from the ceremony of bles- 
sing ashes, wherewith the priest signs the 
people with a cross on their foreheads, giv- 
ing them this wholesome admonition : Re- 
member, man, that thou art dust, and info 
dust thou shalt return, Gen. iii. 9. to re- 
mind them of their mortality, and prepare 
them for the holy fast of Lent. The ashes 
are made of the palms blessed on the Palm- 
Sunday of the preceding year. 

Lent, in Latin, is called Quadragesima, 
because it is a fast of forty days, (except 
Sundays, which are only abstinence) insti- 
tuted by the Church, in grateful comme- 
moration of Christ's fasting forty days in 
the desert. 

Passion Sunday, so called from the passion 
of Christ then drawing nigh, was ordained 
Ly the church more closely to prepare us ' 
for a worthy celebration of thai solemnity. 



Festivals expounded. 15 

On this day the crucifixes, &c. are covered 
in churches with a mourning colour ; both 
to commemorate our Saviour's going out 
of the temple and hiding himself, and to 
dispose us to compassionate his sufferings. 

Palm Sunday, in memory and honour of 
our Lord's triumphal entry into Jerusalem, 
is so called from the palm branches strewed 
under his feet by the Hebrew children, cry- 
ing Hosanna to the Soji of' David, Matt. xxi. 
And therefore this day the church blesses 
palms, and makes a solemn procession, in 
memory of that humble triumph of our Sa- 
viour, the people bearing palm branches in 
their hands. 

Maundy-Thursday, in memory of our 
Lord's last supper, when he instituted the 
blessed sacrament of his precious body and 
blood, is so called from the first word of 
the anthem, Mandatum, &c. John xiii. 34. 
I give you a nez<j command, that you love one 
another, as I have loved you ; which is sung 
on ibat day in the choir, when the prelates 
begin the ceremony of washing the people's 
feet, in imitation of Christ's washing those 
of his disciples, before he instituted the 
blessed sacrament. 

Good-Friday is the anniversary .of that 
mosr sacred and memorable day on which 
the great work of our redemption was con- 
summated, by our Saviour Jesus Christ, on 
his bloody cross, between two thieves, on 
mount Calvary, near Jerusalem. 

On Thursday, Friday ; and Saturday in 
Holy Week, the offices called Tenehra were 



16 Festivals expounded. 

formerly mournfully sung, in lamentation 
of our Lord's passion. But because these 
offices are now anticipated on the evenings 
of Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, they 
have obtained the name of Tenebra. dajs, 
irom that tenebra, or darkness, which over- 
spread the face oi the earth at the time of 
his passion; for which end also the lights 
are extinguished; and after some silence 
at the end of the offices, a noise is made 
\6 represent the rending the veil of the 
temple, and the disorder in which all na- 
tnre was involved at the death of our di- 
vine Redeemer 

The four Ember-Weeks, in Latin Quatuor 
tempora,are times of public prayer, fasting, 
and- procession, partly instituted for the 
successful ordination of priests and mini- 
sters of the church, and partly to beg and 
give thanks to God for the fruits of the 
earth. Ember is derived from the Greek 
word emera,a day ; others call them Ember- 
days, from the ancient religious custom of 
eating nothing on those days till night, 
and then only a cake baked under the em- 
bers, called ember-bread. 

The Wakes,or Country Feasts, which are 
usually observed on the Sunday next after 
the Saint's day on which the parish church 
is dedicated, took their origin from the fol- 
lowing part of a letter written by St. Gre- 
gory the Great to Mellitus, an abhot, who 
was sent into England with St. Augustin : 
" It may therefore be permitted the Eng- 
" lish, that on the dedication days, or other 



Festivals expounded, 17 

u solemn days of martyr they may make 

* them bowers about their churches, and 
" refreshing themselves, and feasting to- 

* gether after a good religious sort, kill 
" their oxen now to the praise of God, and 
" increase of charity, which heretofore they 

* were wont to sacrifice to the devil." — 
Bed, Eccl. Hist. cap. SO. They are called 
Wakes, because on the vigils of those feasts 
people were wont to awake at night from 
sleep, and go to prayers. 

24 Feb. St. Matthias, chosen by the 
college of apostles to supply the place of 
Judas the traitor ; he was crowned with 
martyrdom in Jewry, anno 74. 

12 March. St. Gregory, surnamed the 
Great, on account of his admirable works 
and indefatigable labours ; amongst which 
the sending over St. Augustin, with other 
holy monks of the order of St. Benedict, 
for the conversion of our island, is not to be 
considered as the least ; for which he is 
worthily styled by St. Bede the apostle of 
England, fie died anno 604. 

17 March. St. Patrick, bishop and con- 
fessor, son of Calphurnius, a noble Briton 
of Pembrokeshire, being educated by his 
uncle, the great St. Martin of Tours, was 
ordained by Pope Celestin, anno 431, and 
sent to preach the gospel to the Irish, whose 
nation he converted, and became its apos- 
tle. He died full of sanctity and miracles, 
at the venerable age of 122, anno 491. 

\9 March. St. Joseph, the reputed father 
of our blessed Saviour, and spouse of our 



18 Festivals expounded. 

blessed Lady ; he died in Judea, about the 
12th year of Jesus Christ. 

c Zl*March. St. Benedict the Great, abbot 
and patriarch of monks ; who restored the 
almost decayed monastic discipline in the 
western church. The great light of his or- 
der as well as of the Church of God, St. 
Gregory, has left his life renowned for 
sanctity and miracles, with an authentic 
approbation of his rule, to posterity. He 
died at Mount Cassia, anno 542. 

25 March. Annunciation of our "Lady ; a 
feast in memory of the angel Gabriel's most 
happy embassy, when, by her consent, and 
the operation of the Holy Ghost, the Sou of 
God became incarnate in her sacred womb. 

Easter-day, in Latin Pascha : a great fes- 
tival in memory and honour of our Saviour's 
resurrection from the dead on the third day 
after his crucifixion, Matt, xxviii. 8. It is 
called Easter, immOriens, the East or Ris- 
ing, one of Christ's titles : And his name, 
says the prophet Zacharias, chap. vi. 12. 
is Oriens. The Monday following is also 
kept holy, in memory of our Lord's first 
apparition after his resurrection; which is 
commemorated on this day for the greater 
solemnity of the festival. 

Low Sunday, in Latin, Dominica in albis, 
the Octave of Easter-day, is so called from 
the catechumen's white garments, emblems 
of innocence and joy, which they put on at 
their baptism, and solemnly put off this day. 

Ascinsion-day, a feast solemnized in me- 
mory ofChrist's glorious ascension into hea* 



Festivals expounded, 19 

ven on the fortieth day after his resurrec- 
tion, in the sight of his apostles and disci- 
ples, Acts i. 9. 

23 April. St. George, a martyr of Cap- 
padocia, about the year 300, of whom the 
Roman Martyrology says, that the Church 
of God honours his glorious martyrdom 
amongst those of other martyrs. He was 
chosen in a special manner the chief patron 
of our English nation, at the instance of the 
glorious Prince Henry V. before he under- 
took his expedition for recovering France : 
when it was ordained by a provincial con- 
stitution that his feast should be kept holy, 
and observed with a double office and Oc- 
tave throughout the whole nation. 

25 April. St. Mark Evangelist, the dis- 
ciple and interpreter of St. Peter. Writing 
his gospel at the request of the Christians at 
Rome, he took it with him into Egypt; first 
preaching at Alexandria, he founded that 
church; and afterwards being apprehended 
for the faith of Christ, was bound with 
cords, dragged upon stones, and shut up in 
a close prison, where he was comforted by 
an angelic vision, and an apparition of our 
Lord. Finally, he was called to heaven in 
the eighth year of Nero. On this day the 
long Litanies are said or sung, and^absti- 
nence from flesh is observed, to obtain the 
blesskig of God on the fruits of the earth. 

ay. SS. Philip and James, apostles. 
After theirs t had converted almost all Scy- 
thia to the faith of Christ, being fastened to 
a cross- he was stoned to death, making a 
glorious end at Hieropolis, in Asia, anno 54. 



30 Festivals expounded. 

The second, also called our Lord's brother, 
was the first bishop of Jerusalem, where, 
being thrown down from a pinnacle of the 
temple, his thighs broke, and struck on the 
head with a fuller's club, he gave up the 
ghost, and was buried near the temple, . 
anno 63. 

3 May. Finding the Holy Cross, otherwise 
called Holy Rood-Day. A feast in memory 
of the miraculous discovery of the holy 
cross whereon our Saviour suffered, by St. 
Helen, mother of Constantino the Great, 
anno 326, after it had been concealed by 
the infidels 180 years, who erected a statue 
of Venus in the place of it. 

Rogation Week, the next but one before 
Whit-Sunday, is so called from rogo, to 
ask or pray; because on Monday, Tuesday, 
and Wednesday, the Litanies are sung, and 
abstinence lrom flesh is enjoined by the 
Church, not only for a devout preparative to 
the feast of Christ's glorious ascension and 
Pentec*ost, but also to supplicate the bles- 
sing of God on the fruits of the earth. The 
Belgians call it Cruis, or Cross Week, and 
so it is called in some parts of England; 
because when the priest goes on those days 
in procession, the cross is carried before 
him. In the north of England it is called 
Gangweek, from the ganging or processi- 
ons then used. 

Whit- Sunday, or Pentecost. A solemn 
feast in memory and honour of the descent 
of the Holy Ghost on the apostles in the 
form of tongues of fire, Acts ii. 3. Fente* 



Festivals expounded. 21 

cost, in Greek signifies the 'fiftieth, being 
the fiftieth day after the resurrection. It is 
called Whit-Sunday from the catechumens 
being anciently clothed in white, and ad- 
mitted on the eve of this feast to the sacra- 
ment of baptism. The old Saxons called 
it Wied, or Holy Sunday. 

Trinity Sunday, the Octave of Whit- 
Sunday, is dedicated to the honour of the 
blessed Trinity ; to signify that the works 
of our redemption and sanctification, then 
completed, are common to the three Di- 
vine Persons*. 

Corpus-Christi, the Thursday after Tri- 
nity-Sunday, is a feast instituted by the 
Church in honour of the blessed sacrament 
of the altar: it receives its denomination 
from the body of Christ substantially present 
therein. On this day, in all Catholic coun- 
tries, that adorable sacrament is solemnly 
carried in procession, the priest and people 
expressing their highest devotion in hymns 
and prayers, accompanied by several other 
exterior testimonies of pious affection, such 
as music, flowers strewed along the streets, 
and their walls covered with the richest 
tapestries. 

6 May. St. John at the Latin Gate, a so- 
lemnity instituted by the Church, to com- 
memorate St. John the Evangelist's being 
by the command of Domitian brought pri- 
soner from Ephesus to Rome, and there, by 
sentence of the senate, cast into a vessel of 
boiling oil, before the Latin Gate, from 
whence he came out more pure and vigor- 



22 Festivals expounded, 

ous than when lie was thrown in. This 
happened in the year 92. 

26 May. St. Augustin, first archbishop 
of Canterbury, and monk of the order of 
St. Benedict, was sent over by St. Gregory 
the Great to preach the Christian faith to 
our nation. Having first converted Ethel- 
bert, King of Kent, and afterwards, with o- 
thers, sentasco-adjutors to him, reconciled 
the whole nation to the faith and law of 
Christ, he became our apostle. He died in 
the odour of sanctity, anno 608, and was 
buried in his own cathedral at Canterbury* 
His feast was formerly observed with the 
utmost solemnity throughout the diocese. 

27 Mai/. St. Bcde, commonly called Ve- 
verable, tor having illustrated the Church of 
God by his learning and piety, was sent to 
the monastery of SS. Peter and Paul, at 
Ware, near Durham, at the age of seven 
years, and educated in sound literature^ 
as well as monastic discipline, under the 
pious care of St. Bennet Biscop. At thirty 
he was ordained priest by John, the or- 
dinary of that diocese^ at the appointment 
of Acco, Archbishop of York. He died 
anno 754, on the day of our Lord's ascen- 
sion, and was buried in his own monastery, 
but afterwards translated to Ware, near 
Durham. His feast is now kept with a 
double office on the 29th of October. 

11 June, St. Barnabas: born at Cyprus, 
and ordained apostle of the Gentiles by St. 
Paul, he travelled with him into many pro- 
vinces, exercising, the functions of preaching 



Festivals expounded, %3 

the gospel committed to him ; and lastly, 
gning into Cyprus, there adorned his apos- 
tleship with a glorious crown of martyr- 
dom anno 50. His body, by a revelation 
from himself, was found in the time of 
Zeno the Emperor, with St. Matthew's 
gospel in his own hand writing. 

22 June. St. Allan ; first martyr of our 
nation in the time of Dioclesian. He suf- 
fered martyrdom for entertaining a priest at 
Verulam, from him called St. Alban's, 
under Asclepiodatus, president ofBritany, 
anno 303. 

24 June. Nativity of St. John Baptist, our 
Lord's precursor, the son of Zachary and 
Elizabeth, who being as yet in his mother's 
womb, was replenished with the Holy 
Ghost. 

29 June. SS. Peter and Paul are joined 
in one solemnity, because they were the. 
principal co-operators under Christ in the 
conversion of the world ; the first having 
converted the Jews, the other the Gentiles. 
They were both martyred at ffcome, on the 
same day. 

2 July. Visitation of our B. Lady; a 
feast instituted to commemorate the visit 
she paid her cousin St. Elizabeth, immedi- 
ately after she had received the angel's 
message of the incarnation of the Son of 
God. It is celebrated at this time, when 
it is probable she returned to Nazareth, ra- 
ther than at the exact time she undertook 
it, about Easter, because its observation at 
that holy season can scarcely be complied 



24 Festivals expounded. 

with, on account of the many great so- 
lemnities then occurring. This feast was 
instituted by Pope Urban VI. anno 1385. 

7 July. Translation o/'St. Thomas of Can- 
terbury, a feast ordained by a provincial 
constitution in the time of Simon Islip, 
archbishop of Canterbury, to be solemnly 
observed and kept holy throughout the na- 
tion, in memory of his sacred relics being 
taken up and reposed in a most costly 
shrine, and placed in a more eminent part 
of his own cathedral, where they were had 
in great veneration, till the days of King 
Henry VIII. 1539. 

25 July. St. James, called the Great, bro- 
ther to St. John the Evangelist, was, about 
the feast of Easter, beheaded at Jerusalem 
by Herod Agrippa, anno 42. His relics 
were on this day translated to Compostella, 
in Spain, where they are held in great ve- 
neration, people resorting thither from all 
parts of Christendom, to pay their pious 
devotions, and fulfil their vows. 

26 July. St. Ann, Mother of the blessed 
Virgin Mary. 

27 July. St. Joseph of Arimathea, a noble 
senator, who having buried Christ, came out 
of Jewry into Britany with Joseph his son, 
and divers others, and obtained a little isle 
in Somersetshire of King Arviragus, now 
called Glastonbury, where building an 
oratory for himself and companions, and 
leading a solitary life, replenished with 
merits and old age, he reposed in our 
Lord, anno 82. 



Festivals expounded. 25 

6 Aug. Our Lord's Transfiguration, when 
he appeared in glory on mount Thabor, 
between Moses and Elias, in presence of 
bis three apostles, Peter, James, and John, 
Matt. xvii. 

10 Aug. St. Lawrence, deacon to Pope 
Xystus II. was broiled on a gridiron tor 
the faith of Christ, which cruel martyrdom 
he suffered with incomparable fortitude and 
patience, anno 253. 

15 Aug. Assumption of the B. V. MfnrifcA 
feast in memory of her being taken up into 
heaven, both body and soul, after her dis- 
solution ; which by a constant tradition in 
the church, has ever been piously believed 
to have happened anno 36. 

8 Sept. The Fead of her Nativity, of 
whom the Author of all life and salvation 
was born to the world. 

24 Aug. St. Bartholomcze, the apostle; 
having preached the gospel in India, and 
passing thence into the greater Armenia, 
after he had converted innumerable people 
t© the faith, was barbarously flayed alive 
by command of King Astyages, and then 
beheaded, anno 44. 

28 Aug. St. Helen, by birth an English 
woman, was mother to ( e the 

Great, the first Christian Emperor, who 
iirst gave the example to other princes to 
maintain and extend the Church of God. 
She was daughter to Prince Coel, of Bo- 
tany; and on account of her zeal for Chris* 
tiamty, became both worthy 6? an earthly 
and heavenly crown. Her sacred relics 
B 



26 Festivals expounded. 

were translated from Rome to Uheims, in 
France, where they are kept with due ve- 
neration. She died anno 366. 

20 Aug. The Beheading of St. John the 
'Baptist, by Herod Antipas, happened 
about the feast of Easter, though his me- 
mory be kept on this day, when his head 
was found the second time, and afterwards 
translated to Rome, anno 391, where it is 
kept with great devotion, in St. Silvester's 
church, near Campus Martius. 

14 Scj)t. The Exaltation of the Holy Cross; 
when Hcrachtusthe Emperor having over- 
come Cosiue, King of Persia, ; brought it 
back in triumph to Jerusalem, anno 628. 

22 Sept St. Matthew, Apostle and Evan- 
gelist, after preaching the gospel in iEthio- 
pia, was slain at the altar as he celebrated 
the divine mysteries, anno 44. 

29 Sept. Michaelmas, a festival instituted 
in honour of St. Michael the Archangel, and 
of the nine orders of holy angels; to com- 
mend the whole Church of God to their, 
patronage, and by whose charitable minis- 
try we daily receive from God, as the ori- 
ginal source, such innum? ratile benefits. It 
is called the Dedication of St.Michael, from 
the dedicating a church to him at Rome by^ 
Pope Boniface III. anno 606. 

I >rf. St. Placid, disciple of St. Benedict, 
and his brothers Eutychius andVictorin, 
and their virgin lister Flavia; also Donatus - 
and Firmatus, deacons; Faustus, and thirty 
others, all monks and martyrs at Messina, 
in Sicily, who were murdered for the faith 



Festivals expounded. 27 

of Christ, by Manachas the pirate, anno 
541. 

18 Oct. St. Luke, Evangelist, who, filled 
with the Holy Ghost, after he had endured 
many afflictions for the name of Christ, 
died in Bithynia, anno 74. His sacred 
bones were brought to Constantinople, and 
from thence translated to Padua. 

28 Oct. SS. Simon the Canaan, and Jude, 
otherwise called Thaddeu-s. The first 
preached the gospel in Egypt, the latter in. 
Mesopotamia; and afterwards going toge- 
ther into Persia, after having converted an 
infinite number of that nation to the faith, 
they accomplished their martyrdom, an. 68. 

1 Nov. Ail-Saints, a solemnity in me- 
mory of all the saints \ since the whole 
year is too short to afford a separate feast 
for each of them. 

2 Nov. All-Souls 7 a day appointed by the 
Church for the living to offer up their 
prayers and suffrages tor the repose of the 
•souls of the faithful departed. 

2yNov. The Presentation of our B. Lady 
in the templcof Jerusalem at three years of 
age ; a feast commanded to be observed by 
Pope Paul II. anno 1464. 
. 30 Nov. St. Andrew, Apostle, after having 
preached the gospel in Thrace and Scytbia, 
being apprehended by Egeas the procon^- 
sul, he wafc first imprisoned, then most cru- 
elly beaten, and lastly fastened to across, 
whereon he lived two days preaching to the 
people. Having besought our Lord not to 
permit him to be taken down, enconi- 
B2 



23 Festivals expounded. 

passed with great light from heaven, lie 
gave up his blessed soul at Patras, m 
Achaia r anno 69. 

The tfour Sundays in Advent, preceding 
Christmas, were instituted by the Church 
with particular offices, commemorative of 
the benefits of our Saviour's coming to re- 
deem the world by his happy birth. 

8 Dec. Conception of the glorious and 
ever B. V. Mary, Mother of God ; a feast 
first instituted by St. Anselm, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, anno 1070, and commanded 
afterwards by Six t us IV. to be generally 
observed, anno 1476. 

c l\ Dec. St. Thomas, Apostle: having 
preached the gospel to the Parthians, 
Medes, Persians, and Hyrcans, went into 
India, where he instructed the people in 
the Christian faith, for which, by the king's 
command, he was pierced through the 
body with lances, and gave up his blessed 
soul at Calamina, anno 44. 

25 Dec. Christ's Nativity, a solemn feV 
tival, celebrated annually by the Cathoric 
Church from the time of the apostles, in 
commemoration of our Saviour's birth at 
Uethlehem, called Christmas, from the 
then celebrated in honour of his ftbly l 
Dec. St. Stephen, the first martyr 
Christ's ascension, was stoned tedeal 
the Jews, anno 34. 

.i 27 Dec. St. John, Apostle and Evan? 
after writing his gospel in his banishment, 
and receiving hisltevelations, lived to the 
time of Trajan the emperor, and both found- 



Explanation of Colours. 29 

ed and governed the church of Asia. Fi- 
nally, worn out with old age, he died at 
Ephesus, aged 93, anno 68, and was buried 
near tiie same city. 

29 Dec. Holy Innocents, a feast in com- 
memoration of the infants barbarously 
slaughtered by Herod, when he sought to 
take away the lite of our blessed Saviour. 
It is also called Ciuldt r-^Uass-Day, from the 
particular commemoration of those mar- 
tyred children in the Mass of that day. 

29 Dec. St. Thomas, Archbishop ot 'Can- 
terbury, and patron of the English ckrgy, 
for maintaining the privileges oi the Church 
of God, was martyred at Vespers in his own 
cathedral, anno 1J70. 

The several festivals of other saints are 
instituted by the Church, to honour G 
his saints, and to teach us to imitate their 
virtues, and honour their martyrdom and 
sufferings for the faith of Christ. 
An Explanation of the Cohurs nsedby the 
Church at divine Service. 
TjyHITE is used on the Feasts of our 
** Lord, of the blessed Virgin, and of 
all such Saints as are not Mar 

Red is used at Whitsuntide, en the In- 
vention and Exaltation of the Cross, and 
on the. Feasts of the Apostles and J taj tyH. 

Purple or Violet, the penitential colour^ 
is u^don all the Sundays and Fc-rias of Ad- 
vent, the penitential time from S< 
gesuna till Easter; and on Vigils, Ember and 
Koga when the Office i b of 

B3 



CO Impediments to Matrimony, 

rias* from Trinity Sunday to Advent, ex- 
clusively, and from the Octave of the Epi- 
phany to Septuagesima, exclusively, when- 
ever the Office is of the Sunday; but in the 
Paschal time White is used. 

The Black is used on Good Friday, and 
in Masses for the Dead, which may be said 
on any day which is not a Sunday or a 
Double, except from Palm-Sunday to Low- 
Sunday, and during the. Octaves of the 
Epiphany, or of Pentecost, and of Corpus 
Christi. 

The Impediments to Matrimony are of tzco 
Kinds, 

THOSE which render it null and void in 
the sight of God and his Church, are, 
1. Vows of chastity, such as religious per- 
sons take when they consecrate themselves 
to the service of Almighty God, and those 
who are entered into Hoiy Orders. 

2. Consanguinity ; or a contract within 
the four prohibited decrees of kindred; 
of which the first is brothers and sis- 
ters. 2. Their children, or ccusm-germans. 
3. The children of cousin-germans. 4. And 
lastly, the children of those which are of 
the fourth degree or remove of kindred; 
likewise where such affinity is contracted by 
lawful marriage. Also in cases of adultery 
and fornication, which create an affinity to 
the second degree, and in the sacraments of 

* Feria is a day for which no Saint's OlSce 
is appointed. 



Rules J or a Christian. 31 

baptism and confirmation, whereby the 
god -father and god-mother are prohibited 
marriage with the parents or tr.e child. 

3. When married persons commit adul- 
tery, and make promises of" future marriage 
at the deatii of the innocent party, in which 
case che marriage is not only null and void, 
but highly censured by the Church as pro- 
ductive of many evils. 

The second kind is what doth net annul or 
prevent the sacrament from being true and 
valid, yet makes it a very great crime to 
transgress in. 1. Such as where mutual pro- 
mises have been made by either of the par- 
ties to any other person. 2. When the sim- 
ple vow of chastity has been made by either 
contracting party. 3. When the marriage is 
solemnized within the forbidden times; 
viz. from the first Sunday of Advent to 
Twelfth-day; and from Ash-Wednesday 
t» Low-Sunday, including these mentioned 
days. 

See the Sincere Christian, by Bp. Kay. 
Necessary Rules for a Christian. 
/^vFTEN examine your thoughts, words, 
^ and actions, especially after much 
business, conversation, 6cc. that you may 
discern and amend ycur faults. 

Hold your peace in such things as relate 
not to you, and where your speech is noc 
for the honour of God, and good of your 
neighbour. 

Often call to mind your life past, and 
what our Saviour sutfered for you in every 
moment of- his life. 

B4 



Tilda for a Christian. . 

Live as if you Lad nothing, and yet pos- 
(1 all things; and remember, that 
meat, drink, and tloaths, are the riches of 
a C.tirisl 

Oiler yourself entirely to God, and though 
you have nothing to return for his favours 
!f, you will he comforted when 
or, that he gives all uho gives 
himstlf. The apostles quitted their poor 
and nets, and received for them a 
le reward. The poor widow gave 
two mites, and her offering was,pre- 
e those of the richest. 
lie easily parts with all things, who con- 
that he must die, and be separated 
from them. 

Use no extravagant or unusual gesture^ in 
i iblies, but on all occasions ob- 
oming modesty and discretion'' 
ncurrences of life, prefer that 
Lh most to the service and 
.1 : as to comfort the afflicted — 
eh as are at variance — visit the 
: prisoned — and relieve the poor. 
j to rest at night with any dis- 
able on your mind, but endea- 
ur conscience by ah act of 
. or by confession if necessary. 
,:ifess your sins, and make fre- 
of contrition, aspirations or tja- 
prayers, that so you may prevent 
of the devii— conquer tenipta- 
\ —•..-. i id sin — and live under the conti- 
I protection of Gc . 



S3 

The Beginning of the Gospel according tot 
St. John. 

►J- Glory be to thee, Lord. 

TN the beginning was the Word, and the 1 
^ \Yord was with God, and God was the 
Word. The same was in the beginning 
with God. All things were made by him, 
and without him was made nothing that 
was made. In him was Life, and the Life 
was the light of men : and the light shineth. 
in darkness, and the darkness did not 
comprehend it. There was a man sent from 
God, whose name was John. This man 
came for a witness, to bear testimony of the 
Light, that all men might believe through 
him. He was not the Light, but was to 
bear testimony of the Light. That was the 
true Light, which enlighteneth every man 
that cometh into this world He was in the 
world, and the world was made by him, and 
the world knew him not. He came unto 
his own, and his own received him not. 
But as many as received him, to them he 
gave power to be made the sons of God, to 
them that believe in his name. Who are 
born not of blood, nor of the will of ther 
flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. 
And the Word was made fl^h y and dwelt 
among us. And we saw his glory, the 
%lory as of the only begotten of the Father r 
Jull of grace and truth. R. Thanks be- 
to God. 

Bd 



CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE. 
The Lord's Prayer. 
i UK Father, who art in heaven, hallow- 
ed be thy name; thy kingdom come; 
thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven : 
give ns this day cur daily bread: and torsive 
us our trespasses as we forgive the^, that 
trespass against us : and lead us not into 
temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen, 
The Angelical Salutation. 

HAIL Mary, full of grace, our Lord is 
with thee : blessed art thou amongst 
women : and blessed is the- fruit of thy 
womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, 
pray for us sinners, now, and at the hour of 
our death. Amen. 

The A pontics' Creed. 
T Believe in God. the Lather Almighty, 
•*• Creator of heaven and earth; and iu 
Jesus Christ, his only Son our Lord ; who 
was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of 
the Virgin Mary ; suffered under Pontius 
Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried : he 
descended into hell, the third day he rose 
again from the dead : he ascended into 
heaven, sitieih at the right-hand of God 
the Father Almighty : from thence he 
shall come to judge the living and the dead. 
I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holy Ca- 
tholic Church ; the communion of >: 
the forgivene.-s cr sins; the resurrection or 
the body ; and liie everlasting. Amen. 

The Ten Commandments. 
T Am the Lord thy God, who brought 
■** thee out of the land of Egypt, and out 
of the house of bondage. 



Christian Doctrine. 35 

I. Thou shalt not have strange gods be- 
fore me : Thou shalt hot make to thyself a 
graven thing, aur any similitude of what is 
in heaven above, or in the earth below, or 
of things that are in the water under the 
earth : thou shalt not adore nor worship 
them. I am the Lord thy God, strong and 
jealous, visiting the sins of the lathers up- 
on the children to the third and fourth ge- 
neration of them. that hate me, and shew- 
ing mercy to thousands ot them that love 
me, and Keep my commandments. 

II. Tiiou shalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God. in vain ; fur the Lord will not 
hold him guiltless that taketfa the name of 
the Lord ins God in vain. 

ill. Kemember thou keep holy the sab- 
bath-day. Six days shak thou labour 
do ali tny work : but the seventh is the 
Sabbath of the Lord thy God ; < 
shalt do no work, neither thou, n 
nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, 
nor th rvant, nor thy catiae, nor 

the st. -t is within thy gates. For 

in six days tne Lord made hcavtvu an-d 
earth, ana the sea, and all things that are 
in them, and rested on the seventh day, 
therefore the Lord biased the seventh day, 
aictmed it. 

IV. Honour thy fattier and mother, that 

aay be long in the land which 
the Lord thy God will give thee. 

V. Thou shalt not kill. 

Tnou shalt not commit adulter 
VII. Thou shalt not steal, 
BO 



£6 Christian Doctrine. 

VIII. Thou shalt not bear false witness 
against thy neighbour. 

IX. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's 
wife. 

X. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's 
goods, nor his man-servant, nor his maid- 
servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any 
thing that is his. 

The seven Sacraments. 
1. Baptism. Matt, xxviii. 19. 

J. Confirmation. Actsvhi. 17. 

3. Eucharist. Matt. xxvi. 26. 

*. Penance. John xx. 23. 

5. Extreme Unction. James v. 14. 

6. Holy Order. Luke xxii. Johnxx. 20. 

7. Matrimony. Matt. xix. 6. 

The three Theological Virtues. 

1. Faith. 2. Hope. 3. Charity. 

The four Cardinal Virtues. 

1. Prudence. 3. Fortitude. 

2. Justice. 4. Temperance. 

The seven Gifts of the Holy Ghost. 
1. Wisdom. 5. Knowledge. 

£. Understanding. 6. Godliness. 

3. Counsel. 7. The fear of 

4. Fortitude. the Lord. 

The twetve Fruits of the Holy Ghost, 
1. Chanty 2. Joy. 3. Peace 4. Pa- 
tience. 5. Benignity. 6. Goodness. 7. 
Longanimity. 8 Mildness. P Faith. 10. 
Modesty. 11 Continent/. iQ Chastity. 
The tLo i rccepts of C/?'/< 

THOU shall love the Lord Lhy God with 
thv whole heart, with thy whole soul, 
with all thy strength, and with ail thy 
mind. 2. And thy neighbour as-ihysel£ 



Christian Doctrine. 37 

The Precepts of the Church. 
1. r I T keep certain appointed days holy; 
JL which obligation chiefly consists in 
hearingMass,and resting from servile works. 

2. To observe the commanded days of 
fasting and abstinence. 

3. To pay tithes to your pastor. 

4. To confess your sins to your pastor at 
least once a year. 

5. To receive the blessed sacrament at 
least once a year, and that about Easter, 
viz. between Palm and Low Sundays. 

f). Not to solemnize marriage ar certain 
times, nor within certain degrees of kindred, 
nor privately without witnesses. 

The corporal Works of Mercy. 
1. r | ""O feed the hungry. 
e 2. X To give drink to the thirsty. 

3. To clothe the naked. 

4. To visit and ransom captives. 

5. To harbour the harbourless. 

6. To visit the sick. 

7. To bury the dead. 

The spiritual Works of Mercy, 

1. npo correct the sinner, 

2. X To instruct the ignorant. 
■3. To counsel t lie doubtful. 

4 To comfort the sorrowful. 

5. To bear wrongs patiently. 

6. To forgive all injuries. 

7. To pray for the living and the dead. 

r lhe Eight Beatitudes. 
X. T3 Lessed are the poor in spirit : ?> r 
their* is the kingdom of heav 



38 Christian Doctrine. 

Q. Blessed are the meek : for they shall 
possess the land. 

3. Blessed are they that mourn: for they 
ihali be comforted. 

4 Blessed are they that hunger and thirst 
after righteousness: for they shall be filled. 

5. Blessed are the merciful: tor they 
shall lind mercy. 

0\ Blessed are the clean of heart: for 
they shall see God. 

7. Blessed are the peace-makers : for 
they shall be called the sons of God. 

8. Blessed are they that suffer persecu- 
tion fur righteousness sake : for theirs is 
the kingdom of heaven. 

Of Sin. 

SIN is twofold : original and actual : 
actual is divided into mortal and 
vanial. 

The] seven capital Sins, commonly called mor- 
tal or deadly Sins. 
Pride, 2 Humility, 

Covetousness, •£ Liberality, 

Lust, iH Chastity, 

Wrath, ^ Meekness, 

Gluttony, g Temperance, 

Envy, s Brotherly-love, 

Siotti. ;j Diligence. 

The six Sins against the Holy Ghost. 
1. Despair of salvation. ^.Presump- 
tion in God's mercy. 3. Impugning the 
known truth. 4. Envy at another's spiritual 



A Profession, 4'C- 39 

good. 6. Obstinacy in sin. 6. Final im- 
penitence. 

Things necessary for a Penitent Sinner. 
•Contrition of heart. Entire confession 
to an approved priest. Satisfaction by- 
works. 

Contrition consists in a hearty displea- 
sure at sins past, for the love of God, and 
a firm resolution not to sin any more. 
Four Sins crying to Heat en for Vengeance. 
1. Wilful Murder. — 2. Sodomy.— 3. Op- 
pression of the poor. — 4. Defrauding la- 
bourers of their wages. 
Nine Ways of being cccessary to ctnother 
Persons Sins. 
1. By counsel. — 2. By command. — 3. 
By consent. — 4. By provocation. — 5. By 
praise or flattery. — 6. By concealment. — 7. 
By partaking. — 8. By silence. — 9. By de- 
fence of the ill done. 

The three eminent good Works. 
1. Alms-deeds, or works of mercy. — 
2. Prayers. —3. Fasting. 

The three evangelical Counsels. 
1. Voluntary poverty. — 2. Perpetual 
chastity — 3. Entire obedience. 

The four last Things to be remembered. 
1. Death.— -2. Judgment. — 3. Hell.— 4. 
Heaven. 

A Profession of Catholic Faith, extracted out 
of the Council of Trent, by Pope Pius IV. 

, believe and profess with a firm 
JL faith all and every one of the things 
which are contained in the symbol of faith 



40 A Profession of 

which is used in the Holy Roman Churcl^ 
viz. 

I believe in one God the Father Almighty, 
Maker of heaven and earth, and of all 
things visible and invisible ; and in one 
Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son 
of God, and born of the Father before all 
ages; God of God ; Light of Light ; true 
God of true God. Begotten, not made, 
consubstantial to the Father,, by whom all 
things were made ; who for us men, and 
for our salvation, came down from heaven, 
and was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of 
the Virgin Mary, a.*d was made man. 
Was crucified also for us under Pontius 
Pilate, suffered, and was buried ; and rose 
again the third day according to the scrip- 
ture, and ascended into heaven, sits at the 
right hand of the Father, and from whence 
he will come again with glory to judge the 
living and the dead, of whose kingdom 
there will be no end. And in the holy 
Ghost, the Lord and life-giver, who pro* 
ceeds from the Father and the Son ; who 
together with the Father and Son, is adored 
and glorified, who spoke by the prophets. 
And one holy Catholic and Apostolic 
Church. I confess one baptism for the re- 
mission of sins. And I expect the resurrec- 
tion of the body. And the life of the world 
to come. Amen. 

I most firmly admit and embrace apos- 
tolical and ecclesiastical traditions, and all 
other constitutions and observances of the 
same Church. 



Catholic Faith, 41 

I also admit the sacred scriptures accord- 
iug to the sense in which our holy Mother 
the Church has held and does hold them, 
to whom it belongs to judge of" the true 
sense and interpretation of the holy scrip- 
tures, nor will I ever take and interpret 
them otherwise than according to the una- 
nimous consent of the Fathers. 

I profess also, that there are truly and 
properly seven sacraments of the new law, 
instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord, for the 
salvation of mankind, though all are not 
necessary for every one, viz. Baptism: Con- 
firmation: Eucharist: Penance: Extreme 
Unction: Holy Order: and Matrimony: 
and that they confer grace ; and that of 
these, Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy 
Order, cannot be reiterated without sacri- 
lege. 

I also receive and admit the ceremonies 
which the Catholic Church has received 
and approved of in the solemn administra- 
tion of the above said sacraments. 

I receive and embrace all and every one 
of the things which have been denned and 
declared in the Holy Council of Trent, con- 
cerning original sin and justification. 

I profess likewise, that in the Mass is 
offered to God a true, proper, and pro- 
pi tiaUry sacrifice for the living and the 
dead : and that in the sacrament of the Eu- 
charist there is truly, really, and substan- 
tially present the body and biood, together 
with the soul and divinity of our Lord 
Jotus Christ, and that there is made a con- 



42 A Profession, SfC. 

version of the whole substance of the bread 
info the body, and of the whole substance 
of the wine into the blood; which'conversi- 
onthe Catholic Church calls Transubstan- 
tiaiion. 

I confess also, that under either kind 
alone Christ whole and entire, and a true 
sacrament, is received. 

I constantly hold that there is a purgato- 
ry, and that the souls therein detained are 
helped by the suffrages ot the faithful. 

Likewise that the saints reigning toge- 
ther with Christ, are to be honoured and 
invocated; that they offer prayers to God 
for us ; and that their relics are to be vene- 
rated. 

I most firmly assert that the images of 
Christ, and of the Mother of God, ever a 
Virgin, and also of the other saints, are to 
be had and retained, and that due honour 
and veneration is to be given to them. 

I also affirm that the power of Indul- 
gences was left by Christ to the Church, 
and that the use of them is most whole- 
some to Christian people. 

I acknowledge the holy Catholic and 
Apostolic Romau Church to be the mother 
and mistress of all churches ; and I pro- 
mise and swear true obedience to the Bi- 
shop of Rome, ttie successor of St. Peter, 
Prince of the Apostles, and Vicar of Jesus 
Christ on earth. 

I also profess and undoubtedly receive all 
other things delivered, denned and declared 
by the sacred Canons and General Coun- 



An Instruction, $e. 43 

cils, and particularly by the holy Council 
of Trent; and likewise I also condemn, re- 
ject, and anathematize all things contrary 
thereto, and all heresies whatsoever con- 
demned, rejected, and anathematized by 
the Church. 

This true Catholic Faith, out of which 
none can be saved, which I now freely pro- 
fess and truly bold, I N. promise, vow, and 
swear most constantly to hold and profess 
the same whole and entire, with God's as- 
sistance, to the end of my life. Amen. 

An Instruction for the Morning. 
1st TT7HEN thou awakest bless thyself 
W with the sign of the Cross, and 
pray that God would so enlighten thee 
with the light of his holy Spirit, as not to 
consent to sin. 

2cl!y, When thou hast put on thy cloaths, 
give not way to idle words or vain fancies, 
but, lift up thy heart to God in silence, and 
prepare thyself to pray as hereafter follows. 

3dly, After prayers, purpose firmly and 
constantly within thyself not to commit 
wilfully, that day, any thin^ whereby God 
or thy neighbour may be offended. 

Lastb . call to mind thy affairs with 
composure or spirit, and resolve to spend 
the day iu come, as if it were the last of 
thy hte. 

P?uyers to be said when we azcuke m the 
Morning 

OG'd the Father, who saidst in the 
beginning, Let there be light, Lnd it 
was made: enlighten my. eyes that I may 



44 Prayers when we awake, Sc. 

never sleep in sin, lest at any time the de- 
ceits of the enemy, or my own corruption, 
should prevail against -me. 

OGod the Son, most beautiful and 
true light, shining in darkness, and 
enlightening every one that comes into 
this world : expel away from me all clouds 
of ignorance, and give me understanding, 
that in thee, and through thee, I may see 
and know the Father ; whom to know, is 
to live ; and to serve, is to reign for ever. 

OGod the Holy Ghost, whoiniiamest 
the wills of ail tho^e in whom thou 
vouchsafest to dwell with heavenly affec- 
tion, pour into my mind the gifts of holy 
dbarity, that, despising all vain and transi- 
tory things, I may with a continual desire 
long for the true and everlasting joys of 
thy heavenly kingdom. 

OHoly Trinity, one God, defend me 
this day from the deceits and tempta- 
tions of the devil, keep me from ali % sin, 
and preserve me' from sudden and unprovid- 
ed death, liaise up, O God, my body from 
sleep and drowsiness, and my soul from 
sin, that I may praise and glorify thy holy 
name, 10 whom belongs all benediction, and 
honour, and wisdom, aiict thanksgiving, 
now and for ever. Amen. 

At your Up -rising. 

IN the name of our Lord Jesus Christ 
crucified, I arise; bless me, O Lord, 
govern me, protect me, and confirm me in 
ail good works this day and for ever; and 



Prayers at Up-rising. 45 

after -this short and miserable pilgrimage 
bring me to everlasting happiness. Amen. 

OMost sweet Saviour Jesus Christ, open 
thou my heart and lips, to praise and 
glorify thy holy name, which is blessed 
above all names. Purify my soul from all 
evil and perverse thoughts, that my lips 
may continually bless thee, my mind me- 
ditate on thee, and my life glorify thee. 
And because, through thy only goodness, I 
have been created to the praise and glory 
of thy holy name, grant, I beseech thee, 
that in the sight of thy divine Majesty I 
may faithfully serve thee here, and eternally 
rejoice with thee hereafter,whowith theFa- 
ther and Holy Ghost, liveth and reigneth, 
one God, world without end. Amen. 
When you get out of 'Bed. 

ODear Jesus, the everlasting repose of 
thy elect, when will the hour come 
that my poor soul shall enter into those 
happy regions of peace and rest prepared 
for us in thy celestial glory ? 

Putting on your Clothes. 

O Sweet Jesus, that the shame of my 
sinful soul may not be seen, cloath 
it with the robe of thy justice, and fiover it 
with the ornaments of ail manner of grace 
and virtue. Amen. 

n you have put on your Clothes. 
'f\ ^ ost ar ™ aD * e J 6 " 5118 ? tQe true^Sppusc 
V-/ of my soul, give me the wedding gar- 
ment of divine love and perpetual, charity. 
Amen. 



•46* Prayers at Up-rising, 

Washing your Hands, say, 

OMy Lord God, who so lovest us as 
to wash our souls in thy precious 
biood : purify, I beseech thee, my heart 
and my hands from every spot of tilth and 
sin. Amen. 

Washing your Mouth. 

O Divine Wisdom, the eternal Word of 
thy heavenly Father, I humbly be- 
seech thee by thy grace to purge my lips 
from all wicked and unprofitable words, 
that my mouth may never open but to thy 
praise and honour, and to the benefit of 
others. 

Washing your Eyes, 

OTrue and indeftcient Light, who en- 
lightenest every one that cometh into 
the World, enlighten the eyes of my soul, 
that, in atl things, I may perfectly see and 
perform thy blessed will and pleasure. 
Amen. 

The Blessing, 
f^i OD the Father bless me, Jesus Christ 
\J defend and keep me, the virtue of 
the Holy Ghost enlighten and direct me, 
now, and for ever. Amen. 

An Exercise for the ^turning. 

IN tfie name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. 
Blessed be the holy and undivided Trini- 
ty, now and for ever. Amen. 

£f* For Our Father, Hail Mary, I be- 
lieve in God, see p. 34. 



Tracers for Morning. 4? 

ALmighty God ! who though dwelling 
in 'the highest heaven, vet vouch- 
safest to regard the lowest creature upon 
earth, I humbly adore thy sacred Majesty, 
and with all the force and powers of my 
soul exalt and praise thine holy name for 
• the infinite blessings thou hast so freely 
bestowed -on me, for electing me in thy 
love, and creating me to thy own image • 
for redeeming me by thy Son, and sanctify- 
ing me with thy Holy Spirit; for preserv- 
ing me in all the chances and encounters 
ofthis life, and raising up my thoughts to 
the hope of a better ; and particularly for 
thy gracious protection from the dangers of 
the past ni^ht, and bringing me safely to 
the beginning of this day. Continue, O 
Lord, thy mercy to me, and as thou hast 
awakened my body from sleep, so raise my 
soul from sin, that I may walk soberly and 
chastely as in the day, in ail holy obedi- 
ence before thy face. 

Deliver me, O merciful God, from the 
evils of this day, and guide my teet in the 
ways of peace. Strengthen my resolutions 
to embrace with gladness the opportunities 
of doing good, and carefully to avoid all oc- 
casions of sin, especially those which I have 
found by experience to be most dangerous 
to my soul; and when through frailty I 
forget thee, do thou in thy mercy remember 
me; that asl often fall by the €\-]l inclina- 
tion of my nature, I may instantly rise 
again by the assistance of thy grace. .Make 
me diligent in the duties of my calling and 



48 Prayers for Morning. 

state of life, and not too solicitous for the 
success of my affairs; but in all the mis- 
carriages and crosses of this world, abso- 
lutely submit to thy divine pleasure, and 
wholly rely on thy merciful providence. 
Let thy blessing be upon my actions, and 
thy grace direct my intentions ; that the 
whole course of my life, and the principal 
design of my heart, may always tend to the 
advancement of thy glory, the good of 
Others, and the eternal salvation of my 
own soul, through Jesus Christ our Lord 
and only Saviour, who with thee a'nd the 
Holy Ghost, liveth and reigneth, one God, 
world without end. Amen. 

Give me grace, O Lord, to do what thou 
comrqandest, and command what thou 
pleasest.- 

Give me grace to suffer what thou per- 
mittest, and permit what thou pleasest. 

The blessing of God Almighty, Father, 
Son, and Holy Ghost, descend upon me, 
and dwell in my heart for ever. Amen. 
A devout Recommendation, zchich may be 

used every Morning , or any other Thie. 
T Adore and glorify thee, O blessed Trinity, 
A God Almighty/ Father, Son, and Holy 
Ghost. I offer myself to thy divine Majesty, 
humbly beseeching thee to take from me, 
and from all thy faithful, whatever dis- 
pleases thee, and to give us that which is 
grateful in thy sight : grant that we may 
here do what thou commandest, and here- 
after receive what thou promisest. 



Prayers for the Morning-. 4S* 

To thee, O Lord, I commend my soul 
and body, (my wife and children, my father 
andmother,my brothers arid sisters) my kins- 
folks and benefactors, my friends and fami- 
liars, all my nearest and dearest relations, 
and all those for whom I am any ways 
bound to offer up my prayers. To thee I 
commend the holy Catholic Church. To thee 
I commend this kingdom and our gracious 
Sovereign. Grant, O Lord, that ail may 
know thee, all may' honour and reverence 
thee, all may love thee, and be ioved by 
thee. Reduce those that err, and bring them 
again into the way of truth ; abolish here- 
sies, and convert all to the true faith, wha 
as yet do not know thee. Grant us, O Lord, 
thy grace, and preserve us in thy peace ; 
may thy holy will be done, and not ours. 
Comfort all those that lead their lives in 
sorrow, misery, or temptation, and merci- 
fully relieve every one in their afihetions, 
whether spiritual or corporal. Lastly, loom- 
mend all universally to thy holy protection, 
beseeching thee, that thou wouldst vouch- 
safe to grant the living forgiveness of their 
sins, and to the souls departed everlasting 
test. Amen, 

Another. 
TNTO the hands of thy unspeakabk 
•* mercy, O Lord, I commend my soul 
and body, my senses, my words, my 
thoughts, and all my actions, with all the 
necessities of my body and soul ; my going 
forth and coming in; my faith and con- 
versation ; the course and end of my life : 
C 



50 Prayers for the Morning. 

the day and hour of my death; my rest 
and resurrection with the saints and the 
eject Amen. 

A Vraytr for Perseverance in Goodness. 

CMtANT, O my Lord Jesus Christ, that 
W 1 may persevere in good purposes, and 
in thy holy service, to my death ; and that I 
may this day perfectly begin, lor all I have 
hitherto done is nothing. , Amen. 

A Prayer to your AngiL Guardian. 

O Angel of God, to whose care J am 
committed by. the supreme clemency, 
illuminate: defend, and govern me this day 
in all my thoughts, words, and actions. 
Amen. 

Bless us, O Lord, and preserve us from 
all evil, and bring us to eternal life : and 
may the souls of the faithful departed, 
through the mercy of God, rest in peace: 
Amen. 

The Blessing. 

THE peace of our Lord Jesus Christ; — 
the virtue of his sacred passion; — the 
sie^i of the holy ^ cross ; — the purity and 
humility of the blessed Virgin Mary ; — the 
protection of the angels ; and the inter- 
cession of all the saints and elect of God, 
be with me, and defend me now, and at the 
hour of my death, sweet Jesus. Amen. 
When ttt Morning, Noon, or Evening, the 

Siii/i of the Salutation is given, say, 
r TPil£ angel of the Lord declared to Mary, 
X aud she conceived by the Holy Ghost. 
liu.l Mary, fcc. Behold the handmaid of 
t^ie Lord : be it done unto me according to 
ihy word. Hail Mafy,&c. And *he Word 



, Prayers for the Morning. 51 

was made flesh, and dwelt amongst us. 
Hail Mary, &c. 

The Prayer. 

POUR forth, we beseech thee, O Lord, 
tny grace into our hearts, that we, 
to whom the incarnation of Christ thy Son 
was made known by the message ot an 
angel, may, by his passion and cross, be 
brought to the glory of his resurrection, 
through the same Christ our Lord. Amen. 

May the souls of the faitntul departed, 
thro' the mercy of God, rest in peace. Amen. 

At going jvrth out oj your House, say, 

SHEW me, O Lord, thj ways, and teach 
me thy paths. Direct my steps ac- 
cording to thy word, that no injustice may 
ruj^e over me. Make per tea my walking in 
thy paths., that my steps niay not be moved* 
Grace bejore Meat. 

BLESS us, O Lord, and these thy gifts, 
which of thy bounty we are about to 
receive, through Christ our Lord. R. Amen. 

Crace alter Muit. 
T 71/ E give thee thanks, Almighty God, 
VV for all thy benefits, wholivest and 
reiguest, world without eud. R. Amen. 

Vuuchsate, O Lord, for thy name's sake, 
to render to all our benefactors lire everlast- 
ing. R. Amen. 

V. May the bonis of the faitntul departed* 
through the mercy of God, rest in peace. 
R. Amen. 

A Pra$ erfor Scholars before Study. 

O incomprehensible Creator, the true 
fountain of Jigut, and only authoT of 
CQ 



V3 Prayers for Right. 

a,ll knowledge ; who out of the treasure of 
thy wisdom hast with wonderful harmony 
disposed and ordered all the parts of the 
universe: vouchsafe, I beseech thee, to en- 
lighten my understanding with the rays of 
thy wisdom, and to expel from it all dark- 
ness of sin and ignorance. Thou who 
makesi eloquent the tougues of those that 
want utterance, instruct my tongue, and 
pour on my lips the grace of thy blessing 
Give me a diligent and obedient spirit, 
quickness of apprehending, capacity of re- 
taining, and the continual assistance of thy 
holy grace, that I may apply all my studies 
to thy honour and the everlasting salvation 
of my own soul, through Christ our Lord. 
Amen. 

The Blessing, 

THE blessing of God the Father, the 
grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and 
the comfort of the Holy Ghost, be with us* 
and dwell in our hearts for ever. Amen K 



I 



Prayers at Night before going to Bed. 

■F 

N the name of the Father, &c. 
Amen. 

'Blessed be the holy and undivided Tri- 
nity, now, and for ever. Amen* 
r ¥&- For Ohr Father, Hail Mary, end I 
telieve in God, see p. 34. 

Q Eternal, infinite, and Almighty God* 
whose glory the heaven of heavens 
cannot contain, look down on thry un T 
worthy servant, prostrate at \he llvi of th> 
ynercy, and . tiubh zpftfeVsing t< thee, in 






Prayerstfbr Nigh t. 55 

thfe %ight of all thy holy angels and blessed 
saints, the sinfulness and vanity of my life, 
but especially the transgressions of this day, 
by which I have so grievously wounded my 
own soul. 

I confess to Almighty God ? to blessed 
Mary, ever a Virgin, to blessed Michael the 
archangel, to blessed John Baptist, to the 
holy apostles Peter and Paul, and to all the 
saints, that I have grievously sinned iii 
thought, word, and deed, through my fault, 
through my fault, through my exceeding 
great fault. 

Here examine diligently what sins you may 
have fallen bx&o this day, by thought, word, 
deed, or omission, and humbly confessing 
them, prdeced thus : 

Of these, and ail my other sins, I most ear- 
nestly repent, and am heartily sorry for eve- 
ry thought, word, and deed, by which I have 
displeased the eyes of thy glory, and provok- 
ed thy wrath and indignation against me ; 
•especially for my disobedience to so holy a 
law, and extreme ingratitude to so gracious 
and bountiful a God. I acknowledge, Q 
Lord, that I have not merited the liu 
thy mercies, bu t rather deserve the grt 
of thy judgments : but as thou hast rc\ < I 
I self to be a God of pity and com pa- -n ., 
to [ ving the iniquities of such a^ . - 

pent, arid absolving all those Uw 
il ^mntheraselves, wherefore .* ' 

« :.ent and contrite heart, 1 frei \\ ... 
guiltiness of my own conscience, ~ 
C3 



54 Prayers for Night. 

humbly offer these prayers, &q. to thee for 

my penance. 

Say some Prayers, or pious Acts for your 
Penance, then proceed thus : 

But since my unworthiness and nany im- 
perfections most justly discourage me from 
presuming on my. own performances, and 
the riches of thy mercy has provided for us 
a multitude of acceptable intercessors ; there- 
fore I beseech blessed Mary, ever a Virgin, 
blessed Michael the archangel, the blessed 
John Baptist, the holy apostles Peter and 
Paul, and all the saints, to pray to the Lord 
our God for me. 

May Almighty God have mercy on me, 
and forgiving me my sins, bring me to ever- 
lasting life. A)nen. 

»J* May the almighty and merciful Lord 
grant me pardon, absolution, and remission 
of all my s.ns. Amen. 

And now, O most gracious and liberal be- 
nefactor, I pr ise and magnify thy holy 
name U,r thy gredt and ia.aimeraHe bene- 
fits proceed, g purely from rhy bounty, and 
ftHeuded wholly for aiy l, *od ; particularly 
tor reserving me this day in the midst of so 
; v dangers incident to my condition, <*nd 
.delivering me from so in aiy caiamiti s and 
miseries as are due to my sins. 

Thou art my Create r, O my God, and 
kind F^qtector; thou art tne ultimate end 
of my being, and supreme perfection or my* 
Under the shadow of tbywiqgs ^ 

r pc tuiil repose, and from the, light of wy 



Prayers for Night. 5S . 

countenance flows eternal joy and felicity. 
To thee be glory and honour, to thee adora* 
tion and obedience, from all thy creatures 
for ever. Amen. 

And since thou hast ordained the day to 
labour, and the night to take our resj;, as I 
praise thee for the blessings of this day past, 
so I implore thy protection this night to 
come. Let the eyes of thy providence watch 
over me, and thy holy angels pitch their 
tents about me : that toeing safely delivered 
from all dangers, and comfortably refreshed 
with moderate sleep, I may the better 
be enabled to perform the employments 
of my calling and state of life, and faithfully 
persevere in the discharge of the duties of 
thy service ; and so daily advance to new- 
victories over my passions, and to a more 
perfect observance of thy commandments : 
till having passed my days in thy fear, I 
may end them in thy favour, and rejoice 
with thee lor ever in thy heavenly kingdom, ;•' 
through Jesus Christ our Lord and only 
Saviour: who with tiiee and the Holy Ghost . 
liveth and reigneth, one God, world withoux 
end. Amen. 

Here say the prayer, I adore and glorify, 
&c. as in p. 43. 

. ' An Act of Contrition. 
f\ Dreadful Lord, and most ;n l : ■ v. 
^ Father of mercies! Iawre^c! -1 ■> 

have sinned against heaven, and b >\ e 
- and am no more worthy to be 
sei /ant, much less to be aecou, < 
ahild, having repaid so much bounty \ -> 
C4 



55 Prayers for Night. 

contempt, and so many benefits with in- 
■gratitude. Where shall" I find punishment 
-enough to be revenged on my sins, or tear* 
enough to wash out my iniquities ? Alas ! I 
grieve not at those pains which I have de- 
served for my rebellion, it only pierces my 
•very heart thai L have offended a God who 
-ought to be beloved and honoured above all 
tilings. What shall I say, dear Lord, in de- 
testation of the crimes 1 have committed ? 
What shall I do to prevent my future relap- 
ses ? Father, from henceforth the face of sin 
shall be more hideous to me than hell, and 
the least temptation to it more frightful than 
-death. Forgive, 1) Almighty Love, forgive, 
aiul have not the sins of my past life in 
remembrance. Why should the mighty 
Lord oi heaven and earth be incensed 
against so poor, so contemptible an object ? 
fiehold me, O God, not hi thy auger, but 
accord ng to the tender bowels of thy in fi- 
ddle mercy : for thou art our Father, and 
we are thy children ; thou art our Maker, 
and we are as clay in thy bands; thou canst 
with those waters, drawn from the fountain 
of our blessed Saviour, clearly our poih>- 
Uons; and with the mixture of' one drop of 
his most precious blood mould us* again mro 
vessels ot honour. Of thee only,C"merciful 
Father, 1 beg aiid "hope for pardon : upon 
thee only do I call, and depend for assist- 
ance ; that J may hereafter constantly serve 
thee with a true and faithful dbedienco, . 
inseparably adiiere to thee with a pUre . i < 
ferfect love for ever. 



Prayers for Night. 57 

A Prayer for the Dtad. 

OGod, the Creator and Redeemer of all 
the faithful, give to the souls of thy 
servants departed, full remission of all their 
offences, that through the help of pious 
supplications, they may obtain the pardon 
of wnich they have heen always desirous : 
who livest and reignest, world without end. 
Amen. 
V. Give them, O Lord, eternal rest. 
R. And let perpetual light shine unto 
them-. 

V. May they, rest in peace. R, Amen. 
The Hymn. Te lucia ante termiuum. 

BEFORE the closing of the day, 
• Creator, we thee humbly pray, 
That for thy wonted mercy's sake, 
Thou us into protection take. 

May nothing in our minds excite 
Vain dreams and phantoms of the night : 
Keep off our enemy, that so 
Our bodies no uncleanuess know. 

To Jesus, from a Virgin sprung^ 
Be glory given, and praises sung; 
The like to God the Father be, 
Aud-Hoty Ghost eternally. Amen. 
Antiphon. 

SAVE us, O Lord, waking, arA ircep u r 
sleeping, that we may w... fritfe 
Christ, and rest in peace. 

Preserve us as the apple ot'tufu i 10 

pro ect us under the shadow of : .-in 
:Jisafe, O Lord, to keep us ..,;., 
. jut sio. 

v> 5 



68 Prayers for Night. 

Have mercy on us, O Lord, have mercy 
on us. 

May thy mercy be upon us, O Lord, as 
we have put our trust in thee. 

O Lord, hear my prayer, and let my sup- 
plication come unto ti^ee. 

lite Prayer* 

VISIT, we beseech thee, O Lord, this 
habitation, and repel from it all snares 
of the enemy. Let thy ho]^ r angels dwell 
therein to preserve us in peace/and may 
thy blessing be upon us tor ever, through 
Christ our Lord. Amen. 

To the B. Virgin Mary. 

O Glorious Virgin Mary, I commit my 
soul and body to thy blessed trust this 
night and for ever, but more especially at 
the hour of my death. I recommend to thy 
merciful charity all my hopes, my consola- 
tion, my distress and misery, my life, and 
the end thereof: that thro' thy most holy 
intercession, all my works may be directed 
according to the will of thy blessed Son. 
J wen. 

A Prayer to your Guardian Angel. 

OAnuel.of God, to whose holy care I 
am committed by the supreme cle- 
mency, illuminate, defend, and protect me 
tli*! i ight from all sin and clanger. Amen. 
•%* The Blessing. 

G( )D the Father bless me : Jesus .Christ 
defend and keep me: the virtue of 
the Holy Ghost enlighten and sanctify me 
ti i tight and for ever. Amen. 

Into thy hands, O Lord, I commend my 
spirit. Lord Jesus receive my soul 



Prayers. for yight. 59 

When you go to Bed, say, 

IN the name of our Lord Jesus Christ cru- 
cifiedy I lay me down rarest ! bless me, 
O Lord, defend and gover i me, and, after 
this short and miserable pilgrimage, bring 
me to everlasting happiness. Amen, 
A Prayer at settling to Sleep. 

OLord Jesus Christ, whose unwearied 
eye neither slumbers nor sleeps, but 
continually \yetcbes in defence of thy ser- 
vants* take me and mine, I beseech thee, 
into thy protection, and grant, that whilst 
my body is asleep, my soul may he awake 
to thee, and that I may hereafter behold 
thee in that blessed and heavenly country, 
where thou, with the Father and the Hofy 
Ghost, art eternally governor, and all the 
angels, with the blessed saints, are citizens 
tor ever. t Amen. 

N. B. When thou art in bed, and afki 
sleep, employ thy thoughts in some spiritual 
exercise, or in saying the beads, or so/nr other 
prayers ; or in meditating on some passu 
our Saviour's life and passion ; partka 
how he spent that night wherein he 
in the garden. Or else thou mayest trim 
those uneasy beds which the souts huve in 
or purgatory. 

If thou chance to awaken in ti 
the night, forthwith imagine with thyu[ 
thou art present among the choirs of • 
and angels, and icith sudden acclamati 
out with them in the words of the hymn, v . 
i '• incessantly sing, saying, ■ * 

ftyly, holy, holy, Lord Go& : o< c b*oi . 
"GO 



60 The seven Penitential Psalms. 

heaven and earth are full of the majesty of 
thy glory. 

Or, Glory >be to the Father, and to the 
Son, and to the Holy Ghost. 

As it was in the beginning, is now, and 
ever shall be, world without end. Amen. 
Live, Jesus, live, and let it be, 
AJy life to die for love of thee. 

, The seven Penitential Psalms. 
Anih. Remember not, O Lord, our of- 
fences ; cor those of our parents; neither 
Jake thou vengeance of our sins. 
Psalm vi. 

OLord, rebuke me not in thy indi^na- 
iion, nor chastise me in-thy wrath. 
Have mercy on me, O Lord, tor I am 
weak : heal me, O Lord, for my bones are 
troubled. 

And my soul is troubled exceedingly; but 
thou, O LoH, how long ? 

Turn to me, (J Lord', and deliver my sou,U 

save me tor thy mercy's sake,. 

For there is no one m death that is mind- 
ful of thee : and who shall confess to tnee 
in hell? 

I have laboured in my gmanings, every 
night will I wash my bed: J will water my 
couch .with my tears. 

My eye is troubled through indignation: 

1 have grown old amongst all my enemies. 

Depart from me all ye worker* of imqui- 
* _• : for the Lord hath heard the voice of 
my weeping. 

The Lord hath heard my supplication 
the Lord hath received my prayer. 



The seven Penitential Psalms, 61 

Let all my enemies be ashamed, and be 
very much troubled : let them be turned 
back and be ashamed very speedily. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 
Psalm xxxi. 

BLESSED are they whose iniquities are 
forgiven, and whose sins are covered. 

Blessed is the man to whom, the Lord 
hath not imputed sin, and in whose spirit 
there is no guile. 

Because I wassilent, my bones grew old ; 
whilst I cried out all the day long 

For day and night thy hand was heavy 
upon me: I am turned in my anguish, 
whilst the thorn is fastened. 

I have acknowledged my sins to thee, 
and my injustice I have not concealed 

I said I will confess against myself my 
injustice to the Lord; and that thou hast 
forgiven the wickedness of my sins. 

For this shall every oae that is holy pray 
to tl e, in a ^easoiuhle time. 

Ai.«l yet in a flood of ,n my waters', they 
shall v)icome nigh unto him, 

1 liou art ige from the t rouble - 

winch hath enecio a* <d me: my joy, de- 
liver me trom thtn. t'-ai sm round me, 

I will ^ive tiiee unuer^tundi; g,atH[ I will 
instruct thee in the wa) m v u shaft 

go : I will fix my eyes upon iu t 

Do not become like the horse and ttfe 
mule, who have no understands;. 

With hit and bridle hind fast lulu j •• , 
who come not near unto thee. 

Many are the scourges of the sinner, but 



62 The set en Penitential Psalms. 

mercy shall encompass him that hopcth iu 
the Lord. 

Be grad in the Lord, and rejoic*e ye just : 
and glory all ye right of heart. 

Glbry'be to the~Father, &c. 
Psalm xxxvii. 

REBUKE me not, OLord, in thy indig- 
nation, nor chastise me in thy wrath. 

For thy arrows are fastened in me: and 
thy hand hath been strong upon me. 

There is no health in my *tiesh, because 
of thy wrath : there is no peace tor my bones, 
because of my sins. 

For my iniquities are gone over my head : 
and as a heavy burden are become heavy 
ujionme. 

My Sores are putrified and corrupted, be- 
cause of my foolishness. 

I am become miserable, and am bowed 
down even to the end: I walked sorrowful 
all the day long. 

For myioins are filled with illusions: and 
there is no health in my, flesh. 

I am afflicted and humbled exceedingly; 
I roared with the groaning of my heart. 

Lord, all my desire is "before thee, and 
my groaning is not hid from thee. 

My heart is troubled, my strength hath 
left me, and the light of my eyes itself is 
not with me. 

My friends and my neighbours havie drawn 
near and stood against me. 

And they that were near me stood afar 
oft': and they that sought my soul used 
violence. 



The seven Penitential Psalms. 63 

And they that sought evils to me spoke 
vain things, and studied deceits all the day 
long. 

l>ut I, as a deaf man, heard not: and was 
as a dumb man not opening his mouth..- 

And I became as a man that heareth not: 
and that hath no reproofs in his mouth. 

For in thee, () Lord, have I hoped : thou 
wilt hear me, Lord my God, 

Fori said, lest at any time my enemies 
rejoice over rue, and whilst my feet are 
moved, they speak great things against me. 

For I am ready for scourges, and my sor- 
row is continually before me. 

For I will declare my iniquity : and I will 
think for my sin. 

But my enemies live, and are stronger 
than I : and they that hate me wrongfully 
are multiplied. 

They that render evil for good, have de- 
tracted me, because I followed goodness. 

Forsake me not, O Lord my God : do not 
thou depart from me. 

Attend unto my help, O Lord, the God 
of my salvation. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 
JPsalm 1. 

HAVE mercy on me, O God, according 
to thy great mercy. 
And according to the multitude of thy 
tender mercies blot out my iniquity. 

Wash me yet more from my iniqfcity; 
and cleanse me from my sin. 

For I know my iniquity, and my sifl h 
always before me. 



64 The seven Penitential Psalms. 

To thee only have 1 sinned, and have 
done evil before thee : that thou mayest be 
justified in thy words, and mayesL over- 
come when thou art judged. 

For behold I was conceived in iniquities : 
and in sins did my mother conceive me. 

For behold thou hasi loved truth : the 
uncertain and hidden things of thy wisdom 
thou hast made manifest to me. 

Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and 
I shall be cleansed : thou shalt wash me, 
and I shall be made whiter than snow. 

To my hearing thou shalt give joy and 
gladness : and the bones that have been 
humbled shall rejoice. 

Turn away thy face from my sins, and 
blot out all my iniquities. 

Create a clean heart in me, O God : and 
renew a right spirit within my bowels. 

Cast me not away from thy face : and 
take not thy holy Spirit from me. 

Kestore unto me the joy of thy salvation, 
and strengtnen me with a perfect spirit 

I will teach the unjust thy ways : and the 
wicked shall be converted to thee. 

Deliver me from blood, O God, thou God 
of my salvation : and my tongue shall extol 
thy justice. 

OLord, thou wilt open my lips: and my 
mouth shall declare thy praise. 

For it thou hadst desired sacrifice, I would 
indeed have given it : with burnt-offerings 
thou wilt notice delighted. 

A sacrifice to God is an afflicted spirit; a_ 
contrite and humbled heart, O God, tboo 
wilt not despise. 



The seven Penitential Psalms. 65 

Deal favourably, O Lord, in thy good-will 
with Sion : that the walls of Jerusalem may 
be built up. 

Then shalt thou accept the sacrifice of 
justice, oblation-3 and whole burnt-oftenngs ; 
then shall they lay calves upon thy altars* 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 
Psalm ci. 
T TEAR, O Lord, my prayer, and let 
X JL niy cry come to thee. 

Turn not away thy face from me; in 'the 
day when I am in trouble, incline thy ear 
to me. 

In what day soever I shall call upon thee, 
hear me speedily. 

For my days arc vanished like smoke : 
and my bones are grown dry like fuel for 
the fire. 

I am smitten as grass, and my heart is 
withered : because I forgot to eat my bread. 

Through the voice of my groaning, my 
bone hath cleaved to my flesh. 

I am become like to a pelican of the wil- 
derness : I am like a night raven in the 
house. 

I have watched, and am become as a 
sparrow, all alone on the house top. 

-All the day long my enemies reproached 
me; and they that praised me did swear 
against me. 

For I did eat ashes like bread, and ming- 
led my drink with weeping. 

Because of thy anger and indignation : 
for having lifted me up, thou hast threwa 
irre down. 



66 The seven Penitential Psalms. 

My clays have declined like a shadow, 
and I am withered like grass. 

But thou, O Lord, endurest for ever : and 
thy memorial to all generations. 

Thou shalt arise and have mercy on Sion, 
for it is time to havo mercy on it, for the 
time is come. 

For the stones thereof have pleased thy 
servants : and they shall have pity on the 
earth thereof. 

And the Gentiles shall fear thy name, O 
Lord : and all the kins;s of the earth thy 
glory. 

For the Lord hath built up Sion : and he 
shall be seen in his glory. 

He hath had regard to the prayer of the 
humble : and he hath not despised their 
petition. 

Let these things be written unto another 
generation : and the people that shall be 
created shall praise the Lord. 

Because he hath looked forth from his 
high sanctuary; from heaven the Lord hath* 
looked upon the earth. 

That he might hear the groans of them 
that are in fetters : that he might release 
the children of the slain. 

That they may declare the name of the 
Lord in Sion; and his praise in Jerusalem. 

When the people assembled together, 
and "kings to serve the Lord. 

He answered him in the way of his 
strength : declare unto me the fewness of 
my days. 

Call me not away in the midst of my 



The seren Penitential Psalms, 6T 

days : thy years are unto generation and 
generation. 

In the beginning, O Lord, thou foundedst 
the earth: "and the heavens are the work 
of thy hands. 

They shall perish, but thou remainest : 
and all of them shall grow old, like a gar- 
ment : 

And as a vesture thou shalt change them, 
and they shall be changed : but thou art 
always the self-same, and thy years shall 
not fail 

The children of thy servants shall con- 
tinue ; and their seed shall be directed for 
even 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 
Psalm exxix. 

OUT of the depths I have cried to thee, 
O Lord : Lord hear my voice. 

Let thy ears be attentive to the voice of 
my supplication. 

If thou, Lord, wilt mark iniquities, 
who shuh stand to it. 

For with thee there is merciful forgive- 
ness : and by reason of thy law, I have 
waned lot thee, O Lord 

My suui hath relied on his word : my 
soul hath hoped in the Lord. 

From the morning watch even until night, 
let [srael hope in the Lo. 

Because with the Lord there is mercy, 
and with him plentiful redemption. 

And he shall redeem Israel from all his 
iniquities. 
Glory be. to the Father, &c, 



(S3 Thz seven Penitential Psalm. 

Psalm cxlii. 

HEAR, O Lord, my prayer : give Tar 
to my supplication in thy truth : hear 
me in thy justice. 

And enter not into judgment with thy 
servant : for in thy sight no man living shall 
be justified. 

For the enemy hath persecuted my soul : 
he hath brought down my lite to the earth. 

He hath made me to dwell in darkness, 
as those that have been dead of old : aud 
my spirit is in anguish within me : my heart 
within me is troubled. 

I remembered the days of old, I medi- 
tated en all thy works : I mused upon the 
works of thy hands. 

I stretched forth my hands to thee : my 
soul is as earth without water unto thee. 

Hear me speedily, O Lord f my spirit 
hath fainted away. 

Turn not away thy face from me, lest I 
be like unto them that go down into the pit. 

Cause me to hear thy mercy in the morn- 
ing, for in thee have I hoped. 

Make thy way known to me wherein I 
should walk : for 1 have lifted up my soul 
to thee. 

Deliver me from my enemies, O Lord, 
lo thee have I fled : teach me to do thy 
will, for thou art my God. 
i Thy good spirit shall lead me into the 
right land : for thy name's sake, O Lord, 
thou wilt quicken me, in thy justice. 
\ Thou wilt bring my soul out of trouble t 



The Litany. 63 

a*d in thy mercy thou wilt destroy my ene- 
mies. 

And thou wilt cut off all them that afflict 
my soul : for I am thy servant. 
' Glory be to the Father, &c. 

Anth. Remember not, O Lord, our of- 
fences: nor those of our parents: neither 
take thou vengeance of our sins. 
The Litany and Prayers recommended to be- 
said in Catholic Families every Evening. 

LORD, have mercy upon us. Christ, have 
mercy upon us. Lord, have mercy upon 

us. Christ, hear us. Christ, graciously 

hear us. God the Father of heaven, Have 

mercy upon- us. 
God the Son, Redeemer of the world, Have 

mercy upon us. 
God the Holy Ghost, Have mercy upon us. 
Holy Trinity one God, Have mercy upon us. 
Holy Mary, Pray for us. 
Holy Mother of God, St. Peter, 
Holy Virgin of Vir- St. Paul, 

gins, St. Andrew, 

St. Michael, St. James, 

St. Gabriel, St. John, 

St. Raphael, St. Thomas, hj 

All ye holy Angels St. James, J 

and Archangels, St. Philip, Cj- 

All ye holy Orders of St. Bartholomew, l3 

blessed Spirits, St. Matthew, § 

St. John Baptist, St. Simon, 
St. Joseph, St. Thaddec, 

* All ye holy Patri- St. Matthias, 

archs and Pro- St. Barnaby, 

phets, St. Luke, 



7G The Litany. 

St. Mark, St. Martin, 

All ye holy Apostles St. Nicholas, 

and Evangelists, All ye holy Bi- 
All ye holy disciples, shops and Con- 

ot our Lord, fessors, 

All ye holy Innocents, All ye holy Doc- 
St. Stephen, tors, 

St. Lawrence, St. Anthony, 

St. Vincent, St. Bennet, ^ 

SS. Fabian and Se- St. Bernard, 

bastian, St. Dominic, {5 

SS. John and Paul, St. Francis, $^ 

SS. Cosmas and Da- All ye holy Priests** 
mian, and Levites, • 

SS.Gervaseand Pro- All ye holy Monks 

tase, and Hermits, 

All ye holy Mar- St. Mary Magdalen, 

tyrs, St. Agathy, 

St. Silvester, St Lucy, 

St. Gregory, St. Agnes, 

St. Ambrose, St. Cecily, 

St. Augustin, St. Catharine, 

St. Jerom, St. Anastasia, 

All ye holy Virgins and Widows, Fray for 

us. 
All je Men and Women, saints of God,~ 

Make intercession for us. 
Be merciful unto us, Spare us, O Lard, 
Be merciful unto jus, Graciously hear us, 

Lord. 
From all evil, O 

From all sin, „ H 

From thy wrath, § 

From sudden and unprovided death, ^ 
From the deceits of the devil, 



The Litany. ■ 71 

From anger, hatred, and all ill-will. 

From the spirit of fornication, 

From lightning and tempest, 

From everlasting death, O 

Throlhe mystery of thy holy incarnation, H 

Thro* thy coming, ^ 

Thro' thy nativity, * 

Thro* thy baptism and holy fasting, s 

Thro* thy cross and passion, §* 

Thro* thy death and burial, 

Thro* thy holy resurrection, 5 

Thro' thy admirable ascension, 

Thro' the coming of the Holy Ghost the 

Comforter, 
In the day of judgment, 
We sinners beseech thee, hear us. 
That thou spare us, We beseech thee, 4'C 
That thou pardon us, We beseech thee, 4-c. 
That thou vouchsafe to bring us to true 

penance, 
That thou vouchsafe to govern and pre- 
serve thy holy Church, 
That thou vouchsafe to preserve our^ 

Apostolic Prelate, and all ecclesiastical .«? 

orders in holy religion. 
^That thou vouchsafe to humble the ene- § 

mies of thy holy Church, S* 

That thou vouchsafe to give peace and g. 

true concord to Christian Kings andj* 

Princes, s* 

That thou vouchsafe to grant peace and § 

unity to all Christian people, g 

That thou vouchsafe to comfort and keep- 

us in thy holy service, 



?S The Litany. 

That thpu lift up our minds to heavenly 
desires, — , 

That thou render eternal good things to^ 
our benefactors, 5* 

That thou deliver our souls and those 5 

' of our brethren, kinsfolks, and bene- 3* 

factors, from eternal damnation, 2: 

That thou vouchsafe to give and preserve 3 
the fruits of the earth, ^ 

That thou vouchsafe to give eternal rest a 
to all the faithful departed, ^ 

That thou vouchsafe graciously to hear ? 
us, 

Son of God, We beseech thee, hear us. 

Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of 
the world, Spare v.$, O Lord. 

Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of 
the world, Hear us, O Lord. 

Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of 
t-hc world, Have mercy upon us. 

Christ, hear us. Christ, graciously hear 
us. Lord, h,ave mercy upon us. Christ 
have mercy upon us, Lord, have mer- 
cy upon us. Our Father, &c. 
V. And lead us not into temptation. - 
R. But deliver us from evil. Ami*. 
Psalm Ixix. 

OGod, come to my assistance: OLord, 
make haste to help me. 
Let them he confounded and ashamed 
that seek my soul. 

Let them be turned backward, and blush 
r s name, that desire evHs to me. 
• Let tfcem presently be turned away blush- 



Tht Litany. TS 

ing for shame that say to me : *Tis well, 
'tis well. 

Let all that seek thee rejoice and be glad 
in thee ; and let such as love thy salvation 
say always : The Lord be magnified. 

But I am needy and poor : O God, help 
me. 

Thtm art my helper and deliverer: O 
Lord, make no delay. 

Glory be.to the Father, &c. 

V. Save thy servants. R. Trusting in 
thee, O my God V. Be unto us, O 
Lord, a tower of strength. R. From the 
face of the enemy. V. Let not the ene- 
mv prevail against us. R. Nor the son of 
iniquity have power to hurt us. V. O Lorq* 4 
deal not with us according to our sins. 
R. Nor reward us according to our iniqui- 
ties. 

V. Let us pray for our chief Bishop N. 

R, May the Lord preserve him, and 
give him life, and make him blessed on 
earth : and deliver him not to the will of 
his enemies. 

V, Let us pray for our benefactors. 

R. O Lord, for thy name's sake, vouch- 
safe to render eternal life to all those by 
whom we have received good. 

V. Let us pray for the faithful departed. 

R. Eternal rest give to them, O Lord ; and 
let perpetual light shine upon them. 

V. May they rest in peace. R. Amen. 

V. For our absent brethren R. O my God. 
I thy servants trusting in thee. 
I) 






T4 The Lilajiy. * 

• V. Send them help, O Lord, from thy 
holy place. 

K. And from Sion protect them. 
' V. O Lord, hear my prayer. 

K. And let my supplication come to thee. 
Let us pray. 

OGOD, whose property it is always to 
have mercy, and to spare, receive our 
petitions, that we and all thy servants, who 
are hound by the chain of sin, may, by the 
ccm passion of thy goodness, mercifully be 
absolved. 

HEAR, we beseech thee, O Lord, the 
prayer of thy suppliants, and pardon 
the sins of them that confess, to thee, that, 
of thy bounty, thou may est grant us par- 
don and peace. 

OUT of thy clemency, O Lord, shew 
thy unspeakable mercy to us, that so 
thou mayest both acquit us of our sins, and 
deliver us from the punishment we deserve 
for them. 

OGOD, who by sin art offended, and by 
penance pacified, mercifully regard 
tfce prayers of thy people, who make sup- 
lion to thee, and turn away the 
[res of thy anger, which we deserve for 
ins. 
f^\ ALMIGHTY and eternal God-, have 
.A^ mercy on thy servant N. our chief 
Jfoshop, and direct him, according to thy 
clemency, in the way of everlasting salva- 
tiutu ; that by thy grace he may desire such 
things as are agreeable to thy will, and per> 
with all his strength. 



The Litany. f5 

O GOD, from whom are all holy desires^ 
righteous counsels, and just works ;, 
give to thy servants that peace which the 
world cannot give ; that our hearts being 
disposed to keep thy commandments, and 
the fear of enemies taken away, the time's, 
through thy protection, may be peaceable. 

INFLAME, O Lord, our reins and hearts 
with the fare of thy holy spirit; that we 
may serve thee with a chaste body, and 
please thee with a clean heart. 

OGOD, the Creator and Redeemer of 
all the faithful, give to the souls of 
thy servants departed, the remission of all 
their sins; that through the help of pious 
supplications they may obtain that pardon 
which they have always desired. 

PKEVENT, we beseech thee, Q Lord, 
our actions, by thy holy inspiration s, 
and carry ihem on by thy gracious assist- 
ance, that every praryer and work of ours 
may aiways begin from thee, and -by thee 
be happily ended. 

O Almighty and eternal God, who hast 
dominion over the living and the 
dead, and art merciful to all those whom 
thou forekno^est shall be thine by faith 
and good works ; we humbly beseech thee, 
thai they for whom we have purposed to 
otter our prayers, whether this present world 
stili retain them in tiie rlesh, or the next 
hatli already received them divested of their 
bodies, may, by the intercession of thy 
samts, and the clemency of thy goodness, 
obtain pardon and full remission oi all their, 
sins : thro'. 11. Amen. D 2 



76* Devout Prayers 

V. O Lord, hear my prayer. 

R. And let my supplication come unto 
thee. 

V. May the almigftty and most merciful 
Lord, graciously hear us. R. Amen. 

V. May the souls of the faithful departed, 
through the mercy of God, rest in peace. 
R. Amen. 

■ ■ ■ i ■ i ■ ■ ■■■.■■ ■ ■ *. m mmm 

Devout Prayers which may be said after the 
Litanies, according to the diversity of 
Times and Occasions. 

A Prayer for God's holy Church. 

O Almighty and everlasting God, who 
hast revealed thy glory to all nations 
in Christ ; preserve the works of thy mercy, 
that thy Church spread throughout the 
world may persevere with steadfast faith in 
the confession of thy name : thro', &c. 
For the Chief Bishop. 

OGod, the Pastor and Governor of all 
the faithful, mercifully regard thy ser- 
vant N. whom thou hast placed as chief 
Pastor over thy Church ; grant, we beseech 
thee, that both by word and example he 
may edify all those who are under his 
charge, that, together with the flock com* 
mitted to his care, he may arrive at life 
everlasting : thro' our Lord, &c. 

For all Degrees of the Church. 

ALmighty and everlasting God, by whose 
spirit the whole body of the Church is 
sanctified and governed : hear, we beseech 
thee, our humble supplications for all de- 
grees thereof; that by the assistance of thy. 
grace they may faithfully serve thee: 
tbroV&c. 



on different Occasions. 7 7 

A Prayer in any Necessity, 

OGod, our refuge and strength, the 
fountain of all goodness, mercifully 
hear the fervent prayers of thy Church, and 
grant that what we ask with faith, we may 
effectually obtain : thro*, &c. 

Against the Persecutors of the Church. 
O ECEIVE, we beseech thee, O Lord, the 
XV prayers of thy Church, and mercifully 
appease thy wrath against us ; that all ad- 
versities and errors being removed, we may 
serve thee in secure liberty : thro', &c. 
For help against Infidels. 

MOST merciful God ! who remember- 
est not the iniquities of those that 
are converted to thee, but mercifully regard- 
est their tears : behold with pity thy holy 
temples profaned by the hands of infidels, 
and the affliction of thy beloved nock: re- 
member thy inheritance which thou hast 
purchased with the effusion of the most 
precious blood of thy only begotten Son. 
Visit the vineyard which thou hast planted, 
and defend ifcYrom the wild boar, who has 
broken into it, and endeavours to destroy 
it: strengthen such as labour in it by thy 
power; and giving them the victory over 
their enemies here, make them possessors 
of thy kingdom hereafter : thro' the same 
Lord, &c. 

A Prayer for the King. 

O Almighty Lord, by whom kings reign 
and from whom they derive their 
power: we humbly beseech thee to pre- 
serve thy servant N. the King and supreme 
D3 



78 Devout Prayers 

governor, confirming him in the right un- 
derstanding of his weighty office, as also in 
courage and prudence for the due execu- 
tion thereof: that the sword of justice in 
his hand may secure us in peace and plenty, 
to our free progress in true virtue, and the 
increase of his own eternal reward : thro* 
our Lord, &c. 

A Prayer for the Afflicted. 
C\ Almighty and everlasting God, the 
^^ Comforter of the sorrowful, and the 
support of those who are afflicted : give ear 
to the prayers of such as call on thee in 
their tribulation ; that finding thy mercy 
present with them in their necessities, their 
mourning may he turned into joy : thro', &c. 

For Heretics and Schismatics. 
r\ Almighty and everlasting God, who 
^ savest all, and wouldst not that any 
should perish : favourably look down upon 
those souls which are seduced by the deceit 
of Satan; that all heretical impiety beiug 
removed, ihe hearts of such as err may re- 
pent, and return to the unity of thy truth : 
thro', &c. 

For the unfaithful Jeus. 
(\ Almighty and everlasting God, who 
repeilest not from thy mercy even 
the perfidious Jews : hear the prayer, which 
we offer for the blindness of that people ; 
that the light of thy truth, Christ our Lord, 
being known to them, they may be deliver- 
ed from their darkness : thro*, &c. 

For Pagans. 
r\ Almighty and everlasting God, whode- 
^ sirest net the death, but the lhe of siu> 



on different Occasions. 70 

fier^: mercifully accept our prayers, and 
delivering pagans from the worship of idols, 
unite them to thy Church, to the praise and 
honour of thy glorious name : thro', &c. 

In Time of War. 
f~\ God, who puttest an end to wars, and, 
by the power of thy protection, van- 
quishest the opposers of such as trust in 
thee : help thy servants, who earnestly 
crave thy mercy, that the evil designs of our 
enemies being defeated, we may praise 
thee with incessant gratittrle : thro', &c. 

Against Pagan* and Turks. 
f\ Almighty and everlasting God, in whose 
^ hands are the powers of all persons, and 
the rights of kingdoms, favourably grant 
thy aid to Christians, that the Pagan and 
]\Iahometau people, who.trust in their own 
cruelty, may be crushed by the power of thy 
right-hand: thro', &c. 

A Trailer for Peace. 

O God, from whom are all, &c. as p. 75. 
In Time of Famine and Pestilence. 
/TJRANT us, we beseech thee, () Lord, 
^* the effect of our prayer, and merci- 
fully turn away from thy servants all pesti- 
lence and famine : that the hearts of men 
may know that such scourges proceed from 
thy indignation, and cease by thy mercy : 
thro', &c. 

Against, or in Time of an Earthquake. 
r\ Almighty and eternal God, who look- 
v ^ est on the earth, and makest it tremble, 
spare those that fear thee; be merciful to 
those who supplicate thee; that we f wha 
D 4 



•0 Devout Prayers 

have dreaded thy wrath in shaking the 
foundations of the earth, may continually 
experience thy clemency, by healing its 
breaches: thro', &c. 

A Prayer for Rain. 
f\ God, in whom we live, and move, 
^ and have our being : grant us, we 
beseech thee, competent rain; that partak- 
ing of thy temporal blessings, we may the 
more confidently desire those which are 
eternal : thro*^ &c. 

For Fair Weather. 
TJEAR our supplications, O Lord, and 
A -* vouchsafe to thy servants the blessing 
of fair weather; that we who are justly af- 
flicted for our sins, may find relief in thy 
clemency : thro', &c. 

In any Tribulation. 
S~\ Almighty God, despise not thy people 
^ who call upon thee in their afflictions; 
but for the glory of thy name forgive them 
their sins, and deliver them from all sor- 
row : thro', &c. 

For Remission of Sins. 
£\ God, who rejectest none, but art pacified 
" by penance even towards tne greatest 
offenders: mercifully regard the prayers of 
thy servants, that thro' thy mercy we may 
obtain the pardon of our sins, and be enabled 
to fulfil thy commandments : thro', &c. 

Against Temptations, 
f\ God, who justifies the' wicked that re- 
^ pent, and desirest not the death of a 
tinner ; we humbly beseech thy majesty to 
defend thy servants with thy heavenly grace, 



on different Occasions. 81 

•who trust in thy mercy, and preserve them 
by thy continual protection, that they may 
persevere in thy service, and by no tempta- 
tions be ever separated from thee : thro',&c. 
For such as are on a Journey. 

HEarken to- our supplications, O Lord, 
and render the way of thy servants 
prosperous and safe : grant that amidst all 
the varieties of this journey, and their 
whole life, they may always be protected 
\)y thy assistance : thro', ike. 

A Prayer for the Sick. 

O Almighty and eternal God, the perpe- 
tual'salvation of them that believe; hear 
us for thy sick servants, for whom we hum- 
bly crave the help of thy mercy; that their 
heahh'being restored to them, they may ren- 
der thanks to thee in' thy Church : thro',&c. 
In Tribulqtionfor Sin. 
Out of thy clemency, &c. as in p. 74. 

A Prayer for Sinners, 

Hear, we beseech thee, &c. as in p. 74. 

A Prayer for the Living. 

EXTEND unto thy faithful, O Lord, the 
right hand of thy heavenly succour, 
that they may seek thee with all their heart, 
and obtain of thy mercy whatever is neces- 
sary to their condition : thro', &*c. 

For the Living and the Dead. 

O Almighty and eternal God,&c. asp. 75 . 
V. O Lord, hear my prayer. It. And 
let my supplication come to thee. V. Ma3 r 
the Lord graciously hear us. R. And keep 
us for ever. 



32 

Prayers to beg the Grace of the Holy Ghost* 

The Hymn, Veni Sancte Spiritas. 

COME, HoJy Ghost, send down those 
beams 
Which sweetly flow in silent streams, 
From thy bright throne above : 
O come, thou Father of the poor, 
Thou bounteous source of all our store, - 
Come, fire our hearts with love. 

Come thou of comforters the best, 
Come thou the soul's delicious guest, 
The pilgrim's sweet relief; 
Thou art our rest, in toil and sweat f> 
Refreshment in excessive heat, 
And comfort in our grief*. 

O sacred light, shoot home thy darts, 
O pierce the centre of those hearts, 
Whose faith aspires to thee: 
Without thy God-head, nothing can 
Have any worth, or price in man, 
Nothing can harmless be. 

Lord wash our sinful stains away ; 
Water from heaven our barren clay; 
Our wounds and bruises heal : 
To thy sweet yoke, our stiff necks bow ; 
Warm with thy fire, our hearts of snow ; 
Our wandering feet repeal. 

O grant thy faithful, dearest Lord, 
Whose only hope is thy sure word, 
The seven gifts of thy spirit: 
Grant us in life t'obey thy grace; 
Grant us in death to see thy face ; 
And endless joys inherit. Amen. 

V. Sejid forth thy spirit, and they shall 



Devout Prayers to the Holy Ghost. 83 

be created. R. And thou shalt renew the 
face of the earth. V. O Lord, hear my 
prayer. R. And let my supplication come 
to thee. 

Let us pray. 
f^t God, who by the light of the Holy 
^ Ghost, hast instructed the hearts of the 
faithful : grant, that by the same spirit, we 
may have a right understanding in all 
things, and evermore rejoice in his holy 
consolation : thro/ &c. Amen. 
/"\ God, to whom every heart is open, 
^ every will declares itself, and from whom 
no secret lies concealed, purify, by the in- 
spiration of the Holy Ghost, the thoughts 
of our hearts ; that we may perfectly love 
thee, and worthily praise thee : thro', &c. 

A Prayer far our Friends. 
r\ God, who hast poured the gift of cha- 
*^ rity, by the grace of the Holy Ghost, 
into the hearts of the faithful: grant to thy 
servants, ( here name those you pray for) for 
whom we implore thy mercy, health of 
mind and body ; that loving thee with all 
their strength, they may accomplish those 
things which are pleasing to thee : thro',&c. 

For our Enemies. 
r\ God, the lover or 1 peace, and preserver 
^ of charity, give peace and true charity 
to all our enemies : grant them remission of 
their sins, and deliver us from their deceits : 
thro', &c. 

Against wicked Thoughts. 

f\ Almighty and most gracious God, 

^ mercifully regard our prayers, and 

D6 



o 



64 The Te Bevm. 

deliver our hearts from the temptations of 
-evil thoughts ; that our souls may he made 
worthy habitations for the IJoly Ghost : 
thro', &c. 

For Charity. 
God, who makest all things beneficial 
to them that love thee, infuse into 
our hearts an inviolable love of thy charity: 
that such desires as we conceive by thy holy 
inspiration, may by no temptation be ever 
•changed : thro', kc. 

For Patience. 
.f\ God, who by the humility of thy only 
^ begotten Son hast confounded the 
; pride of the old enemy : grant, we beseech 
.thee, that we may often. call to mind what he 
meekly suffered for us and by his example 
patiently endure all adversities: thro', &c. 
For the holy Catholic Church. 

DEFEND, 6 Lord, thy servants, we 
humbly beseech thee, from all dan- 
gers of body and soul : and by the prayers 
ot the glorious Virgin Mary, of the holy 
apostles Peter and Paul, of blessed N. and 
all thy saints, grant us. the mercies of peace 
and safely, that all adversities and errors 
being removed, thy Church may serve thee 
in secure liberty : thro', &c. 

A Prayer 'for Contingency. 

Inflame, O Lord., our reins, &c. as p. 75. 

Te Deum, or the Thanksgiving Hymn. 

r|^hEE, sov 'reign God, our grateful ac- 

JL cents praise; 

We own ithee Lord, and bless ibywond'r- 
cus ways* 



Te Deum. 85 

To thee, Eternal Father, earth's whole frame, 
With loudest trumpet soundsimmortal fame. 
Lord God of Hosts ! to thee the heav'nly 

pow'rs ftow'rs. 

With sounding anthems, fill thy vaulted 
The cheruhim thrice Holy, Holy, Holy, cry, 
Thrice Holy all the seraphim reply, 
..And thrice returning echoes endless songs 

supply. 
Both heav'n and earth thy majesty display, 
They owe their beauty to thy glorious ray. 
Thy praises fiil the, loud apostle's choir : 
The train ofkprophets in the song conspire. 
Xegions of martyrs in the chorus shine, 
And vocal blood, with vocal music join. 
By these thy Church, inspir'd with heav'nly 

art, 
Around the world maintains a second part: 
And tunes her sweetest notes, O God to thee, 
.The Father of unbounded majesty ; 
The Son, ador'd copartner of thy seat, 
And equal everlasting Paraclete. 
Thou King of Glorv, Christ ; of the Most 

High, 
Thou co eternal filial Deity; 
Thou, who to save the world's impending 

doom. [womb : 

Vouchsaf'dst to dwell within a virgin's 
Old tyrant Death disarin'd: before thee flew 
The bolts of heav'n, and back the foldings 

drew, 
To give access, and make the faithful way; 
From God's right hand, i\\y .filial bean: 

display. $X i 

Tbcu art to judge the iiving.atod the dead: 



*o\ Devout Prayers. 

Then spare those souls for whom thy veins 

have bled. 
O take us up among the blest above, 
To share with them thy everlasting love. 
Preserve, O Lord, thy people, and enhance 
Thy blessing on thine own inheritance. 
For ever raise their hearts, and rule their 

ways : [praise* 

Each day we bless thee, and proclaim thy 
No age shall fail to celebrate thy name; 
Nor hour neglect thy everlasting fame. 
Preserve our souls, O Lord ! this day from ill : 
Have mercy on us, Lord! have mercy stilL 
As we have hop'd,do thou reward our pain ; 
We've hop'd in thee, let not our* hope be 

vain. 
V. Let us bless the Father and the Son, 
with the Holy Ghost. It. Let us praise 
and extol him for ever. V. O 'Lord, hear 
my prayer. R. And let my supplication 
come unto thee. 

Let us pray. 
God, of whose mercies there is no 
number, and of whose goodness the 
treasure is infinite : we humbly thank thy 
divine ^Majesty for the gifts thou hast be- 
stowed bn \is;; always beseeching thy cle- 
mency, that thou\who grantest the request 
of those who ask with humility, wouldst not 
forsake^us, bqt dispose us for the reward to 
come : thro', &c. 

A Prayer for special Friends. 
"O Reserve, O Lord, thy servants, N. N. for 
JL whose health, happiness, and prospe- 
rity, we humbly offer up these our petitions 



For a Friend, AfC. $c. 87 

to thy sacred Majesty; beseeching thee to 
grant thcni a persevering constancy in the 
Catholic faith, a safe passage through this 
life's dangerous pilgrimage: that no worldly, 
carnal, or diabolical temptation may have 
the power to separate them from thee, their 
prime and only good. Give them grace to 
correspond to that state and condition of life 
wherein thou hast placed them; direct them 
in all their ways, defend them against all 
their enemies, and grant them finally a 
happy death and departure out of this world, 
and a speedy passage after death to the frui- 
tion of thy eternal felicity. 

For a Friend in Tribulation. 

Vouchsafe, O merciful Creator! to af- 
ford the sweetness of thy comforts to 
thy afflicted servant N. and to remove, ac- 
cording to thy accustomed mercy, the heavy 
burthen of his calamities. Give him, we 
humbly beseech thee, patience in his suf- 
ferings, resignation to thy good pleasure, 
perseverance in thy service, and a happy 
translation from this afflicting life to thy 
eternal felicity. 

A Prayer jor Servants or Hirelings. 

TO thee, O God, I orfer myself 1 , with all 
my labours of this day, and most 
humbly beg thy blessing* to accompany me 
in all my undertakings, that whatever I do 
or suffer, may be with the patience of an 
humble, penitent, and sincere desire of 
faithfully discharging my duty to thee, whom 
I serve, in every thing belonging to my charge 
without loss of time, neglect, omission, or 
•"-•aefce of what is committed to me. 



■ 



88 Devout Prayers. 

I beseech thee likewise to grant me the 
spirit of obedience, humility, and meekness^ 
that I may cheerfully comply with all law- 
fuL commands, without gainsaying, mur- 
muring, or disrespect. May I never offend 
in word or action, or connive with others 
in what is evil : may I never give bad ex- 
ample, nor yield to others in whatever is 
injurious to my superiors, or displeasing to 
thee : may I live in peace with every one, 
give no provoking language, .make no par- 
ties, carry no false or exaggerated stories ; 
and if provocations are offered, may I sup- 
press all passion, be moderate in. my an- 
swers, and return good for evil. 

In these and all my other duties assist 
me,0 God, and help me to overcome all my 
usual weaknesses. May I ever continue un+ 
der thy protection, and zealously walk in the 
paths of thy commandments,, by avoiding 
evil, anddomg. good. To thee I consecrate 
all my labours, and beg thy blessing to 
attend me in, all I shall do this day and 
evermore. 
For the Master and Mistress of a Family.' 

O Merciful God, I implore thy grace for 
my direction and help, in the execu-*- 
tion of every thing thou hast committed to 
my cliarge. Grant me discretion, that I 
may discover in all things what is best to 
be done, that I may manage them according 
to the obligations thou hast laid upon me. 
Make me faithful in taking care of what, 
under thee, I nave in charge, that nothing 
:.i >uifer through my neglect, idleness). 



Tor Masters and Parents. &J 

prodigality, or ill management. Let not 
passion have any influence on my words or 
actions, that I may reprove without anger, 
command without imperiousness, require 
service without cruelty, have compassion 
on such failings as proceed rather from 
weakness than neglect, and shew a tender- 
ness towards all under my charge, as know- 
ing that both they and I serve one master 
in heaven, who, without respect to persons, 
will call us all to an equal account. 

O Lord, let me never want thy grace to 
suppress every inclination that leads me 
from my duty. Let no kind of extravagance, 
excess, or disorder, find encouragement in 
my house. Make me a zealous observer of 
good discipline, and watchful against all 
undue liberties. Suffer me not to be unjust 
to any one, nor connive at what ought to 
be reproved. Take from me all immode- 
rate solicitude, and let no excess of worldly 
care withdraw my heart from the important 
concern of eternity. May my chiei solicit 
tude be, how to regulate all my concerns to 
thy honour and glory. I crave thy blessing 
this day and for ever, on all I am to do or 
suffer, and humbly offer myself, and all I 
possess, to thy glory. Help me, O my 
God, according to my necessities, now, and 
for ever. Amen. 

For Parents. 

ASSIST me, O heavenly Father, in dis- 
charging my duty to my children. 
Endue me with true Christian discretion, 
to discern what to grant, and what to decy. 



30 Devout Prayers. 

Xet neither passion, ill-humour, or fondness 
make me yield to them in any thing that 
may he prejudicial to either soul or body. 
Enable me always to give them good ex- 
ample; to preserve them from bad com- 
pany, or from hearing or doing what may 
induce them to commit evil ; and when- 
ever they do amiss, to give them timefy 
correction, more out of love than from pas- 
sion. Deliver me from all manner of pro- 
digality — intemperance- — idleness — vanity 
— neglect, or ill management, that may pre- 
vent me from providing for their comfort- 
able subsistence in this life, as also from 
preparing them for happiness hereafter, by 
being over solicitous to make them great in 
this world. 

Direct me, O God, in every particular 
that can contribute to their Christian edu- 
cation, and enable me to_ remove from them 
whatever may do them hurt. Deliver me 
from all indiscreet partialities — from dis- 
couraging them — or shewing any unreason- 
able uneasiness, which may force them upon 
rash methods for the remedy of the troubles 
they find at home. Be thou a father to them, 
r.nd supply, by thy goodness, whatever is 
wanting in me. Preserve them against the 
corruption of the world, from sin, and all 
evil, and excite them to all good. Deliver 
t^jem from the effects of a vain and incon- 
stant mind, and make them thy faithful 
•servants here, that they may come at length 
/to that happiness which Christ has pur- 
chased for them. Amen* 



91 

For Children under their* Parents' Care. 

O Heavenly Father, who cominandest us 
to Jove, obey, respect, and honour our 
parents, grant that T may always comply 
'with this thy command, by being ever faith- 
ful in the performance of all it enjoins, and 
in never doing any thing contrary thereunto. 

May I ever deny myself, in all lawful 
things, to -please my parents; and obey 
them in whatever they can justly require or 
expect from me. Let me never contradict 
them, nor so dispute against their proposals 
as to make them uneasy. May I always 
consult them in all that concerns them or 
myself. May I ever be deaf to those who 
suggest the despising ^or neglecting of my 
parents' advice. May I -never afflict them by 
following bad counsel, wicked company, or 
any evil ways. May I always study to be 
their comfort, in recompense for all the 
care, trouble, and love they have had for 
me. May I never shew impatience at their 
infirmities, much less mock at any weak- 
ness to which they are subject. 

Direct me, O my God, in every thing re- 
lating to my duty, and suffer no change of 
circumstances to withdraw me from it. May . 
I in no lawful concern whatever offend my 
parents on earth, nor displease thee, my 
Father, who art in heaven. 

For a Husband or Wife. 

O.God, who hast ordained the holy state 
of matrimony, wherein lam engaged, 
grant me grace to "comply with all its obli- 
gations, aad to perform them iajsuch a maiii. 



&8 Devout Prayers. 

tier as is becoming a Christian, not an un- 
believer. 

Preserve my love undefiled, according to 
thy divine command, and let the duty of 
love help to conduet me with comfort thro' 
all the obligations and difficulties of my 
state. Grant me discretion to manage all 
circumstances for the best, a true love for 
peace, and such a discreet compliance as to 
resign my own thoughts and inclinations 
for preserving it. Inspire me with true humi- 
lity and patience, that I may submit to, and 
bear with all crosses in the manner thy apos- 
tle requires. Furnish me with all other 
helps, that whatever difficulties may occur,* 
I may persevere with cheerfulness in dis- 
charging the duties of my state, and never 
yield so far to any weakness, ill humour, or 
impatience, as to weaken, much less .to 
break the bond which thou hast sanctified, 
and which cannot be dissolved but by death. 
May I always be faithful and indefatigable 
in the discharge of the duties of my state, 
doing and suffering whatever falls to my lot, 
Avith such absolute submission to thy will, 
that both in peace and trouble, in prosperity 
and adversity, I may ever remember to re- 
. sign myself cheerfully, O God, to thy plea- 
sure or permission; and under all difficiuV 
ties, still labour to work out my salvation. 
For Widows. 

OGod, the disposer of all things, who 
bast been pleased to bring me into 
this state, grant me the grace to bear all its 
troubles with patience, and make use of all 
its advantages with Christian prudence; to 



For those who lead a single Life. 93 

be a widow indeed ; to despise all earthly 
comforts : to place my whole trust in thee, 
and to improve the opportunity offered for 
securing to myself a happy eternity. 

Teach me, O Lord, to make the best use 
of the liberty thou hast given me, and as 
long as I shall abide here in this pilgrimage, 
give me grace to employ my time in such 
exercises of piety, charity, and solid devo- 
tion, as may secure thy mercy to me, and 
effectually conduct me to the possession of 
that happiness which I desire. 

May 1 ever despise the vanities of the 
world, and make some recompense for my 
past sins, follies, and extravagances. May 
I now spend as many hours in prayer and 
good works as I have mispent in vanity, 
idleness, or dangerous entertainments. May 
I endeavour by charity to make amends for 
all that I have sinfully, idly, or prodigally 
mispent, and thus recover whatever preju- 
dice my soul has suffered through my fault. 
May I ever study to improve my present 
circumstances in order to eternal life. May 
my less turn to my advantage, and under 
thy protection, O God, mdfy I find greater 
comforts than what the world can afford. 
Assist me, O my God, and let thy grace 
support me under all my weaknesses. 
For those who lead a single Life. 

O Blessed Redeemer, who both by tky. 
self and thy apostle hast recommend- 
ed a single life as the most proper state to 
serve the,e in, without distraction, assist me 
by thy holy grace, that I may duly consider 



94 Devout Prayers. t 

the advantages of it, and make a right use 
of them, so as to find the good effects in my. 
soul, tor which the apostle gives it the pre- 
ference to all other states. 

May I always rejoice under thy blessings, 
and being at liberty from those engage- 
ments which are attended with endless so- 
licitudes, and enslave the minds of men to 
the earth, may' I avail myself of this my 
privilege in seeking and serving thee with 
greater freedom of spirit, having thee now 
Tor my spouse, . May I not be like one of 
the foolish virgins, but with the wise wait 
in readiness for thy coming. May I leave 
all for thee. May I love thee with my whole 
heart, desire thee with all my soul, adore 
thee with all my mind, and serve thee with 
all my strength : that I may thus become 
holy both in body and spirit. Support me 
under all my weaknesses; and defend me 
against all the snares, both of the devii, of 
the world, and of my own corruption. Take 
from me all affection for whatever flatters 
the senses, and let me admire nothing that 
is vain and empty. Inspire me with a dread 
of all that is-craqgerpus, and let the great 
and prevailing object of my Jove, affections, 
and desires, centre in thee alone : that, hav- 
ing finished my life here, in imitation of 
thee, I may wait on thee for ever, in the 
joys of thy kingdom. Amen. 
Fo? the Rich. 

MO§T bountitui Lord, I return thee 
thanks for whatever 1 possess, and 
beg thy grace to make good use of what- 



For the Rick. 95 

ever plenty, through thy mercy, I enjoy. 
May I always so govern myself, as to spend 
nothing in favour of any vicious or sinful 
inclination. May I be deaf to all expensive 
demands of vanity, gaming, appetite, and 
idleness, and put a stop to alt those ways 
by which I have hitherto mispent what 
thou hast entrusted me with, and thereby 
often most ungratefully offended thy divine 
goodness. 

I confess my past ingratitude, injustice, 
and impiety, in the abuse of thy favours and 
gifts, and earnestly beg pardon ol thee, O 
Lord, for the same, and grace henceror* 
ward to manage all thou requirest. To feed 
the hungry, to clothe the naked, &c. with 
the overplus of the decent support of myself 
and of those under me ; to lay up for myself 
a treasure in heaven, lest, like the rich 
man in the gospel, I suffer eternally in heli, 
for having so much indulged my passions, 
and applied thy favours to the service of 
idltiiess, vanity, and sin. 

It is through thy great mercy, O my God, 
that I yet live, when thou mightest have cast 
me into endless flames. Thou sparest me, 
that I may make some amends tor all the 
abuses of the goods thou hast so liberally 
bestowed on me. May I neither hereafter 
hoard up riches unnecessarily, nor spend 
them unprofitably. May I only make use 
of them for promoting thy honour and giory 
here, the relief of the poor, and providing 
such necessaries as thou allowest. May I 
fay no regard to what the world applauds 



S$ De*mt Prayers. 

or censures^but only endeavour to please 
thee in a just disposal of what thou hast 
committed to my care, as being not the 
master, but the steward thereof, and ac- 
countable to thee, O my God, the giver of 
whatever I possess. Assist me herein, O 
GoJ, and let not riches, nor the evils they 
lead to, but thyself alone, be the desire of 
my heart. 

For those who live by Gain. 

OGod, who in punishment of sin hast 
commanded us to labour for an ho- 
nest livelihood, grant a blessing to my en- 
deavours, that what I undertake this day 
may be attended with success, and may thy. 
grace so direct me, as to do nothing unlaw- 
ful, though the prospect of gain thereby be 
never so great. May I be faithful in what- 
ever I undertake in "behalf of my neighbour; 
perform exactly all contracts and covenants 
with him ; and never contrive ways to in- 
crease his charges, or become a gainer by 
his loss. May I never defraud, nor seek to 
over-reach or do wrong to any one, nor use 
any means whatever which may lead to de- 
ceit, I know the unjust shall never possess 
the kingdom of God. I know that Ue that 
doth wrong shall be accountable for the 
wrong lie. has done, and that with thee / 
there is no respect of persons. Ah ! what 
will it avail me, to gain the whole world, 
and lose my soul ? 

Let me do to others as I would be done by. 
Let neither example, authority, custom, or 
a general practice, prevail with me to vi6 tl 



For Morning and Jfoening. 97 

thy law, O God, for nothing can make that 
lawful which thou hast forbid : they are 
only pretexts, to serve the turn of those whu 
are willing to be deceived. May I forego 
all worldly advantages, rather than seek 
them by unjust ways. May I l«e content 
with a moderate gain, a strait fortune and 
narrow circumstances, nay, with bankruptcy 
itself, rather than strive to better my con- 
dition by unlawful means, for securing my- 
self against^ these inconveniences. 

Deliver me, therefore, I beseech thee,, O 
God, from all ways of injustice, and suffer 
me never to proceed further in any worldly- 
concern than thy law permits. Xet not the 
most favourable opportunities of injustice 
tempt me to violate, my duty, but rather let 
me always hunger and thirst after justice, in 
order to obtain thy blessing in this life, and 
that everlasting crown of glory which will 
be its unquestionable reward in the next. 
Ah Oblation which may be made to Almighty 
God, every Morning and Evening, 

MOST merciful Lord, and ever living 
God ! behold I, . a wretched and un- 
grateful sinner, prostrate, adore and wor- 
ship thee, offering up in all humility, im- 
mortal praise and thanksgiving for all thy 
blessings, especially for that unspeakable 
charity which induced thee to send down 
thy only begotten Son into this vaie of tears, 
for the work of our redemption. 

O Eternal Lord of heaven and earth I I 
praise and magnify thy ever glorious name, 
for thy Son's most holy incarnation and na- 
E 



98 An Oblation far ever^ 

tivity ; for his poverty, innocent life and 
conversation ; for his heavenly doctrine and 
miracles ; lor his death and passion ; his 
resurrection and ascension. 

I yield thee all possible thanks for the di- 
vine mystery of his precious body and blood 
in the venerable sacrament of the eucharist, 
wherewith we are nouri>hed, cleansed, and 
sanctified, and our souls made partakers of 
ail heavenly graces and spiritual benedic- 
tions. 

1 give thee most humble and hearty 
thanks, that out of a handful of dust thou 
wert pleased to make me according to thy , 
own image and likeness, rendering me ca- 
J pable of eternal glory, for the obtaining of 
which thou didst vouchsafe first to wash me 
with the laver of baptism, for the remission 
of that original corruption, which w r as con- 

icted by m\ first parents; and afterwards 
bring me to the profession and practice of 
atholic faith, not ceasing daily to in- 
crease the same in me, by the doctrine and " 
instruction of thy Church. 

I most humbly thank thee also, that thou 

aourisbed and clothed me from my 

cradle, supplying me with all necessaries for 

the relief and maintenance of my frail body. 

I evermore, extol and magnify thy hoiy 
name, tor : living in thy great mercy hitherto 
;1, and patiently expected me, till by 
thy grace I might be awakened from the 
^eep of sin, and reclaimed from my vani- 
ties arid wicked courses. For hadst thou 

ill with me according to my demerit? 

: oppressed witl i lerablesim 



Morning and Evening. 99 

had long since been plunged into eternal 
perdition. 

Jn consideration of all these thy mercies 
and blessings, 1 most humbly desire that 
my heart may every day enlarge itself, that 
it may still render thee a more ample tribute 
of praise and thanksgiving than it has hi- 
therto paid thee. 

O my Lord God ! and most merciful Fa- 
ther ! never abandon me to myself, but let 
thy holyjear be ever present in my thoughts, 
to curb and restrain me within the bounds of 
pbedience to thy law, that 1 may dread no- 
thing so much in this world as, by a violation 
of the least of thy precepts, to orlend thee. 
Let thy holy love temper all the trials and 
temptations which may belal me, in such a 
manner, that none of them may at any time 
overcome me : tor thou knowesl that of my- 
self I have not strength to resist them 
. I moreover beseech thee, most merciful. 
Father, by the profound humility of thy 
only Son Jesus Christ, that thou wouldst 
preserve me from all pride, self-love, vain- 
glory, obstinacy, and disobedience. * Cast 
out of my heart, I bc^eech thee, the spirit 
of gluttony and uncleanness : the spirit of 
sloth and indevotion: the spirit of malice 
and envy: the spirit of hatred and disdain; 
that 1 may never despise the meanest of thy 
creatures, nor proudly prefer myself before 
others, but always seem hale in my own 
eyes ; inclining to think the best of others, 
and judge the worst of myself. 

Clothe mc, O most holy Father) w^th 
E2 



100 An Oblation, $c. 

the wedding garment of thy beloved Son, 

the supernatural virtue of heavenly charity, 
that I may love thee, my Lord God, with 
my whole heart, my whole soul, and with 

' all my strength, that neither life nor death, 
prosperity nor adversity, nor any thing else, 
may ever separate me from thv love. Grant, 
that all inordinate affections to the transi- 
tory things of this world may daily decrease 
in me,- that thou only mayest be the enter- 
tainment and delight of my soul. 

O most gracious God, grant thy servant 
an humble, contrite, and obedient heart 3 
an understanding always employed in ho- 
nest and pious thoughts ; a will tractable, 
and ever inclined to do good ; affections 
calm and moderate; a watchful custody over 
my senses, that through those windows no 
sin may enter into my soul ; a perfect go* 
vernment of my tongue, that no corrupt or 
unseemly language may proceed from my 
lips : may I never slander, or speak ill of any 
one, nor busy myself about the faults and 
imperfections of others, but wholly atteud 
to the amendment of my own life. 

O most loving Lord, as long as I am de» 
tained in this prison of my^ body, let this be 
my comfort : that being free from all dis- 
tractions, both of the cares and pleasures of 
this life, I may wholly devote myself to thy 
service, attending always to thy heavenly 

• doctrine, and the salutary motions of thy 
holy Spirit. In these sweet exercises let me 
pass the solitary hours of my tedious pilgri- 
mage with patience^ expecting the closusg 



A devout Jet of Contrition. 10$ 

up of my days, and a happy period to this 
my miserable life. 

And finally grant, O blessed Redeemer 
of mankind, my Lord and God, that when 
this my earthly tabernacle shall be dissolved, 
(being found free from all pollution of sin, 
through a sincere contrition, and in virtue of 
the sacraments of thy holy Churcii,) I may 
be included in the number of those blessed 
souls, wno through the merits of thy passion 
and death, are deemed worthy to reign with 
thee, and to enjoy the glorious presence of 
the adorable Trinity, Father, Son, and,Holy 
Ghost : to whom, by all creatures in heaven 
and earth, be rendered praise and thanks-, 
giving, world without end. Awen. 

O Lord, my God ! O Lord, my God ! 
possess my soul, possess my soul, for ever 
and ever. Amen, Amen, 

A most devout Act of Contrition. 

OMy God ! the God of my heart ! my 
soul ! my life ! and ail that is within 
me ! whom I have so much offended, that 
neither the sands on the sea-shore, the stars 
in the heavens, the flowers of the fields, 
nor the leaves of the trees, can equal the 
infinite number and unspeakable variety of 
my sins ; I have sinned, I have- offended 
thee, and done evil before the face of hea- 
ven and earth! I have departed from thy 
law ; turned my back on thy grace ; adored 
what offended thee ; made an idol of my 
guilt, and run on without fear or shame in 
the ways of deceit, vanity, and perdition. 
;Ah ! ray God, how much am I grievW fat * 
£3 



102 A devout Act of Contrition. 

having offended thee ! I am pierced with 
sorrow for grieving so little, when the inju- 
ries I have done thee are so great. I am 
more troubled at the greatness of my ingra- 
titude for having offended thee, than at the 
greatness of the torments which I have de- 
served for my sins. But, O Lord, what do I 
say ! My grief is no grief. A grief, which puts 
not an end to my lite, is no grief : a sorrow, 
which tears not from me this soul of mine, 
is no sorrow: a contrition, which breaks 
not my heart in pieces, is not worthy to be 
accounted contrition. I would have the 
sorrow for my sins to be as great as the sins 
themselves : I would have my regret for 
having displeased thee proportioned to the 
injuries committed against thee : I would 
have a grief equal to thy mercy: I would 
willingly bewail the enormity of my sins 
with tears of blood : more for the offence 
and insult offered thy divine Majesty, than 
for the injury and perdition they bring upon 
myself. I wish, () Lord, that as in offending 
thee the guilt was infinite, so in repenting 
thereof the grief were also infinite. But 
when- shall I find so deep a sense of sorrow, 
save only in the fountain of thy grace ? 
"Where shall I find such a grief, save only in 
the contemplation of thy immense goodness 
and infinite majesty? Whence are those tears 
to flow, save only from the ocean of thy 
mercy ? Here J cast myself at • hy teet : con- 
sider not in what manner, at what time, or 
how late: consider only that 1 come. But 
ah ! Lord, in how miserable a condition ! 
how filthy! how abominable J Clad with the 



A devout Act of Contrition. 10# 

deformity of my sins, covered with the nl- 
thiness of my offences, and defiled with 
the abominations of a vicious life ! But in 
approaching thee, O my God, I come with 
the confidence of finding in thy mercy a se- 
cure haven ; in thy compassion, protec- 
tion; in thy clemency, a refuge; and in thy 
goodness, a remedy. Wherefore, O Lord, 
under the dread of thy justice, I seek no 
other remedy, save that of thy mercy, nor 
fly to any other shelter, but that of thy cle- 
mency. In thee 1 place my trust, O my 
God : for tho' by sin I have lost the nature 
and privilege of a son ; yet thou, O Lord, 
infinitely good, dost not lose the nature 
and condition thou hast of a father. Let 
then, O Lord, thy infinite grace complete 
that work in me which thy infinite mercy 
has begun. Let thy clemency come to the 
succour of thy miserable creature : take pity 
and compassion on my poor soul. I am 
firmly resolved, with the aid of thy grace, 
to amend my life, coufess my sins, and 
persevere in thy service; to pardon injuries, 
avoid the occasions of evil, and abhor my 
vices : to make such restitution as I am 
able, and to observe, as in duty bound, all 
thy commandments. I trust, O Lord, in 
thy infinite goodness, that thou wilt pardoi?. 
ail my sins, through the death and passion 
of my Lord Jesus Christ : for though in his 
wounds there is justice to punish me, yet 
in the same wounds there is likewise me.:/ 
to forgive me. Mercy ! mercy ! mercy ! 
dear Jesus, have mercy on me. 



104 

Tit* Prayer Ante oculos, ccmpottd by SU 
Austin, 

Kecornmended to the Devotion of the faith- 
fit] by Pope Urban VIII. 

BEFORE thy holy eyes, O Lord, we 
humbly lay open our guilty lives. 

If we compare the faults we have com- 
jn it ted, with the stripes we have received t 

We must confess the evils we have done, 
are far greater than those which we suffer. 

The crimes that burthen our consciences 
are heavy; but the chastisements which 
thou sendest us arc light. 

We feel the punishment of sin, and still 
obstinately persevere in sinning. 

Our frail nature faints under thy scourges; 
and yet our perverse will grows stronger in 
their vices. 

Our restless minds find no content in the 
1 'berty of the world ; yet we bend not our 
>iff necks to thy sweet yoke. 

We pine away our days in grief; yet all 
rur sorrow works not the least amendment^ 
rti our lives. 

If thou tarriest for our repentance, we I 
abuse thy mercy; if thou takest vengeance 
on our ingratitude, we cannot bear thy 
justice.. 

Whilst under the rod we bewail ow of- 
fences; as soon as the smart ceases, we 
forget our tears. 

It thou stretchest out thy hand, we pro- 
jrttfcfc duty; if thou withholdest thy sword, 
wc cease to pay our vow*. 



Sir Thomas More's Prayer. 105 

If thou strikest, we cry out for par Jon; 
and when thou hast pardoned, we again 
provoke thee to strike. 

Thus we confess our guilt, and freely ac- 
knowledge, that unless thou be merciful, 
we must be miserable. 

Let then thy goodness, O Lord, (whose 
power, without any merit of our own, cre- 
ated us from nothing) grant our petitions, 
that we may be able to pray: through Jesus 
Christ our Lord. Amen. 

Anth. We wait in expectation of our Sa- 
viour's coming, who will reform our fra : l 
bodies, according to the pattern of his 
glorious body. 

V. Behold the God nf heaven is our Re* 
deemer. 

ft. In him we put our confidence, and 
will not fear. 

ALmighty God, who for the redemption 
of mankind didst send thy only begot- 
ten Sou to assume our flesh and suffer death 
upon the cross; we humbly pray, that as 
our Saviour hath left us here the example 
I of his patience, he would vouchsafe to 
make us hereafter partakers of his glory : 
who with thee and the Holy Ghost liveth 
and reigneth, one God, world without end. 
Amen. 
A Prayer, composed by Sir Thomas More 
whilst a Prisoner in the Tower. 

GRANT me, O Lord, thy grace, in all 
my fear and agony, to have recourse 
to that great fear, and wonderful agony, 
which thou, my sweet Saviour, suffered st on 
E5 



106 A Traycr ccwpostd 

mount Olivet, before thy most bitter pas- 
sion; and, in the meditation thereof, to 
conceive such spiritual comfort as may be v 
profitable to my soul. 

Take from me, O my God, all vain glo- 
rious thoughts : all desire of my own praise ; 
all envy, covetousness, gluttony, sloth, and 
lirxury; all frovvard affections; all desires of 
revenge, and of doing harm to others ; all 
pleasure in provoking another person to an- 
ger : all delight in reproaches and insults 
against any in their affliction or calamity. 
Grant me, O Lord, an humble, quiet, 
• peaceable, patient, tender, and charitable 
mind ; and in all my thoughts, words, and 
ckeds, to have a taste of thy holy Spirit. 

Give me, O Lord, a lively faith, a firm 
hope, and a fervent charity ; a love of thee?, 
incomparably above the love of myself; that 
I may love nothing to thy displeasure, but 
every thing in order to thy satisfaction. 

Give me, O Lord, a longing to be with 
thee; not for avoiding the calamities of this 
wretched world, nor so much tor escaping 
the pains of purgatory, or those of hell, 
nor for the attaining the joys of heaven, 
with respect to my own advantage, as pure-^ 
ly for thy love alone. 

Retain for me, O Lord, thy love and fa- 
vour, which my love to thee, were it ever 
so great, could never without thy infinite 
goodness deserve. 

rardon,0 Lprd, my boldness, in making 
»uch high petitions, being so vile and sinful 
a wretch, and so unworthy to obtain the 



by Sir Thomas More. 107 

lowest favour ; yet, O Lord, they are such 
things as I am bound to wish for, and should 
be near the effectual obtaining of therrt, if 
my manifold sins were not the impedi- 
ments; from which, sweet Saviour Christ, 
vouchsafe of thy goodness to wash me with 
that blessed blood that issued from thy ten- 
der body, in the divers torments of thy 
most bitter passion. 

Take away from me, O Lord, this luke- 
warm, or rather stark cold manner of me- 
ditation, this dullness in prayer, aiid grant 
me fervour and delight in thinking ou thee, 
with grace earnestly to desire thy holy sa- 
craments, and especially to rejoice in the 
presence of thy blessed body, sweet Saviour 
Jesus Christ, in the holy sacrament of the 
altar; let me return thee due thanks for 
thy gracious visitation therein, and at that 
august memorial, with tender compassion, 
to remember and consider thy most blessed 
death upon the cross. 

Make us all,. (J Lord, every day virtually 
partakers of that holy sacrament ; make us 
all lively members, s-weet Saviour Christ, of 
thy holy mystical body, the Catholic Church. 
Amen. 

Lord, give me patience in tribulation, and 
grace in every thing, to conform my will to> 
thine ; that I may truly say, " Thy will be 
done on earth, as it is in heaven." 

The things, good Lord, that I pray for,, 
give me thy grace to labour for. Amen. 
£6 



103 

An universal Prayer for all Things necessary 

to Salvation. 

OMy God, I believe in thee, do thou 
strengthen my faith. All my hopes 
are in thee, do thou secure them. I love 
theQ with my whole heart : teach me to 
love thee daily more and more. I am sorry 
that I have offended thee, do thou increase 
my sorrow. 

I adore thee as my first beginning. I 
aspire after thee as my last end. I give thee 
thanks as my constant benefactor. I call 
upon thee as my sovereign protector. 

Vouchsafe, O my God, to conduct me by 
thy wisdom, to restrain me by thy justice, 
to comfort me by thy mercy, to defend me 
by thy power. 

To thee I desire to consecrate all my 
thoughts, words, actions, and sufferings ; 
that henceforward I may think only of thee, 
speak of thee, and willingly refer all my ac- 
tions .to thy greater glory; and suffer wjl- 
iingly whatever tkou shalt appoint. 

Lord, I desire that in all things thy will 
may be done, because it is thy will, and in 
the manner that thou wiliest. 

I beg of thee to enlighten my understand- 
ing; to inflame my will ; to punry my body; 
and to sanctify my soul. 

Give me strength, O my God, to expiate 
my offences ; to overcome my temptations ; 
to subdue my passions; and to acquire the 
virtues proper for my state. 

Fill my heart with tender affections for 
tV goocbess; a hatred' of my fault*; a 



A Paraphrase on the Lord's Prayer. 109 

loveibr my neighbour; and a contempt of 
the world. 

Let me always remember to be submis- 
sive to my superiors, condescending to my 
inferiors, faithful to my friends, aud cha- 
ritable to my enemies. 

Assist me to overcome sensuality by 
mortification; avarice by alms-deeds; anger 
by meekness ; and tepidity by devotion. 

O my God, make me prudent in my un- 
dertakings; courageous in dangers; patient 
in affliction; and humble in prosperity. 

Grant that I may be ever attentive at my 
prayers; temperate at my meals ; diligent 
in my employments; and constant in my 
resolutions 

Let my conscience be ever upright and 
pure ; my exterior modest ; my conversation 
edifying; and my comportment regular. 

Assist me, that I may continually labour 
to overcome nature ; correspond with thy 
grace ; keep thy commandments ; and 
work out my salvation. 

Discover to me, O my God, the not! iug- 
nessof this world; the greatness of heaven; 
the shortness of time ; and the length of 
eternity. 

Grant that I may prepare for death ; fear 
thy judgments; escape hell; and, in the end, 
obtain. heaven : thro' Jesus Christ. Amen. 



o 



A Paraphrase on the Lord's F'rayer. 
Our Father, who art in Heaxeiu 
Almighty Lord, Maker of heaven 
and earth, mfiaite in majesty, is iz 



1 10 A Paraphrase pw 

possible that thy love and goodness for u* 
should be so great, as to suffer such poor 
worms as we are to call thee Father ! O 
make us ever dutiful children to such a pa- 
rent ! O my soul, ever remember the digni- 
ty to which thou art raised, of being a child 
of God; and see thou never degenerate, by 
making thyself a slave to sin and the devil. 
O most holy Father, who dwellest in hea- 
ven, and heavenly souls, raise my heart to 
thee, and teach me by ihy interior grace, to 
pray to thee this day with due attention, de- 
votion, humility, and faith. 

HaUo7otd be thy Natne. 

THE first thing I beg of thec,0 heavenly 
Father, is the greater honour and glory 
of thy name. I rejoice, with my whole 
soul, that, in thyself, thou . art infinitely 
happy and glorious, and eternally adored, 
praised, and glorified by all thy angels 
and saints. But, alas ! O Lord, how little 
art thou known, how little loved, how little 
served in this miserable world ! How much 
is thy name blasphemed, even by those 
that call themselves Christians ! How many 
millions of souls in all parts of the world,, 
though made to thine own image and like- 
ness, and redeemed by the precious blood of 
thine only Son, live and die in infidelity, er- 
ror, and vice, to the great dishonour of thy 
holy name. O when shall so great an evil be 
remedied ! O that I could do any thing ta 
prevent it J O that I could worthily promote 
the honour and glory of thy sacred name,, by 
making it known to all nations ! O that like 



the Lor<T$ Prayer. 1 1 1 

the blessed in heaven, all mankind were 
happily nnited in praising, glorifying, and 
loving thee ! But this must be the work of 
thy grace, O Lord : and this grace I beg of 
thee this day, that so both I and the whole 
world may ever adore, praise, and lovft 
thee; and not only in words, but much 
more in our lives, shew forth the glory of 
thy name. 

Thy Kingdom come. 

HEAVEN is the seat of thy eternal king- 
dom, O Lord : there thou livest and 
reignest for ever. But whilst we remain in 
this mortal life, thy kingdom is within us % 
as-often as thou reignest in our souls by thy 
grace and love. \ I earnestly ask, both for 
myself and for all others, a share in thy eter- 
nal kingdom, where we may be witnesses 
of thy glory, and see, love, praise, and enjoy 
thee for ever. In the mean time, I beg that 
the kingdom of thy grace and love may de- 
scend into our souls, that thou mayest ever 
reign in us without controul ; and make us 
according to thine own heart, that we may 
never more presume to rebel against thee, 
the true King of hearts; but be ever thy 
faithful servants, and subjects of thy love. 
Thy Will be done on Earth, as it w, &c. 

I^HE blessed in heaven have no other 
will, O Lord, but thine; this they ever 
adore, eternally embrace and love, and 
cheerfully obey. O that we poor banished 
children of Adam here upon earth, did, 
in hk# manner, adore, embrace, and love 
thy holy will ! Lord, it is my sincere desue 






112 A Paraphrase on 

and hearty prayer, that from henceforward 
thy holy will may be (lone by us- in all 
things. O grant, that from this moment it 
may be the rule of our actions; and that 
in all our deliberations, we may, with St. 
Paul, ever cry out to thee, Lord, whatwouldst 
thou have me do? O grant, that in all our 
sufferings we may ever preserve a perfect 
conformity to thy holy will. 

Give us this Day our daily Bread. 
'"PHE bread which thou hast prepared, O 
A Lord, for the food and nourishment of 
our souls to lite everlasting, is no other 
than thy only Son, who has said, 7 am the 
living hrtad that came down from heaven ; he 
that cateth of this bread shall live Jor ever : 
and the bread that 1 mil give is my flesh , for 
the life of the world. This bread of life we 
earnestly beg or thee ; and desire often to 
receive it sacramemally, as well as spiritu- 
ally, tor the nourishing of our souls with 
thy heavenly grace Come, O sweet Jesus, 
into our poor famished souls, satisfy our 
hunger this day with this heavenly bread, till 
we come to the more happy day of eternity, 
when the veil being withdrawn, we shall 
forever feed on thy divinity. In the mean 
time, as to the necessaries of this life, grant 
us what in thy wibdom thou seest best for 
us, and most conducive to thy honour and 
our eternal welfare. 

And forgive us our Trespasses as we y &c. 
/^URsins, O Lord, are innumerable; the 
^ debt we cv>e thee is infinite, ano^, 



m 



the Lord's Praytr. 1 IS 

being poor and miserable, we are unable of 
ourselves to discharge the smallest part of 
it, or make satisfaction for the least of our 
sins. But prostrate in spirit before thee, 
we humbly implore thy mercy. We desire 
to offer thee the sacrifice of a contrite and 
humble heart. We offer thee the death 
and passion of thy only Son, which he has 
made over to us for the discharge of our 
debts. And as he has promised forgiveness 
only to those who forgive, we here from 
our hearts forgive all that have offended us 
and hope, through him, to find forgiveness 
from thee. 

Lead us not into Temptation. 

ALAS! O Lord, the life of man upon 
earth is a continual temptation. We 
arc encompassed on all sides by mortal ene- 
mies: the world, the flesh, and the devil, are 
ever attacking us with their united force. 
Our only hope in all these dangers and con- 
flicts centre in thy strength and protection. 
O stand thou rbr us, and we care not who 
rise up against us. We believe that thou 
art faithful, and wilt not suffer us to be 
tempted above our strength. O never suffer 
*us to forsake thee, and we know thou wilt 
never forsake us. Let not the devil cir- 
cumvent us by his frauds and deceits, nor 
ever glory in having prevailed over us. Arm 
us not only against the terrors and flatteries 
of the world, but likewise against the dan- 
gers of our passions and concupiscences. 
And whatever trial thou mayest be pleased 
to send us, let thy supporting grace ever 



1 H The Creed of St. Athanasius. 
conduct us through them with advantage to 
our souls: that by thy favour and mercy we 
may be faithful unto death, and so receive 
the crown of life. 

But deliver us from evil. Amen. 
£\ Sovereign God, the fountain of all 
^ good, deliver us from all evil : from 
our sins, as well as the punishment we de- 
serve for them. From wars, plagues, famine, 
and such like scourges of thy just ice, which 
we have reason to apprehend hang over our 
heads or* account of our impenitence : from 
heresy and schism, and that spiritual blind- 
ness which self-conceit and pride expose us 
to. In fine, from hardness of heart, from ■ 
final impenitence, and everlasting damna- 
tion : from all these evils may thy infinite 
goodness, O God, deliver us, through Jesus 
Christ thy Son our Lord. Amen. 

The Creed of St. Athanasius. 

WHosoever would be saved, before all 
things it is necessary that he hold 
the Catholic faith. 

Which faith, except every one do keep 
eutireand inviolate, without doubt he shall 
perish everlastingly. 

Now the Catholic faith is this : that we 
worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in 
Unity. 

Neither confounding the persons, nor di- 
viding the substance. 

For one is the person of the Father, 
another of the Son, another of the HoJy 
GhofcU 



The Creed of St. Athcnasi<ut. , lis 

But the Godhead of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, is all one, 
the glory equal, the majesty co-eternal. 

Such as the Father is, such is the Son, 
and such is the Holy Ghost 

The Father is uncreated, the Son is un- 
created, and the Holy Ghost uncreated. 

The Father incomprehensible, the Son 
incomprehensible, and the Holy Ghost in- 
comprehensible. 

The Father eternal, the Son eternal, and 
the Holy Ghost eternal. 

And yet they are not three Eternals, but 
one Eternal. 

As also they are not three Uncreateds, 
nor three Incomprehensibles; but one Un- 
created, and one Incomprehensible. 

In like manner the Father is Almighty, 
the Son Almighty, and the Holy Ghost Al- 
mighty. 

And yet they are not three Almighties, 
but one Almighty. 

So in like manner the Father is God, the 
Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God. 

And yet they are not three Gods, but one 
God. 

So likewise the Father is Lord, the Son 
is Lord, and the Holy Ghost is Lord. 

And yet they are not three Lords, but 
one Lord. 

For as we are compelled by the Christian 
truth to acknowledge every person by him- 
self to be God and Lord: 
So we are forbidden by the Cathcjic re- 



1 i6 The Creed of St. Athanasius. 

ligion, to say there are three Gods, or three 
Lords. 

The Father is made of no one, neither 
created, nor begotten. 

The Son is irom the Father alone, not 
made, nor created, but begotten. 

The Holy Ghost is from the Father and 
the Son; not made, nor created, nor begot- 
ten, but proceeding. 

So there is ot\e Father, not three Fathers; 
one Son, not three Sons; one Holy Ghost, 
not three Holy Ghosts. 

And in this Trinity there is nothing be- 
fore or after; nothing greater or less: but 
the whole three persons are co-eternal and 
co-equal to one another. 

So that in all things, as has been already 
?aid above, the Unity is to be worshipped in 
Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity* 

He therefore that wik be saved must thus 
think of the Triuity. 

Furthermore it is necessary to everlast- 
ing salvation, that he also believe rightly 
the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Now the right faith is, that we believe 
and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the 
Son of God, is both God and man. 

He is God of the substance of his Father, 
begotten before the world ; and he is man 
of the substance of his Mother, born in the 
vorld. 

Perfect God and perfect man ; of a ra- 
tional soul and human tlesh subsisting. 

Equal to the Father according to his 



A Prayer in a Storm at Sea. 11T 

Godhead ; and less than the Father accord- 
ing to his manhood. 

Who although he be both God and man ; 
yet he is not two, but one Christ. 

One, not by the conversion of the God- 
head into flesh ; but by the taking of the 
manhood unto God. 

One altogether, not by confusion of sub- 
stances, but by unitv of person. 

For as the rational soul and the flesh is 
one man, so God and man is one Christ. 

Who suffered for our salvation ; descend- 
ed into hell; rose again the third day 
from the dead. 

He ascended into heaven ; he sitteth at 
the right-hand of God the Father Almighty, 
from thence he shall come to judge the 
living and the dead. 

At whose coming all men shall rise again 
with their bodies : and shall give an account 
of their own works. 

And they that have done good shall go 
into life everlasting : and they that have 
done evil iuto everlasting fire. 

This is the Catholic faith, which except 
a man believe faithfully and steadfastly, he 
cannot be saved. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 

A Prayer in a Storm at Sea* 

QMost powerful, glorious, and merci- 
ful Lord God, at whose command 
the winds blow, and the raging waves of 
the sea are lifted up, and who also stills the 
rage thereof in the moment it pleascth thy 



1 18 Act of Martyrdom. 

goodness, I thy -creature, a miserable sm- 
ner, presume, in this my great distress, to 
call upon thee for help : Save me, O Lord ! 
or else I perish. I acknowledge, O God, my 
past great neglects, and am sorry I have 
refused to hearken to the calm voice of thy 
word : but now I see how terrible thou art 
in all thy wonderful works, the great God 
to be feared above all ; and therefore I 
adore thy divine Majesty, acknowledging 
thy power, and imploring thy protection. 
Help me, Lord, and save me for thy mercy\ 
sake. Hear me, O Lord, and save me thro 9 ' 
the infinite merits of my blessed Redeemer 
Jesus Christ. Amen. 

An internal Act of' Martyrdom. 

I Willingly and from my heart renounce 
my country ; my Inads and possessions; 
my kindred and friends; yea, even the 
whole world, and whatsoever is most dear 
unto me ; and here, in the presence of God 
and his angels, offer up myself to the shed- 
ding the last drop of my blood, and losing 
as many lives (if it were possible I had them) 
as there are hairs on my head, for, and 
in defence of the Catholic faith, and every 
point thereof; as also in the maintenance 
of any other pious and just cause; which 
death I would joyfully and contentedly suf- 
fer, not so much for the sake of that good 
which, through God's mercy, would there- 
by redound to my soul, as chiefly to the 
honour of the blessed Trinity. 

And this act of martyrdom I here make, 
ts so express, and sincere, that on my part 



A Prayer to God the Father. 119 

I know nothing wanting to its perfection ; 
but if in the sight of Almighty God (who 
searches the reins, and knows better what 
is in my heart than myself) it beany ways 
imperfect, I beseech him, in his mercy, to 
supply the detect thereof, so effectually as 
that I may truly say with that holy father 
and blessed martyr St. Cyprian, Martyrdom 
may be wanting to my mind y but my mind, 
never to martyrdom. 

A Prayer to God the Father. 
r\ God, the Father of our Lord Jesus - 
^ Christ, the God of patriarchs and 
prophets, God of apostles and martyrs, God 
of virgins and of all believers ; we beseech 
the^ to have mercy upon us, thou who didst 
send tiiy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ to 
redeem us; thy Son born of the Virgin 
Mary, by the operation of the Holy Ghost, 
by the annunciation of angels, to deliver us 
from eternal death. 

I beseech thee, O Lord, have compassion 
on thy servant ; judge me not according 
to my works; for 1 have been disobedient 
to thy commandments; but thou who lov- 
est repentance, have mercy on me, who be- 
fore thy face make confession of all my 
sins, and, for the love of thy holy name, 
wipe away all my offences. 

ke me. abide in thy holy Qatholic 
Church with an undefiied faith, a pure 
heart, firm devotion, a continual love of 
thee, and perseverance in good works to 
roy life's end. Deliverme from the eternal 4 
pirns and torments thou hast prepared. for 



120 Instruct ions for the Sick. 

the wicked : grant this for the sake of out 
blessed Saviour, by whom, and in whom, 
be ascribed to thee all honour, power, and 
gfafy, for ever and ever. Amen. 

Instructions and Devotions for the Sick. 
u T F attacked by any serious illness, let 

A it be your first care to send for your 
spiritual director, and settle the state of 
your soul; which is much better done at 
the beginning than afterwards, when the 
violence of the disorder, or the quality of 
the remedies, may render you incapable of 
performing so great a work. Sickness is 
frequently the punishment of sin, and 
therefore a sincere repentance and confessi- 
on is often a more effectual means of reco- 
very than any other." 

2» " If your Will be not already made, as 
in prudence it ought, let this also be done 
in the beginning of your sickness, that so 
having settled your temporal concerns, you 
may apply your soul without disturbance 
to your spiritual ones." 

3. " Engage your best friends to give you 
timely notice whether your distemper be 
dangerous, and not flatter you with the 
hopes of life, when there are little or no 
grounds for hope. Make the best use pos- 
sible of that time, which perhaps is to be 
your last. Admit but of few visits, nor of 
any other discourse but such as may be for 
the profit of your soul." 

4. u Be careful also to discharge your 
debts, and all other olligatipns incumbent 



Instructions for the Sick. 3 21 

upon you, at the beginning of your sickness : 
ibrgive those who have any ways injured 
you, and ask pardon of those whom you 
have injured..^ * 

5. " Receive your sickness as coming 
irom the hands of God with a perfect resig- 
nation to his holy will, and as a just pu- 
nishment of your offences. Frequently offer 
yourself up to him, and beg that he would 
grant you patience, sanctify your sufferings, 
and accept of them in union with those of 
Jesus Christ your Saviour, in satisfaction 
of the punishment due to your sins." 

6. " Procure some friend to read to. you 
such prayers as are most affecting and pro- 
per for your condition : such as the Peni- 
tential P-alms, the Litanies, Acts of the 
Love of God, of patience, resignation, &c." 

7. " Place a crucifix or figure of Chriet 
crucified always before your eyes, in order 
to think often upon his pa>sion : hide your- 
self in spirit m his wounds, and embrace 
his feet with the utmost affection of your 
soul." 

8 " Endeavour, as much as possible, to 
acquire a peniteutial spirit during your sick- 
ness ; call otten on God for mercy, and 
make frequent acts of contrition tor your 
sins. St. Augustin used to say, that no- 
Christian, however nniocent his ife mjght 
have been, ought to venture (o die in any 
*tbcr state than that of a penitent, 



Derations for the Sick. 

A daily Prayer in Time of' Sickness. 

LORD Jesus Christ, behold I receive this 
sickness, with which thou art pleased? 
to visit me, as coming from thy fatherly 
kand. Tt is thy will it should bethus with 
me, and therefore I submit : thy will be 
dune on earthy as it is iji heaven. May this 
sickness he to the honour of thy holy name, 
and the good of my soul. For this end I 
here offer myself with an entire submission 
to thy appointments; to suffer whatever 
thou pieasest, as long, and in what manner 
thou pleasest. For I, thy creature, O Lord, 
have most ungratefully offended thee ; and 
as my sins have long since cried aloud to 
heaven for justice, how can I now complain 
of thy chastisements ? No, my Qod, thou, 
art just in all thy ways; I have truly de- 
served thy punishment, and therefore can.; 
have no reason to complain of thee, but 
lather of my own wickedness. 

Rebuke we not, Lord, in thy fury, nur 
chastise me in' thy wrath; but have colli- 
gation on my weakness. Thou knowest 
my frailty, and that I am nothing but dust 
and a^hes. Deal not with me therefore ac- 
cording to xny sins, nor punjsjr.me accord- 
ing to "my iniquities ; but according lo the- 
multitude of thy tender mercies have cont- 
usion on me. May thy justice, O Lord, 
be tempered with mercy; and let thy heay- 
venly grace come to my assistance, to sup- 
port me under tills illness.' Enable me with 
. !>th from above \o bear all the un- 



Devotions for the Sick, 123 

easinesses, pains and difficulties, of my 
sickness, with Christian patience, and to 
accept of them with cheerfulness in just 
punishment of my offences. Preserve me 
from all temptations, and be thou to me a 
tower of strength against the assaults of 
the enemy, that, in this illness, I may no 
ways offend thee. And should it be my last, 
I beg of thee so to direct me by thy grace, 
that I may neither neglect nor be deprived 
of those helps which thou hast, in thy mer- 
cy, ordained for the safe conduct of my soul 
in its passage to eternity ; that being per- 
fectly cleansed from all my sins, I may 
believe in thee, hope in thee, love thee 
above all things, and, through the merits of 
thy death and passion/ be admitted into the 
company of the blessed, where I may praise 
thee for ever. Amen. 

Acts of the most neceisary Virtues to be made 
in the Time of Sickness. 

LORD, I accept tins sickness from thy 
hands, and resign myself entirely* to 
thy blessed will, whether it be for lite or 
death. Not my will, but thine be done : 
thy will be done on earth, as it is in hea- 
ven. 

I offer up to thee, O Lord, all that I now 
surfer, or may hereafter suffer, to be united 
to the sufferings of my Redeemer, and sanc- 
tified by his passion. 

I adore thee, O my God and my All, as 
my first beginning and last end; and bow- 
ing down all the powers of my soul in thv 
F2 



124 Devotions for the Sick. 

presence, desire to pay thee the best he- 
mage I am able. 

I desire to praise thee, O Lord, without 
ceasing, in sickness as well as in health : 
and to join my heart and voice with the 
whole Church in heaven and earth in bles- 
sing thee for ever. 

I give thee thanks from the bottom of 
my heart for all the mercies and blessings 
bestowed upon me and thy whole Church, 
through Jesus Christ thy^Son: and, above 
all, fox thy having loved me from all eter- 
nity, and redeemed me with thy precious 
blood. O let not that blood be shed for me 
in vain ! 

Lord, I believe all those heavenly truths 
which thou hast revealed, and which thy 
holy Catholic Church believes and teaches : 
thou art the sovereign Truth, who neither 
canst deceive nor be deceived: and thou 
hast promised the spirit of Truth, to guide 
thy Church into all truth. I believe in God tltc 
Father Almighty, fyc. In this faith I resolve, 
through thy grace, both to live and die : O 
Lord, strengthen and increase my faith, 

O my God, all my hopes are centered in 
thee, from whom I hope for mercy, grace, 
and salvation, through the passion and 
death of my blessed Redeemer. In thee, O 
Lord have I put my trust : O let me never 
be confounded. 

O sweet Jesus, receive me into thy arm9 
in this day of my distress : hide me within 
thy wounds, bathe my soul in thy precious 
blood. 



Devotions for the Sick. 125 

I Jove thee, O my God, with my whole 
heart aud soul, above all thing? : at least I 
desire so to love thee, O ! come now, and 
take full possession of my soul, and teach 
me to love thee for ever. 

I desire to be dissolved, and to be with 
Christ. ' 

When, O Lord, will thy kingdom come? 
W'hen wiltthou perfectly reign in all hearts? 
When shall sin be no more ? 

I desire to embrace every neighbour in 
the arms of perfect charity, for the love of 
thee. 1 forgive, from my heart, all that 
have any ways offended or injured me, and 
ask pardon of ail whom 1 have any ways 
offended. 

Have mercy on me, O God, according to 
thy great mercy ; and according to the mul- 
titude of thy tender mercies, blot out my 
iniquities. 

O ! who will give water to my head, and 
fountains of tears to my eyes, that night 
And day I may bewail all my sins ! 

I that I had never offended so good a 
God ! O that I had never sinned ! Happy 
those souls that have preserved their bap- 
tismal innocence. 

Lord, be merciful to me a sinner; sweet 
Jesus, Son of the living God, have mercy 
onvme. 

1 recommend my soul to God my Crea- 
tor, who made me out of nothing; to 
Jesus Christ my Saviour, who redeemed 
<me with his precious blood ; to the liolv 



126 Devotions for the Sick. 

Ghost, who sanctified me in baptism. InU 
thy hands, O Lord, I commend my spirit. 

I renounce from this moment, and for 
all eternity, the devil and all his works; and 
abhor all his suggestions and temptations. 
Suffer not this mortal enemy of my soul, O 
Lord, to have any dominion over me, ei- 
ther now, or at my last ,hour. O let thy holy 
angels defend me from all the powers of 
darkness. 

O holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us 
sinners now, and at the hour of our death. 
O all ye blessed angels and saints of God, 
pray tor me a poor sinner. 

It may also be proper to read some part of 
the Passion of Christ, the Paraphrase on the 
Lord's Prayer, the Miserere, or other peni* 
tent iul psalms, devout acts of contrition, §c % 
but not too much at a time, lest it might fa- 
tigue him. 

A daily Preparation for Death, 
1. T\/TY heart is ready, 6 God, my heart 

JLtX is ready : not my will, but thine 
be done. I resign myself entirely to thee, O 
Lord, to receive death at the time and ia 
the manner it shall please thee to send it. 

2. 1 most humbly ask pardon for all the 
sins I have committed against thy sovereign 
goodness, and repent ot them all from the 
bottom of my heart. 

3. I firmly believe whatsoever the holy 
Catholic Church believes and teaches; and 
by thy grace I will die in this belief. 

4. I hope to possess eternal life through 



Devotions fur the Sick. 127 

thy infinite mercy, and the merits of my 
Saviour Jesus Christ. 

5. O my God, my sovereign Good, I desire 
to love thee above all things, and to despise, 
this miserable world., I desire to love my 
neighbour as myself, for the love of thee, 
and from my heart to forgive all injuries. 

0. O my divine Jesus, how great is my 
desire to receive thy sacred body ! () ! 
come now into my soul, at lca«t by a spi- 
ritual communion. O ! grant that I may 
worthily receive thee before my death ! I 
desire to unite my communion to a! I the 
worthy communions which shall be made 
in thy holy Church, even to the end of the 
world. 

7. Grant me the grace, O my divine Sa- 
viour, perfectly to eftace all the sin^ I have 
committed by any of my senses, by apply- „ 
ing daily to my soul thy blessed merits; the 
holy unction of thy precious blood. 

8. Holy Virgin,* "Mother of God, defend 
me from my enemies in my last hour, and 
present me to thy divine Son. Glorious St. 
Michael, prince of the heavenly host; my 
angel guardian, and blessed patrons, inter- 
cede for me, and assist me in this my last 
and dreadful passage. 

9. Omy God, I renounce all temptation?. 
of the enemy, and in general whatsoever 
may displease thee. I adore and accept thy 
divine appointments with regard to my 
soul, and entirely abandon myself to them 
as most just and" equitable.. 

F4 



128 Prayers for the Dead. 

10 Jesus, my divine Redeemer, be to 
me a Saviour. Save me, my God, hiding 
myself with an humble confidence in thy 
dear wounds. I deliver my soul into thy 
divine hands ; receive it into the bosom of 
thy divine mercy. Amen. 

PRAYERS EOR THE DEAD. 

-Recite the Psalm Miserere, Have mercy, &c. 
p. 63, and the Is. De profundis, From 
t be depths, &c, p. 67, and at the end of 
each, instead of Gloria Patri, &c. say. 
Grant them eternal rest, O Lord: and let 
perpetual light shine upon them. 
A Prayer Jor ell lite faithful departed. 
O God the Creator, as /;. 75. 
"On thcDay of a Persons Decease or Burial, 

OGod, whose property it is always to 
have mercy and to spare, we humbly 
beseech thee in behalf of the soul of thy 
servant N. which thou hast this day called 
•cut of the world, that thou wouldst not de- 
liver it up into the hands of the enemy, nor 
lorget it unto the end : but command it to 
he received by the holy angels, and to be 
earned Uito Paradise^ its true country ; that 
as in thee it had faith and hope, it may not 
mi iter the pains of hell, but may take pos- 
session of everlasting joys: thro'. Amen. 
Another. 

WE beseech thee, O Lord, admit the 
soul of thy servant N. which this 
day has departed out of this world, into the 
.fellowship of the saints, and pour forth upon 
.it. the dew.or thy eternal mercy: throy&c. 



Prayers Jar the Dead. 129 

On the Anniversary Day. 
r\ Lord, the God of mercy and pardon, 
^^ grant to the soul of thy servant JN. 
whose anniversary we commemorate, the 
seat of refreshment, the happiness of rest, 
and the brightness of light : thro', &c. 
A Prayer for one lately dcceas.d. 

ABSOLVE, we beseech thee, (J Lord, 
•^t the soul of thy servant N. tiiat being 
dead to the world, he may live to thee: 
and whatever he has committed in this life 
toll rough human frailty, do thou of thy most 
merciful goodness forgive : thro', &c. 

A Prayer Jur a Bishop or a Priest. 
f\ God, who amongst the apostolic 
^ priests hast raised tiiy servant N. to 
the dignity of a (Bishop or Priest) grant, 
we beseech thee, that he may also be ad- 
mitted to their everlasting fellowship in 
heaven : thro', cvic. 

por Father and Mother. 
r\ God, who hast commanded us to ho* 
^ nour our father and mother, have 
mercy on the souls of my lather and mother : 
and grant that I may see them in the glory 
of eternity : thro', ece. 

Por Brethren, Relations, and Benefactors. 
f~\ God, the giver of pardon, and iover 
^ of the salvation of mankind, we be- 
seech thy clemency hi behalf of our bre- 
thren, relations, and benefactors, who aru 
departed this life, that thro' the intercession 
of the blessed Virgin Mary, and of all the 

saints, thou wouldst receive them into the 
joy* of thy eternal kingdom : thro*,. &ci 
F 6 






J 30 A Prayer for a Woman with Child. 

For all ttat lie in a Church Yard. 
/~\ God, by whose mercy the souls of the 
^ faithful find rest, grant to all thy ser- 
vants, here or elsewhere, that have slept 
In Christ, the full pardon of their sins; that 
being discharged from all <ruilt, they may 
rejoice wiih thee for all eternity. 
For a Man deceased. 
TJTEAR, we beseech thee, O Lord, our 
^ -*- prayers, which we humbly address 
to thy mercy, that the soul of thy servant, 
which thou hast called out of this world, 
mpv l>e received into the regions of light 
and peace, and be numbered amongst the 
olesscd : thro', ckc. 

For a Woman deceased. 
1X7E beseech thee, O Lord, according 
to thy great goodness, to shew 
mercy on the soul of thy servant; that being 
now delivered from the corruption of this 
mortal life, she maybe received into the in- 
heritance of eternal bliss: thro', &c/ 

For many deceased. 
/A God, whose property it is always to 
^ have mercy and to spare, be propitious 
to the souls of thy servants, and grant them 
the remission of all their sins ; that being 
delivered from the bonds of this mortal life, 
they may be admitted to lite everlasting. 
A Prayer ukich mav be daily said by a Woman 

with Child. 
f\ Lord God Almi-hry, Creator of hea- 
^ ven and earth r whft has made us all 
cut of nothing, and redeemed us by the 
precious blood of tby gnly Son : look . 



A Prayer for a Woman with Child. 131 

down upon thy poor handmaid bere pros- 
trate before thee, humbly imploring thy 
mercy, and begging thy blessing for herself 
and her child, which thou hast given her 
to conceive. Preserve, I beseech fchee, the 
work of thy hands, and defend both me and 
the tender fruit of my womb from all perils 
and all evils; grant me in due time a happy 
delivery, and bring my child *afe to the 
font of baptism, that it "may be there happi- 
ly dedicated to thee, to love and serve thee 
faithfully for ever. But, O my God, I have 
too much reason to fear lest my great and 
manifold sins bhould hinder thee from hear- 
ing my prayers, and draw down thy judg- 
ments on me and mine, instead of thy mer- 
cies which I sue for. And therefore I am 
sensible the first thing I ought to do is, to 
repent from the bottom of my heart for all 
my offences, humbly confessing them, and 
continually to cry to thee for mercy. 1 de- 
test then all my sins with my whole heart, 
and desire to lay them down here at thy 
feet, to be effaced and destroyed for ever. 
I renounce and abhor tnem with my whole 
soul, because they are infinitely odious to 
thee, and wish I could expiate them with 
tears of blood: I humbly beg thy 'pardon 
for them ail, and wish with all my heart 1 
had never committed them : I here offer 
myself to make what satisfaction for them I 
am able ; and most willingly accept of 
whatever I may have to suffer m child-bear- 
ing, and offer it up now before-hand to thee 
far jjiy sins, firmly resolving by thy grace 
F i 



332 Instructions for hearing Mass. 

never wilfully to offend tliee more. Behold 
here rtiy poor heart, O Lord, and if it is 
not, at least 1 desire it should he, that con- 
trite and humhle heart which thou never 
despisest. Jn this disposition of soul, and 
with a lively confidence in thy mercies, and 
jii the merits of the death and passion of 
Jesus Christ thy Son, I renew the petition I 
made before, and once more beg, for my- 
self, thy grace, protection, and a happy de- 
livery ; and for my child, that thou wouldst 
be pleased to preserve it for baptism, sanc- 
tify it for thyself, and make it thine for 
( ver : thro', &c f . Amen. 

INSTRUCTIONS FOR HEARING MASS. 

i 1. WHEN you hear the hell, direct your 
intention to hear Mass in remembrance of the 
nth and passion of our BUssed Saviour , and 
imagine that you see the Blessed Virgin, St. 
Mary Magdalen and the other Maries, going 
to Mount Calvary, to behold Christ crucified ; 
n d tar our to stir up in your mind such 
thoughts as you may suppose these holy per- 
sons to have had in this sacred pilgrimage, as' 
ou are going to behold the same crucifixion 
1 7tddch they saw, mystically performed by the 
hands of. the priest. 

2. Think, that were this blessed sacrifice 

Utred only in one place, and consecrated but 

i€ priest in the world, with how great a 

in people would run to that place, and 

. t priest, to hear and see him celebrate 

tvenly inystenes.- Implore then the 

ur Lord, that you may come zcith the 



Frayers before 2{ass. 133 

like attention and devotion, as these holy mys- 
teries do not require a less reverence for being 
celebrated hi so many places, and so often re- 
peated. 

3. Call to mind what you stand most in 
need of, beicoil your offences, and offer up 
this holy sacrifice for the Universal Church, 
his Holiness the Pope, and all ecclesiastical 
persons ; for unity among all Christian kings 
and princes; for the conversion of infidels 
. and heretics; for his majesty, the royal family, 
and these kingdoms; and finally f for both the 
living and the dead. 

PRAYEKS BEFORE MASS. 

An Oblation of the Mass, according to the 
four Ends (four Christian Sacrifice, 

OMOST merciful Father, and gracious 
God, who hast so loved the world, as 
not to spare thy only beloved Son, but de- 
liveredst him up to Suffer the cruel death of 
the cross for the redemption of us poor sin- 
ners ; and wiliest, moreover, have the same 
oblation daily renewed in the mass, that we 
may apply the fruit of his sacred passion for 
the benefit of our souls; grant, we humbly 
beseech thee, that we may assist with all 
due respect, attention, and devotion, at these 
adorable mysteries of thy infinite wisdom 
and singular goodness, to the end we may 
be made partakers of the fruit and virtue uf 
the bloody sacrifice of the cross, by this un- 
bloody oblation at the altar. And a- , 9 
our Christian sacrifice contains all the virtue 
and perfection of those of the old law, >.u we 



1M Prayers at Mans. 

offer it up to thee in manner of the four- 
fold oblation of the ancient sacrifices. First, 
then, we offer it up, O Lord, in humble and 
sincere profession of the supreme power 
and dominion thou hast over us and alt 
creatures, to which we willingly submit; 
ami earnestly. beg that we and all others 
may have the grace constantly to do the 
same. Secondly, we offer it up in satisfac- 
tion and atonement for all the sins and 
crimes we have ever committed ; or how- 
soever thy infinite majesty has any ways 
been displeased or offended. 'Hardly^ 
we offer up this holy mass as a thanks- 
giving and grateful acknowledgment of all 
favours and blessings bestowed upon us in 
general or particular. Lastly, we offer up % 
mir present sacrifice* that we may merci- 
fully obtain of thy divine goodness what 
thou knowest we stand most in need of, ei- 
ther for soul or 'body, temporal or spiritual. 
\ftere may be added, in particular, zchat each 
most uants, for himself, or others I iv- 
i* . '.] With these dispositions and 

:10ns, wc approach, O God, this day to 
relying on thy power and m< y y 
ir petitions, ami fo supply us with 
* ■ : • : (forming of our duty, thro' 
i e divine merits of the sacred cleat! md 
: ' • ' pi i; only Son, our Lord and "&* 
vioui Jesus Christ. Am&u 



135 

A DEVOUT METHOD OF HEARING MASS. 

Making the sign of the Cross xcith the Priest, 

IN the name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen, 

T will draw near to thy altar, O my God, 
there to gain new strength and vigour to* 
my soul ; separate me by thy grace from 
those unbelievers who have no trust in thee. 

That grace which comforts me when the 
remembrance of my sins afflict and cast me 
down. 

That grace which lets me know there is 
an everlasting refuge in thy goodness, and 
that thou art ready to forgive even our 
greatest sins upon a sincere repentance. 
The Priest bowing down, says the Conhteor 

before he gees up to the altar : say it with 

him as follows : 

I Confess to Almighty God, to the blessed • 
Virgin Mary, to the blessed Michael ti;e 
Archangel, to the blessed John Baptb I 
holy apostles Peter and Paul, to all the, 
saints., and to you, Father, that I have very 
much sinned in thought, word, arid deed, 
I igfx my fault, through my few it, th r< 
mv must grievous fault. Therefore , . - 

d Virgin Mary, b d u I 
rthangel, the blessed Jo 
.' »i\ apostles Peter and Paul, .r . .< 

- ' you, Father, to pi i ,?:. l<- 1 

( " ie, , . . , 

4> t > > Judica me, the G: . i^'.e^e^ri 
■ $n4 Creed are omitted in <K [«;i *,. 

Dead, oYc. yen clso may pass them . 



lo'j Prayers at Mass. 

After the Confiteor, say, 

OMy God, who hast commanded us to 
pray for one another, and in thy holy 
Church hast given, even to sinners, the 
power of absolving from sin, receive with 
equal bounty the prayers of thy people for 
the priest, and those of the priest for thy 
people. 

We beseech thee, O Lord, "by the merits 
of those saints whose relics are here, and of 
all the saints, that thou woulcUt vouchsafe 
to forgive me all my sins. Amen. 
When the Priest goes first to the Book, and 

saj/s the part of the Mass .called the In- 

troit, say, 

(^ RANT, O Lord, we may be truly pre- 
T pared for the offering this great sacri- 
fice to thee this day ; and because our sins 
alone can render us displeasing to thee, 
therefore we call aloud to thee tor mercy. 
At the Kyrie eleison, say, 

HAVE mercy on me, O Lord, and for- 
give me all my sins. 
Have mercy on me, O Lord, have mercy 
on m« . 

At- the Gloria in er.cclsis, say, 

CALORY be to God on high, and peace 
JT \ji\ earth to men of good will. We 
, we blesb thee, we a<lore thee, 
;ioi \ » . we give thee thanks tor thy 
:rcii _. . Lord" God, licaveniy King, 
'• • . _ > y. Lord Jesus Chri>t, the- 
; ou. Lord God,. Jvuiub of 
: . ^ . - Father, who take^t away- 

d, have mercy upon £= * 



Prayers at Mass. 13T 

who takest away the sins of the world, 
receive our prayers : w ho sittest at the right 
hand of the Father, have mercy on us* For 
thou only art holy, thou only art our Lord, 
thou only,0 Jesus Chrrst, together with 'he^ 
Holy Ghost, art most high, in the glory of 
God the Father. Amen. 
When the Priest turns to the People, andsays y 

Dominus vobi*cum, say r 
T> E thou always with us, O my God, and 
JD let thy grace never depart from us. 
Whilst he reads the Collects, say, 

ALmighty and eternal God, we iiumhly 
beseech ihee, mercifully to give ear to 
the prayers of thy servant, which he offers 
thee in the name of thy Church, and in he- 
half of us thy people : accept them to the 
honour of thy name, and good of our bonis; 
and grant us ah those blessings which may 
any ways contribute to our salvation. Thro' 
our Lord Jesus Christ. Amtn. 
Jit the Epistle, say, 

BE thou, O Lord, eternally praised and 
blessed, for having communicated, to 
\ the holy prophets and apostles thy spirit, 
disclosing to them admirable secret 
dou^ding to thy glory and our great i 
We firmly believe their wnrd, heca ■ 
Uiine. Give us, we .beseech the 
ss to understand from ■ 
their instructions, what is 
grace to practise the same .■ 

/ When he reach thcGx .\. \. 
OW wonderful, O Lon 
through the whole e*u . . ' i . . • 



13fl Prayers at Ifass. 

our Lord at all times : his praise shatl be 
ever in my month. Be thou my God and 
my Protector: in thee alone will I put my 
trust, let me not be confounded for ever. 
At the. Gospel, when the People rise up, say, 

MAYEST thou be ever adored and 
praised, () Lord, who not content to 
instruct and inform us by thy prophets and 
apostles, hast even vouchsafed to speak to 
us by thy only Son our Saviour Jesus Christ, 
commanding us by a voice from heaven to 
hear him: grant us, O merciful God, the 
grace to profit by his divine and heavenly 
doctrine. All that is written of thee, dread 
Jesus, in thy gospel, is truth itself; nothing 
but wisdom in thy actions; power and good- 
ness in thy miracles; light and instruction in 
thy words. With thee, sacred Redeemer, 
are the words of eternal life : to whom shall 
we go, but to thee, eternal Fountain of 
Truth ? Give me, O God, grace to practise^ 
what thou commandest, and command 
what thou pleasest. 

At the Credo or Nicene Creed, sai/ t 

I Believe, O Lord, all thou hast taught nie 
by thy holy Church: in this faith, by the 
assistance of thy grace, I desire to live and 
die : by thy divine grace, I am convinced of 
the sincerity and wisdom of those who hato 
delivered these sacred truths to me. Their 
miraculous success is a sufficient proof. 
Where ..shall I go, my Lord? Thou hast the 
iv • pj i • rial life. Of thy truth thus 
tft . .< re I, my reason and will shall m \ i 
&mbt, though my senses and vain ijtia^inur 



u 



Prayers at Mass. ISO 

tions should. I believe, O Lord, help my 
unbelief. 

When at the Offertory he uncovers the Cha- 
lice, .«/;/, 
ACCEPT, O holy Father, almighty and 
eternal God, this unspotted Host 
which I, thy unworthy servant, offer thee, 
my living and true God, for my innumerable 
sins, offences, and negligences, and for all 
here present, and for all faithful Christians, 
living and dead, that it may avail me and 
them to life everlasting. Amen 

At the Offering of the Chalice, sat/, 

WE offer thee, O Lord, the chalice of 
salvation, beseeching thy clemency, 
that it may ascend before thy divine Ma- 
jesty, as a sweet perfume, for our salvation, 
and for that of the whole world. 

Accept us, O Lord, in tho spirit of hu- 
mility and a contrite heart: and grant 
that the sacrifice which we offer this day in 
thy sight, may be pleasing to thee, O Lord 
God. 

When he washes his Fingers at the Corner 
of the Altar, say, 

THOU, Lord, who once vouchsafedst to 
wash thy disciples' feet before" their 
invitation to thy holy table, wash ns 
we beseech thee, O Lord, and wash 
Hot only our feet and hands, but < 
our desires, our soul?, tha 
wholly innocent and pure. 
Go jw, and pr 

Reive, O holy Trinity, 
we make thee, in \yx\ 



•^O Prayers at Mass. 

passion, resurrection, and ascension of our 
-Lord Jesus Christ, and in honour of tlie 
ever blessed Virgin Mary; of blessed John 
liaptist; of the holy apostles Peter and 
i aui; or these, and of aU the saints; that 
it may be available to their honour and our 
salvation. And may they vouchsafe to in- 
tercede tor us in heaven, whose memory we 
celebrate on earth. Thro' the same Chnsi 
our Lord. Amen. 

MAt the Orate Fratres, say, 
Alt our Lord receive tins sacrifice 
from thy hands, to the praise and 
glory of his name, tor our good, and the 
benefit ot his whole Church. 
Or, whilst he reads the secret Prayers proper . 
-m _/ or tne ^ a y* *» « tow voice say, 
TV/T Ercitully hear our prayers, O Lord, 
>. ? * a»d graciously accept this oblation, • 
which we thy servants are making to thee; 
that as we offer it to the honour of thy name, 
so it may be to us here a means of obtain- 
ing thy grace, and in the next life everlast- 
ing happiucss. Amen. 
When the Priest suys in a loud voice, Per 

1 omnia specula saeculoruni, say, 
1 is truly meet and just, right and avail- 
ble to solvation, that we always, and in 
s, give thanks to thee, holy Lnrd, 
j eighty, elernal God, thrJ'Ciirist 

y whom the angels praise thy 
v S --C dominations adore it, ti*e 

' ; mbie before it, the heaveiis and 
*'• ; v i- , and biessed seraphim swftti 
JirMIef glorify it; together wtfh 



Prayers at Mass. 141 

whom we beseech thee, that we may be 
admitted to join our voices, saying in an 
humble manner : 

Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of Sabaoth, 
heaven and earth are full of thy glory. 

Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is he 
that cometh in the name of the Lord. Ho- 
sanna in the highest. 
What follows is called the Canon of the 

Mass : say then, 
"V/TOST merciful Father, who hast given 
^*- us thy only Son to be our daily sacri- 
fice, incline thy ears to our prayers, and 
favour our desires ; protect, unite, and go- 
vern thy whole Church throughout the 
world, pour forth thy blessing on his pre- 
sent Holiness, that Prelate who has a parti- 
cular charge over us, our King, and all true 
professors of the Catholic faith. 
Whiht he makes his Memento, or Comme- 
moration of the Living, make yours also, 
praying in particular for yourself and 
Friends, &c. 
T Offer thee, O eternal Father, wkh this 
■*• thy minister at the altar, this oblation 
of the body and blood of thy only Son, to 
thy honour and glory : in remembrance of 
my Saviour's passion, in thauksgivii 
nil thy benefits, in satisfaction • tor ai 
'sins, and for the obtaining thy gra< - 

by I may he enabled to five vnl. 1 

die liappilw I desire the** liktw 
cept it, O God. for my p'treuts, ^ 
i fciorfe, friends, and fceriefaepe •> 



G' 



142 Prayers at Mass. 

them all blessings, spiritual and temporal. 
I offer it up also [nante the particular inten- 
tion you offer it upjor ; as, for obtaining 
thrs virtue, overcoming that vice ; for bles- 
sings, such as health, &c] Likewise for 
24I that are m misery ; tor those I have any 
ways injured in word or deed : tor all my 
enemies: tor the conversion of sinners, and 
enlightening all that sit in darkness. Pour 
forth thy blessings on all, according to their 
different necessities, through the merits of 
thy only Son our Lord. 

Proceed and say y 
IVE ear, we beseech thee, to the 
prayers of thy servant, who is here ap- 
pointed to make this oblation in our behalf, 
and grant it may be effectual for the obtain* 
ingail those blessings which he asks for us. 
Behold, O Lord, we all here present to 
thee in this bread and wine the symbols of 
our perfect union. Grant, O Lord, that 
they may be made for us the true body and 
blood of thy dear Sou; that being conse- 
crated to thee by this holy Victim, we may 
v in thy service, and depart this lite in 
: i ;. gra 1 

i :.; t lifting up of the Sacred 

m Memory of Christ being, lifted 

Q\ oss, say, 

. ible body, I adore thee wifch 

; ■ \.- > of my suiii. Lor \ 

. >eif entire to us, _ am 

Lou ent rely thine. I beii< vt, 

. iv unbelief |^| 



M. 



r 



Prayers at .Mass. 143 

Most merciful Saviour, be thou my pro- 
tector; strengthen and defend me by thy. 
heavenly grace, now, and especially at the 
I hour of my death, sweet Jesus. Amen* 
. At the Elevation of the Chalice, say > 
| TV /f OST adorable blood, that washes 
! -LVA away all our sins, I adore thee : 
happy we, if we can return our life and 
blood for thine. 

O Jesus, do thou cleanse, sanctify, and 
preserve our souls to eternal life. Live, Je- 
sus, in us, and we in thee. Amen, 
After the Elevation, sai/ y 
T is now, O Lord, with grateful hearts we 
call to mind the sacred mysteries of thy 
passion and death, thy resurrection and as* 
cension. Here is thy body trret was broken : 
jherc is thy blood that was shed for us, of 
j w r hich these exterior signs are but the ti- 
Igures, and yet in reality contain the sub* 
stance, Jt is now we truly offer thee, O 
Lord, that pure and holy victim, which thou-, 
hast been pleased to give us; of which all 
the other sacrifices are but so many types 
and figures. 
Whilst he fttaJ^es J: is Memento, in $iUncc, f,r 

the Dead, make }.ours also, thu 
T Oiler thee again, O Lord, tiu» h« 

ftee of the body and blood of ti . 
Son, lu.bt LihofUie rajinfuLrigpai I, ..< I 

Hi pari , .; t\ji the SOuls 01 [L '-JTlb ,. . 

■ tttjjjgtprapQi&e to prayji'i i;>; .■,.)«'..■. 
?/ '•'■ /"J, legations, beneia 
wui : l . Likewise of such as L . 1 • • 



144 Prayers at Mast. 

ways injured, or been the occasion of their 
sins ; of such as have injured me, and beeu 
iny enemies; of such as die in war, or ha?e 
none to pray for them, &c. To-these, O 
Lord, and to all that rest in Christ, grant, 
we beseech thee, a place of re fresh meat, ^ 
light, and peace : thro' the same Christ our ) 
Lord. Amen. 

When he strikes his Breast, and says aloud, 
Notes quoque peccatoribus, sat/ y 

Vouchsafe to grant the same to ws^ 
poor and miserable sinners: judge us 
not according to our demerits; but through 
the infinite multitude of thy mercies, in 
which we hope, liberally extend to us thy 
grace and pardon. 

We ask it of thee, in the name of thy 
clear Son, who liveth and reigneth eternally 
with thee, and in that form of prayer which* 
he himself hath taught us. 

At the Pater Noster, say with him, 

OUR Father, who art in heaven, hal- 
lowed he thy name; thy kingdom 
come ; thy will be done on earth, as it is in 
heavn; give us this day our daily bread; 
.and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive 
them that trespass against us; and lead 
temptation : but deliver us from 
■• . 

us from those evils, which we 
t present; from past m, 
■riling hut our manifold* .,- : 
vils to come, whicb will be 
• men t of our offences, >. : 



Prayers at Mass. 145 

prayers, and those more powerful ones of 
thy saints, who intercede for us, intercept 
not thy justice, or excite not thy bounty. 

At his breaking and putting a Particle of 
the Host into the Chalice , say, 

THY body was broken, and thy blood 
shed for us : grant that the comme- 
moration of this holy Mystery may obtain 
us peace : and that those who receive it 
may find everlasting rest. 

At the Agnus Dei, say with the Priest, 

LAMB of God, who takest away the sins 
of the world, have mercy upon us. 
Lamb of God, who takest away the sins 
I of the world, have mercy upon us. 

Lamb of God, who takest away the sins 
of the world, grant us peace. 

At the Prayer before Communion, s-n/ y 

IN saying to thyApostles,my peace I leave 
you, my peace I give you: thou bast 
promised, O Lord, to all thy Church. 
peace which the world cannot give;, peace 
with thee, and peace with o 

Let nothing, O Lord, ever iuu 
holy peace •► let nothing sei 
thee to whom we heartily -de 
ed, through the blessed sbci 
and reconciliation. Let thl- 
strengthen us in every chr >.< 

nevermore to yield under 
fall into our common weak; 
G 



146 Prayers at Mass. 

At the Domine non sum digntis, striking 
your Breast thrice, with Humility arid Cvn- 
irition, say, 

LORD, I am not worthy thou shouldst 
enter under my roof; say only the 
word, and my soul shall be healed. 
Such as are iiot prepared to communicate 
really, may communicate spiritually, by 
saying as Jbllous : 
TV I ^ loving Jesus, I adore thee with a 
xtl lively faith, who art present in this 
sacrament by virtue of thy infinite power, 
wisdom and goodness. But conscious of 
my infirmities and sins, I dare not now re- 
ceive thee sacramentally. All my hope is in 
thee ! I love thee, O Lord, with all my 
heart, who hast so loved me: and there* 
fore I desire to receive thee now spiritually: 
come therefore, O Lord, to me in spirit, and 
heal my sinful soul. Feed me that am- 
hungry ,* comfort me that am weak, enlivea 
and sanctify me with thy sacred body and 
blooci -. deliver me from all sin, and make 
me ah\ ays obedient" to thy commands ; and 
me never be separated from thee, my 
who with the Father and the 
? v ifetj livest and reignest one God, 
er. Amen. 

.iution and Wiping of the 
Chalice, say, 
f ' ■« its, Lord, a part in the fruits of 

\ '' death and passion : the sacred 

: v ch we have commemorated 



Prayers at Mass, 147 

in our present sacrifice and communion* 
Happy those who sit at thy table to partake 
of the bread of life. O Jesus, my soul sighs 
after thee ! - I long with thy apostle to be 
dissolved, and be with thee. My heart, and 
my whole body, with transports of joy, seek 
the living God. 

My soul languishes with the ardent desire 
of entering into the house of our Lord. I" 
love thee, O my God, with all my heart ! 
O that 1 could always enjoy the presence of 
thy adorable body, which is the pledge of 
our eternal happiness. I adore thy good- 
ness, and return thee infinite thanks, O gra»- 
cious Lord, for thy inestimable favour and 
mercy, in admitting me to be present this 
day at the dread sacrifice, where thou art 
both Priest and Victim. Make me,0 God, 
always sensible of this great blessing, and 
let not my unworthiness put a stop to the 
effect of thy mercy and goodness. 

Whilst he reads the Communion, say, 

L*ET it be now, O Lord, the effect of 
1 thy mercy, that we who have been 
present at this holy mystery, may find the 
Denefit of it in our souls. 

At the Post-Communion, sa . 

WE give thee thanks, O Gu . i thy 
mercy, in admitting 
part in offering this sacrifice .in in\ 
name: accept it now to thy g],or\ ; iJ be 
ever mindful of our weakness 
Proceed asj'oliu^ 

MOST gracious God, IV r oi mercy, 
grant I beseech thee, that thi: .... 
GZ 



148 Prayers after Mass. 

able sacrifice of the blessed body and blood 
of thy Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, may ob- 
tain for us at thy hands, mercy, and the 
remission of all our sins. Amen. 
When he turns to the People and gives them 
his Blessing, make you also the sign of the 
Cross, and say, 

THE Blessing of God Almighty, »|« Fa- 
ther, Son, and Holy Ghost, descend | 
upon us, and dwell in our hearts for ever. 
Amen. 
Whilst he concludes with the last Gospel, say. 

O Eternal Word, speak to my soul f 
which adores thee in a profound si- 
lence ; thou art the great Creator of all 
things : abandon not, I beseech thee, thy 
own creature : be thou my life, my light, I 
and my all. 

O Light eternal ! enlighten me as to this 
present life, and'in the life to come. 

Reign in me as in thine own inheritance t 
.for thou, O Lord, hast made me : thou hast 
redeemed me ! May I be ever thine. 
' I have sinned too much against heaven, 
and before thee, and am not worthy to bS 
y Son. 

i vd Incarnate, have pity on rrij 

, . aortal flesh, and grant it may on$ 

nat it here adores below. Amen, I 

* Pruycrs after Mass. • 

| 1 : ei the&afl possible praiseand thanks, 

jj[ reign Creator, for the favour I 

' ■ ! received of thy bounty, an4 

r vvl iwany "better deserving Christians 

i:> { rived; *' Receive, O Lord,- my un- 



At sprinkling the Holy Water, &$c. 140 
worthy prayers, supply all my defects, par- 
don all my distractions and indevotions, 
and grant, that by the strength and virtue of 
those divine mysteries, I may go on cheer- 
fully in the path of thy commandments, 
love and service, amidst all the tempta- 
tions, troubles, and dangers of my life's 
pilgrimage, till I shall one day happily ar- 
rive at thy heavenly kingdom, where, with' 
the blessed angels and saints, I shall more 
clearly contemplate thee, more perfectly 
enjoy thee, and more understanding^ cele- 
brate thy in6nite goodness and mercy, with 
uninterrupted canticles of eternal praise, ad- 
miration and gratituue. 

Happy are they who dwell in thy house, 
O Lord ; for ever and ever they will praise 
thee. 

Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive ho- 
nour, glory, and power. 

Praise the Lord, for he is good, for his 
mercy is everlasting. 

Who shall relate the wonders of the* 
Lord ? who shall publish his praises ? 



faAt sprinkling the Holy Water, 'b&fdre 
I ,on Sunday, is sung the following A^U: 

ASperges me, Do- OiYmkk 9 

mine, Hyssopo, O L01& w|tU J$ys- 
et lnundabor: favabis sop, and I 
me, et super nivem clean-en 1 . 
dealbabor. am) -l 

whiter- tfcnrti sr.> 
G3 



r 



150 . The Prayer, Exaudi. 

Ps. Miserere mei, Ps. Jiave mercy on 
Deus,secundum mag- me, O God, according 
nam misericordiam ' to thy great mercy, 
tuara. 

V. Gloria Patri, &c. V. Glory be to, &c. 

Ant. Asperges me. Anth. Sprinkle me. 

The Priest, being returned to the Foot of the 
Altar, says, 

V: Ostende nobis, V. Shew us, O 

Dotniue, misericor- Lord, thy mercy.* 
diam tuam. 

K. Et salutare tu- R. And grant us 

um da nobis. thy salvation. 

V. Domine, exaudi V. O Lord, hear 

orationem meam. my prayer. 

R. Et clamor me- R. And let my cry 

us ad te veniat. come unto thee. 

V. Dominus vobis- V. May the Lord 

cum. be with you. 

R. Et cum Spiritu R. And with thy 

tuo. Spirit. 

The Prayer, Exaudi 

HEAR us, O holy Lord, Almighty Fa- 
ther, eternal God ! and vouchsafe to 
.scud thy holy angel from heaven, to guard, 
cherish, protect, visit and defend all that are 
assembled in this place, through Christ oaf 
Lord, Amen, 



Preparatory Prayer, $c, 151 

From Easter to* Whit Sunday, inclusively, in- 
stead of t he foregoing Anthem, the follow" 
ing is sung, and to the V.^Ostende nobis), 
and its R. Et salutare, are added Alle- 
luias. 

Anthem. 

VIDI aquam egre- T Saw water flowing 
dientem de tern- X. from the right sid£ 
plo a latere dextro, ai- of the temple, alle- 
leluia: et omnes ad luia : and all to whom 
(pios pervenit aqua that water came, were 
ista, salvi facti sunt saved, and they shall 
et dicent, Alleluia. say, Alleluia. 

Ps. Confitemini Do- Ps. Praise the Lord, 
mino, quoniam bo- because he is good: 
nus : quoniam in sae- because his mercy en- 
culum misericordia dureth for ever. Glo- 
ejus. Gloria. ry, &c. 

Preparatory Prayer before Mass. 

PROSTRATE in spirit at the foot of thy 
holy altar, 1 adore thee, Almighty God*! 
and firmly believe that the Mass, at which 
I am going to assist, is the sacririce of the 
body and blood of thy Son, Christ Jesus. 
O! grant 1 may assist thereat-with the at- 
tention, respect, and awe due to such august 
mysteries: and that by the merits of. trie 
Victim there offered for me, 1 myself may 
become an agreeable sacririce to thee, who- 
livesc and reignest with the same Son and 
Holy Ghost, one God, world without end* 
Amen t 

G4 



152 

THE ORDINARY OF THE MASS. 

The Priest at the Foot of the Altar, beginning, 
saith, 

IN Nomine Patris, IN the Name of the 
et Filii, et Spiritus * Father, and of the 
Sancti. Amen. Son, &c. Amen, 

Ant. Introibo ad Anth. I will go un- 
altare Dei. to the altar of God. 

R. Ad Deum, qui R. To God, who 
ketirlcat juventutem rejoiceth my youth, 
meam. 

Psalm xlii. 

JUDICA me, De- JUDGE me, O 
us, et discerne tJ God, and dislin- 
causam meam de guish my cause from 
gente non sancta: ab the nation that is noc 
homine inicjuo et do- holy: from the unjust 
eriie me. and deceitful man de- 

liver me. 
R. Quiatucs,Deus, R. Since thou, O 
fortitudo iriea, quare God, art my strength, 
me repulisti? et quare why hast thou reject- ■ 
tristis inccdo dum af- ed me ? and why do 
tiigit me inimicus? I go sorrowful whilst 
the enemy afflicteth 
me ? 
P. Emitte lucem P. Send forth thy 
tuam et veritatem tu- Light and thy Truth : 
am: ipsa me dedux- they have conducted 
eruut, et adduxerunt and brought me unto 
in Montem sanctum thy holy Mount, and' 
tuuni, et in Taberna- into thyTabcrus 
alia lua. 



The Ordinary of the Mass. 156 

R. Et introibo ad R. And I will go 
altare Dei: ad Deum unto the altar of God 5 
qui laetificat juventu- to God who rejoiceth 
tern meam. my youth. 

P. Confitebor tibi, P.I will praise thee 
in cithara, Deus, De-on the harp, O God, 
usmeus: quare tristis my God: why art' 
es, anima mea ? et thou sorrow fid, O my 
quare conturbas me ? soul ! and why dost 
thou disturb me ? 

R. Spera in Deo, R. Hope in God, 
Guoniam adhuc con- for him will I still 
fitebor illi : salutare praise : he is my God, 
■vultus mei, et Deus and the Saviour I look 
meus. for. 

P. Gloria Patri, et P. Glory be to the 
Filio,etSpiritui Sane- Father, and to the 
to. Son, cScCc 

R. Sicut erat in R. As it was in the 

principio, et nunc, et beginning, is now, 

, semper, et in specula and ever shall be, 

saxuiorum. Amen, world without end. 

Amen. 

P. Introibo ad al- P. I will go unto 
tare Dei. the altar of God. 

R. Ad Deum qwi R. To God who 
leetirkat juventutem rejoiceth my youth, 
meam. 

P. Adjutorium nos- P. Our help, is in 
trum in nomine Do- the name of the Lord. 
mini. 

R. Qui fecit ccelum R. Who made hea- 
«t terram. ven and earth. 

P. Confiteor Deo P. I confess to Al* 
emnipotenti, &c. mighty God, &c. 
G5 






16 i The Ordinary of the Mass. 

l\. Misereatur tui R. May Almighty 
titanipotens Deus, et God be merciful to 
dimissis peccatis tuis, thee, and, forgiving 
perducat te ad vitam thee thy sins, brini 
a?temam. P. Amtn. thee to everlasting 
life. Amen. 

It. Confiteor Deo R. I confess to Al- 
omnipotent], beatau mighty God, to the 
Maria* semper Virgi- Messed Mary, ever a 
ni, Lcato Michaeli Virgin, blessed Mi- 
Archangelo, beato Jo- chael the Archangel, 
anni Baptistae, sane- blessedJohn Baptist, 
tis Apostolis Petro the holy Apostles Pe- 
et Paulo, omnibus ter and Paul, to all 
Sanctis, et tibi Pa- the saints, and to you, 
ter, quia peccavi ni- Father, that I have 
mis cogitatione, ver- sinned exceedingly in 
bo et opere, mea cul- thought, word, and 
pa, mea culpa, mea deed, thro' my fault, 
maxima culpa. Ideo thro* my fault, thro* 
precor beatam Mari- my most grievous 
am semper Virginem, fault. Therefore I be- 
beatum Michaelem seech the blessed Ma- 
Archangelum, bea- ry, ever a virgin, bles- 
mm Joannem Bap- sed Michael Arcban- 
tistam, sanctos Apos- gel, blessed John Bap- 
tolos Petium et Pau- tist,the holy Apostlei 
]um, omnes Sanctos, Peter and Paul, and 
rt te, Pater, orare pro all the saints, and 
me ad Dominum De- you, O Father, to 
cm nostrum. pray to the Lord our 

Gcd for me. 

P. Miserealur ves- P. May Almighty 

tri on.nipotens Deus, God be merciful unto 

et dinassis peccatis you,arid,forgivingyou 

C vos your sins, bring you 



The Ordinary cf I h e Mass. 1 3 > 

ad vitam ceternam. to life everlasting. 
It. Amen. It. Amen. 

P. Indulgentiani, It. May tug Al- 

abso!utio:iem, et re- mighty and mustmer- 
missionem peccato- citui Lord, grant ua 
rum nostrpruni, tri- pardon, absolution, 
buit nobis ornnipo- ahd remission of our 
tens et misericors Do- sins. It. A men. 
minus. It. Amen. v 

P. Deus, tu con- P. O God, thou 
versus viviricabis nos. being turned towards 
us, wilt enliven u.^. 
It. Et plebs tua II. And thy people 
lcetabitur in te. will rejoice in thee. 

P. Osteade nobis, P. Snew us, O Lord,* 
I>omine, misericor- thy mercy, 
diam tuarh. 

It. Et salutare tu- 11. And grant us 
um da nobis. thy salvation. 

P. Domine, exaudi P. O Lord, hear 
orationem me am. my prayer. 

It. Et clamor metis It. And let my 
ad te vemat. cry come unto thee. 

* P. Dommas vobis- P. Toe Lord be 
cum. with you. 

It. Et cum spiritu It. *A;a.1 with thy 
tuo. spirit. 

The Priest, going to the Altar, says, 
Aufer a nobis quae- Take away from 
tunaus, Domine, mi- us our iniquities, we 
quitates nostras, ut beseech thee, O Lord, 
ad Sancta Sanctorum that we may be wor- 
puns mereamur men- thy to enter with pure 
ubus mtroire : per minds into the Holy 
Christuro "t>ominum oHIolies : thro', <Vc. 
nostrum. Amen. Amen, G 6 



156 The Ordinary (f the Mass. 

li hen come up to the Altar, lowing dozen f ht 
says, 

Oramus te, Do- We beseech thee, 
mine, per merita O Lord, by the me. 
sanctorum tuorum, rits of thy saints, 
•quorum reliquiae hie whose relics are here, 
sunt, et omnium and of all the saints, 
sanctorum, ut indul- that thou wouldst 
gere digneris omnia vouchsafe to forgive 
peccata mea. Amen, me all my sins. Amen. 
Whilst he reads the Introit, say, 

Let the name of the Lord be blessed both 
now and for ever. From the rising to the 
setting of the sun all praise is due to the 
name of the Lord. Who is like the Lord 
our God, who dwells on high, and looks 
on all that is humble both in heaven and 
earth. Glory be to the Father, &c. 

P. Kyrie eleison. R. Kyrie eleison. P. 
.Kyrie eleison. Lord hare mercy vpon us. 
f R. Chribte eleison. P. Christe eleison. R. 
Ohriste eleison. Chri-t have mercy upon us. 
[P. Kyrie eleison. R. Kyrie eleison. P. 
Ivyrie eleison. Lcrd have mercy upon us. 
GLORIA IN EXCELSIS. 

GLORIA in ex- f^LORY be to 
celsisDeo, etin VJ God on high, 
terra pax hominibus and on earth peace to 
bonEfcvoluiUatis. Lau- men of good will, 
(iamus te; benedici- We praise thee; we 
mus te; adoramus te; bless thee ; we adore 
giurificamus te. Gra- thee ; we glorify 
nas agimus tibi prop- thee. We give thee 
ter inagnam gloriam thanks for thy great 
twain, Doniine Dens, glory, Q Lord God, 



The Ordinary of the Mass, 15? 

Hex ccelestis, Deus heavenly King, God 

Pater omnipotens. the Father Almighty. 

Domine Fili unige- O Lord Jesus Christ, 

nite JesuChriste. Do- the only begotten 

mine Deus, Agnus Son. O Lord God, 

Dei, FiliusPatris. Qui Lamb of God, Son 

tollis peccata mundi, of the Father, who 

miserere nobis. Qui takest away the sins 

tollis pecrata mundi, of the world, have 

suscipe deprecati- mercy on us. Who 

onem nostram. Qui takest away the sius 

sedesaddexteramPa- of the world, receive 

tris, miserere nobis, our prayers. Who 

Quoniam tu solus sittest at the right 

sanctus.Tu solus Do- hand of the Father, 

minus. Tu solus al- have mercy on us. For 

tissimus, Jesu Chris- then only art holy. 

te, cum Sancto Spi- Thou only art the 

ritu, in gloria Dei Lord. Thou only, O 

Patris. Amen JesusChrisr, together 

with the Holy Gb^st, art most high in the 

glory of God the Father. Amen. 

*JSirning towards the people, the Priest sa- 

lu tes t h an, say fag , 

P. Dominus vo- P. The Lord be 

biscum. with you. 

R. Et cum 'spirttu R. And with thy 
tuo. spirit. 

Whilst he reads the Collects, the following 
may be Said : 
We humbly beseech thee, Almighty 
and eternal God, mercifully to give ear to 
the prayers of thy servant, which he offers 
to thee in the name of thy Church, and in 
behalf of us thy people; accept thera to the 



i58 The Ordinary of the Mass. 

honour of thy nariie, and the good of our 
souls, and grant us all those blessings 
which may any way contribute to our sal- 
vation: thro', &c Amen. 

Whilst the Priest reads the Epistle, say, 

Be thou, O Lord, eternally praised and 
blessed for having communicated thy spirit 
to the holy prophets and anostles.disclosing 
to them admirable secrets, redounding to 
thy glory and our great good. We firmly 
believe their word, because it is thine. Give 
us, we beseech thee, the happiness to un- 
derstand from the Church, by their instruc- 
tions, what is profitable, and grace to prac- 
tise the same all our lives. 
At the end of the Epistle, the Clerk answers, 

Deogratias. Tnanks be to God. 

During th» Gradual, or Tract, may be said, 

How wonderful, O Lord, is thy name 
through the whole earth. I will bless the 
Lord at all times: his praise shall be ever 
in my mouth. Be thou my God and protec- 
tor: in thee alone I put my trust: O let 
me never be confounded. 

Before the Gospel, say, 

CLeanse my heart and my lips, O Al- 
mighty God, who didst cleanse the lips 
of the prophet Isaiah with a burniug coal : 
and vouchsafe, through thy gracious mercy, 
so to purify me, that I may worthily at- 
tend to thy holy gospel : thro' Christ our 
L*jrd Amen. 

May the Lord be in my heart, and on my 
lips, that I may worthily and in abecomuig 
manner attend to his gospel. Amen. 



The Ordinary of the Mass. 159 

P. Dominus vo- P. The Lord be 
biscum. R. Et cum with you. R. And 
spiritu luo. with thy spirit. 

P. Sequentia (vel P. The continua- 
initium) sancti Evan- tion (or the begin- 
gelii secundum, &c. ning)of the holy Gos- 
pel according to, &c. 

R. Gloria tibi, Do- R. Glory be to thee, 
mine. O Lord. 

During (he Gospel, say, 

Re thou ever adored and praised, O Lord, 
who, not content to instruct and inform us 
by thy prophets and apostles, hast even 
vouchsafed to speak to us by thy only Son 
our Saviour Jesns Christ, commanding us 
by a voice from heaven to hear him : grant 
us, merciful God, the grace to profit by his 
divine and heavenly doctrine. All that is 
written of thee, dread Jesus, in thy gospel, 
is truth itself: nothing but wisdom in thy 
actions : power and goodness in thy mira- 
cles : light and instruction in thy words. 
With thee, sacred Redeemer, are the words 
of eternal life : to whom shall we go but to 
thee, eternal Fountain of Truth ? I firmly 
believe, O God, all thou teachest, give me 
only grace to practise what thou command- 
est, and command what thou pieasest. 
At the end of the Gospel, answer, 

R. Laus tibi, Chris- R. Praise be to thee, 
te. O Christ. 

Then add with, the Priest, in a low voice. 

May our sins be blotted out, by the words 
of the gospel. 



160 The Ordinary of the Mat*. 

The Nicene Creed. 

CREDO, inunum I Believe in one* 
Deum Patrem Jl God, the Father 
omnipotentem, fac- Almighty, Maker of 
torem coeli et terra?, heaven and earth, and 
yisibilium omnium et of all things visible 
invisibilium. and invisible. 

Et in unum Do- And in one Lord 
minum Jesum Chris- Jesus Christ, the only 
tumFilium Dei uni- begotten Son of God; 
genitum ; et ex Patre and born of the Fa- 
natum ante omnia ther before all ages, 
ssecula. Deum de God of God; Light 
Deo ; Lumen de Lu- of Light ; true God 
mine; Deum verum of true God; begottea 
de Deo vero ; geni- not made ; consub- 
tum non factum ; stantial to the Father,, 
consubstantialem Pa- by whom all things 
tri, per quern omnia were made. Who for 
facta sunt. Qui prop- us men, and for our 
ter nos homines, et salvation, came down 
propter nostram sa- from heaven, and be- 
iutem, descendit de came incarnate by the 
ccelis. Et incarnatus Holy Ghost, of the 
est de Spiritu Sane- Virgin Mary, AND 
to, ex Maria Virgine, WAS MADE MAN, 
ET HOMO FAC- He was crucified also 
TUS EST*. Cruci- for us, suffered under, 
fixus etiam pro- Pontius Pilate, and. 



* At these words the people kneel down to* 
adore God for the ineffable Mystery of the In- 
carnation, 



The Ordinary of the Mass* 161 

nobis sub Pontio Pi- was buried. And the 
lato, passus et sepul- third day he rose 
tusest. Et resurrexit again according to 
tertia die secundum the Scriptures. And 
Scripturas. Et as- ascended into hea- 
cendit in ccelum, se- ven, sitteth at the 
det ad dexteram Pa- right hand of the Fa- 
tris. Et iteruni ven- ther, and he is to come 
turns est cum gloria again with glory to 
judicare vivos et mor- judge both the living 
tuos : cuius regni non and the dead, of 
erit finis. whose kingdom there 

shall be no end. 

Et in Spiritum And in the Holy 
Sanctum, Dominum Ghost, the Lord and 
et vivificancem, qui ex giver of life, who 
Patre Filioque pro- proceedeth from the 
cedit: qui cum Patre Father and the Son : 
et Filio simul adora- who, together with 
tur, et conglorifica- the Father and the 
tur ; qui locutus est Son, is adored and 
per prophctas. Et u- glorified ; who spoke 
nam sanctam Catho- by the prophets. And 
licam et Apostolicam one holy Catholic 
Ecclesiam, Conn- and apostolic Church. 
geor unum Baptisma I confess one baptism 
in remissionem pec- for the remission of 
catorum. Et expecto sins. And I expect the 
resurrectionem mor- resurrection of the 
tuorum, et vitam dead, and the life of 
venturi saeculi. Amen, the world to come. 
Aw en. 

P. Dominusvobis- P. The Lord be 
cum. R. Et cum spi- with you. II. And 
ntu tuo. with thy spirit. 



162 The Ordinary of the Mass, 

Oremus Let us pray. 

At the Offertory, say, 

O my God, I sincerely offer myself and all 
I have to thee, to do and suffer whatever 
thou commandest or permittest. Receive 
my offering, and bear with my weakness, I 
most humbly beseech thee. 

Oblation of the Host. 

Suscipe, Sancte Pa- Accept, O holy Fa- 
ter, omnipotens aeter- ther, Almighty and 
ne Deus, hancimma- eternal God, this un- 
cuiatam Hostiam, spotted Host, which 
quam ego indignus fa- I thy unworthy ser- 
mulus tuus offero ti- vant offer unto thee, 
bi Deo meo vivo et my living and true 
vero, pro innumera- God, for my innu- 
bilibus peccatis, of- merable sins, offen- 
fensionibus et negli- ces, and negligences, 
gentiis meis, et pro and for all here pre- 
omnibus circumstan- sent; as also lor all 
tibus; 6ed et pro om- faithful Christians, 
nibus fidelibus Chris- both living and dead; 
tianis, vivis atqwe <le- that it may avail both 
functis ; lit mini et me and them unto life 
il lis pronciat ad salu- everlasting. Amen, 
tern in vitam aeter- 
nam. Amen. 

When the Priest puts the Wine and Water 
into the Chalice. 

Deus, qui humanae O God, who in 
substantia? dignita- creating human na- 
tern mirabiliter con- ture, hast wonderful- 
didisti, et mirabilius ly dignified it, and 
reformasti, da nobis still more wonderful, 
per hujus Aquae etVi* ly reformed it, grant 



The Ordinary of the Mass. 163 

ni Mysterium, ejus di- that by the mystery of 
vinitatis esse consor- this Water and Wine, 
tes, qui humanitatis we may be made par- 
nostrae fieri dignatus takers of his divine 
est particeps, Jesus nature, who vouch- 
Christus Filius tuus safed to become par- 
Dominus noster : qui taker of our human 
tecum vivit et regnat nature, namely, Jesus 
in imitate Spiritus Christ our Lord, thy 
sancti Deus; per om- Son, who with thee, 
niasa?cuIasaecu]orum. in the unity of, &c. 
Amen. Amen. 

Oblation of the Chalice. 

Offerimus tibi, Do- We offer unto thee, 
mine, Calicern salu- O Lord, the chalice 
taris, tuam deprecan- of salvation, beseech- 
tesclementiam, ut in ing thy clemency, 
conspectu divine Ma- that it may ascend 
jestatis tua?, pro nos- before thy divine Ma- 
tra et totius mundi jesty, as a sweet o- 
salute cum odore sua- dour, for our sal- 
vitatis ascendat. vation, and for that 

Amen. of the whole world. 

Amen. 
When the Priest bo7cs before the Altar. 

In spirituhumilita- Accept us, O Lord, 
tis, et in animo con- in the spirit oi hu- 
trito suscipiamur a te, mility, and contrition 
Domine, et sic fiat sa- of heart, and grant, 
crificium nostrum in that the sacrifice 
conspectti tuo hodie, which we offer this 
ut placeat tibi, Do- day in thy sight, may 
mine Deus, be pleasing to thee, 

O Lord God. 



16 4t The Ordinary of the Mass. 

When he blesses the Bread and Wine. 

Veni, sanctificator, Come, O almighty 
omnipotens asterne and eternal God, the 
Deus, et benedic hoc sanctiner, and bless 
saerincium, tuo sane- this sacrifice, prepar- 
to nomini praepara- ed for the glory of thy 
turn. holy name. 

Here he blesses the Intense, saying, 

Per intercessionem May the Lord, by 
beati Michaelis arch- the intercession of 
angeli stantis a dex- the blessed St. Mi- 
tris Altaris incensi,et chael the archangel 
omnium electorum standing at the right 
suorum, incensum hand of the Altar of 
istud dignelur Domi- Incense, and of all his 
mis benedicere, et in elect, vouchsafe to 
odorem sua vi tat is ac- bless this iucense,and 
cipere. Per Christum receive it as an odour 
Dominum nostrum, of sweetness. Thro', 
Amen. 6cc. Amen. 

Incensing the Bread and Wine, he says, 

Incensum istud a May this Incense 
te benedictum, ascen- which thou hast blest, 
dat ad te Domine, et O Lord, ascend to 
descendat super nos thee, and may thy 
rnisencordia tua. mercy descend upon 

us. 
Incensing the Altar, he says, Ps. cxi. 

Dirigatur, Domine, Let my prayer, O 
oratio mea sicut in- Lord, ascend, like in- 
censum, in conspectu cense in thy sight: 
tuo : elevatio manu- and let the lifting up 
urn mearum sacrifi- of my hands be as 
cium vespertinum. an evening sacrifice. 
Pone, D#raine,custo- Place, O Lord, a 



The Ordinary of the Mass. 165 

diam ori meo, et os- guard on my mouth, 
tium circumstantial and a gate of pru- 
labiis meis, ut non dence before my lips, 
declinetcor meum in that my heart may not 
verba malitiae, ad ex- wander after words of 
cusandasexcusationes malice, to seek ex- 
in peccatis. cuses in sin. 

Giving the Censer to the Deacon, he says, 

" May the Lord enkindle within us the 
fire of his love, and the flame of everlasting 
charity." Amen. 

Washing his Hands, he says, Ps. xxv. 6. 

Lavabo inter inno- I will wash my 

centes manus meas : hands amongst the 

et circumdabo altare innocent : and will 

tuum, Domine. encompass thy altar, 

OLord. 

Ut audiam vocem That I may hear 
landis : et enarrem the voice of praise : 
universa mirabilia and publish all thy 
tua. marvellous works. 

Domine, dilexi de- Lord, I have loved 

corem domus tua?, et the beauty of thy 

locum habitationis house, and the place 

glorise tua?. of the habitation of 

thy glory. 

Ne perdas cum im- Destroy not my 
piis animam meara; soul with the impious; 
et cum viris sangui- and my life with men 
num vitam meam. of bloody minds. 

In quorum inani- In whose hands are 
bus iuiquitates sunt: iniquities: their right- 
dextera eorum reple- hand is filled with 
ta est muneribus. bribes. 



166 The Ordinary of the Mass. 

Ego autem in inno- But I have walke 
centia mea ingressus in my innocency : 
sum : redime me, et (teem me, and ha 
miserere mei. mercy on me. 

Pes meus stetit in My feet have sto 
directo : in ecclesiis in the right path : in 
benedicam te Domi- the assembly I will 
ne. bless thee, O Lord. 

Gloria Patri, et Fi- Glory be to the Fa- 
lio, &c. ther, &c. 

Bowing in the midst of the Altar, he says, 

Suscipe, sancta Tri- Receive, O holy 
nitas, hanc oblatio- Trinity, this oblation 
nem quam tibi of- which we make to 
ferimusinmemoriam thee, in memory of 
Passionis, Resurrec- the Passion, Resur- 
tionis, et Ascensionis rection, and Ascensi- 
Jesu Christi Domini on of our Lord Jesus 
nostri : et in honorem Christ, and in honour 
beatoe Mariae semper of the blessed Mary 
Virginis, et beati Jo- ever a Virgin, the 
anms Baptistas, et blessed John Baptist, 
sanctorum Apostolo- the holy Apostles Pe- 
rum Petri et Pauli, et ter and Paul, and of 
istorum, et omnium all the Saints; that it 
Sanctorum : ut illis may be available to 
proficiat ad honorem, their honour and our 
nobis autem ad salu- salvation : and may 
tern: et illi pro nobis they vouchsafe to in- 
intercedere dignentur tercede for us in hea- 
in coelis, quorum me- ven, whose memory 
moriam agimus in we celebrate on eartrk 
terris. Per eumdem Thro' the same Christ 
Christum Dominum our Lord. Amen.. 
nostrum. Amen, 



The Ordinary of the Mass. 167 

Turning himself touards the People, he says : 

Orate Fratres, ut Brethren, pray that 
meum ac vestrum sa- my sacrifice and yours 
crificium acceptaoile maybe acceptable to 
fiat apud Deum Pa- God the Father Al- 
trem omnipotentem. mighty. 

R Suscipiat Domi- R. May the Lord 
nus sacriticium de receive the sacrifice 
rnanibus tuis, ad lau- from thy hands, to the 
dem et gloriam no- praise and glory of 
minis sui, ad utilita- his name, and to our 
tern quoque nostrum, benefit, and that of 
totiusque Ecclesia? his holy Church, 
suce sancta?. 

At the Secret Prayer or Prayers, say, 

Mercifully hear our prayers, O Lord, and 
graciously accept this oblation, which we 
thy servants are making to thee ; that as 
we offer it to the honour of thy name, so it 
may be to us here a means of obtaining thy 
grace, and hereafter everlasting happiness. 
Thro', &c. 

P. Per omnia sae- P. World without 
cula sasculorum. end. 

It. Amen. R. Amen. 

P. Dominus' vobis- P. The Lord be 
cum. R. Et cum spi- with you. It. And 
ritu tuo. P. Sursum with thy spirit. P. 
corda. R. Habemus Lift up your hearts, 
ad Dominum. P. It. We have lifted 
Gratias agamus Do- them up to the Lord, 
raino Deo nostro. R. P. Let us give thanks 
Dignum et justum to our Lord God. It. 
e&t. It is meet and just. 



168 The Ordinary of the Mass. 

The common Preface on Days which have 

none proper, and in Masses for the Dead. 

Vere dignum et It is truly meet and 
justum est, aequum et just, right and availa- 
salutare, nos tibi sem- ble to salvation, that 
per, et ubique gratias we should always, 
agere, Domine sane- and in all places, give 
te, Pater omnipotens, thanks to thee, O ho- 
seterne Deus. * Per ly Lord, Father A\- 
Christum Dominum mighty, eternal God. 
nostrum: per quern * Through Christ our 
majestatem tuam lau- Lord : by whom the 
dant angeli, adorant angels praise thy Ma- 
dominationes, tie- jesty,thc dominations 
munt potestates, cceli adore it, the powers 
ccelorumque virtutes, tremble before it, the 
ac beata seraphim, heavens,the heavenly 
socia exilltatione con- virtues, and blessed 
celebrant. Cum qui- seraphim, with com. 
bus et nostras voces, mon jubilee glorify it. 
ut admitti jubeas Together with whom 
deprecamur, suppli- we beseech thee, that 
ci confessione • di- we may be admitted 
centes : to join our humble 

voices, saying : 

Sanctus, sanctus, Holy, holy, holy, 
sanctus, Dominus Lord God of Sab- i 
Deus Sabaoth. Pieni baoth. Heaven and 
sunt cceli efe terra glo- earth are full of thy 
ria tua. Hosanna in glory. Hosanna in 
excelsis. Benedictus the highest. Blessed ' 
qui venit in nomine is he that comes in 
Domini. Hosanna in the name of the Lord. • 
excelsis. Hosanna in the high- ! 

est. 



The Ordinary of the Mass. 169 

On Trinity-Sunday, and on all other Sun- 
days that have ?io proper Preface, Vere 
dignum, &c. as in the preceding trefuce, 
to*. 

* Qui cum. unige- * Who, together 
nito Filio tuo et Spi- with thy only begot- 
ritu Sancto, unus es ten Son and the Holy 
Deus, unus es Do- Ghost art one Godf, 
minus: non in unius and one Lord: not in 
singularitate' Per- a singularity of one 
sona?, sed in unius Person, butinaTri- 
Trinitate substantia?, nity ofone substance. 
Quod enim de tua For what we believe of 
gloria, revelante te, thy glory, as thou hast 
credimus, hoc de Fi- revealed* the same we 
lio tuo, hoc de Spi- believe of thy Son 
ritu Sancto, sine cut- and of the Holy 
ferentia discretions Ghost, without any 
sentimus. Ut in con- difference or distinc- 
fessione vers? sempi- tiou So that, in the 
temaeque Deitatis, et confession of the true 
\ inPersonis proprietas, and eternal Deity, we 
»etin essentia Unitas, adore a distinction in 
et in Majestate adore- the Persons, an Unity 
•tur aequalitas. Quam in the essence, and an 
.Iautlant angeli atque Equality in the Ma- 
archangeh, cherubim jestv. Whom the an- 
quoque ac seraphim, gels and archangels, 
qui non cessant cla- the cherubim also 
mare quotidie, una and seraphim praise, 
voce dtcentes, Sauc- and cease not daily to 
tus, &c, cry out, with one 

voice, saying, Holy, 
&c. 
H 



iro 

THE CANON OF THE MASS. 

TE igitur clemen- \\J E humbly pray 
tjssime Pater, ▼ V and beseech 
per Jesum Christum thee, therefore, most ■■ 
Fiiium nuim Domi- merciful Father, thro* 
mini nostrum, sup- Jesus Christ thy Son, 
plice* rogamus, ac cur Lord, that thou . 
petimus, uti accepta wouldst vouchsafe to 
habeas et henedicas accept and bless these 
liaec dona, hsec mu- Gifts, these Presents, . 
nera, hoec sancta sa- these holy unspotted 
<erificia illibata, lm- Sacrifices, which in 
primis, quai tibi of- the first place we offer 
ferimus pro Ecclesia thee for thy holy 
tua sancta cath'olica ; Catholic Church, to 
Guam paciticarc, cus- which vouchsafe to 
todire, adunare, et grant peace: as also ? 
Tegere digneris toto to preserve, unite, and 
orbe tcrrarum, una govern it throughout 
cum famulo tuo Papa the world, together 
nostro N.et Antistite with thy servant N. 
nostro N. et Uege our Pope, N.ourBi-J 
nostro N. et omnibus shop, and N. out I 
Orthodoxis, aique King, as also all or- 
Catholica? et Apos- thodox believers and 
toiua? Fidei Cuito- professors of the Ca- 
ribus. tholic and Apostoiic 

Faith. 

COMMEMORATION OF* THE LIVIRG. 

Memento, Domine, Be mindful, O 
famulorum, famula- Lord, of thy servants, J 
rumque tuaruin N. men and women, N» > 

$t N.. and N« 



The Canon of the Mass. i 

He pruys awhile in secret, for such as he 
intends to pray for. 

Et omnium circum- And of all here 
stantium, quorum tibi present, whose Faith 
fides cognita est, et and Devotion is 
nota devotio, pro known unto thee, 
quibus tibi offerimus, for whom we offer, 
vel qui tibi offcrunt or who offer up to 
hoc sacrificium lau- thee this sacrifice of 
dis, pro se, suisque praise for themselves 
omnibus : pro re- and^riends, for the 
demptione anima- redemption of their 
rum suarum, pro spe souls, for the health 
salutis, et incolumi- and salvation they 
tatis suae : tibique hope for, and for 
reddunt vota sua which they now pay 
pterao Deo, vivo et their vows to thee, 
vero. the eternal, living, 

and true God. 

CoMMUNICANTES, COMMUNICATING 

et memonam vene- with, and honour- 
rentes, imprimis glo- ing m the first place, 
riosae semper Virgmis the memory of the 
Marise, Genitricis ever-gloriuus Virgin 
Dei et Domini nostri Mary, Mother of our 
Jesu Chnsti ; sed et Lord and God Jesus 
beatorum Apostolo- Christ ; as also of 
rum ac . Marty rum the blessed Apostles 
tuorum, Petri et Pan- and Martyrs, Peter 
lr, Andreae, Jacobi, and Paul, Andrew, 
Joannis, Thomas, James, John, Tho- 
Jacobi, Phihppi, Bar- mas, James, Philip, 
thoiomavi Matthaei, Bartholomew, Mat- 
Simonis ei Thadsei, thew, Sjmon and 
Lini, Cleti, Clemen- 1'hadeus, LmuSj Cle- 
II % 



The Canon of the Mass. 

, Xysti, Corneal, ins, Clement, Xystus, 

priani, Laurentii, C melius, Cyprian, 
Chrysogoni, Joanm*- Laurence, Chrysogo- 
et Pauli, Cosmae et nus, John and Paul, 
Damiani, et omnium Cosmas and Damian, 
SaiKtorum tuorum ; and of aH thy Saints; 
quorum mentis pre- by wtiose merits and 
cibu^que concedas, prayers, grant that 
ut in omnibus pro- we may be always 
tectionis tuae munia- defended by the help 
raur auxilio. Per of thy protection, 
eumdem Christum Ihro'the^ame Christ 
Dom inum nostrum, our Lord. Amen* 
Amen. 
Spreading his H<indsov*r theOblation,kesays, 

Hanc iGit.up* obla- We 7HERLf«mE be- 
tionem servitutis nos seech thee, O Lord, 
trsp, sed et cunctae fa graciously to accept 
milia? tuae, quaesumus this oblation of our 
Domine, ut platatus servitude, as also of 
accipias; diesque thy whole family; 
noatros in tua pace dispone our davs in 
disponas, atque ab thy peace, preserve 
aet^rna damnatione us from eternal dam- 
nos enpi, et in Elec- nation, and rank us 
torum tuorum jubeas in the number of 
grege numerari. Per thine Eiect Thro' 
CiiiVtum Dominum Chr^t our Lord, 
nostrum. Amen. Amen. 

Quam oblationem N\ hich oblation do 
tu L>^us in omnibus, thou, O God, vouch- 
quaesumus, benedic- safe in all respects to 
tam, adhcriptam, ra- bles-, approve, ratify, 
tarn, rationabilem, and aciepi; that it 
acceptabilemque fa- may be, made for us 



The Canon of the Mass. 17 $ 

cere digneris; ut no the body and Mood 
bis Corpus et Sanguis of thy most, beloved 
fiat diiectis>imi Fiin Son je his Christ our 
tui Domini nostn Lord. 
Jesu f. hnsti. 

Qui pndie cpiam Who the day he- 
pateretur, arcepit pa tore tie suffered,* took 
nem in sanctas ac ve- bread into h;s holy 
nerabiles mantis su«s, and venerable hands, 
et elevatis ecuits in and with his eyes 
ccekim, <id te Deum lifted up towards hea- 
Fatrtni suuro omm- ven, giving lhanks to 
potentem : r Hi gra- thee, Almighty God, 
tias agens, bene/fi^rt, his Father: he hless- 
fregit, deditque dis- -nl it, brake, and &ave 
ci, tills sui», dicens: it to his disciples, 
Accipite et mandu- saying: Take anri eat 
Cate ex hoc omnes, ye all of all thi>», For 

KOC LbT CNIBfCORFU-J THIS IS MY BODY. 

IfEUlf. 

lit? e kneel down with the Priest, to adore the 
Sa< red Host, and soy, 
Most adorahie body, I adore thee with 
all the powers of my soul O Lord, who 
hast given thyself eutire to us, grant we 
may become entirety thine. I believe, O*- 
Lord, help m> unbelief. 

Most merciful Saviour, be thou my pro- 
. strengthen and defend me by thy 
; beavenly grace, now, and especially at the 
hovir oi my death, sweet Je«us. Amen. 

•Simili undo post- In like m inner, af- 

quart) ccenatum est, ter he had supped, 

accipiens et hunc taking also this ex- 

praeclarum calicem cedent chalice into 

II 3 



174 The Canon cf the Mats, i 

in sanctas ac venera* his holy and venerable 
biles manusnias, item hands, giving thee 
tibi gratias ugens be- also thanks, he bless- 
nedixit,deditque disci- ed it and gave it to 
pulissuis,dicens: Ac- his disciples, saying: 

CIPITE ET BTBITE EX TaKE AND DRINK YE 
EO OMNES, IlJC EST E~ ALL OF THIS, FOR THIS 
MMCAI.IX SANGUINIS IS THE CHALICE OF 
MLI Kdvi LT JETERNI MY BLOOD OF THE NEW 
TESTAMENTI: MYSTE- AND ETERNAL TESTA- 
EIUMFIDEi: QUI PRO MENT: THE MYSTERY 
VOBIS FT PRO MULTIS OF FAITH : WHICH 

EFFINDETUR IN RE- SHALL BE SHED FOR 
MISSIONEM PECCATO- YOU, AND FOR MANY, 
RUM. TO THE REMISSION OF 

SINS. 

Hare quotiescura- As often as ye do 
que feceritis in mei these things, ye shall 
memoriain facieiis. ;lu them i" remem- 
brance of me. 
Here also, kneel and adore, when he eletatet 
the Chalice, and say, 

Most adorable blood ! that washeth 
away all our sins, I adore thee : happy 
we, if we could return our life and blood 
for thine. Cleanse, O Jesus ! sanctify and 
preserve our souls to eternal life. Amen 

Unde et memores, Wherefore, O Lord, 
Domine, nosservi tul, we thy servants, as 
sed et plebs tua sane- also thy holy people, 
ta ejusdem Christi calling to mind the 
Filii tui Domini nos- blessed passion of the 
tri tarn beatac pas same Christ ihy S<m 
sionis, necnon et ab our Lord, his re- 
inferisResurrectionis, surrection from the 
scd et in Cceios gic- dead, and admira- 



The Canon of the Mass. 175 

riosic ascensionis : ble ascension into 
ofterimus praeclarae heaven, offer unto 
JVJajestati tua?, de thy most excellent 
mis donis ac datis, Majesty, of thy gifts 
Hostiam puram, Hos- bestowed upon us, a 
tiani sanctam, Hos- pure Host, a holy 
tiam immaculatam, Host, an unspotted 
panem sanctum vitae Host, the holy bread 
ffiternce, et Calicem of eternal life, and 
salutis perpetuee. chalice of everlasting 
salvation. 

Supra quae propitio Upon which vouch- 
ac sereno vultu re- safe to look, with a 
spicere digneris, et propitious and serene 
accepta habere, sicuti countenance, and to 
accepta habere digna- accept them, as thou 
tus es. muncra pueri wert graciously pleas- 
tui justi .Abel, et sa- ed to accept the gifts 
crificium Patriarchs of thy just servant 
nostri Abrahae ; et Abel, and the sacri- 
quod tibi obtulit fice of our Patriarch 
sumraus sacerdos Abraham, and that 
tuus Melchisedech, whichthy High Priest 
sanctum sacriricium, Melchisedech offered 
immaculatam Hos- to thee, a holy Sacri- 
tiam. ike and unspotted 

Victim 

Supplices te roga- We most humbly 
mus, omuipotens beseech thee, AU. 
Dens, jube baec pre- mighty God, coin- 
ferri per manus saucti mand these things to 
angeli tui in sublime be earned by the 
altare tuum, in con- hands of thy holy 
spectu divinae Majes- angels to thy altar oi* 
tatis tua*, ut quotquot high, in the. si&ht •/ 
H 4 



176 The Canon of the Mass. 

ex hac altaris partici- thy divine Majesty, 
patione, sarro-sanc- that as many as shall 
turn Filii tui corpus partake of the most 
et sanguinem sump- sacred body and 
serimus, omni bene- blood of thy Son at 
dictione ccelesti et this altar, may be nll- 
gratia repleamur. Per ed w ith every heaven- 
eumdem Christum ly grace and blessing. 
Dominum nostrum. Thro* the same Christ 
Amen. our Lord. Amen, 

COMMEMORATION OF THE DEAD. 

Memento etiam, Be mindful also, O 
Dornine, famulorum Lord, of thy servants 
famularumque tua- N and N. who are 
rum N et N. qui nos gone before us with 
pnecesserunt cum sig- the sign of Faith, and 
no Fidei, et dormi- rest in the sleep of 
wit in somno pads, peace. 
Mere particular mention is made of such of 
the Dead as are to be pruyed/or. 

Ipsis, Dornine, et To these, O Lord, 
omnibus in Christo and to all that sleep 
quiescentibus, locum in Christ, grant, we 
refrigerii, lucis et beseech thee, a place 
■pads, ut inclulgeas de- of refreshment, light, 
Jprecamur ; per eura- and peace : thro' the 
Idem Christum Domi- same Christ our Lord, 
xwrn nostrum. Amen Amen. 
Here, striking his Breast, the Priest says, 

Nobis quoque pec- Also to us sinners, 
catoritjus famulis tuis thy servants, contid- 
^e muliitudine mise- ing in the multitude 
•tationum tuarum spe- of thy mercies, v ouch- 
ran ti bus partem ali- safe to grant some 
quau et societatem part and fellowship 



The- Canon of the Muss; 177- 

donare digneris, cum with thy holy apostles 
tnis Sanctis apostolis and martyrs ; with 
et martyribus ; cum John, Stephen, Mat- 
Joanne, Stephano, thias, Barnabas, Ig- 
Matthia^ Barnaba, natius, Alexander, : 
Ignatio, Alexandra, -Marcelline, Peter,- 
Marcellino, Petro, Felicitas, Perpetua, 
Felicitate, Perpetua, Agatha, Lucy, Ag- 
Agatha* Lucia, Ag- nes, Cecily, Anasta- 
irete, Caecilia, Anas- sia, and with all thy 
tasia, et omnibus saints : into whose 
Sanctis tuis : intra company we beseech 
quorum nos consor- thee to admit us, not 
tium, non estimator in consideration of 
uaeriti, sed venia?, our merit, but of thy 
qucesumus largitor own gratuitous par- 
admitte. Per Chris- don. Thro' Christ our 
turn Dominum nos- Lord, 
trum. 

Per quern haec om- By whom, O Lord, 
nia, Domine, semper thou dost always cre- 
bona creas, sanctifi- ate. sanctify, quicken, 
cas, vivificas, benedi- bless, and give us 
cis, et praestas nobis, all these good things. 
Per ipsurn, et cum By- him, and with 
ipso, et in ipso, est him, and in him is 
tibi Deo Patri omni- to thee, God the Fa- 
potenti, in unitate ther Almighty, in the 
SpiriuisSancti,omnis unity of the Holy 
honor et gloria. Ghost, all honour 

P. Per omnia saecu- and glory, 
la sseculorum. P. For ever and 

R. Amen. ever. It, Amen, 

115 



178 The Canon of the Mass. 

Oremus. Let us prayi 

PRaeccptis sahua- T>"Ei"g instructed 
ribus moniti, et Jj by thy saving 
divma institutione precepts, and follow- 
formati, audemus di- ins: thy divine direo- 
cere : tions, wc presume to 

say : 
Pater noster, qui es Our Father,who art 
in ccelis; sanctificetur in heaven, hallowed 
nomen tuum : adve- be thy name : thy 
niat regnum tuum : kingdom come : thy 
fat voluntas tua sicut will be done on earth, 
in ccelo, et in terra, as it is in heaven. 
Panem nostrum quo- Gi<e us this day our 
tidianum da nobis daily bread : and for- 
hodie : et dimitte no- give us our trespasses, 
bis debita nostra, si- as we forgive t hem- 
cut et ncs dimittimus that trespass against 
debitoribus nostns us. And lead us not 
Et ne nos inducas in into temptation R. 
tentationem R. Sed But deliver us from 
libera n6s a malo. evil. 

P. Amen. P. Amen 

Libera nos, quae- Deliver us, we he- 
jumus Domine, ab seech thee, O Lord, 
omnibus mal s, pras- from all evils, past, 
teritis, praesentibus et present, and to come: 
futuris : et interce- and by the interces* 
dente beata et glo- sion of the blessed 
riosa semper Virgine and ever glorjous 
Dei Genitnce Maria, Virgin Mary, Mother 
cum beatis apostolis oi God, and of the 
tais Petro et Paulo, holy apostles Peter 
*tque Andrea, et onv and Paul, and of An- 
nibus Sanctis, da pro- drew, and of all the 



The Canon of the Mass. 17 £ 

pitius pacem in (lit saints. mercifully 
bus nostns : ut ope grant peace in our 
misencordiae tuae ad- days : that thro* the 
jnti, et a peccato si- assistance of thy mer- 
mus semper liberi et cy we may he always 
ab omni perturbati- tree from sin, and sc- 
one securi Per eum- sure from ail disturb- 
dem Dominum no*, ance. Tn.ro' the same 
trum Jesu'.nChristum Jesus Christ, thy Son 
Filium tuum, qui te- our Lord, who with 
cum vivitet regnal, in thee and the Holy 
imitate Spiritus Sane- Ghost liveth and 
ti, Dens, reigneth, G.od. 

P. Per omnia sae \\ World without 
etila s&^ulorum. end. ^ 

R Amen, It Amen. 

P. Pax Domini sit P. Mty the peace of 
semper vobiscum, the Lord be always 
R. Et cum -pirita with you. tt. And 
tuo. with thy spirit. 

At his b r eaking and putting Vurc of the Host 
into the Lhulice. say, May this mixture, 
and consecration of the body and blood 
o* our Lord Jesus Christ, be tons tiiat re- 
ceive it effectual to eternal life. Amen. 
Then hewing and sti iking his Breast, he. sn$x, 
Agmte Dei, qui tql- Lamb of God, wijo 
lis peccata mundi, takest away the sins 
miserere nobis. of the world, have 

mercy upon us. 
Agnus Dei, qui tol- Lamb of God, w ho 
lis peccata mundi, takest away the sins 
rciserere nobis. of the world, baye 

mercy upon ur>. 
II G 



180 The' Canon of the Mass. 

Agnus Dei, qui tol- Lamb of God, who 
lis peccata mundi, takest away the sins 
dona nobis pacem. of the world, give us 
peace. 

.In Masses for the Drjvn fie says twice, Give 
them rest ; and lastly, Eternal rest. The 
j'ollozcing Fra^cr is also omitted. 

Uomine Jesu Chris- Lord Jesus Christ, 
te, qui dixisti aposto- who saidst to thy 
lis tuii, paccm relim apostles, I leave you 
quo vobis, pacem peace, I give you my 
meam do vob*s, ne peace, regard not my 

; respicias peceatamea, sins, but the faith m 
scd fidem Kcclesire thy Church ; and 

^ttue; eamquc secun- grant her that peace 
cum vcluulatcm tti- and unity which is 
am racificare et co- agreeable to thy will: 

■ adunare digneris ;• who livest. Amen* 
qui vivis. Amen. 

Dominc Jesu Chris- Lord Jesus Christ, 
re, Fiii Dei vivi, qui Son of the living God, 
ex vchintatc Patris, who, according to- the 
coepcrante Spiritti will of thy Father, 

BStictO, per mortem thro' 1 he co-operation 

fniam immdum vivili- of the Holy Ghost, 

/castj : libera me per hast, by thy death, 
hoc fcacro - sanctum piven life to the 
corpus ct sanguinem world : deliver me by 
iV.um abemmhus iui- lias thy most sacred 
miitatibiis fintis, ct bedy and blood from 
uhivcrsis m'-tlis : et fac all my iniquities, 

.me mis, semper in- and from' all evils: 
. rtvaudaiis-, et a. make me always ad- 

' te Hun qw am ' r a m i : h e re t o t h y com m and- 



The Canon cf the Ms*. .*£ | 

permiUa, i 0«i «» ^$!S3S 

^lem Deo Patre ^£ r ™ e tl , ee: %v ho hvest 

ssculoram. Amen. l » c * . 4«>«.. . 

• i »V not the parti- - 

Perceptio corporis L t ^ ^ 

tui, Domme Jesu «patw chfl9tf 

Christe, quod ego io-U^ If though u*- 

.digaus sumere pr»-^ 1 presume to 

,umo,nonimhi pro- ^orth> P to ^ 

venial in judicium et recw .> aud con 

CO ndemnationem;seu uufe but turu 

pro tua pietate prosit to*^<> it be ■; 

mentis et corporis et a .£ b of i 

a ^uedelam .percipi- we Q >, h lU 

ftu ,^,,; v ; v ^ e t ana noa>. 

endani. i*m ... _ ^.^ 

regnas cum Deo Pa- God the "Father, in 
tre,in imitate Spiritus the unity of the Holy 
Sancti, Dens, per om- Ghost, livest and 
»nia sxcula saeculc- request God for ever 
rum. Amen. and ever. Amen. 

Taking the Host in his Hands, he says, 
Pancm ccelestem I will take the- j 
accijiam, et nomen bread of heaven, and 
Domini invocabo. call upon the name 
of the Lord. 
Striking his breast , he says thrice, 
Domine, non sum Lord, I am notwor- 
. dignus ut intres sub thy that thou sbouldst 
tectum lueum ; sed enter under my roof; 
tantum die verbo. et say but the word, 
sa n abitur anuria mea. and my soul shall be 
healed. 



r 



~ The Canon of the tfa* 

giving both Pars oft A i 
Corpus^ DomZ\ J x, heHoSt > hes ^, 
nos f" Je SU Chriwi „ r ay , tile ^''y of 
Cus£ °diat am ^ °«f Lord J esus cjj 

t?'' rld »s iiiv< ir Z ca " "PO'i the 

*'.»«»™.eSr * th'e Lor, 

ero> «»« ^ivusupo,, .ileLord ,^/ 
*^1 he saved' »- J 

^^ |HV m^mwv .iu tiiies. 

~m^eivirfg the Blood of our Saviour , te soys, 

Sarins Domini May the blood of 
no^tn Jesu Christi our Lord Jesus Ciirist 
cuHodia*. -animam preserve my soul to- 
mcmi in vitam aeter- everlasting life. 
nam Amen Amen. 

Taking the jirst Ablwion, he $ai : s } 
Quod ore sumpsi- Grant, o Lord, that 
mus, D: mine, pura what we have taken 
mente capuraib: et with our mouth, we 
de munere temporali, may receive with a 
frai aonis remedium ^uremmd: that oi a 
sempnemum. temporal gift it may 

become to us an eter- 
nal remedy. 
Taking the second Ablution^ he says, 
Corpus tuom Do- May thy body, O 



The Canon of the Mass. 183 

mine, cfuod sumpsi, Lord, which I have 
et sanguis quern po- received, and thy 
tavi, adhaereat visce- blood which I have 
ribu> meis: et praesta, drank, cleave to my 
ut n. me non rema- bowels : and grant, 
neat scelerum macu that no stain of sin 
]a, quem puraet <anc- may remain in me, 
ta refecerunt sacra- who have been fed 
roenta. Qui vivis et with this pure and 
. regnas in saecula sae- holy sacrament. Who 
lonim Amen. livest, &c. Amen. 

When the Priest returns to the Book, and 
reads the Communion, sav, 

Let it be now, O Lord, the effect of thy 
mercy, that we who have been present at 
these holy nry Series may find the benefit of 
them in our soul. 

P. Dominus vo- P. The Lord be 
biscum. with you. 

R. Et cum spiritu R. And with thy 
tuo. spirit. 

At the Post Communion say as follows, 

We give thee thanks, O lord, for thy 
mercy, in admitting us to have a part in 
offering this sacrifice to thy holy name ; 
accept it now to thy glory, and be ever 
mindful of our weakness, pardon all our de- 
fects, and grant our requests ; thro', &c. 
After the Post Communion, is adtted the fol- 
lowing Prayer for the King, Sec. 
DEFEND also, O Lord, from all adver- 
sity thy servant N. our Pope, N. our 
Bishop, George our King, and the royal 
issue, together with the people and army 



134 TheCa non of the Mass. 

committed to his care: grant peace in our 
days, and banish all wickedness from thy 
Church : thro', &c. 

P Dominus vobis- P. The Lord be with 
cum. you. 

ft. Et cum spirit u R. And with thy 
tuo. spirit. 

P. Ite missa est, P. Go, you are dis« 
(vel) Benedicamus missed, (or) Let us 
Domino. bless the Lord. 

ft. Deo gratias. ft. Thanks be to 

God. 

In Masses for the Dead. 

P. Requiescant in P. May they rest 
pace. ft. Amen. in peace. R. Amen. 

Bozving before the Altar, the Priest says, 
■ Placeat tibi saneta Let the perform- 
Trinitas, obsequium ance of my homag*." 
servitutis meaj : et be pleasing to thee, 
prx'sta, ut saenfkium O holy Trinity: and 
cmod ocuiis tuae Ma- grant that the sacri- 
jestatis indignus ob- See which I, though 
tuli, tibi sit accepta- unworthy, have offer- 
bile, mihique, et om- ed up in the sight of. 
nibus pro quibus ll- thy Majesty, may be 
luil obtuli, sit te acceptable to thee, 
miserante, propitia- and thro' thy mercy 
bile. Per Christum be a propitiation lor 
Doinirium nostrum, me, and all those tor 
Amen. whom it has been of— 

* fered. Thro', &c. 



The Canon of the Mass. 185 

Turning himself towards the People, he gives 
them his Blessing, saying, 

Benedicat vos, om May Almighty God, 
niporens Dens, Pater the Father, "Son, and 
et Filius, et Spiritus HolyGliost, bless you. 
Sanctis. Amen. Amen. 

P. Dominus vobis P Our Lord be 
cum. R Et cum with you. R. And 
spiritu tuo. P. Ini- with thy spirit. P. 
tium sancti Evangelii The Beginning of the 
secundum Joannem. Gospel accord ins: to 
R. Gloria tibi, Do- St. John. R Glory 
mine. be to thee, O Lord. 

In the beginning, &c. see page 33. 

After solemn Mass the follwcing Vehicle and 
Response are sung fat the Ki:ig* 

V. Domine, salvnm tac Rtgem nostrum 
Georgium. R. Et exaudi nos in die qua 
invocaverimus te. 

V. Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui 
Sancto. R. Sicut erat in principio, &c. 

The Prayer, (Quaesumus.) 

WE beseech thee, O Almighty God, 
that thy servant, George our K ng, 
who through thy mercy hath undertaken the 
government of these realms, may also re- 
ceive an increase of all virtues, wherewith 
being adorned, he may avoid every enor- 
mity of sin, vanquish his enemies, and being 
rendered acceptable in thy sight, may, to- 
gether with the royal issue, come ai length 
to thee, who art the way, the truth, and the 
life. Thro'. 



186 At the Benediction after the Mass. 

At the Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament, 

TAntum ergo 

Sac ram en turn, 
Venereinur cernui : 



Et antiquum docu- 

mentum, 
Novo cedat ritui : 

Praestet fides supple- 

nieutum, 
Sensuum defectui. 



sremto. 



Genitori, 

que, 
Laus et jubilatio: 

Salus, honor. \ irtu< 3 

"quunue, 
Sit et 4* beaeilutio ; 



Procedenti 
que, 



utro- 



TOth is mysterious 
table now, 

Our knees, our hearts, 
and sense we bow: 

Let ancient rites re- 
sign their place 

To nobler elements 
of grace : 

And faith for all de- 
fects supply, 

Whilst sen^e is lost 
in mystery. 

To God the Father 
born of none, 

To Christ his co- 
eternal Son, 

And Holy Ghost, 
whose equal rays 

From both proceed, 
be equal praise : 

One honour, jubilee, 
and fame, 



Compar sit laudatio. Forever bless his glo- 
Amen. rious name. Amen. 

V. Panem de coelo, V.Thou hast given 
praistitisti eis. Allcl. Lhem bread from hea- 
ven. Alleluia. 
R. Omne delecta- R. Replenished with 
mentum in se haben- all delights, 
tern. Alleluia. Alleluia. 

Orcmus. Let us pray. 

DEUS, qui nobis, f^\ God, who hast 
sub sacramento \J left us in this 



o 



F 

At the Benediction after the Mass. 187 
mirabilipassionis ture wonderful sacrament, 
memoriam reliquisti : a perpetual memorial 
tribue qurcsumus, ita of thy passion: grant 
nos corporis et san- us, we beseech thee, 
guinis tui, sacra mys- so to reverence the 
teria venerari, ut re- sacred mysteries of 
demptionis tuse fruc- thy body and blood, 
turn in nobis jugiter as always to find in 
sentiamus. Qui vivis our souls the fruits of 
et regnas. thy redemption. Who 

livest. 
At the Benediction is sometimes sung the 
following Hymn, 
Safutaris bostia, 
Qui coeli pandis ostium, 
Bella premunt hostilia, 
Da robnr, fer aux ilium. 

Uno trinoque Domino 
Sit sempiterna gloria; 
Qui vitam sine termino, 
Nobis donet in patria. 
Or this Prose. 

A VEverum corpus F TAIL, true body, 
natum de Maria JLl born of the 
virgine, * Virgin Mary, 

\>re passum immo- \\ hich truly suffered 
Jatum, in cruce pro and was sacrificed 
honiine. on the cross for 

mankind. 
Cujus latus pcrfora- From whose side be- 
turn, unda fiuxit et ing pierced, issued 
sanguine. water and blood. 

Esto nobis praegusta- Be to us a comfort at 
turn mortis in exa- the hour of death, 
mine. 



188 At the Benediction after the Mass, 

O. clemens, O pie ! O merciful, O good ! 
O Jesu, fill Mariae ! O Jesus, Son of Mary! 

Amen. Amen, 

On the Nativity of our Lord to the Octave of 
the Epiphany. 

ADESTE Fideles, iaeti triumphantes; 
Venite, venite in Bethlehem : 
Saturn videte regem angelorum ; 
Venite adoremus, venite adoremus, 
Venite 'adoremus Dominnm. 

Deum de Deu, lumen de lumine, 
GeMau' puellae viscera: 
Deum verum, genitum non factum: 
Venite adoiemus, venite adoremus, 
Venite adonmus Dominnm. 

Cantet nimc fo, chorus angelorura, 
Cantet nunc aula i eelestium : 
Gloria in excelsis Deo : 
Venite adoremus, venite adoremus, 
Venite adoremus Dominnm. 

Er^o, qui natus die hodierna, 
Jesu tibi sit gloria, 
Patris aeterni vert -urn caro factum : 
Venue adoremus, venite adoremus, 
Venite adoremus Dominium. 
The Words of Blosius : O Pelagus sancttt 
Delectionis. 

O Ocean of sweetness and divine love, my 
God, make haste, and give thyself to 
me, that I may worthily give myself back 
again to thee. Let me never rest here, but 
be ever soaring up to thee, that in thee I 
may rest, and breathe forth my soul with an 
entire heart, a full desire, and a most flam- 
ing affection. Let me ever prefer thee, nay 



Thanksgiving after Mass. 189 

God, to all the creatures of the world; and 
for the love of thee, let me renounce all 
things of a transitory delight, O thou only 
and true joy of my soul ! Feed me, O Lord, 
at the sacred table ot thy divinity : this only 
thing I beg; I desire that a most ardent and 
vehement love may penetrate my soul, and 
so replenish it, that it may be totally chang- 
ed into thee O most sweet Redeemer ! 
grant that I may be inflamed with the love 
of thee : and may the fire of divine love 
totally consume me, that I may live onh in 
the sweet fruition of thee, my God Let 
me net feel, or know any o her object than 
thee alone. O overflowing sea of the mosi 
sacred divinity ! draw me to thyself, and 
drown me there; take from me all the af- 
fections of my heart, and so apply them to 
thyself that I may be perfectly dead to all 
other objects but thee, O my God ! 
A Thanksgiving after Mass-. 
Antk. Let us sing tne Hymn of the three 
children, which was sung by those saints in 
the fiery furnace, blessing the Lord, and in* 
viting all creatures to praise Almighty God, 
(Dan in.) 

ALL ye works of the Lord, bless the 
Lord, praise and extol him for ever. 
Biess the Lord, ye angels of the Lord ; ye 
heavens of the Lord : 

All the waters that are above the heavens, 
bless the Lord : bless the Lord, all ye pow- 
ers of the Lord 

Sun and moon, bless ye the Lord : stars 
of heavens, bless the Lord. 



190 Thanksgiving after Mass. 

Showers aud dew, bless ye the Lord : alt 
ye spirits of God, bless the Lord. 

Fire and heat, bless ye the Lord : cold 
and summer, bless the Lord. 
« Dews and hoary trust, bless ye the Lord : 
frost and cold, bless ye the Lord. 

Ice and snow, bless ye the Lord : nights 
and days, bless the Lord. 

Light and darkness, bless ye the Lord: 
lightnings and clouds, bless the Lord. 

Let the earth bless the Lord: let it praise 
and extol him for ever. 

Mountains and little hills, bless ye the 
Lord : all things that spring up in the earthy » 
bless the Lord. 

Bless the Lord, ye fountains : seas and 
rivers, bless the Lord. 

Whales, and all that move in the waters, 
bless the Lord : bless the Lord, all ye fowls 
of the air. 

All beasts and cattle, bless the Lord: sons 
of men, bless ye the Lord. 

Let Israel bless the Lord : let it praise 
and extol him <or ever. 

Priests of the Lord, bless ye the Lord : 
servants of the Lord, blesb the Lord. 

Spirits and souls of the just, bless ye the 
Lord : ye holy and humble of heart, bless 
the. Lord. 

Ananias, Azarias, Misael, bless ye the 
Lord : praise him*aiid extol him for ever. 
- Let us bless?! he Father, and the Son, 
with the Hcrfy Ghost ; let us praise and 
magnify hiht tor ever, . 



Tha n ksgiv ing after Mass. 191 

Blessed art thou, O Lord, in the firma- 
ment of heaven : and praised and glorified, 
and extolled for ever. 

Psalm cl. 

PRAISE the Lord in his saints, praise him 
in the firmament of his strength. 

Praise him for the mighty things he has 
done ; praise him lor his greatness, which 
hath no hounds. 

Praise him in ihe sound of trumpet: praise 
him on the psalter and harp. 

Praise him on timbrel and in choir: praise 
him on strings and organs. 

Praise him on well- sounding cymbals: 
praise him on cymbals of joy : let every 
; spirit praise the Lord. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 

Anth. Let us sing, &c. Lord, have mercy 
; upon us. Christ, have mercy upon us. Lord, 
have mercy upon us. Our Father, &c. V. 
And lead us not into temptation R. But 
deliver us from evil. V. Let all thy works, 
O Lord, confess thee. It. And let thy saints 
bless thee. V The saints shall rejoice in 
glory. R They shall rejoice in their beds. 
V. Not to us, O Lord, not to us. R. But to 
thy name give glory. V. Lord, hear my 
prayer. R. And let my cry come to thee. 
V; The Lord be with \ou. It And with 
thy spirit. 

Let us pray. 

OGod, who didst mirigate the fiery 
flames to the three children: merci- 
fully grant, that we thy servants may not 
be consumed by the flames of vice. 



r 



192 The Common Mass/or the Dead. 

Prevent, O Lord, we beseech thee, our 
actions by thy holy inspirations, and carry 
them on by thy gracious assistance - t that all 
our prayers and works may ever begin from 
thee, and by thee be happily ended. 

Grant, we beseech thee, O Lord, that we 
may extinguish the frames of our vices, who 
gavest strength to blessed Laurence to over- 
tome the burning heat of his torments; : 
thro* our Lord Jesus Christ, &c. 

Our Father, &c. Hail Mary, &c. I be- 
lieve in God, &a 



The Common Mass for the Dead. 
The Introit. 

ETERNAL rest give to them, O Lord, 
and let perpetual light shine upon them. 
Psalm lxiv. 1. An hymn, O God, be- 
cometh thee in Sion : and a vow shall be 
rendered to thee in Jerusalem. Hear my 
prayer : all flesh shall come to thee. 
Collect. For Bishops or Priests. 

O God, who hast vouchsafed thy servants 
a place -in the rank of apostolical 
priests, endowing, them with episcopal or 
priestly dignity or power, grant, we be- 
seech thee, that they may be joined to them 
in perpetual society. Through our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

For Brethren, Kindred, or Benefactors. 

OGod, who art the giver of pardon, and 
lover of man's salvation: grant, we 
beseech thee, of thy merciful clemency, that 



The Common Mass for the Dead. 1C3 

our fellow brethren, kindred and benefac- 
tors, who are departed this life, may, by the 
intercession of the ever blessed Virgin Ma- 
ry, and all thy saints, attain to the fellow- 
ship of everlasting happiness. 

For the Dead in general. 

OGod, the Creator and Redeemer of the 
Faithful; grant to the souls of thy 
servants, both men and women, remission 
of all their sins, that by the pious supplica- 
tions of the faithful for them, they may ob- 
tain the indulgence they have always wish- 
ed for. Who livest and reignest with God 
the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, 
world without end. Amen. 

Lesson, Apoc. xiv. 13. 
TN -those days I heard a voice from heaven, 
■*■ saying to me, Write, blessed are -the dead 
who die in the Lord. From henceforth 
now, saith the spirit, they rest from their 
labours, for their works follow them. 

The Gradual. 

INTERNAL rest give to them, O Lord : 

JCi and let perpetual light shine unto them. 

V. Tlie just shall be in eternal memory s 

he shall not fear at the hearing of evil. 

The Tract. 

A BSOLVE, OLord, the soul* of all the 
Zx faithful departed from all the bonds of 
:heir sins. 

V. And by the assistance of thy grace, 
nay they escape the judgment of thy ven- 
geance. 
R. And enjoy ths happiness of eternal 



194 The Common Mass for the Bead. 

The Sequence, Dies irae. 

THE day of wrath, that dreadful dajv 
Shall the whole world in ashes lay. 
As David and the Sybils say. 

What horrors will invade the mind, 
When the strict Judge, who would be kind, 
Shall have few venial faults to find ! 

r lhe last loud trumpet's wond'rous sound 
Must thro* lhe rending tombs rebound ; 
And wake the nations under ground. 

Nature and death shall with surprise, 
Behold the pale offender rise ! 
And view the Judge with conscious eyes* 

Then shall with universal dread, 
The sacred mystic book be read, 
To try the living and the dead. 

The Judge ascends his awful throne, 
He makes each secret sin be known, 
And all with shame confess jlheir own. 

O then ! what interest shall I make 
To save my last important stake, 
When the most just have cause to quake > 

Thou mighty, formidable King ! 
Thou mercy's unexhausted Spring ! 
Some comfortable pity bring. 

Forget not w"hat my ransom cost, 
Nor let my dear-bought soul be lost 
In storms of guilty terrors tost. 

Thou, who for me didst feel such pain, 
Whose precious blood the cross did stain, 
Let not those agonies be vain. 

Thou, whom avenging pow'rs obey, 
Cancel my debts (too great to pay) 
before the sad accounting day. 



The Common Mass for the Dead. 195 

Surrounded with amazing tears ; 
Whose load my soul with anguish bears : 
I sigh, I weep ; accept my tears. 

Thou, who wast mov'd with Mary's grief) 
And by absolving of the thief, 
Hast given me hope, now give relief. 

Reject not my unworthy pray'r, 
Preserve me from the dang'rous snare r 
Which death and gaping hell prepare. 

Give my exalted soul a place 
Amongst the cnosen right-hand race, 
The sons of God, and heirs of grace. 

Irom that insatiate abys, 
Where flames devour, and serpents hiss, 
Promote me to toy seat of bliss. 

Prostrate, my contrite heart I rend, 
My God, my Father, and my trieudl 
Do not forsake me in my end. 

Well may they curse their second birth, 
Who rise to a surviving death. 
Thou great Creator of mankind, 
Let guilty man compassion find. Amen. 

The Gospel, Johnvi. 51. 

IN those days Jesus said to the multitude- 
of the Jews : I am the bread of lite that 
came down from heaven. If any man eat of 
this bread, he shall live lor ever. And the 
bread which I will give him is my nesh, 
for the life of the world. The jews there- 
fore strove among themselves, saying, How 
cart this man give us his flesh to eat? Jesus 
therefore said unto them : Amen, Amen I 
say to vou ; unless you eat the flesh of tfe^ 
I? 



r 



196 The Common Mass for the Dead. 

Son of Man, and drink his blood, you shall, 
not have life in you. He that eateth my 
flesh and drinketh my blood, hath life ever- 
lasting : and I will raise him up at the last 
day. 

The Offertory. 

LORD Jesus Christ, King of Glory, de- 
liver the souls of all the faithful de- 
parted, from the pains of hell, and from the 
deep pit. Deliver them from the mouth of 
the lion, lest hell swallow them up, lest they 
fall into darkness. But let the bearer of thy 
standard, St. Michael, bring them into that 
holy light, which thou ha*t promised of old, 
to Abraham and to his seed. 

V. We offer unto thee, O Lord, sacrifices 
of praise and prayer : vouchsafe to accept* 
them for those souls which we commemo- 
rate this day. Make them pass, O Lord, 
from death to that life which thou hastj 
promised of old, to Abraham and to hist 
seed. 

Secret. For Bishops and Priests. 

ACCEPT, O Lord, we beseech thee, the 
hosts which we offer for the souls of 
thy servants, bishops or priests : that having 
bestowed on them in this world, the dignity 
of bishops or priests, thou wilt also join, 
them in fellowship with thy saints in thy 
heavenly kingdom. Thro', &c. 
For Brethren, Relations, and Benefactors. 

OGod, whose mercy knows no limits, 
graciously receive the prayers we offer 
to thee in the spirit of humility; and by these 
sacraments ot our salvation, grant to the 



The Common Mass for the "Dead. 197 

seuls of our brethren, kindred, and bene- 
factors, to whom thou hast given the grace 
to confess thy name, remission of all their 
sins. Thro', &c. Amen. 

For all the Dead. 

WE beseech thee, O Lord, look fa- 
vourably upon these hosts, which we 
offer to thee for the souls of thy servants ; 
that as thou hast conferred upon them the 
merit of faith, so thou wilt also grant them 
the reward. Thro',&c. Amen. 
The Communion. 

LET perpetual light shine upon them, O 
Lord, with thy saints for ever. 
V. Eternal rest grant them, O Lord, and 
may perpetual light shine on them, with 
thy saints for ever. 

The Post-Communion* 
For Bishops or Priests. 

GRANT, we beseech thoe, O Lord, by 
thy merciful clemency, which we have 
implored for the souls of thy servants, bi- 
shops or priests, that they may be eternally 
united to him, in whom thev have believed 
and hoped. Thro', kc. 
For Brethren, Relations, and Benefactors. 

CMIANT, we beseech thee, Almighty 
f and most merciful God, that the souls 
of our brethren, relations, and benefactors, 
for whom we have offered to thy divine 
Majesty this sacritice of praise, being puri- 
fied of all their sins by the virtue of this sa- 
crament, may receive, thro* thy mercy, the 
bliss yfetemallife. 

13 



108 Collects, #c. for Festivals. 

For all the Dead. 
jT^i RANT, we beseech thee, O Lord, that 
VJT the humble prayers we address to thee.,. I 
for the souls of thy servants, men and wo- 
men, may obtain of thy goodness to free 
them from all their sins, and to make them 
partakers of thy redemption : who livest 
and reignest with God the Father, &c. 

V. Let them rest in peace. 

R. Amen 

The following general Collects, Secrets* and 
Post-Communions, may be occasionally 
referred to from the Ordinary of the Mass, 
according to the Festival of the day, by 
such as have not the Missal at hand, in 
which are contained those proper to each 
particular Festival. 

Collect. On Festivals of our B Redeemer* 

OGod, by whose merry and goodness we 
are here met to celebrate this mystery 
of our ble^ed Redeemer-, grant, by the me- 
rits of his passion, we may hero faithfully 
serve him on earth, and enjoy him here- 
after in heaven. Thro', &c. 
Secret. 

ACCEPT, O Lord, we beseech thee, the 
oblation of this present solemnity, 
that ti. rough thy grace, and the effect of 
these holy mysteries, w* may truly live in 
him, who was {leased, for this end, to take 
on him our nature : who livest, &c. 
Post- Communion. 

GRANT, O Lord, that we, who cela- 
brate this festival of our Lord Jesus 



Collects, $c. for Festivals. 199 

Christ, in the oblation of this holy victim, 
may, through the effect of thy grace, daily 
increase in virtue, and come at length 'to the 
possession of that happiness which he ha* 
purchased by his blood : who livest, &c. 
Collect. On Festivals of the B. V. Mary. 

STrengthen us, O God of mercy, against 
all our weaknesses; and grant that we 
who celebrate the memory of the blessed 
Virgin Mary, Mother of our Lord, may, by 
the assistance of her prayers, forsake all 
our iniquities : thro', &c. 
Secret, 
]\ TAY this holy oblation, O Lord, by the 
Jlt'J effect of thy mercy, and the interces- 
sion of the blessed Mary, ever a Virgin, ob- 
tain for us the blessings of peace and pros- 
perity, both now and for ever: thro*, &c. 

Post-Communion. 
INFUSE, O Lord, we beseech thee, thy 
■*■ grace into our hearts; that we, who, by 
the message of the angel, have known the 
incarnation of Christ thy Son, may, by his 
passion and cross, be partakers in the glory 
of his resurrection : thro* the same, &c. 
Collect. On Festivals of the Apostles. 
ALmighty and everlasting God, wh* 
•** hast called us here this day to celebrate 
with joy the festival of thy holy apostle N. 
grant this blessing to thy Church, that we 
may ever love what he believed, and believe 
what he taught: thro', &c. 
Secret. 
RANT, we beseech thee, O Lord, that 
in the solemnity of thy holy apostle Jf . 
14 



G r 



VOQ Collect*, $c. for Festivals. 

we may, by his assistance, partake of thy 
blessings, in memory of whose victories we 
■aake this oblation to thee : thro', &c. 
I*ost-CommUnion. 

MAY this holy sacrifice, O Lord, which 
has been here offered, be to us a de- 
fence in this present life, and by the inter- 
cession of thy blessed apostle N. a means of 
securing to us the next : thro', &c. 
Collect. Of one Martyr. 

HAVE regard to our weakness, almighty 
God; and, because we sink under 
the weight of our offences, may the power- 
ful intercession of .thy holy martyr N. be 
ujr support and protection : thro', &c. 
Secret. 

SAnctify these gifts, O Lord, which are 
offered to the honour of thy name, and 
hy the intercession of thy martyr N. may 
this be the means of obtaining us thy mer- 
cy : thro, &c. 

Post-Communion . 

MAY this holy victim, O Lord, which 
has been here offered, be an effectual 
means of purifying us from all sin, and of 
bringing us to everlasting happiness: thro'. 
Collect. Of many Martyrs. 

OOod, who com for test us by the yearly 
solemnity of these thy martyrs N. and 
N. mercifully grant, that as we rejoice in 
their virtues, we may be encouraged by 
their example : thro', &c. 
Secret* 

C^ I VE ear, O Lord, to these our pra\ i , 
y wbicb *ve pour forth iu this sqleBij • 



Collects, fyc.for Festivals. 201 

of thy holy martyrs : that we, how unwor- 
thy soever, may fiud help in the sufferings 
and prayers of those who have been well- 
pleasing to thee : thro', &c. 
Post-Communion. 

WE beseech thee, O Lord, that we who 
have assisted at these holy mysteries, 
may find help in their prayers, whose me- 
mory we honour in this solemnity : thro'. 

Collect* Of a Bishop', 
/^RANT, OLord, we beseech thee, that 
**■* this solemnity of thy holy bishop N r 
may be to us an increase of devotion, and 
a help to secure our eternal happiness. 

Secret. 
TV/f AY the festival of this thy servant be 
^^ to us a spiritual comfort : that beiug 
here met in thanksgiving for his virtues, we 
may be sensible of the effects of his prayers, 

Post-Communion. 
f\ God, the bountiful rewarder of all that 
^ faithfully serve thee, grant that, by the 
prayers of this holy prelate, we may obtain 
of thee pardon of all our sins : thro', &c. 

Collect. Of a Confessor. 
f\ God, who wast pleased to refresh our 
^ souls on the yearly solemnity of thy 
holy servant N. grant in thy mercy, that as 
we keep his festival, we may likewise imi- 
tate his virtues: thro', &c. 

Secret, 
TyE offer thee, O Lord, a sacrifice of 
VY praise in memory of thy saints, and 
we hope, by this holy victim, to be delivered 
from all evils both present and to come, 
1-5 



202 Collects, fa/or Festivals. 

Post- Commu n ion. 
tTfE beseech thee, Almighty God, that 
we, who have here offered to thee 
the holy sacrifice of thy only Son, may, by 
the intercession of thy blessed servant N. 
be delivered from all adversities : thro', &c. 

Collect. Of a Virgin or Widow. 
T1JEAR us. O Lord, our salvation, and as 
-*- we celebrate the festival of thy holy 
servant N. so we may find benefit in the 
exercise of our devotion : thro*, &c. 

Secret. 

A CCEPT, O Lord, this oblation we 

^ make to thee on the solemnity of thy 

faithful servant N. in whose prayers we 

hope to find assistance : thro', &c. 

Post- Commit n ion. 

THOU hast blest thy people, O Lord, in 
the acceptance of this holy victim : 
grant we may now be assisted by her pray- 
ers, whose memory and virtues we this day 
honour : thro', &c* 

Collect. On the Day of Decease. 
f\ God, whose property it is always to 
^^ have mercy and to spare, we humbly 
beseech thee, in behalf of thy servant N. 
whom thou hast now called out of this 
world, that thou wouldst please to secure 
(hisj soul from the hands of the enemy, 
and not forget it for ever; but command 
thy angels to receive and conduct it to pa- 
radise, that for his hope and faith in thee 
he may escape the pains of hell, and cnUC 
into everlasting joys: thro', &c. 



. 



H' 



G f 



Collects, <$*c. on an Anniversary. 2us 

AVE mercy, O Lord, we beseech thee, 
on the soul of thy servant X. for whi/m 
we offer thee this sacrifice of praise ; and 
we most humbly pray thy divine majesty ? 
that being reconciled by this peace-offering 
he may come to everlasting rest. > 

Post-Communion. 
RANT, we beseech thee, Almighty 
God, that the soul of thy servant 2\. 
being purified by this oblation, and dis- 
charged from his sins, may obtain thy par- 
don, and be admitted to eternal re^t; thro\ 

Collect. On an Anmversury Day. 
T OHD God of mercy, grant to toe soul 
" whose anniversary we now keep, a 
place of refreshment, the happiness of rest, 
and the light of thy glory : tiiro', &c, 

Secret. 
li^Ercifully hear our prayers, O Lord, 
** A which we pour lorth in behalf ot 
this thy servant's sou!, for whom we offer 
thee this sacrifice of praise on this his anni- 
versary day, and beseech thee to receive it 
into the number of the blessed : thro', &c. 
Post-Communion . 
ItANT, O Lord, we beseech thee, that 
the soul of thy servant, whose anniver- 
sary we keep this day, being purified by thi? 
oblation, may obtain thy pardon, and be 
admitted to everlasting rest : thro',&c. 

Another Collect, for a soul departed. 
TLJ AVE mercy, O Lord, we beseech thee, 
A on the soul of this thy servant : and 
having delivered it from the miseries of this 

la 

i 



G l 



M' 



204 The Golden Litany. 

life, receive it now into thy eternal happi- 
ness : thro', &c. 

Secret. 
TAY the acceptance of this holy obla- 
tion effectually move thee, Lord, to 
release the soul of thy servant from all its 
sins, from which none have heen wholly 
free ; that by means of this sacri6ce, it may 
partake of thy everlasting mercy : thro'. 

Post- Comma n ion . 
A BSOLVE. O Lord, we beseech thee, 
**** the soul of this thy servant from all its 
sins, that it may rise at the last day in the 
glory of thy resurrection, among thy cho* 
sen servants: thro', cxc. 



THE GOLDEN LITANY. 

Commemorating the chief Articles 6f our 
B. Rt<ieemer y s Li'e and Passion, 

LORD, have mercy upon us. 
Christ, have mercy upon us. 

Lord, have mercy upon us. 

God the Father Almighty, Creator of hea- 
ven and earth, Hare mtrcy upon is; 

God the Son, Redeemer of the world, Have 
mercy upon us. 

God the Holy Ghost, Sanctifier of mankind, 
Have mercy upon us. 

O sacred Trinity of Persons in Unity of 
Essence, Have mercy upon us. 

Thro' thy power in creating heaven, earth, t3< 
and all things therein contained, - 

Thro* thy goociness in making man to^ 
thy own image and likeness, *? 



m 

The Golden Litany. 205 

Thro* thy mercy in redeeming man after 
his fall, 

Thro' thy unspeakable love in making 
choice of the Virgin Mary for thy Mo- 
ther, 

Thro 1 the ineffable mystery of thine in- 
carnation, whereby' thou vouch safedst 
to unite thy divine person to our frail 
nature, 

Thro' thine immaculate conception, and 
thy nine months imprisonment in the 
sacred Virgin's womh, 

Thro' thy blessed birth in a poor stable 
at Bethlehem, 

Thro' the hunger, cold, and other incon- {5; 
veniences which thy tender body en-§ 
dured, being laid in a crib between an** 
ox and an ass, i 

Thro' thy painful circumcision the eighth^ 
day after thy birth, when thou didst e 
begin to shed thy precious blood for"§ 
our sakes, s 

Thro* thy blessed name Jesus, which was S 
then given thee, 

Thro' the mystical offering of gold, frank- 
incense, and myrrh, presented unto 
tbee by the th^ee kings, whom, by a 
miraculous star, thou didst conduct 
out of the East, to adore thee in thy 
cradle, 

Thro' i he oblation of thyself to thy eter- 
nal Father in the temple, where thou 
wast acknowledged by Simeon and 
Anna, redeemed by thy poor Virgia 
.Mather with a pair of pigeons, 



206 The Golden Litany. 

Thro' thy flight into Egypt tor the avoid- 
ing Kino; j^erod's cruelty, and by all 
thou didst suffer there' with thy mo- 
ther and St. Joseph. 

Thro' thy return from thence to Naaa- 
reth, and the humble obedience thou 
didst there render to thy parents, 

Thro' thy being lost by thy parents ia 
Jerusalem, where after three days thou 
wast found by them sitting amidst the 
doctors, 

Thro' the secret and hidden life thou didst fct* 
lead in Nazareth with holy Mary and § 
Joseph, from the twelfth year of thy a 
age to the thirtieth, 

Thro' thy humble receiving of Baptism at^ 
the hands of John, in the river Jordan, c 

Thro' thy forty days fasting in the desert,^ 
and the three temptations of the devil, J* 
which thou didst there endure ands? 
overcome, 

Thro' thy first miracle of turning water in- 
to wine at the marriage- feast of Cana, 

Thro' the zeal thou shewedst for the ho- 
nour of thy eternal Father, in casting 
the buyers and sellers out of ttue tem- 
ple, 

Thro' thy humble condescending tc dis- 
course with the Samaritan woman, sit- 
ting at the fountain, 

Thro' thy exceeding great charity in heal- 
ing the young man oi Capernaum, Si- 
mon Peter's mother-in-la\v, and a mul- 
titude of infirm persons, 

Thro' the rower thou shewedst in ap- 



The Golden Litany. 207 

peasing the tempest at sea, walking 
on the water, and enabling Peier to do 
the same, 

Thro* thy efficacious calling of Peter and 
Andrew, James and John, from their 
boats, and Matthew from the receipt 
of custom to follow thee, 

Thro' thy choosing twelve apostles, to 
whom thou madest that divine sermon 
on the mount, which contains the pat- 
tern of a perfect christian life, 

Thro 1 the mercy thou shewedst the peni- fcjj 
tent Magdalen, thy preferring her be- g 
fore the Pharisees, and pardoning her J 
sins, S 

Thro' thy sending thy twelve apostles to<g 
preach the gospel to the people, K 

Thro' thy miraculous feeding five thou-*§ 
sand persons with five loaves of bread, ^ 
and four thousand with seven loaves, £ 

Thro* thy appointment of Peter to be the 
rock on which thou wouldst build thy 
Church, for his having confessed thee 
to be Christ the Son or the living God f 

Thro' thy glorious transfiguratwn- - upon 
mount Thabor, in the presence of thy 
disciples, Peter, James, and John, 

Thro' thy leaching us the force and virtue 
tf prayer, and giving us an exact form 
thereof in the divine Pater Noster, 

Thro' the inflamed desire thou hadst to 
redeem mankind, 

Thro' thy meek and humble riding on an 
Ass into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, 



208 The Golden Litany. 

Thro' thy humbly washing the feet of thy* 
disciples, and even those of Judas the 
traitor, 

Thro* thy unspeakable love shewn in the 
institution of the sacrifice and sacra- 
ment of thy most precious body and 
blood, 

Thro* c he prayer thou repeatedst twice in 
the garden, when in thy most bitter 
agony a sweat of blood trickled down 
thy body,. 

Thro" thy condescending to receive a kiss 
from the wicked Judas, 

Thro* thy being apprehended, bound, and J3j: 
brought before the tribunals of Annas § 
and Caiphas, ^ 

Thro' the blows, buffers, and opprobrious » 
usage thou didst patiently endure all<§ 
that night, a 

Thro' thy being presented to the Pagan§ 
judge Pontius Pilate, in the quality of Jf 
'a notorious criminal, 5 

Thro' thy being sent by him to King 
Herod, and the scorn wherewith thou 
wast treated by himself and his guards, 

Thro' that most cruel and contumelious 
whipping which thou endur-edst at the 
pillar, 

Thro' the barbarous clamours of the peo- 
ple, to have the murderer Baraobas 
pardoned, and thee innocent Jesus put 
to death, 

Thro' all the false accusations, suborned 
witnesses, and slanderous lies brought. 
a gainst thee by the Jews, 



The Golden Litany. 209 

Thro* the shameful plucking off thy 
clothes, and exposing thy naked body 
to the view of the multitude, 

Thro* the pressing of a sharp crown of 
thorns on thy sacred head, 

Thro' thy being cloathtd in a purple 
garment, and having a reed ' put into 
thy hand for a sceptre, being exposed 
to derision as a mock king, 

Thro' the scoffing salutations, genuflec- 
tions, and scornful adorations whereby 
thou wert derided by the Jews and sol- 
diers, 

Thro' their spitting on thy divine face, JJ 
and striking thy sacred head with a § 
reed, * 

Thro' thy being brought forth to the peo- 3 
pie, in so deplorable a condition, Pilate^ 
saying, Behold the man, ^ 

Thro* the horrid clamours of the Jews,*§ 
and their repeated vociferations oiA way * 
with him, Crucify him, £ 

Thro' that patience wherewith thou 
heardest the sentence of death pn>r 
nounced against thee, 

Thro' the carrying of thy heavy cross on 
thy shoulders to mount Calvary, 

Thro* the cruel racking and most painful 
stretching of thy whole body upon and 
the nailing of thy sacred hands and 
feet to the cross, 

Thro 1 the compassion thou hadst on thy 
.sorrowful mother and St. John, stand- 
ing at the foot of the cross, 

Thro' thy charity in praying fox thy per- 



210 The Golden Litany. 

sccutors and murderers, and promising 
^ paradise and pardon to the thief, 

Thro' the seven last speeches thou utter- 
edst during the three hours that thou 
didst hang on the cross, 

Thro* the vehement thirst thou didst 
suffer, and the gall and vinegar thou 
drankest, 

Thro* thy last agony, in which thou 
breathedst forth thy blessed soul into 
the hands of thy heavenly Father, 

Thro* the opening of thy side with a 
lance, and the blood and water that 
issued therefrom, 

Thro' the descent of thy soul into Limbics Jj| 
JPatrum, to conauer the devils, and set § 
the ancient Fathers at liberty, ^ 

Thro* the taking down of thy dead body g 
from the cross by Joseph and Nicode-%§ 
mus, in order to its burial, 8 

Thro' thy glorious resurrection fromdeath*§ 
to life on the third day, ; 

Thro* thy frequently appearing to thy 5 
blessed Mother, to Mary Magdalen, to 
Peter and to thy apostles, comforting 
and confirming them during the space 
of forty days, 

Thro* thy admirable ascension into hea- 
ven in the sight of thy sacred Mother 
and thy disciples, 

Thro' the miraculous descent of the Holy 
Ghost in the form of fiery tongues up- 
on thy disciples, 

Thro' all thou didst or sufferedst during 
thy thirty-three years sojourning a- 



The Litany of the holy Name of Jesus. 211 

mongst men, and thro* all that is pleas- 
ing to thy divine majesty in heaven or 
on earth, Have mercy upon us. 
V. O Lord, graciously hear our prayers. 
It. And let our cry come unto thee. 
Let us pray. 

Vouchsafe, O almighty and all -merciful 
God, our Creator, Redeemer, and 
Sanctifier, to have compassion on us, and 
on all those who shall humbly present these 
petitions to the throne of thy mercy, in 
commemoration of thy sacred life and bit- 
ter passion : and we beseech thee for thy 
own dear sake to grant our friends and be- 
nefactors, and all those for whom we intend 
or are any ways bound to pray, the pardon 
of their past offences, and a preservation 
from future failings; that serving thee faith- 
fully, loving thee fervently, and obeying 
theeperseverantly, during the remainder of 
our earthly pilgrimage, we may at length 
enjoy thy beatifying presence for all eterni- 
ty in thy heavenly paradise. Amen 

May the blessing of Almighty God the 
Father, Son, and Holy GhosCdescend upon 
us, and remain with us for ever Amen. 

The Litany of the most holy NameofJtsvs. 

LOUD, have mercy upon us. 
Christ, have mercy upon us. 
Lord, have mercy upon us. 
Jesus, hear us. 
Jesus, graciously hear us. 
God the Father of heaven, Hate meriy 
upon us. 



212 The Litany of the 

God the Son, Redeemer of the world, 

God the Holy Ghost, 

Holy Trinity, one God, 

Jesus, Son of the living God, 

Jesus, splendor of the Father, 

Jesus, brightness of eternal light, 

Jesus, king of glory, 

Jesus, sun of justice, 

Jesus, Son of the Virgin Mary, 

Jesus, most amiable, 

Jesus, most admirable, 

Jesus, the mighty God, 

Jesus, father of the world to come, 

Jesus, angel of the great council, 

Jesus, most powerful, 

Jesus, most patient, 

Jesus, most obedient, «* 

Jesus, meek and humble of heart, ," 

Jesus, lover of chastity, 

Jesus, lover of us, 

Jesus, God of peace, 

Jesus, author of life, 

Jesus, example of virtues, 

Jesus, zealous lover of souls, 

Jesus, our God, 

Jesus, our refuge, 

Jesus, father of the poor, 

Jesus, treasure of the faithful, 

Jesus, good shepherd, 

Jesus, true light, 

Jesus, eternal wisdom, 

Jesus, infinite goodness, 

Jesus, the way, the truth, and the life, 

Jesus, the joy of angels, 



holy Name of Jesus. $13 

Je&i«, king of patriarchs, 

Jesus, inspirer of the prophets, >3 

Jesus, master of the apostles, 5 

Jesus, teacher of the evangelists, ; 

Jesus, strength of martyrs, ^ 

Jesus, light of confessors, t? 

Jesus, spouse of virgins, ~ 

Jesus, crown of all saints, p 

Be merciful unto us, Spare us, O Jesus. 

Be merciful unto us, Hear us, O Jesus, 

From all evil, Lord Jesus deliver us. 

From all sin, 

From thy wrath, 

From the snares of the devil, 

From the spirit of fornication, 

From everlasting death, £h 

From a neglect of thy holy inspirations, ^ 

Thro' the mystery of thy holy incarnation, ^ 

Thro' thy nativity, 

Thro' thy divine infancy, Js 

Thro' thy sacred life, s^ 

Thro' thy labours and travails, 

Thro' thy agony and passion, 

Thro* thy cross and dereliction, ^ 

Thro' thy pains and torments, 

Thro' thy death and burial, 

Thro' thy holy resurrection, 

Thro' thy admirable ascension, 

Thro' the coming of the Holy Ghost the 

Comforter, 
In the day of judgment, 
Lamb of God, who takest away the sins of 

the world, Spare us } Lord Jcsu*, 



214 Litany of the holy Name of Jesus, 

Lamb of God, who takest away the sins | 

of the world, Hear us, O Lord Jesus. 
Lamb of God, who takest away the sins 

of the world, Have mercy upon us, O 

Lord Jesus. 
Christ Jesus, hear us, 
Christ Jesus, graciously hear us. 

V. May the name of the Lord be blessed. 

It. From henceforth, now aad for ever. 
Let us pray. 

OLord Jesus Christ, who hast said, 
Ask and ye shall receive, seek and-; 
ye shall find, knock and it shall be opened, 
to you: grant, we beseech thee, to us thy 
suppliants, the effects of thy most divine 
love, that we may love thee with all our 
hearts in word and deed, and never cease 
from praising thee : who livestand reign* 
est, &c 

OGod, who hast rendered the most 
glorious name of thy only begotten-. 
Son our Lord Jesus Christ, most worthy to^ 
be loved with the highest affection by thy 
faithful, and exceeding dreadful to evil spi- 
rits : mercifully grant, that all who devout- 
ly honour the sacred name of Jesus on-, 
earth, may receive in this life the sweet- 
ness of holy consolation, and obtain in the 
future the happiness of eternal joy and, 
bliss. Thro' the same, &c. 

May the divine assistance always remain^ 
with us. Amen* 



The Litany of our, §c. 215 

Prayer of St. Bernard. 

REMEMBER, O most holy Virgin Mary ! 
that no one ever had recourse to your 
protection, implored your help, or sought 
your mediation, without obtaining relief. 
Confiding therefore in your goodness, be- 
hold me a penitent sinner, sighing out my 
sins before you, beseeching you to adopt me 
for your son, and to take upon you the care 
of my eternal salvation. 

Despise not, O Mother of Jesus, the pe- 
tition of your humble client, but hear and 
grant my prayer. 

THE LITANY OF OUR B. LADY OF LORETTO, 

So called from its being usually sung in the 
Church of Loretto onfall Saturdays, and 
Festivals of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

Anthem 

WE fly to thy patronage, O sacred mo- 
ther of God, despise not our pray- 
ers in our necessities, but deliver us from all 
dangers, O ever glorious and blessed Virgin, 
Lord, have mercy upon us. 
Christ, have mercy upon us. 
Lord, have mercy upon us. 
Christ, hear us*. 
Christ, graciously hear us. 
God the Father of heaven, Have mercy upon 

2iS. 

God the Son, Redeemer of the world, 

Hare mtrcy upon us. 
God the Holy Ghost, Have mercy upon us. 
Holy Trinity, one God, Have mercy upon us. 



11$ The Litany of 

Holy Mary, Yrayjor us. 
Holy Mother of God, 
Holy Virgin of Virgins, 
Mother of Christ, 
Mother of divine grace. 
Most pure mother, 
Most chaste mother, 
Undeftled mother, 
Untouched mother, 
Most amiable mother, 
Most admirable mother, 
Mother of our Creator, 
Mother of our Redeemer, - 
Most prudent Virgin, 
Most venerable Virgin, 
Most renowned Virgin, 
Most powerful'Virgin, 
Most merciful Virgin, 
Most faithful Virgin 
Mirror of justice, 
Seat of wisdom, 
Cause of our joy, 
Spiritual vessel, 
Honourable vessel, 
Vessel of singular devotion, 
Mystical rose, 
Tower of David, 
Tower of ivory, 
House of gold, 
Ark of the covenant, 
Gate of heaven, 
Morning star, 
Health of the weak, 
Hefuge of sinners, 






of Loretto, !«!ir 

Comfort of the afflicted, 

Help of Christians, 

Queen of angels, 5? 

Queen of patriarchs, ^ 

Queen of prophets, ^ 

Queen of apostles, 

Queen of martyrs, f> 

Queen of confessors, f 

Queen of virgins, 

Queen of all saints, 

Lamb of God, that takest away the 
sins of the world, Spare us, O Lord. 

O Lamb of God, that takest away the 
sins of the world, Hear us, Lord. 

O Lamb of God, that takest away the 
sins of the world, Have mercy upon us. 
Anthem, 

WE fly to thy patronage, O sacred mo- 
ther of God : despise not our pray- 
ers in our necessities, but deliver us from 
all dangers, O ever-glorious and blessed 
Virgin. 

V. Pray fcr us, O holy Mother of God. 
R. That we may be made worthy of the 
promises of Christ. 

Let us pray. 

POUR forth, we beseech thee, O Lord, 
thy grace into our hearts, that we, to 
whom the incarnation of Christ thy Son, 
was made known by the message of an an- 
gel, may, by his passion and cros c 
brought to the glory of his resurrect 
thro' the same^Christ our Lord.* Amen. 

V. May the divine assistance always re- 
main w r ith us. R. Amen. 
K 



218 Acts of Faith, Hope, and Charity. 

V. And may the souls of the faithful 
departed, through the meity'of God, rest iu 
peace. R. Amen. 



Acts qfTz'ith, Hope, and Charity, recom- 

wended to the frequent Use of the Faithful 

iu a Brief of his Holiness Pope Clement 

XIV. dated April 5, 1772. 

A Frayer to he said before these Acts. 

O Almighty and eternal God, grant to us 
an increase of faith, hope, and cha- 
rity : and that we may deserve to obtain 
what thou promisest, make us to love what 
thou commandest. Thro' Christ our Lord. 
Afnen. , . 

An Act of Faith. 

I Firmly believe there is one God, and 
that in this one God there are three 
ns, the Father, the Son, and the Holy 
it : that the Son took to himself the 
nature of man from the Virgin Mary's 
' , by the operation of the power of the 
Ghost, and that in this our human 
re he was crucified and died for us ; 
wards he rose again, and ascended 
eaveri, from whence he shall come 
he just everlasting glory, and the 
blasting punishment. Moreover, 
whatsoever the Catholic Church 
o be believed, and this because 
sovereign Truth, which can 
c.ceive nor be deceived, has reveal- 
: tilings to this his Church, 



Fsalm Exaudiat for the King, 210- 

An Act of Hope. 

OMy God, relying on thy Almighty 
power, and thy infinite mercy and 
goodness, and because thou art faithful to 
thy promises, I trust in thee that thou wilt 
. grant me forgiveness of my sins, thro' the 
merits of Jesus Christ thy Son ; and that 
thou wilt give me the assistance of thy grace, 
with which I may labour to continue to the 
end, in the diligent exercise of all good 
works, and may deserve to obtain the glory 
which thou hast promised in heaven. 
An Act of Charity. 

OLord, my God, I love thee with my 
whole heart, and abovo all things, 
because thou, O Qod, art the sovereign 
Good; and for thy infinite perfections, art 
most worthy of all love : and for thy sake, 
I also love my neighbour as myself^ 
An Act of Contrition. 

OMy God, for the sake ot" thy^vereigri 
goodness and infinite perfection,which 
I love above all things, I am exceeding sorry 
from the bottom of my hea/t, and am griev- 
ed for having offended, by my sins, this 
thy infinite goodness; and I firmly resolve, 
. by the assistance of thy grace, never more 
, to offend thee for the time to come, and 
• carefully to avoid the occasions of sin. 



Fsalm Exaudiat, 4 c» for the King. 
Psalm xix. 

MAY the Lord hear thee in the day of 
tribulation : may the name of the 
God of Jacob protect thee. 



220 Psalm, #c. 

May he send thee help from the sanctua- 
ry : and out of Sion defend thee. 

May he be mindful of all thy sacrifices : 
and may thy holocaust he made fat. 

May he give unto thee according to thy 
own heart : and confirm all thy counsels. 

We will rejoice in thy salvation : and in 
the name of our God we shall be magni- 
fied. 

May the Lord fulfil all thy petitions: 
now I have known that the Lord hath sav« 
ed his anointed. 

He will hear him from his holy heaven: 
the salvation of his right-hand is powerful. 

Some trust in chariots, and some in 
horses ; but we will call on the name of 
the Lord our God. 

They are bound and have fallen ; but we 
are risen and are set upright. 

O Lord, save the king : and hear us in 
the day that we call upon thee. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 

•As it was in the beginning, &c. 

V. O Lord, save N. our king. 

R. And hear us in the day we shall call 
upon thee. 

The Prayer, (Quaesumus.) 

WE beseech thee, O Almighty God, 
that thy servant, George our King, 
who through thy mercy has undertaken the 
government of these realms, may also re- 
ceive an increase of all virtue, wherewith 
])eing adorned, he may avoid every enormi- 
ty of sin, vanquish his enemies, and, being 
rendered acceptable in thy sight, r;iay, to- 



Instructions and Devotio?is y $c. 221 

gether with the royal issue, come at length 
10 thee, who art the way, the truth, and 
the life. Thro\ 



INSTRUCTIONS AND DEVOTIONS 

FOR CONFESSION AND COMMUNION. 

GOD, who wills not the death, but the 
repentance of a sinner, has, in the 
sacrament of penance, mercifully provided 
Christians with the means whereby they 
may obtain pardon of their sius,and be again 
restored to the favour ot their heavenly fa- 
ther, which they had Forfeited by then offen- 
ces. So that, whoever is conscious to himself 
of having provoked the anger of God by his 
sins, ought diligently to apply himself to 
seek a reconciliation with him in the man- 
ner himself has prescribed and commanded. 
But then it ougiit to be his principal care, 
sincerely to perform all that is exacted of 
him, with a seriousness proportioned to the 
greatness of the work he is engaged in ; ever 
remembering, that as mercy and pardon is 
promised to tnose who perform it worthily, 
so nothing less than a dreadful curse is pro- 
nounced against ail those that do it m 
gently. It being therefore a matter of the 
last importance, to perforin so great a duty 
weil, I presume it will not be deemed an * 
unacceptable charity to give a sinner some 
assistance and encouragement; to take . 
as it were, by the hand. 
every part of this great underlay 
then it must be permitted me-ier . 



C2':J Of the Examcn of Conscience. 

such as are ignorant, to explain some points 
by way of Question and Answer. — fc^The 
Questions are put in Italic. 
Instructions on the. Part of the Sacrament of 

Penance; and Examination of Conscience. 
TJTOW many parts has the sacrament of 

■*- penance ? 

Three : Contrition of the heart; confessi- 
on of the mouth; and satisfaction of works: 
therefore every sinner who desires to obtain 
pardon of his sins, must in the first place be 
heartily sorry for them ; then confess them, 
and afterwards perform what is enjoined 
him by the priest, iii testimony of his sor- 
row, and to make some satisfaction to the 
divine justice for his offences. 

What is the first thing required of a sinner y 
roho sincerely desires to acquit himself zcort hi- 
ly of his duty, and obtain pardon of his sins ? 
I would advise him to retire in private, 
and implore the assistance of heaven in the 
following manner : 

protestation. 
/") God, the Searcher of hearts, behold I 
^ here declare in thy presence, that what 
I now design is Sincerely for the honour of 
thy name; and because I heartily desire to 
he delivered trom the guilt of my sins, 
therefore I come to this sacrament of pe- 
nance; that complying with thy holy insti- 
tution, I may obtain thy blessing and par- 
don, as thou hast promised : may thy holy 
grace assist me for the performing this great 
duty well, as it is thy mercy which has 
called me to it. 



Of the Examerrof Conscience. 223 

After this how must he proceed i 

lie must then prepare for the first part, 
viz. contrition. And as a sinner cannot well 
conceive a true and sincere sorrow for his 
sins, unless he first knows what they are, 
therefore, after he has made his protestation, 
he must then apply himself to the exa 
Hon of his conscience, m order to discover 
the particulars wherein he lias oftendedGtxt, 
aud conceive such a true sorrow for them, 
as maybe available to obtain pardon. 

How must he make a good examination ? 

Let him begin it with prayer; for as the 
seeing our own failings is a point of the ut- 
most concern, so it is also a task of the 
. greatest difficulty ; and if not assisted by 
the light of God's grace, I fear he will de- 
ceive mmself, and be subject to many de- 
lusions, by sometimes mistaking trivial for 
great sins, and at other times overlooking 
his greatest sins, as if they were of little >>r 
no consequence. There being no remedy for 
this natural blindness, but the ii^hto. 4 i 
ven, that sinner must he to the last de- 
gree presumptuous, who begins his exa- 
men before he has implorad help and 
direction from above, which may be done 
thus : 

AFrayer before Examination of Conscience. 
T Am periectly sensible, O my God, that I 
A have many ways offended thy divine 
IV^ajesty, and provoked thy wrath by my 
sins; and that if I obtain not pardon, I 
shall be cast out of thy sight for ever. I de- 
sire therefore at present to call myself to an 
K4 



224 Of the Examen of Conscience. 

account, and look into all the sins whereby I. 
iiave displeased thee: but, O my God, how 
miserably shall I deceive myself, if thou 
assist me not in this work by thy heavenly 
light. Grant me therefore at present thy 
grate, whereby I may discover all my im- 
perfections.— see all my failings, — and duly 
cali to mind all my sins, — for I know no- 
thing is hidden from thy sight. But I con- 
fess myseU in the dark as to my own fail- 
ings ; my passions blind me, self-love flatters 
me, presumption deludes me; and though I 
Jiciv e many sins which stare me in the face, 
and cannot be hidden, yet how many too 
are there quite concealed. from me! But 
discover even those to me, Lord ; en- 
lighten my darkness, cure my blindness, 
and remove every veil' that hides my -sins 
from me,"Vfc^at 1 may be no longer a secret 
to myself, nolSm^uager to my own fail- 
ings; nor ever flatter Nnayself with rha 
thoughts of having repented, and at the 
gam* time nourish folly and vice within my 
breast. Come, Holy Ghost, and by. a beam 
of thy divine light illumine my understand- 
ing, that I may have a perfect view of all 
my sins and iniquities, and that, sine 
repenting of them^4 may know thee. 
be again receiver! into thy favour. 
Instmc. — Having thus implort 
assistance, the sinner must ti\ i 
thoughts to the making tht 
iris conscience, in as strict . . 
3 if he were within a fe\v 
ar before the judgment- 



Of the Ex amen of Conscience. 225 

inust examine what those sins are which he 
apprehends would then rise lip against him, 
and wish he had never committed : in or- 
der to prevent the severity of the last judg- 
ment; and under the assurance, that it he 
judgesjnmself now, he shall not he judged 
hereafter. 

What method do you propose, to avoid con- 
fusion in this examination? 

I would have him observe that there are 
two kind-, or sins; the one committed wiU 
lingly, knowingly, and deliberately, in mat- 
ters of moment, called mortal sim; and tiie 
other in matters of less cuncern, or at least, 
done without consent or knowledge of the 
evil, and are called venial. Now it is ac- 
* cording to these two kinds of sin that I 
would have him regulate the method of his 
examen. Let him first examine whether he 
has been guilty of any wilful transgression, 
whereby he has mortally offended God, and 
recollect in what particulars;, and then, 
making enquiry into his venial sins, under 
these two heads rank his offences. 

But suppose he has to look over a lapse of 
many years, and should his stns be numerous, 
are there no means to assist him in bringing 
them buck to his recollection? 

The method commonly observed, is to 
recollect the places he has lived in, the per- 
sons he has conversed with, the business he 
has been engaged in. the obligations of his 
state, the passions to which he may have been 
most subject, and the occasions he has met 
™ith. Or else, let hirn consider the ihret*- 
K5 



226 Of the Examen of Conscience. 

fold duty he owes to God, his neighbour, 
and himself, and reflect in what particulars 
he has transgressed them. 

But should he J or get some of his sins, is 
there no remedy ? 

Let him take the commandments, the pre- 
cepts of the Church, and the seven deadly 
sins, and examine Jjimself upon each of 
,them separately ; let him examine whether 
he has transgressed against it, in what in- 
stance, and how ; and though his sins may 
he numerous, yet being thus brought under 
different heads, he may the more easily 
remember them. He may also make his 
confession in the same order, accusing him- 
self in the first place of all the sins he may 
have committed against the first com- 
mandment ; then the second, and so pro- 
ceed on. 

May he not write dozen his sins, in order to 
refresh his memory? 

In general confessions, when the exami- 
nation is of different years, he may ; but in 
ordinary confessions it is not permitted with- 
out the advice of his director, it being apt 
to breed scruples, and produce too great an 
pint. 

How much time would you advise kirn to 

r making his examination ? 

re can be no general rule prescribed ; 

n this, as in all other affairs, the time 

must be according to the work. A week's 

una^ion, for instance, requires not so 

much time as a month ; nor a month's as a 

vcai . nor a vear's so much as that of a 



Of the Examen of Conscience. 227 

man's whole life; every one must consider 
his own particular circumstances, capacity, 
and state of life, and take as much time as 
he thinks necessary for the well perform- 
ance of so. great a concern : but as to those 
\*ho have many years back to examine and 
prepare for confession, I think they should 
not attempt it all at once, but rather at se- 
veral times, in order to refresh their spirits :• 
for as too close an application dulls, so con- 
venient interruptions prepare the mind for a 
more diligent attention and better discharge 
of this duty. But with respect to such as 
go to confession every month, or oftener,— * 
who avoid ,ill wilful and mortal mus,— 
whose lives are so uniform as to be every 
day the same, — I would advise them not to 
be over tedious in making their examinati- 
on, especially if they be ofa solicitous and 
anxious disposition; for such often deceive 
themselves, disquieting their imuds with 
long and scrupulous researches, flattering. 
themselves at the same time as if they 
were performing a great duty, whilst they 
are only yielding to their own weakness, 
and led away by a blind fear and iuiirmity of 
temper. 

Would you not have them to be very tur- 
nest in an affair of so much concern t 

Certainly : out nc*. witu such an earnest- 
ness as destroy^ ail care; for this work ought 
to be done with a serenity and composure of 
soul, when the mind is more pen otn 
and quick in discovering all imperfect 
but it once disquieted or perplexed, it is no 
KC 



'223 Of the Examen of Conscience. 

no longer fit for acquitting itself of this duty; 
and therefore I cannot but consider such an 
excessive solicitude as a snare of the ene- 
my ; and whoever follows it, is certainly 
led astray by a wrong guide. But let not 
the careless Christian here mistake me, as 
if his sloth was here favoured in making 
his examen in a heedless and negligent man- 
ner. 

It will be alwGst impossible to avoid this 
solicitude, if we are obliged to confess all our 
venial tins, they being so numerous, and mixed 
even with our lest actions; tell me, therefore, 
are zee bound to call to mind and confers all 
our venial si)is i 

The Church obliges us only to confess our 
"mortal sins; but with regard to such as are 
venial, she only declares it to be profitable 
and convenient to confess them, this being 
the most assured means to obtain grace for 
their amendment. But then there is a con- 
siderable difference between venial sins, and 
more reason to confess some of them than 
others: and whoever observes this difference 
may easily avoid solicitude, both in his exa- 
mination and confession. 

What are these venial sins we have more 
reason to confess than others 9 

Those that are habitual; for example, 
when a person observes' in himself an ill ha- 
bit, or custom of falling into any sort of venial 
sins, 1 would advise him to confess it; be- 
cause, though it may be light in itself, yet be- 
ing, neglect edandmultiplied.it becomes very 
dangerous; for how many fall miserably into. 



Of the Examen of Conscience. Q29 

mortal sins, through their neglect in correct- 
ing venial ones ? Now, as to the discovering 
this kind of venial sins, there is no difficulty 
whatever, it being morally impossible to- 
fare a bad custom, and not be sensible of 
it upon reflection. Venial sins may he re- 
duced to three classes, viz. such as proceed 
from weakness; — such as are commitied 
through inadvertency, or surprise ; — and 
as we fall into deliberately, or by an 
a or wilful negligence, so as to take no 
pains to amend them, or else from an irre* 
gular affection we bear to some creature. 
Now as to the last, into which we fall with 
the consent of our own will, it is but 
reasonable we should make inquiry into 
them and confess them; since the salvation 
of our souls so much depends upon their 
amendment. But as to the two former, pro^ 
ceeding from weakness and surprise, though 
we ought to avoid them as much as possi- 
ble, yet, on account of their being so nu- 
merous and secret, whoever goes about to 
call them to mind, must necessarily be per- 
plexed with great solicitude, by.indiscreet'iy 
undertaking a work which is not in their 
power to execute. And therefore, though 
it may he proper to reflect on them occa- 
sionally, and from such a view of our mi- 
sery, to humble ourselves in the sight of God, 
and seriously endeavour to amend thern ; 
yet to think of confessing them ail would be 
a great hinderance, not a help to virtue. 
Hence it appears, that besides the obliga- 
tion of confessing all our mortal sins, we 



230 Of the Examen of Conscience, 

ought also not slightly to pass over such ve- 
nial sins as we either commit through ha- 
bit, with full deliberation, or through wilful 
neglect, as the examining into and confess- 
ing them would greatly contribute towards 
our improvement in piety and virtue ; and 
as these sins are easily discovered by such as 
carefully watch over their souls, I think it a 
task which might be accomplished without 
much trouble oranxiety. 

Fray how can 1 examine and cot/Jess ?ny 
sins of thought £ 

Sins of thought, it is true, are to be con- 
fessed ; for God, the searcher of all hearts, 
sees and knows our most hidden thoughts, 
and will call us to an account for such of 
them as are evil, if not cancelled by pe- 
nance; for be assured, that whatever is a 
sin in word, or in deed, must likewise be a 
sin m thought; especially if entertained 
wiilirfgly and knowingly. A person there- 
fore preparing himselt for confession, is not 
tu enquire, how many evil thoughts he has 
had in his mind; but how many'he has ad- 
mitted willingly and knowingly, without en- 
deavouring to cast them off; and as many 
as he discovers of them, so many sins hu.s 
lie to repent of; mortal, if the thing thought 
of be mortal sin, otherwise but venial. 

What account then is to be made of suck 
evil thoughts, as he resists, and endeavours to 
tut oj kts mind $ 

He must consider them as so many temp* 
t n turns or trials, for the exercise and nn- 
provement of virtue; and therefore whoever 



Of Contrition. 231 

finds himself assaulted with evil thoughts, 
though five hundred times in a day, and has 
as often withstood them, need not be 
troubled on their account, as thinking them 
so many sins, or matter of confusion, but re- 
joice and thank God for so many victories 
obtained over the enemy ; for which he may 
hope one day to be recompensed with a 
crown of glory. a Blessed is the man that 
endureth temptation, for when he is tried he 
shall receive a crown of glory," James i. 12. 
— This is some comfort. 

But tell me, is there no difference between 
sins of thought ^besides those already mention- 
ed? 

Yes, there are three, viz. 1. Complacency : 
2. A desire: and 3. A resolution to put the sin 
in execution : one greater than the other^ 
but the last the greatest. 
N. B. The method of the examination of con- 
science may be seen at the end of these in- 
structions. 
Instruction on the first Tart of Penance, viz. 

Contrition. 
J/JTHEN the sinner has recollected all his 
r ' sins, may he not go immediately to con- 
fession ? 

By no means: being as yet but half pre- . 
pared, and that the lesser half too; for 
though he has truly examined his consci- 
ence, and recollects all he has to confess, still 
he must take time to beg pardon for his sins, 
stir up his heart »to true sorrow and contri- 
tion for them, and make firm resolutions of 
amendment for the time to come ; without 



939 Of Contrition. 

this, what benefit can be received by confess 
sion ? which would be nothing but a fruit- 
less ceremony, if not accompanied by a 
change of heari, detestation of sin, and sin- 
cere purpose of amendment. 

How much time ought we to take for the ex- 
citing of this sorrow, and resolving upon' 
amendment ? 

This sorrow end resolution of amendment 
are so absolutely necessary, and at the same 
time so difficult, that Rodriguez, one of the 
greatest masters in spirituality, requires 
double the time for it as is. taken for the 
examination. So that, if the whole time 
necessary for preparing for confession were 
divided into three parts, he would have the 
iirst spent in making the examen, and the- 
two others employed in begging pardon, 
exciting true sorrow, and making resolutions 
of offending no more. And however some 
may warmly imagine that there can be no 
danger of their confession being invalid, un- 
less from a want of examination, this author 
is of another opinion, and fears that there 
are more confessions sacrilegious and null 
from a want of true sorrow and sincere pur- 
pose of amendment, than on any other ac- 
count whatever. P.i. t. 7. c. 20. 

What then would you advise a penitent to dof 

Having made his examination, I would' 
advise him by no means to think himself fk 
tor confession, but rather apply himself to 
a change of heart, by exciting it to true 
sorrow and contrition, and a serious resolu- 
tion of amendment.. 



A Prayer for obtaining Contrition. 233 

How can this be done ? 

By prayer: for however troubled and sor- 
rowful he may appear upon preparing for 
confession, yet that true sorrow and contri- 
tion which forms a necessary part of this 
sacrament, is not a natural sorrow, but a 
gift of God, not to be obtained but by pray- 
er. And therefore, should there be any who, 
as soon as they have finished their exami- 
nation, immediately run to confession, it is 
to be feared they either wholly neglect the 
essential part of this sacrament, viz. contri- 
tion, or else tempt God, in rashly expecting 
so great a favour, without using any en- 
deavours to obtain it. 
, What prayers are proper on this occasion ? 

I will here insert some selected out or 'the 
most approved books of devotion. 

A Prayer for obtaining Contrition. 

I Have now here before me, O Lord, a sad 
-nect of the maoiiold offences where- 
by I have displeased thy divine Majesty, and 
which lam assured will appear in judgment 
against me, if by repentance and a hearty 
sorrow, my soul be not prepared to receive 
thy pardon, But this sorrow and tins re- 
pentance, O Lord, must be the free gift of 
thy mercy, without which all my endea- 
vours will be in vain, and 1 shall be for. 
ever miserable. Have pity therefore on me, 
O merciful Father, and pour forth into my 
heart thy grace, whereby I may sincerely 
repent of ail my sins; grant me true contri- 
tion, that I may bewail my base ingratitude, 
from my heart for having oiknd- 



234 Prayers before Confession. 

ed so good a God. Permit me not to be 
deluded by a false sorrow, as I fear I have 
been too often, through my own weakness 
and neglect : but let it now be thy gift, de- 
scending from thee, the Father of lights, 
that so my repentance may be accompanied 
by an amendment and a chauge of lii'e, that 
being thus acquitted from the guilt of my 
sins, I may once more be received into the 
number of thy servants. Amen. 
[Then let the penitent apply himself seriously 
to such other prayers and considerations as 
may be proper for obtaining contrition, that 
vhilst he asks it of God, nothing may be 
•wanting on his part to obtain it.] 

Prayers before Confession. 

HAVE pity on me, O God, and let me 
partake of the effects of thy great 
mercy. I here acknowledge and am sensi- 
ble of the multitude and enormity of my 
sins. It is thou, O my God, perfidious 
creature as I am, whom I have offended : 
it is against thee that I have rebelled, To 
follow my pleasures and indulge my passions 
I have abandoned thee, and lost thy grace; 
I, whom thou hast created to thine own 
likeness, and redeemed by the blood of thy 
only Son, have, by my sins, made my soul 
resemble those monsters % of ingratitude, the 
infernal spirits : like them, I have forfeited 
heaven, my blessed country, and deserved 
heli and damnation, which I shall never be 
able to escape, without the assistance of thy 
boundless mercy. The injury I have offer> 



Prayers before Confession.^ 225 

ed thee, O Lord, is so great, that it caused 
thy Son Jesus Christ, my Saviour, to suffer 
death. How, then, O my God! how can I 
sufficiently deplore so great an evil ! Who 
will give water to my head, and a fountain 
of tears to my eyes, that I may incessantly 
deplore my misery and malice, and do pe- 
nance for my sins. 

ALmighty and eternal God, to whom is 
due all honour and glory ; behold I (a 
miserable and unworthy sinner, who have 
hitherto lived in ingratitude and rebellion; 
come to thee, my Creator, my God, my Re- 
deemer, my merciful Judge, and my Savi- 
our, accusing myself, and laying before thee 
all the abominations by which I have blas- 
phemed thy sacred' name, transgressed thy 
precepts, contemned thy will, and defiled 
both my soul and body. O my God, when 
,1 behold my misery, and consider how often 
,1 have abused thy gifts and blessings, des- 
pised thy goodness, neglected thy service, 
Added daily sin to sin, and preferred myself, 
imy passions, and other, creatures, to my 
duty, and thy commands, I caunot but 
'.consider myselt'as unworthy either to lift up 
ray eyes to heaven, or appear in thy pre- 
sence. But whither, O Lord my God, shall 
.1 flee from thy face r Where shall I conceal 
raayself from thy anger? Who can restore 
•me to thy favour? It is only from thy 
•goodness that I can expect so great a bless- 
ing : for art not thou my Father, whose 
;mercies are infinite, and compassion knows 
,no bounds ? And I, though unworthy of 



236 Prayers before Confession. 

the flame of thy child, acknowledge no 
other Father but thee. Wherefore 1 pros- 
trate myself at the feet of thy mercy, and 
beseech thee, by thy almighty power, good- 
ness, and wisdom, to pardon, purify, and 
acquit me from the guilt of all my sins. Re- 
ceive me again into tby favour, O Lord, and 
confirm me in all good, that my soul being 
entirely possessed by thee, may be prepared 
for glory. And that my petition may find 
acceptance, I appeal to thee, sweet Jesus, 
Son of the living God, the Advocate and 
Ivlediator betwixt us sinners and thy eternal 
Father, humbly beseeching thee, through 
that infinite charity winch brought thee 
from heaven to the ignominy of the cross, 
and thy precious blood spilt thereon, that I 
may now partake of the benefit of thy suf- 
ferings, and be cleansed from all my of- 
fences : that by thy assistance I may sin- 
cerely •repent and* amend* of all my failings ; 
that dying to myself and the world, I may 
live only to thee, and never suffer either 
passion or pleasure to divide me from thee 
anymore. 

ALAS, my Father and my God, how 
comes it to pass that 1 siiouid nave so 
often ofrenclcd thee! Thou seest,OLord, nei- 
ther goodness nor health in me; have mercy 
therefore on me, for I have sinned against 
thee. Heal my soui,0 Lord, for thou only 
art my hope and strength. Alas, my God, 
|uw many and dangerous are my wounds ! 
how great my weakness and misery, tor the 
curing of winch thou wert crucincd and 



Prayers before Confession. 9.Z1 

slain : and to whom shall I complain of 
all these my evils, if not to thee, O Lord ! 
the Saviour and Redeemer of my soul ? 
Be merciful therefore to me a sinner, sweet 
Jesus ! for nothing is more pleasing to thee, 
than to have compassion on those that are 
miserable. Restore me to thy favour ; re- 
ceive me again into thy friendship, and cast 
me not off on account of, my offences; for 
what can I, miserable creature, do, but of- 
fend? And what canst thou, O infinite 
Goodness, do, but have mercy and spare ? 
Spare me, therefore, according to thy infi- 
nite goodness, and grant me now tears of a 
sincere repentance, that I may mourn for 
the evils I have committed. Grant that I may 
sincerely grieve for having sinned against 
thee, my God, my Creator and Redeemer. 
Soften my hardened breast, inflame my 
frozen heart, that I may with unfeigned 
sorrow repent, for not loving, nay, for de- 
spising and offending thee. What shall I, 
most miserable and wicked creature, do, O 
God, to serve thee? Whilst I behold my- 
self, I see no hopes of amendment; all my 
confidence and hopes of mercy are in thee. 
-Help me, therefore, O Lord, and be thou 
the strength of my soul, that I may from 
this moment detest and forsake all my past 
evils ; that I may conquer my passions, re- 
form all my bad habits, and by a true 
change of life anrj manners' be entirely 
united to thee, and with thee live for ever. 
Amen, 



238 Prayers before Confession. 

r F^0 thee, O merciful Jesus, in the bit- 
"X terness of my soul I come, beseeching 
thee to have compassion on me, and deli- 
ver me from my sins: despise not, O God,, 
the cries of thy lost sheep; reject not the 
sighs of thy prodigal child, who desires to 
return home to thee, and to be received 
again into the number of thy servants. I 
am sorry for all the sins I have committed, 
and detest them here in thy presence : be- 
cause I love thee above ah things, and ho- 
nour thee as my gracious God, worthy of 
infinite love. And for this reason I now 
iirmiy purpose to suffer all evils, nay, even 
death itself, rather than willingly consenc 
to sin. I resolve to make an exact confes- 
sion of all my offences, faithfully to dis- 
charge whatever shall be enjoined for my 
punishment or amendment, and carefully- 
to avoid all occasions of sin. And if any 
thing be wanting of true contrition to tjns 
my sorrow, may thy sacred passion, O bles- 
sed Jesus, thy precious blood and infinite 
merits, supply all the defects of my weak- 
ness : for it is in thy death I place all my 
trust : through thee I firmly hope to obtain- 
pardon of all my sins, .grace to overcome 
my vicious customs, and perseverance to 
the end in the good resolutions I have now 
made in thy presence. As therefore it is 
by thee I come to the knowledge o£my mi* 
sery, so it is by thee my good purpose and* 
sorrow for my offences must be perfected.. 
May the fire therefore of divine love now- 



Aspirations before Confession. 239 

inflame my soul, and consume therein what- 
ever is displeasing to thy infinite goodness. 
Sanctify my heart — purity my affections and 
desires — that dying to myself, I may ever 
live to thee, and at length depart this life in 
thy tfrace and favour. Amen. 
fcj^ Such as go to confession over night, or 
otherwise have leisure, may use the follow- 
ing Aspirqtions, either before or after 
confession, with benefit to their souls. 

MY Lord and my God, I sincerely ac- 
knowledge myself a vile and wretch- 
ed sinner, unworthy to appear in thy pre- 
sence ; but do thou have mercy on me and 
save me. 

God, my chiefest good, how far have I 
; wandered from thee by my sins ? How long 
I have I dwelt ata,distancefrom thee, in the 
! region of misery, where I had quite lost 

myself. 

Most loving Father, I have sinned against 

I heaven and before thee, and am unworthy 

to be called thy child ; make me as one of 

thy servants, and may I for the future be 

ever faithful to thee. 

It truly grieves me, O my God, to have 
\ sinned, and so many times transgressed tfay 
law : but wash me now from my iniquity, 
and cleanse me from my sin. 

1 detest my sins, O Lord; I abhor my 
wickedness : I confess my ingratitude,, and 
seek refifge in thy mercy. 

From this moment I purpose no more to 
offend thee, nor consent to sin : O let me 
suffer all kinds of pain and infamy, nay 



240 Aspirations before Confession, 

even death itself, rather than return to my 
former course of life, and live thy enemy. 

Loving Father, assist me by thy grace, 
that I may bring forth worthy fruits of pe- 
nance, and not suffer my sins to go unpu- 
nished. 

I have wandered like a sheep that is gone 
astray; but I hear thy sweet voice crying 
after me, in the most affectionate manner 
imaginable, " Come, dear soul, thou hast 
gone after. many lovers, but return to me 
and I will receive thee yet again." Jer, iii. 

II. Now I begin, O Lord, now I begin to 
live, not trusting in my own strength, or in 
the resolutions I make, but in the multitude 
of thy mercies. 

Perfect, O God, the work which thou hast 
now begun in me. Thou hast given me 
peace and understanding; but, wretched 
sinner that I am, how ungratefully have I 
abused all thy gifts! And yet now, with all 
the tenderness of a loving Father, thou re- 
callest me from sin, and rescuest me from 
hell and everlasting damuation. 

Alas ! my soul is full of anguish and con- 
fusion at the recollection of the many sins 
whereby I have offended thee, my merciful 
Redeemer, made myself a slave to the devil, 
and provoked thy anger. 

O that I had never transgressed thy com- 
mandments, nor fallen into such an abyss of 
misery and calamity ! O that I had never 
sinned ! happy those souls, who have pre- 
served their innocence, and never forfeited 
that grace they received at the font. 



Aspirations before Confession., 2 i t 

But now J am resolved, with the help ok 
thy grace, tc be more watchful over myself 
to amend my failings, and fulfil thy law. 
Look down on me with the eyes of mercy, 
O God, and blot out my sins. 

Forgive me what is past, and, through the 
bowels of thy infinite goodness, secure me 
by thy most efficacious grace against all my 
wonted failings for the time to come. 

Alas! how slothful and careless have I 
hitherto been! I have deferred my repent- 
ance, rejected thy helps, contemned thy 
visits, and been deaf to thy calls : Lord, 
what shall I do: or what course shall I take? 
It grieves me from my heart, that I have ever 
offended thee ; but do thou vouchsafe to 
have mercy ou me, O sovereign Lord of my 
life. 

Behold thou seest nothing good nor 
wholesome in my soul. I am blind and 
miserable, and without thee, God, I can 
do nothing. 

HI. My sins surpass in number the sands 
of the sea, and I confess myself, O Lord, 
unworthy of thy mercy; but thy goodness 
is above all my offences. 

Thou hast declared, O Lord, that there is 
joy in heaven for the conversion of a sin- 
ner : grant me then the urace of a true re- 
pentance, and let heaven rejoice at my 
amendment. - _ " 

Thou wiliest not the death of a sinner, 
but that he lie converted and live : grant me 
then that spiritual life which I want ; for be- 
hold, U Lord, 1 sincerely desire to live. 
L 



2 42 Aspirations before Confession. 

Thou didst come, O deiir Redeemer, not 
to call the just, but sinners to repentance: 
behold a most miserable sinner here before 
thee : draw him most powerfully to thee. 

Have mercy on me, O God, according to 
thy great mercy ; and according to the mul- 
titude of thy tender mercies, blot out my 
iniquities. — Sprinkle mc with thy precious 
blood, and I shall be made whiter than snow. 
— Create in me a clean heart, and renew a 
right spirit within my bowels. 

Dear Redeemer of my soul, how long 
turnest thou thy face from me, and bringest 
no relief to my sorrows ! 

Lehold the prodigal child, nay worse than 
the prodigal: but do thou, () Father, vouch- 
safe to have compassion on me : clothe me 
with the robes ol thy grace, and receive me 
into the arms of thy mercy. 

Let not thy precious blood, my dear Sa- 
viour, be shed for me in vain; but may it 
now bring forth the fruit of a sincere re- 
pentance, and open me a way to life ever- 
lasting. 

IV. How great is thy goodness, O Lord, 
in having so long spared such a worthless 
servant, and waited with so much patience* 
for his amendment. Ah, what return shall 
I make for thy infinite mercies: O let this 
mercy be added to the rest, that I may 
iiever more offend thee : this single favour 
I earnestly beg of thee, O Loid, viz. that I 
may for the future renour.ee my own nay to 
■j allow thine. 

(June, Lord, take possession c 



Aspirations before Confession. • 243 

and cast cut from thence whatever thou 
kuowest profanes or defiles this thy temple: 
— destroy and eradicate all that displeaseth 
thee; and lay therein the foundation of a 
new life. 

I confess I have sinned ; but, if thou wilt, 
thcu canst make me whole. Heal, most 
loving Father, tills my soul. 

O that I were free from all vice ! that 

I could regulate my senses, govern my 

thoughts, and moderate my affections ! O 

; that I were truly composed and orderly both 

within and without ! » But when shall I be 

. thus happy, when thus pure in thy sight ! 

} Lord, 1 will labour and take pains to re- 

l form myself, and I beg thy assistance for 

I this work : but if I find not that good effect 

I desire, I will still persevere ni my duty, 

I and wait with patience and humility till 

I thou shalt please to give a blessing to my 

endeavours. Help me, O Lord my God, 

and ha\e compassion on my sinful soul. 

Amen. 

When a penitent has proceeded thus far, 
and has reason to hope that he is truly sorry 
for and detests his sins, may he then go to 
confession f 

Yes; after renewing his purposes and reso- 
lutions- of amendment ; and for this end let 
him consider, how strict a watch and great 
diligence is necessary for this work; let 
him also reflect on the occasion* of his sins, 
and resolve effectually to avoid them ; for 
it is extremely rash to undertake a work, 
L2 



•' \ i Of Confession. 

and at the same time not consider on the 
means whereby it is to be ejected. Hav- 
ing seriously done this, let him then go to 
confession. 

Of the second Part, viz. Confession. 
/IRE there any particular directions you 
^ xcould have, the penitent observe with 
respect to this part of the sacrament? 

There are. some recommended by St. 
Francis de Sales, in his Introduction to a 
Devout Life, \vhich he ought to remember, 
viz. not to make his confession consist in ne- 
gutivzov general failings, as is the custom of 
some, saying: " I have not loved God as I 
ought; or I have not prayed with so much' 
devotion as I ought ; I have not been so 
patient as I ought;" for in these general 
accusations there is no particular sin men- 
tioned ; nor any thing by which the con- 
fessor can possibly understand the state of 
the penitent's conscience, since ail men 
on earth might say the same ; there- 
fore he ought to consider what par- 
ticular reason he has to make these ge- 
neral accusations ; and having discovered 
■uhere the fault lies, to accuse himself of it 
in particular : so that instead of accusing 
himself of not having prayed with as much 
dtvotion as he t ought, let him see whether 
the fault lay in admitting voluntary distrac 
tions, or in not cruising a convenient place, 
time, &c. and as he shall find himself to 
blame, so let him accuse himself. Let him 
al.o explain the motive or occasion of his 
bins ; in the case of untruths, for exarupljl 



Instruction? for Confession. 245 

let him accuse himself not only of lying, but 
likewise declare whether it was out of vani- 
ty, or in excuse, or for the doing a prejudice, 
&c. and so of his other sins; for by this 
means he clearly lavs open the state of his 
soul, and the confessor knows how to pre- 
scribe proper remedies for his sins. With 
respect to mortal sins, he must discover how 
often he has fallen into each, for otherwise 
his confessor can form no judgment of the 
state of his soul, there being a considerable 
difference betwixt committing a sin twice or 
thrice, and ticenty or thirty tunes. And if 
he cannot exactly recollect himself as lo 
the number, let him, upon reflection, make 
the best guess he can, and sincerely confess, 
as near to the truth as he is able. But if the 
penitent has lived in a sinful state for any 
length of time, and frequently fallen into 
any particular sin, he need not then think 
of mentioning the number of his otfences, 
but rather the length cf time in which he 
j has lived in that siniui state. As in the case 
j of a highwayman, who has spent many years 
! in that wicked course of hie, it would be 
, impossible for him to recollect the number 
< of ins crimes; and therefore the most cer- 
tain method of letting hisconfe^or see the 
state of his conscience, will be Lo declare 
hou: many years he has lived in that sinful 
practice; and so likewise of those who 
have lived in the habit of any other sin. 
Be must also explain such arcuj?i.<i 
as change, or at least considerably aggra- 
vate the nature of the sin; lor as there 



Q\6 his true lions for Confession. 
is a considerable difference between robbing 
a chnrch and another place ; betwixt cheat- 
ing or stealing jive shillings, and five hun- 
dred pounds ; betwixt married and single per- 
sons in sins of impurity; betwixt defaming 
a neighbour out 01 malice or by heedlessness, 
in a matter of little or great concern; be* 
twixt quarrelling with a stranger and a/a- 
t. her ; betwixt remaining in a sin, as of anger,' 
revenge, &c. a quarter of an hour, five 
hours, a day, or a year ; therefore the pe- 
nitent ought in confession to explain these 
circumstances as distinctly as he can; and 
should he willingly conceal any of them, 
his confession becomes void, by not sincere- 
ly laying open the state of his soul. He 
ought also to avoid a detail of circumstances 
which have no relation to the sins he con- 
fesses, and which are therefore unnecessary, 
lie must a. so be careful not to declare the 
• fault of a third person; for though he does 
well to consider his own sins, yet he ought 
not to accuse others. Finally, let him not 
tail to make an entire confession of all his 
mortal sins, which upon a due examination 
he can recollect, be they ever so secret or 
infamous, whether in thought, word, or 
deed; for should he wilfujly conceal but one, 
either through shame or malice, his whole 
confession becomes not only void, but sa- 
crilegious, by abusing the sacrament, and 
lying to toe Holy Ghost. 

I think hese directions necessary to be ob- 
served ; but when I consider the natural 
aversion ue have to confess our hidden faults, 



Instructions for Confession. 247 

1 cannot but think that many, through sh/ime, 
delay going to confession, or when they go, 
are tempttd to make imperfect and sacrilegi- 
ous confessions ; nhat then have you to say to 
such as labour under this temptation 9 

When their case is properly considered, 1 
can discover no cause for shame; because 
tho* there be shame »in- the sin, yet-there is 
no reason to be ashamed of the repentance 
land amendment of the sin. Now when a man 
! goes to confession, he manifests repentance 
for his sins; and if this be so good and ac- 
ceptable an action, as to make the angels 
in heaven to rejoice, why should he be 
I ashamed, and not rather approach to the 
; sacred tribunal with joy and comfort ? And 
though he may be under some confusior 
at revealing his sins to his ghostly father,, 
yet no thoughts of shame ought to discou- 
I rage him from so doing, because his co 1 . • 
jfessor is bound to secresy by all laws fru- 
i man and divine, and cannot reveal What 
j is told him in confession, without making 
| himself worthy of death before God ar.c! 
man. Yet there can be no danger of big 
being scandalized, even though the crimen 
I acknowledged be ever so foul, because, 
though he must necessarily be concerned, 
when he knows any one to continue undei 
the guilt of sin, yet he cannot but re- 
joice when he finds him forsaking his sms, 
and, by repentance, returning to anew hie. 
Then it is, that like the father of the p:o- 
digal son, he expresses more joy in tlw 
return of such a sinner, than in the good 
L 1 



248 Inst ructions for Confession. 

life of others, who stand not in need of re- I 
pentance : for there is more satisfaction in 
finding the lost sheep than in the posses- 
sion of the ninety-uinc that never went 
astray. It being then in the power of a 
repenting sinner to make heaven and earth, 
God, angels and man, to rejoice, I think 
he can have no reason to be ashamed of 
so doing. And should he be ashamed, yet 
still he ought to do it, in punishment of his 
sins, winch perhaps justly deserve disgrace 
and eternal confusion: for who would not 
chuse to blush and be ashamed for one 
moment before a ghostly father, rather 
than be exposed at the last day to public 
confession, in the presence of angels and 
men, and thus begin a miserable eternity. 
God always knows his crimes, and if he 
requires him to expose them to his mini- 
ster, it is for their cure; ought he not then 
to consider it as a singular mercy, that for 
the pardon of such sins as deserve hell, he 
should require so littler If a criminal 
guilty of death, were to obtain his pardon 
on condition of confessing his crime in 
private to his judge, would not he be dis- 
charged on very easy terms ? What rea- 
son then has a sinner to complain of tho 
like easy conditions, which God here oilers 
him for the remission of his sins, the quiet 
of his conscience, and the avoiding eternal 
damnation ? 

Is there any thing eh 
• 






Instructions at Confession. 249 
Nothing; but agqin to recommend an 
utter detestation of all the sins he is to con- 
fess, be they never so little, with a firm re- 
solution of amendment : for it is an abuse, 
says St. Francis de Sales, to confess any kind 
pf.sk), whether mortal or venial, without a 
will tu amend; since confession was insti- 
tuted lor no other end. 

At Confession. 

BEING come to his spiritual director, let 
him kneel down on his right side, if 
convenient, with his face towards the side or 
back of his seat, and having made the sign 
of the cross, ask his blessing, saying, Bene- 
dicite, or, Fray give me your blessing ; then 
say ihe Co nfiteor, either in English or Latin, 
to the words, men maxima culpa, throug/t 
my mosl grievous fault ; and without further 
preamble, begin his confession thus : " Since 
nay last confession, which was a week, fort- 
night, or a month ago, I accuse myself, 

that ." And having sincerely declared all 

he can remember, let him conclude thus : 
*' For these and all my other sins, and im- 
perfections, which I cannot call to mind, I 
am heartily sorry, purpose amendment, an i 
humbly beg pardon of God, and penance 
and absolution of you my ghostly lather. " 
Then humbly bowing down, go on with 
the rest of the Confiteor : Ideo precor, &c. 
Therefore I beseech the blessed Virgin M 
ice Having thus finished what depends on 
him, let him attentively listen to the t . 
of his director, and when he giv 
L5 



2oO Instructions after Confession. 

solution, endeavour to humble his heart 
with all possible sorrow and contrition. 

Instructions after Confusion. 
ITf II A T should the penitent do when he 
' returns from confession ? 

lie ought to retire a while, and after re- « 
turning thanks to God tor the benefits re- 
ceived in this sacrament, renew his good 
purposes and resolutions : reflect on the ob- 
ligation he is under of avoiding all the sins 
he has confessed, and embrace the means for 
the amendment of his failings; but especially 
of those he apprehends to be most danger- 
ous, and to which he finds himself most 
subject : for I think that a person who, as 
soon as he has done his confession, thinks 
no more of his sins, nor of the danger he is 
in of relapsing, nor of the means he is to use 
for avoiding Ihem, does his work but by 
halves, and will soon rind it undone. There- 
fore he ought to humble himself in the pre- 
sence of Almighty God, and most earnestly 
pray for grace and strength whereby he may 
be enabled to acquit himself of his duty, rly 
the occasions of sin, resist all the tempta- 
tions to evil, and confess 1 his own weakness. 
Then let him resign himself to the divine 
protection, and not depart till he has beg- 
ged pardon for all the defects in his present 
or past confessions, to be supplied through 
the infinite merits of Jesus Christ. 

Then you do not approve of those, who as 
soon as they return from confession, turn their 
thoughts immediately to their other affairs, or 
engage Hi unnecessary convers(U ion, & 



Prayers after Confession. 251 

If there be any that do so, without being 
compelled by solne extraordinary accident 
or circumstance, besides the great indecen- 
cy, I look upon them as failing in all those 
points of their duty before-meutioned: and 
, as they expect the grace of God for the 
amendment of their sins, they are bound 
, to adopt a better method. 

Fraj/ers after Confession. 

I Return tnee thanks, U loving Father, for 
having admitted me to this sacrament, 
: wherein suifering tny mercy to take place 
\ of thy justice, thou habt cast all my sins out 
; of thy sight. Grant me now thy grace, O 
. Lord, that by a sincere and perfect contri- 
tion, my repentance may be like that of 
David and Peter, that my offences being, 
i effectually remitted, 1 may hereafter conti- 
,i nue faithful in thy service. But this I can- 
- not do, unless with the aid of thy grace ; for 
i without it my soul will remain barren and 
\ dry, like earth without water. I am per- 
; fectly sensible of my own weakness, aud 
inability to do any thing that is good, or ac- 
j ceptable to thee. The oniy consolation and- 
c o::ddence I have is, to raise up. my eyes to 
i my God, his tears and sufferings; that thy 
justice being appeased thereby, thou mayest 
open to me the gates of mercy, and receive 
me into thy favour. Look down therefore 
on me, .with an eye of pity, and have 
compassion on my miseries. O meek and 
merciful Lord! strike this hard and obdu- 
rate heart of mine, that it may burst forth- 
into ^fountain of healing waters,— the wa- 
L6 



Jo 2 Prayers offer Confession. 

ters of a sincere contrition, wherewith my 
soul may he cleansed and purified. Perfect 
the work thou hast hegnn in me, for I am 
thy creature, and grarrf that the confession I 
have made may he acceptable in thy sight, 
and that whatever is wanting towards its 
perfection through my weakness, may be 
supplied by thy infinite goodness and mcr-' 
<.y. Thy mercy therefore I implore, and thro' 
n beg pardon of all my sins; firmly purposing 
in thy presence to avoid every thing that 
may be displeasing to thee, and to apply 
myself with all diligence to the practice of 
vjrtue. 1 hope thou wilt not refuse me thy 
j^sistance, since thou, O Lord, hast pro- 
mised never to forsake those that trust in 
nice. Permit my heart to be no longer 
Lurried away by the follies of this life, nor 
to experience my own weakness in my 
wonted relapses. It is high time I should 
be converted * from my evil ways, forsake 
my errors, and amend my feiRngs, since hi- 
therto, alas! so many days and years have 
elapsed in <zood purposes, hut with very 
IVttie improvement of my soul Command 
therefore, O sovereign Lord, my rebellious 
hear% and force it to a compliance with toy 
law. Break all my passions, rule my af- 
fections, direct my desires, strengthen my 
good endeavours, and give ear now to thy 
unworthy servant. Let not my wickedness 
make thee forget thy goodness : for though 
my sins cry aloud fc: justice, yet thou still 
.. ercy, whereby diGu canst save, and 
receive me into thy favour, 



Prayers after Confession. 253 

God, my Lord, and all my hope, who 
livest and reignest for* ever and ever. 

O God of mercy, having now, thro' thy 
gracious goodness, disburdened my 
conscience of the guilt wherewith it was 
oppressed, and, in the humblest manner I 
was able, discovered all the sins I could re- 
collect, to thy minister, my ghostly father, 
I most humbly beseech thee to accept this 
confession, and forgive me all my trespasses, 
as well those I have forgot as those I have 
remembered. Grant me grace, O Lord, to 
live more carefully hereafter, and to abstain 
I from my former vices, which I utterly de- 
i test, firmly purposing never to be guilty of 
them any more. But especially, O most 
merciful and bountiful Saviour, enable me 
j to withstand those temptations with which 
j I am most infested, and to avoid all occa- 
I sions of offending thee for the future. If the 
I just man fall seven times in the day, how 
i much more reason have I to be jealous of 
i myself, O Lord, and to fear that I shall 
[ not be steadfast in my resolutions, having 
! thro' my own frailty and vicious customs 
i increased the natural blindness and weak- 
' nessin which I was born Yet, O Lord, I 
firmly purpose, through thy merciful as- 
sistance, never to consent to any mortal sin, 
from which [ humbly beseech thee to pre- 
serve me whilst I live: and, as to my v< ..ial 
sins and imperfections, 1 resoKc to strive 
against \ hem, and hope, through ihy good- 
ness, at length to amend them. For this 
end grant me tiie grace, sweet Jesus, to be 



254 Of habitual Sin. 

diligent in examining my, conscience ever 
night ; and each morning happily to begin 
the day, by offering thee the first fruits of 
all my actions, that the rest of it may be 
incessantly employed to thy glory. As to 
tke penance enjoined me, 1 humbly crave 
thy assistance tor the remembering and per- 
forming it as I ought ; and that I may ne- 
ver forget my resolutions, or lay aside my 
endeavours of changing my life, till at length 
I become a true penitent, and put oil the 
new man: that so, thro* the merits of thy 
blessed passion, I may here obtain the full 
pardon of my sins, and, hereafter, lite ever- 
lasting. Grant this, O my Lord and Saviour 
Jesus Christ, who with God the Father, and 
rhe Holy G.-'ivest and reignest, world 
'without en* 'i. 

ahituul Sin. 
JS there any thing eUe belonging to this part 
of the Sacrament ? 
Nothing; and yet, since penance was or* 
trained for the amendment ot life, I cannot 
retrain from repeating my advice to the pe- 
nitent, before he concludes, to make a- short 
reflection on the sins he has committee:, 
tne meani whereby he is to endeavour at an 
effectual amendment. Wherefore, suppose he 
had accused himself of neglect in saying his 
prayers, will his resolution of amendment 
be to any purpose, if when heroes next to 
prayers, he takes no more care thanfoiv 
meriy ? Or, suppose he has accused himself 
of offending in -words, by lying, swearing, 
detracting, or indecent language, must uot 



,. 



Of habitual Sin. c 255 

he, when be comes next into company, 
think something of the failings to which he 
has been subject, and strive to avoid them, 
by keeping a stricter watch over himself ; 
otherwise, what becomes of all his good 
purposes of amendment? Or, if company, 
bad books, plays, or games, have been the 
occasion of his offending God, what will 
; ail his confessions and resolutions avail ? if 
afterwards he takes no care to forsake 
: them, and cast them off, will it not be 
evident that his repentance was not sin- 
cere : and that, however he has confessed, 
• yet his sins still lie at his door ? It is therc- 
, fore necessary that the penitent should 
! daily make the review of his conduct, which 
ought to form a part of the examination 
of his conscience every night, as there can 
be no better method of putting the sincerity 
of his repentance or validity of his confes- 
! sions to the proof, than by thus enquiring 
| whether he takes the necessary precautions 
against relapsing into the same sins again ; 
for if he discovers but little, or perhaps 
none of this diligence in his conduct, he 
may then justly suspect, that neither his re- 
pentance nor confession have been so well 
snade as they should be. It may not, indeed, 
be always in his power to amend, but surely 
he can have no excuse if he does not at 
least desire and use his utmost endeavours 
in order to it. 

What think you then of such as accuse 
themselves of habitual Sins as often as they go 
to confession? Arc their former confession* 



256 Of habitual Sin. 

invalid, because they relapse into the same 
sin again ? 

It they use the means recommended by a 
prudent director, to subdue them, and are 
concerned and afflicted to find themselves so 
frail, their confession may he good and va- 
lid. ' But if those who are subject to swear- 
ing, cursing, drinking, or any other vicious 
customs, go to confession, pretend to repent, 
and resolve upon amendment, and after- 
wards use not the proper means for the over- 
coming those vicious habits, such 1 am per- 
suaded have just reason to suspect their re- 
pentance to be false, and had much better 
refrain from confession, than go to it thus 
ill prepared. And should they presume fre- 
quently to approach this sacred tribunal, and 
still repeat the same mortal sins over and 
over again, without due care and pains for 
their amendment, they ought to be dismiss- 
ed without absolution, never again to be 
admitted, till upon sufficient trial they give' 
evident proofs of their sincere desires and 
endeavours of reforming their lives : and till 
this has been manifested in two or three 
confessions, it may be very proper 'not to 
allow them to approach the holy commu^ 
nion. All this is to be understood of the 
habit of mortal sin. 

Before we quit this subject, tell me what 
advice you have to give those tender sort of 
uans, who, though desirous to do their 
duty, yet upon the least oversight or imper- 
fection, are so peevish, angry, and dejected, 
as to conclude all their endeavours to (it 
jjitrpoie ? 



Of Satisfaction. 257 

Such persons want patience and meekness 
towards themselves. Their dejection ori- 
ginates generally in a certain pride and self- 
love, which makes them troubled to see 
themselves so imperfect. Let these persons 
therefore be heartily sorry for their faults ;o 
"which they are subject, and take pains to* 
amend them, not in the spirit of cKoler, 
but of meekness ; for such a repentance is 
the most acceptable and efficacious : and if 
they perceive themselves not to amend so 
quick as they could wish, let them from 
thence learn to humble themselves the 
more, and firmly resolve to persevere in 
their good endeavours, till God shall please 
to give them a blessing. See St. Francis de 
Sales on this subject, Introduction to a De- 
cant Life, Part iii. c. 9. 

I have one question more to ask : suppose a 
person, after a due examination, cannot re- 
called some of his sins, or should forget them 
whilst at confession, ere these likewise for- 
given by the sacrament f 

Certainly : for since he would then wil- 
lingly have confessed them, if he had re- 
membered them, it is not to be questioned 
hut God, who knows the sincerity of his 
heart, will accept of his good desires, and 
grant him a full discharge. 
Of the third Fart qfFenance > viz.Sutisf(iction* 
7 TfHAT do you mean by Satisfaction ? 

The performance of the penance en- 
joined the penitent by his confessor, which, 
through the merits oi Jesus Christ, may be 
| led by God, in order to satisfy the in- 



258 Of Satisfaction. 

jury offered to him by every sin he has com- 
mitted. 

How is this 'penance to be performed? 

In the spirit of true humility, repentance, 
and devotion: therefore those who per- 
form it in a careless and indifferent manner, 
who are ignorant of the obligations of a 
penitent, or insensible of the mercy of God 
in the remission of their sins, can expect 
but little assistance from heaven for the 
prevention of future relapses. What judg- 
ment then can they form of themselves, 
who before they have -performed their pe- 
nance, relapse into their wonted coldness, 
and wilful negligence, and only seem to 
quit the confessional to beget matter for a 
new confession. 

Ought a penitent to perform any other 
penance besides that which is enjoined him at 
confession ? 

Yes: because the penalties enjoined in 
confession are much inferior to the punish- 
ment due to our sins, and therefore when he 
has performed his penance, he hath still rea- 
son to apprehend more punishment from 
divine justice ; for which reason, (according 
to the Council of Trent) the life of a good 
Christian ought to be a perpetual penance. 
The true penitent daily renews the detesta- 
tion of his sins, and often imposes some pe- 
nance on himself, either by the recital of 
some prayers, giving alms, or abstinence as 
to Eating, Talking, Seeing, Diversion^ &c. 
for the making satisfaction for the in- 
juries done to God. In the same peni- 



Oj Satisfaction. 2 $3 

tential spirit he submits to all the evils of 
life, offering up to almighty God all his dis- 
tempers of body, troubles of mind, disgust, 
losses, necessities, afflictions, either public 
or private; and especially, all the pains and 
hardships he is obliged to suffer in the state 
wherein God hath placed him : for these 
bcinsjso many penances appointed by God 
for his punishment, there can be no doubt 
but the bearing them patiently is the most: 
acceptable satisfaction he can make to the 
divine justice. Now as this method is pro- 
fitable for all christians, so it seems most 
necessary for such as have contracted an ill 
habit of falling into any sort of sin : for, if 
they sincerely desire to subdue it, they can 
apply no means more effectual than to add 
to their good purposes and endeavours, cer- 
tain penalties to be inflicted for every time 
they fall into it : suppose, for example, 
there were appointed for every offence a 
quarter of an hour's reading a good book, 
or praying, or giving alms, or some self- 
denial, which every one in their own circum- 
stances might find proper; might it not be 
reasonably hoped that this would gradually 
awaken their care, make them more watch- 
ful over their words ancr actions, and at 
length restrain them from offending. Be- 
sides, since Almighty God often makes use 
of his scourge to awaken sinners, and deter 
them from pursuing those evil courses, 
surely it cannot be amiss for penitents to 
follow his example, and hope their endea- 
vours will be finally crowned with success. 



'260 An Examen of Conscience, 

This their diligence will at least in some 
measure assure their ghostly tather, that 
though not yet thoroughly reclaimed, yet 
they sincerely desire it; and who can doubt 
but they who thus endeavour to amend, 
though they may lor a time rind it difficult 
to conquer their perverse inclinations, yet 
will at length be favoured with succour from 
above, and, by tiie help of divine grace, be 
proof against all the assaults of the enemy. 
Thus having concisely stated the principal 
duties of those who desire to approach 
worthily to the sacrament of penance, I 
hope that as many as make use of them 
will find their recompense in the lull re- 
mission of their sins. 



A Method of Examination, of Conscience, for 

such as confess often, according to the three* 
fold Duty we one : i. To God, L Z\ To our 
Neighbour, 3. Tb ourselves, 

I. In relation to God, 

HAVE you omitted morning or evening, 
prayers, or neglected to make your 
daily examination of conscience? — liaveyou 
prayed negligently, and with wilful distrac- 
tions ? — 2. Have you spent your time, especi- 
ally on Sundays and holidays, not in slug- 
gishly lying a-bed,or in any sort of idle en- 
tertainment, but m reading, praying, or 
other pious exercises ; and taken care, that 
those under your charge have done the like, 
and not wanted the instructions necessary 
tor their condition, nor time for prayer, or 
to prepare to: the sacramtuts ;— Have you 



Conscience. 261 

e Irreverently of God and holy things ? 
Have you taken his name in vain, or told 
untruths ? — 4. Have you omitted your duty 
thro* human respect, interest, compliance, 
fee. ? — 5. Have you beeu zealous for God's 
honour, for justice, virtue, and truth, and 
reproved such as act otherwise? — <3. Have 
you resigned your will to God in troubles, 
necessities, sickness, eVc.r — Have you faith- 
fully resisted thoughts of infidelity, distrust, 
presumption, impurity, &c. ? 

II. In relation to your Neighbour. 
1. Have you disobeyed your superiors, 
murmured against their commands, or spoke 
of them contemptuously? — 2. Have you been 
troubled, peevish or impatient, when told 
of your faults, and not corrected them ? 
Have you scorned the good advice of others, 
or censured their proceedings ? — 3. Have 
you offended any one by injurious or 
threatening words or actions? — k„Or les- 
sened their reputation by any sorl of detrac- 
tion; or in any matter of importance? — 5. 
Or spread any report, true or false, that 
exposed your neighbour to contempt, or 
made him undervalued. — 6. Have you, by 
carrying stories backward and forward, cre- 
ated discord and misunderstanding between 
neighbours r — 7. Have you been iroward or 
peevish towards any one in your carriage, 
speech or conversation r— 8. Or taken plea- 
sure to vex, mortify, or provoke them to 
swear, curse, or any way§ offend God ? — 
9. Have you mocked or reproached them 
for their corporal or spiritual imperfections ? 



£62 An Kiamcn of Conscience. 

— 10. Have you been excessive in reprehend- 
ing those under your care, or been wanting | 
in giving them just reproof? — 11. Have you 
borne wiih their oversights and imperfec- 
tions, and given them good counsel ? — 12. | 
Have you been solicitous for such as are ! 
under your charge ; and provided for their 
souls and bodies? 

III. In relation to yourself. 
1. Have you been obstinate in following 
your own will, or in defending your own 
opinion in things either indifferent, danger- 
ous, or scandalous r — 2. Have you taken 
pleasure in hearing yourself praised, or 
yielded to thoughts of vanity?— 3. Have 
you indulged yourself in over-much ease, 
or any ways yielded to sensuality? — 4. Has 
your conversation been edifying and mo- 
derate; or have you been froward, proud, 
or troublesome to others r — 5. Have you 
spent over-much time in play, or useless 
employments, and thereby omitted, jor put* 
off your devotions to unseasonable times ? 
If such as confess often fall into any of the 
more grievous sins, not here mentioned, 
their own memory will easily suggest them; 
since it is impossible for a tender soul to 
forget any mortal offence, winch must of 
necessity afflict her, and therefore it may 
not be necessary for them to turn over the 
following table of sins, which is chiefly in- 
tended for general confessions. 



2(33 

An Examination for a general Confession. 

The first Commandment is broken, 

First by Sins against Faith : 

: 1. f I ^O be ignorant of the principal mys- 
X teries of Christianity ; of the creed, 
the commandments of God, and his 
church, or of the sacraments. — c 2. Wilfully 
to doubt, or obstinately to err in any point 
of faith. — 3. To have delayed embracing the 
true faith out of human respects, interest, 
fear, &c. — 4. To i'avour heretics, or wicked 
men, in supporting or approving their opi- 
nions or actions. — 5. To endanger our faith 
by reading their books with pleasure.— 
G To examine divine mysteries with curio- 
sity, and secrets of providence by pure hu- 
man reason. — 7. To contemn or deride holy 
things. — 8 To abuse the words of the holy 
scripture, by perverting them to a wicked 
or profane sense, making them subservient 
to jest, or otiier ill' purposes. — 9. To de- 
sire to know things to come, which belong 
to God alone, or things past, or present, 
which are hid from us, and for this endlo 
employ unlawful means, as magicians, for- 
tune-tellers, or other superstitious inven- 
tions. — 10. To give credit to dreams, or 
make superstitious observations; to em- 
ploy prayers or sacred names to ill uses; 

, io use charms, &c. 

Secondly, by Sins against Hope, 
1. By distrusting the mercies of God, and 
despairing of the pardon of our sins. — 2. By 
presuming on God's goodness, without the 



264 An Examtn upon the 

least concern of amendment. — S. By defer- 
ring our conversion or repentance till the 
end of life. — 4. By exposing ourselves to the 
danger of offending God, either by com- 
pany, reading, or otherwise, which is 
called tempting God. — 5. By exposing our- 
selves without necessity to some corporal 
danger; as sickness, wounds, or death. — G. 
By neglecting the remedies God has ap- 
pointed in these dangers, as of physic for 
the body, or prayer and the sacraments for 
the soul. 

Thirdly, by Sins against Charity. 

1. By not loving God above all things, 
but rather chusing wilfully to offend him, 
than suffer any loss of honour, riches, &c. 
— 2. By preferring the love of men before 
the love of God; or offending lnm through 
fear of being jeered or slighted. — 3. By 
omitting our duty through shame, or hu- 
man respect.— -4. By thinking seldom of 
God, or being ashamed to speak of him; 
or bynot hearkening to his inspirations, for- 
getting his benefits, or neglecting to give 
him thanks. 

Fourthly, by Sins against Religion 

1. By not adoring God, or praying to 
him but seldom. — 2. By praying without 
attention, and with wilful distractions. — 3. 
By a want of respect to God in time of 
prayer; or by talking, or beins; present in 
holy places, without a becoming modesty 
and gravity in our looks, words, and ac- 
tions. 






ten Commandments. 265 

Fifthly, by Sins aguinst the Care uc ought to 
have of wir Salvation. 

1. By a Jove of idleness, in choosing 'ra- 
ther to do nothing, than be employed in 
any commendable exercise, which sin car- 
ries a train of many others after it.— -2. By 
being too solicitous in temporal concerns, 
and neglecting the means of salvation. — S. 
By deferring amendment of life, or imme- 
diately desisting, after having begun it. — 4. 
By neglecting the means of salvation ; as 
the sacraments, prayer, good works, or per- 
forming them without devotion. 

The second Commandment is broken, 
1. T> Y taking the name of God in vain.— - 

-D 2. By swearing to what one knows, 
or doubts to be false. — 3. By swearing to 
what is unjust, or prejudicial to others. — 4. 
By swearing without necessity, though t fjg 
thing itself be true and just. — 5. By bilfc 
pheming God or holy things. — 6. By 
cursing one's self, or others, or taking plea- 
sure in hearing others swear or curse; or by 
provoking them to it. — 7. By not repre- 
hending them when he could and ought. — 
8. By making a vow to do what is impos- 
sible to fulfil ; or to do what is evil and dis- 
pleasing to God ; or to do what one never 
intends .to perform. — Q. By breaking lawful 
vows, or deferring to fulfil them without 
'ust v cause. 

The third Commandment is broken, 
1. T3 Y doing serxile works on Sunday, 

J3 or causing others to do the like 
M 



U06 An Examen upon the 

•without necessity. — 2. By , employing a 
considerable part of holidays in temporal 
affairs, as is often the case with merchant*, 
advocates, solicitors, &c. — 3. By omitting 
to hear Mass, or not hearing it with due 
attention and reverence.— 4. By spending 
Sundays and holidays in idleness, gaming, 
dancing, feasting, and other recreations. — 
5. By not dedicating a considerable part of 
those days to reading and praying, and by 
not taking care that those under your 
charge do the like. 

The fourth Commandment is broken, 
1. TOY children not paying due respect to 

JD their parents ; or by despising them, 
either in their hearts or actions.-— 2. By not 
loving them, but wishing their death, or 
some misfortune ; or by forsaking them in 
their necessities. — 3. By not cheerfully 
ijbieying them ; or by obeying them in 
things unlawful. — 4. By slighting their re- 
presentations, and resisting their correc- 
tions — 5. By putting them into a passion, 
and not taking care to pacify them. — 6. By 
not executing their last will and testament, 
or by delaying to do so. 

II. By servants. — 1. In disobeying their 
masters. — 2. By a want of diligence in the 
trust that is required of them. — 3. By neg- 
lecting the reasonable and just interests of 
their masters or employers. — 4. By letting 
them sustain any kind of loss, through 
their sloth, neglect, &c. — 5. By obeying 
them in things unlawful; as lying, swear- 
ing stealing. &c. 



^ 



ten Commandments. 267 

III. By parents not discharging their duty 
towards their children. — l. In not loving 
them, and supplying their corporal neces- 
sities. — 2. In not being careful of their sal- 
vation. — 3 In not correcting them when it 
is necessary ; in flattering their passions, or 
indulging their evil inclinations. — 4. In 
treating them with too much severity. — 5. 
In not setting them good example. — 6. In 
forcing them in the choice of their state of 
life. 

IV. By masters. — 1. In not taking due 
care as to the life and conversation of their 
servants. — 2. In not being watchful over 
them, to reprehend their faults; make them 
say their prayers ; go to Mass on Sundays 
and holidays, or frequent the sacraments. — 
3. In commanding them to do something 
evil. — 4. By treating them injuriously. — 
5. In not paying them their wages. 

The fifth Commandment is broken, 
1. T3 Y anger, quarrelling, or threatening; 

JO or by injurious or reproachful words 
or actions against our neighbours. — 2. By 
revenge, or deliberate thoughts or desires of 
revenge. — 3. By provoking, striking, chal- 
lenging, wounding, or being the cause of 
another's death. — 4. By bearing malice, re- 
fusing to salute or speak to any neighbour 
out of hatred or aversion, or refusing to be 
reconciled to him. 

The sixth Commandment is broken, 
L T3 Y the hearing.— 1. In willingly giving 

JO ear to immodest words, discourses, 
tongs, &c>— 2. By taking pleasure in thenu 
M 2 



^68 An Examen upon the 

— 3. By not hindering or discouraging them, 
when in our power. — 4. By not avoiding 
licentious and lewd company. 

IT. By the sight. — 1. In looking on im- 
modest objects, as on naked and lewd pic- 
tures, figures, &r. — 2. In reading or keep- 
ing dishonest books ; lending them to 
others ; or neglecting to suppress them 
when we may. 

III. By the tongue. — 1. In speaking im- 
rroclest words, or such as, bearing a double 
sense, are apt to create impure thoughts in 
others. — 2. In relating wanton stories or 
wicked actions of ourselves or others. — 3. 
By singing unchaste songs, or reciting im- 
modest verses. — 4. By soliciting others to 
any sort of impurity. 

IV. By the touch. — In using indecent ac- 
tions, or by touching one's self or others 
immodestly. 

V. By thoughts. — 1. By entertaining im- 
pure thoughts wilfully and with delight.-— 
2. By desiring to commit the things thought 

. on. — 3. In resolving to commit them. 

VI. By immodest actions. — 1. In occasion- 
ing pollution in one's self or others. — 2. In 
committing the sin of impurity; and whe- 
ther effected by soliciting, seducing with 
promises, or forcing ; and whether it be 
fornication, or adultery, or incest. — 3. In 
sins- against nature. 

The seventh Commandment is broken, 
1. T5Y taking another's goods, and to 
JLJ what value.— 2. By retaining what 



ten Commandments. Q69 

we know belongs to another. — 3. By deny- 
ing our debts, or wilfully delaying payment, 
to the prejudice of our neighbours. — 4. By 
making unjust bargains or contracts, into 
which every trade or profession ought to 
make a strict inquiry. — 5. By causing any 
damage to our neighbours. — 6. By putting 
off false and counterfeit money. — 7. By de- 
siring another's property. — 8. By not giving 
alms when necessity requires. — 9. By not 
paying tithes. — 10. By Simony. 

The eighth Commandment is broken, 

1. 13 Y witnessing what is false, or defend- 
JD ing a false accusation, as in lawyers 
and solicitors ; or condemning the inno- 
cent, ur discharging the guilty, as judges 
and arbitrators. — 2. By detraction, eiiher in 
.aying something raise Ui another's charge, 
or reporting for truth what is merely doubt- 
ful ; or in revealing something as yet secret 
and unknown, though true, to the prejudice 
of some third person : with a declaration, 
whether it be done out ut levity and indis- 
cretion, or out of malice or ilPwffl ; whe- 
ther in the presence of many, or in a matter 
of importance. — 3. By lying, or speaking 
what we judge to be otherwise than we say: 
whether out of custom, or to the considera- 
ble prejudice of others. — 4. By Hypocrisy, 
which is a lie in action. 



M3 



270 The seven deadly Sins. 

The ninth and tenth are broken, r 

BY all unlawful and wilful desires of im* 
purity and theft : which have been 
already mentioned in the sixth and seventh 
commandments. 

The Precepts of the Church, 
I. r I 1 keep certain appointed days holy, 
JL with the obligation of hearing Mass, 
and resting from servile works. II. To 
observe the days of abstinence and fasting. 
III. To confess our sins to our pastors, at 
least once a year. IV. To receive the 
blessed sacrament at Easter, or thereabouts. 
V. To pay tithes to our pastor. 

{£j> The examination on these precepts 
being very easy, we therefore proceed to 
The seven deadly Sins. 
The Sin of Pride consists, 

1. T N entertaining too great an opinion, or 
X valuing ourselves above our deserts. 

2. In publishing what we think good in 
ourselves, that we may be esteemed by 
others. 3. In arrogance, by attributing to 
ourselves the gooa we have not. 4. In 
presumption and ambition, by confiding 
too much in our own strength, conceiting 
ourselves capable of accomplishing things 
above our abilities, and in rashly attempting 
them. 5. In contempt of others, on ac- 
count of the good opinion we have of our- 
selves, and when this contempt is mani- 
fested by words or actions, a by being 
severe, and exacting on inferiors. 6*. In 
want of submission to our superiors, by 



The seven deadly Sinn. '271 

disobeying them, blaming their conduct, or 
murmuring against them. 7. In, not ac- 
knowledging our faults ; or when con- 
fessing the facts, we maintain we have done 
well, or at least alledge false excuses. 8. 
In contempt of admonitions and corrections* 
9. In discord. 10. In hypocrisy; 11. la 
curiosity, which inclines us to know things 
prejudicial to our salvation. 12. By ingra- 
titude for God's benefits. 

fc^ The sins of covetousness, luxury and 
sloth, have been already examined, in the 
first, sixth, and seventh commandments. 
The Sin of Gluttony. 

In eating or drinking to excess, as far as 
they are prejudicial, either to our health or 
our reason, or anyways scandalous, or of 
ill example to others. 

The Sin of Envy. 

1. Trouble at the good success of our 
neighbour, or when we endeavour to do 
him an unkind ness, or speak often against 
him, or create an ill opinion of him in the 
mind of another. 2. When we rejoice at 
our neighbour's harm. 

The Sin of Anger. 

1. Not to endure any thing contrary to 
our inclinations. 2. To suffer ourselves to 
be hurried away by the emotions of wrath, 
against those that give us any trouble. 3. 
To proceed lo quarrel, injurious language, 
oaths, curses, threats ; to take revenge, or 
to desire and wish to be in a capacity of 
doin* it. 4. To refuse to pardon injuries, 
M 4 



272 E.c(iminatio?i of Sins, ^c. 

or to be reconciled to our enemies, or to 
such of our neighbours with whom we 
have had some misunderstanding, or falling 

cut. 



The Examination of Sins which one commits 

in the Person of another. 
l.TN doing an evil action, or what is 
JL esteemed to be so, 'in the presence of 
others ; more especially, if it be done 
with a design to excite others to sin. 
5>. By forcibly compelling them to evil. 3. 
In giving aid or assistance towards a wicked 
action, by money or otherwise. 4. In har- 
bouring or concealing bad people, that 
ihey may not be discovered or punished. 
5; In sharing in an evil, whether it be in 
the action itself, or in the profits arising 
from it. 6. In not preventing evil when 
one may. 7. By teaching one an evil of 
which he was ignorant before. 8. By com- 
manding, counselling, soliciting, threaten* 
ing, or otherwise provoking another to 
evil. 9. By approving wicked actions, or 
applauding them that commit them. 10. 
By boasting of the sins we have committed, 
or of such as we never did commit. 11. By 
slighting the good deeds of others, or any 

exposing them to ridicule or scorn. 12. 
L'y sowing discord amongst others, either 

Jse or true reports, or by endea- 

tng to keep up a misunderstanding 

amongst them. 13. By" not instructing 

~i:nder Jour tare, nor reprehending 



Instructions, fyc.- 273 

them when necessity requires, but permit- 
ting them to live as they please. 14. By not 
giving fraternal correction, and charitable 
admonition for the preventing of evil. 

There are other particular sins besides 
these belonging to every state, trade, pro- 
fession and calling, upon whkh every one 
ought to call himself to an account, and see 
how far he has been wanting in any part of 
his duty. 

This examination of conscience may be 
very proper for those pious Christians, who, 
following the advice of St. Francis deSaks, 
once every year take a general review 7 of 
the state of their souls, of their passions, af- 
fections, inclinations, habits, &c. in order 
to see whether they advance or go back in 
the way of virtue ; after having repaired 
all the defects of the year past, by a general 
• repentance and confession, enter upon their 
duty again with fresh vigour and spirit ; 
which is a very commendable practice. 



INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMMUNION. 

Chap. I. — Of some general Preparations 
before receiving, 

JJfHEN a person has, by a good confession, 
*" received absolution, and obtained par- 
don of his sins, may he then go immediately 
to communion ? 

There may be circumstances in which 
they may be allowed ; but it oujrht never 
M 5 



6?4 Of Preparation for Communion. ' 
be done by those who have an opportunity 
and liberty of doing otherwise ; and there- 
fore, I cannot but greatly disapprove of the 
practice of those -who run immediately from 
the confessional to the communion table, 
without making any particular preparation 
for this latter, but greater duty. 

What may be your reasons j or disallowing 
this practice l t 

Because though confession be a prepara- 
tion for receiving the blessed sacrament, yet 
there is still another preparation necessary 
for those, who desire to partake of the fruit 
that may he gathered from this tree of life, 
and such as neglect to add this preparation 
to the former, are deprived of the better 
part of this fruit. 

What time do you require between confu- 
sion and communion ? 

Father Lewis, of Granada, thinks it pro- 
per for a penitent to go to confession three 
days before he intends to communicate 
and this may be very profitable for such as 
arc subject to any habitual sin, ^iat in the 
mean time they may put their good pur- 
poses of amendment to trial; for, believe 
me, those who dare not trust their good en 7 
deavours under the assistance of divine 
grace, so long, will, I fear, prove no extra- 
ordinary communicants, by going sooner, 
as they seem not to think of taking much 
pains in order to amend their lives. 

But for others, who are subject to ordinary 
failings, zchat do you advise Y 

It is a very good practice to go to cou- 



Of Preparation for Communion* 275 . 

fession the evening before, and communicate 
the morning following. The vigils and eves 
of festivals are penitential days, and seem 
intended by the Church, not only for fast- 
ing, humiliation and prayer, but likewise 
for repentance and confession t and I would 
advise those who have the opportunity of so 
doing not to fail complying with this in- 
tention of the Church, instead of putting 
off their confession till the very day of the 
festival, by which they shorten the time of 
preparing for communion, and are on great 
solemnities employed in the works of pe- 
nance, instead of performing acts of joy, 
praise and thanksgiving : which is most 
certainly perverting the order of things, and' 
nothing less than a solecism in devotion. 

But what mutt they do, who lurce not this 
opportunity f. 

My advice is, that such as cannot go con- 
veniently ove,r night to confession, should 
go as early as possible the next morning ; 
that so they may be more at leisure to em- 
ploy their thoughts in preparing, for com- 
munion, and make one work of botii. 

What think you of those, who having but 
little leisure, employ the tir.ie betwixt confes- 
sion and communion.) in, saying their pe- 
nance V 

Such as go over night to confession, do 
well to perform their penance that evening : 
but as for those who are straitened in time, 
I think that after confession, they should 
wholly employ their thoughts towards dis- 
posing their souls for communion, and defer 
M 6 



2?6 Of Preparation for Communion. 

their penance till afterwards, though not 
put it off too long, or neglect it : for it 
seems very improper to go to communion 
reciting the penitential psalms, which re- 
quire a more peculiar sort of devotion to 
prepare our souls for that divine banquet. 

What think you of those, who between con- 
fession and communion are agitated with fear 
and solicitude lest they should have omitted 
something in confession ; so that though they 
regularly apply themselves to prepare for 
communion, yet this thought continually per* 
plexes them, even at the moment of communi- 
cating ? 

Such certainly stand in need of a discreet 
director, to deliver them from so mischiev- 
ous an indiscretion ; for though it be the 
indispensable duty of a penitent, after a dili- 
gent examination of conscience, to make an 
entire arid sincere confession of his sins, yet 
after confession, when his mind should "be 
occupied in preparing for the communion, 
a voluntary admitting of such solicitous 
thoughts, under the colour of fearing to go 
to communion unprepared, is only a halt of 
the enemy, by which many are caught, who 
might have communicated worthily if such 
thoughts had not in some manner rendered 
them unprepared. 

But if after confession any mortal sin 
should come into his mind, which till then he 
hadjorgot, ought not he to return to his direc- 
tor and confess it before he cominunicates f 

Certainly : but there is a great ditterence 
sen him tc whom this harpens by ac- 



A Preparation for Communion. 277 

cident, and the other you spoke of be- 
fore, who is of so anxious a temper, as 
never to have done confessing ; who starts 
at every fancy, and is so much disturbed 
as to imagine every flying thought a mor- 
tal sin. Such a one ought to be restrained 
from going again to confession, and en- 
couraged to rest satisfied with acting ac- 
cording to the directions of his ghostly fa- 
ther, as the best rule he can follow : be- 
cause while he is conscious of being subject 
to unreasonable frights, he has just reason 
to suspect his own judgment : and on whose 
judgment ought he then depend, if not on 
that of his ghostly father, whose office it 
it to direct those under his care ? 

I understand you -perfectly ; and would 
now be glad to know the most profitable man- 
ner of occupying the intermediate space of 
time between confession and communion. 

Chap. II. — Of the Devotion proper before 
receiving the holy Communion, 

WHEN a person by a good confession 
has cleansed his soul from sin, and 
taken effectual care not to introduce the 
Author of light into a place of darkness ; 
when he has endeavoured by prayer, me- 
ditations, and other holy exercises, to free 
himself from all affections to venial sin; 
when his heart is not agitated by passion or 
affections of any kind, which may prevent 
the sole application o. bis thoughts to Jesus 
Christ ; (for though these defects may not 
render him altogether unworthy, yet they 



278 A Preparation fur Communion, 

considerably diminish the fruit of the 
holy communion, by producing effects 
which are prejudicial to the soul) when a 
person, I say, has attained thus far, let him 
then apply himself to such devotions as 
seem more immediately to dispose his soul 
for receiving the holy communion. First, 
then, let him reflect, that the intent where- 
with he is to communicate, ought to be 
the ver? same with that which Christ him- 
self had when he instituted the sacrament, 
viz. " That he might abide in us, and we 
in him ;" that so, by receiving the blessed 
sacrament, he may imbibe the spirit "of 
Christ, and be transformed into him; that 
is, live as he lived, with the same charity, 
humility, patience, obedience, poverty of 
spirit, &c. that being thus dead to sin, the 
life of Christ may be fully manifested in 
him-. To this general intention, he may 
add some particular end ; as, to obtain 
grace for the subduing of such a passion, 
resisting such temptations, advancing in 
such a virtue, in thanksgiving for such 
blessings, &c. but never omitting, as often 
as he communicates, to renew the memory 
of Christ's passion, and return him thanks 
for the inestimable benefits of our redemp- 
tion. 

Having thus proposed to himself the end 
for which he is to co?nmunicate i what is he to 
do next? 

He must think of putting his soul in such 

u state, as may render it a becoming and 

.table habitation for the divine guest 



A Preparation for Communion* Q70. 

whom he intends to receive : for though his 
soul may, by confession, be purified from 
the filth of sin, yet it still ought to be adorn- 
ed in a suitable manner: as" when a palace 
is preparing for the reception^et^a prince, 
is it not essential to cleafts*e r vi; from all that 
is filthy and unbecoming; and also to de- 
corate it with such furniture and ornaments 
as are suitable to its illustrious inhabitant : 
in like manner, when a soul is preparing to 
become a palace for the King of heaven, it 
may have all its filth indeed, cast out by 
contrition and a good confession; but where 
is the royal furniture and ornaments for the. 
abode of the divine Majesty. 

Certainly this is very necessary ; but what 
are these ornaments ? 

They must be spiritual ones, for such are 
most acceptable to God : and since he has 
exhorted us to believe in him, trust in him, 
and love him above all things ; therefore, 
before a penitent goes to communion, he 
should for some time exercise himself in 
these divine virtues; that so, when the Lord 
enters into his soul, he may find it animated 
by Faith, elevated by Hope, and inflamed 
with Charity ; for these are the ornaments 
and the furniture most proper for a soul, that 
desires to give her Lord a grateful and ac- 
ceptable entertainment. To these may be 
added acts of humility, fear, thanksgiving, 
&c. which will serve as additional embel- 
lishments to adorn, or as incense to perfume 
the house wherein the heavenly guest is to 
be lodged. To assist you on this occasion, 



380 A Preparation Jar Communion* 

I will here lay before you a form, according 
to the most approved authors, whereby 
these virtues may be practised, which you 
may use according to your devotion and 
leisure ; not in a cursory manner, but with 
all possible attention and recollection ; for 
it must ever be remembered, that the sacra- 
ments work their effects according to the 
disposition of the receiver; so that it is here, 
as with those who go to fetch water from 
an inexhaustible fountain, every one brings 
home according to the measure of the vessel 
they carry with them. If then you desire 
plenty of grace, see that you carry a heart 
well prepared, and so large as not to be 
satisfied or filled with any thing less than 
God himself: and whilst you recite these 
prayers with your lips, endeavour to en- 
grave them in your heart in the most affec- 
tionate manner. 

An Act of Faith. 

MY Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, I 
firmly believe that thou art really 
present in the blessed sacrament : I believe 
it contains thy body and blood, accompa- 
nied by thy soul and divin-ity. I acknow- 
ledge these truths ; I believe these won' 
I adore thy power, that has wrought them : 
I praise thy infinite goodness, that has 
prepared them for me ; and, with David, I 
say from the bottom of my heart, " I will 
praise thee, my God, with my whole heart, 
and will recount all thy admirable works ; 
I will rejoice in thee, and bless thy holy 
name." In this faith, and with this ac-- 



A Preparation for Communion. 281 

knowkdgment, I presume to approach this 
adorable banquet, wherein thou bestowest 
on me the divine food of thy body and 
blood, to satiate my soul with thyself and 
thy holy spirit. Grant, O Jesus, that I may 
approach thee with such a profound sense 
of reverence and humility, as are due to thy 
infinite Majesty. Who am I, O my God, 
that thou shouldst work such wonders for 
my sake? Grant, O Lord, that I be not 
altogether unworthy of them, and that I 
may now receive thee with a pure heart, a 
clean conscience, and a sincere and lively 
faith. Pardon my sins, which hav£ ren- 
dered me most unworthy to approach thee : 
I detest them from the bottom oi my heart, 
because they are displeasing to thee, my 
God; I renounce them forever, and pro- 
mise to be faithful to thee. Take courage, 
then, my soul, raise thyself up : go and 
receive thy God, and with him all "the fa- 
vours he has prepared for thee in this divine 
sacrament. 

An Act of Hope. 
"¥ N thee, sweet Jesus, I place all my hope, 
X^because thou alone art my salvation, 
m^trength, my refuge, and the" foundation 
of all my happiness ; and were it not for the 
confidence I place in thy merits, and in the 
precious blood wherewith thou didst re- 
deem me, I would not presume to partake 
of this banquet. Encouraged therefore by 
thy goodness, behold I come to thee as a 
poor and infirm sheep to its shepherd; as 
one sick, to his physician j as a condemned 



282 A Preparation for Communion 4 

criminal, to his powerful intercessor; that 
as the true shepherd of my soul> thou may- 
est strengthen me : heal me as my physi- 
cian ; and as my merciful advocate, deliver 
me from the sentence of sin and death. I, 
who am an abyss of nothing, invoke thee, 
who art the abyss of all goodness: for tho' 
my sins are innumerable, and very grievous, 
yet they are but light and trivial, when 
compared to thy boundless mercy, and the 
infinite ransom of thy blood. It is in this 
mercy, then, O Lord, that I put ail my 
trust ; and am pleased that I can find no- 
thing in myself wherein to hope, that so I 
may put my whole trust in thee. Have pity 
therefore on me, my Jesus, and save me, 
for thou forsakest none that place their 
hopes in thee. 

An Act of Charity. 

HOW strong was the force of thy love, 
my dear Redeemer, when being 
about to depart out of this world to thy 
eternal Father, thou prqyidedst for us this 
divine banquet, enriched with the sweet- 
ness of heaven, and delight of angels ! Ah ! 
it was through the wonderful effects of thy 
divine goodness, that thou didst humble 
thyself to such an excess for our redemption, 
as to take upon thee the infirmity of our 
nature. And is it not through an infinite ex- 
cess of thy love, that thou hast left us thy 
body and blood for the food and nourish- 
ment of our souls: that, as thou didst unite 
thyself to our humanity, so we might here 
be made partakers of thy divinity ! In re- 



A Preparation for Communion, 28$ 

turn for this thy infinite love, I desire to 
love thee, my Jesus, who art my only 
comfort in this place of banishment, the 
only hope of my infirm soul, and happiness 
above all I can enjoy in this lite. I love 
thee, my God, with my whole heart, with 
my whole soul, with all my mind, and all 
my strength ; and wish, that as every mo- 
ment is an increase of my life, so it may 
be also of my love towards thee, i desire, 
with all the affections and powers of my 
soul, that as the utmost thanks are due, so 
they may be returned to thee, by all the 
faithful, for this divine food, which is our 
refreshment, support, strength, armour, 
and defence in all our miseries : and that 
my love may never cease, inflame my heart 
with the fire of heaven, that it may conti- 
nue burning, till nature and corruption be- 
ing weakened and consumed, I may at 
length be transformed into thee. Come, O 
Lord ! hasten to release me once more from 
the bands of sin, and prepare me for the 
blessing tbou art now about to bestow on roe. 
An Act of Desire. 

AS the wearied hart thirsts after the 
tains of water, so doth my soul 
pant after thee, my Saviour ! my Lord ! and 
my Jesus ! It ardently longs to drink of 
those fountains, which thy love has opened 
for if. comfort ar 1 renef Tired therefore 
with my .vn evii ways, I now return hun- 
gry and ti irsty, crying out aloud, have 
mercy on me, Son of (Sod, and permit 
me to taste $i thy banquet, that my soul 



284 A Preparation for Communion. 

may be refreshed. O that I had the affecti- 
ons of the heavenly spirits, that my soul 
might truly languish after thee, the foun- 
tain of life, of wisdom, and of eternal 
light; the impetuous torrent of celestial 
happiness ! () that my soul did truly hunger 
after thee, the bread of angels, the foodof 
blessed souls, and that all that is within me 
might be delighted with the taste of thy 
sweetness. I here despise all human conso- 
lations, that I may be eomforted by thee, 
my only good, my God and Saviour, whom 
I love above all things,' and desire to enter- 
tain within my breast, with as much devo- 
tion and affection as is conceived by thy 
chosen servants, who now sit at thy table 
of celestial bliss. And however I may have 
been hitherto wanting in my duty, or un- 
just to thee, in misplacing my affections, I 
now for ever renounce my folly and weak- 
ness, and from my heart request, that for 
the future my joy, my relief, my treasure, 
and rest, may be entirely centered in thee. 
May I never desire any thing besides thee ; 
and may all things seem contemptible and 
a-, nothing without thee, O my God ! 
An Act of Thanksgiving. 

WHO am 1, O God of infinite good* 
ness, that thou shouldst permit me 
to partake of this bread of angels? How 
have I found such favour in thy sight, as to 
be the subject of so unspeakable a mercy ! 
Come all ye angels and saints of God, and 
I will recount to you what great things our 
l.urd Las done for my -soul. He has raised 



u 



A Preparation for Communion. 285 

me out of the dust, and delivered me from 
the bonds of sin : he has told me not to be 
dejected nor tearful, for that himself will be 
my support and my strength: and though - 
I have most unworthily forsaken him by 
my repeated follies, yet behold he calls me 
back again, and invites me to partake of 
the bread of life, that as he made me, so I 
may ever live by him. What thanks can I 
give thee, O merciful Jesus, Saviour of the 
world? What return shall I make thee for 
all thou hast done for my soul ? Were I to 
give all I have in acknowledgment of thy 
love, it would still be as nothing ; for thou, 
Lord, hast plentifully poured forth thyself 
upon me, and given me even all that thou 
art ; thy body, thy blood, thy soul, thy 
divinity : and if in thanksgiving for thy 
mercies, I were to lay before thee my body 
and soul, my life, liberty, and all I possess, 
what would they be, when compared to 
the blessing thou hast here bestowed on 
me; what to the debt I owe, which is in some 
kind equal to what I receive, infinite as 
thyself? O God, how far is this above my 
means ? I have, however, one request to 
make, (for thou art good and rnercih.il, and 
knowest my poverty) that thou wouidst 
vouchsafe to accept this little offering I pre- 
sent thee in the sincerity of my heart, sav- 
ing with the Spouse in the Canticles : " My 
Beloved to me, and I to my Beloved." 
Thou hast mercifully given thyself to me, 
for the food of my soul ; and now behold I 
offer thee all that I have, all that I am, all 



236 A Preparation for Communion. 

that I possess; to thee I make a full surren- 
der of them all, that being wholly thine, I 
may now no longer have any part in myself. 
An Act of Fear* 

BEING now invited by thee, sweet Jesus, 
to come and partake of thy banquet, I 
could cheerfully obey thy call, and receive 
thee with all the love and affection of my 
soul, if the thought of so great a happiness 
did not make me tremble at the conscious- 
ness of my wickedness. My sins always up- 
braid me ; and when the voice of St. Paul 
strikes my ear: " He that eats and drinks 
unworthily, -eats and drinks his own dam- 
nation;" how can I choose but tremble at 
the thoughts ot approaching thy table ? 
Alas! if fallow myself but the liberty to 
think, I am confounded, to consider, that 
having so often received this divine food, I 
should yet remain so frail and miserable, or 
that my heart should be so little fixed on 
thee as to be instantly wandering amongst 
vanity and folly, and'seem more fond of the 
empty satisfaction .of creatures than of thee, 
my only happiness. I have frequently resolv- 
ed to amend, and as often pretended to make 
a new covenant,, receiving thy precious body 
as the pledge of my engagements; and yet 
where do I remaip, but in the midst of 
sin and vice, with my senses disordered, my 
tongue ungoverned, my affections depraved, 
and yet, O God, how little pains do I take 
to recover from this misery, and return to 
thee, to whom I have so repeatedly pro- 
mised to be faithful ! These thoughts en- 



A Preparation for Comrnuriion. 237 

compass me, O Lord, on every side, and 
cause me to fear, that what thou hast mer- 
cifully obtained for my salvation, I should 
now receive to my judgment and condem- 
nation. What course then shall I steer in 
the midst of such difficulties? Shall I fly 
from before thy face, like despairing Cain? 
or with Adam hide myself, because at the 
hearing of thy voice, I behold myself naked, 
and destitute of ail that is good ? No, my 
God, suffer me rather to fly to thee for suc- 
cour and refuge, because I know thy mercy 
exceeds my misery, and thy goodness sur- 
passes my wickedness; if 1 am defiled, in- 
firm, and naked, thou canst cleanse me, 
cure and clothe me. To thee, therefore, I 
run, O my God, with fear and trembling, to 
take shelter under the wings of thy clemen- 
cy ; still hoping, that, notwithstanding my 
unworthiness, thou wilt pardon my iniqui- 
ties, heal my infirmities, and clothe me 
with thy grace. For this end, O Lord, dis- 
engage my heart from all that divides thee 
from me, or distracts me in my duty ; for I 
own, that in all that tempts me, there is 
nothing but vanity and affliction of spirit. 
O may my soul no longer relish any other 
sweetness, than that of thy presence; may 
it now no longer admire any thing but the 
greatness of thy infinite love, or look for con- 
tent in any other object, but in thee alone, 
the God of my heart 

An Act of Humility. 
/^\ Immense, powerful, and incompre- 
V_-/ hensible God, who am I, that thou 
fchouldst vouchsafe thus to come to be my 



288 A Preparation for Communion, 
food, and to take thy habitation within my 
soul ! It is in this I conceive something of 
thy infinite goodness and mercy, and my 
own miserable baseness and ingratitude. 
Thou art the King of kings, and sovereign 
Lord of the universe, at whose presence the 
earth trembles. Thou art the fountain of 
holiness, in whose sight the angels them-, 
selves are not pure. Thou art the bright 
sun of eternal day, who dwellest in light 
inaccessible. But as to myself, what am I, 
but a poor worm of the earth, subject to 
innumerable miseries, distracted with pas- 
sions; fond of vanity; defiled with sin ; 
encompassed with darkness ; busy about 
folly ; and careless of eternity ? How then 
dare I approach thee, who am thus misera- 
ble and unprepared? With what confi- 
dence can I appear before thee, most just 
Judge, in whose presence the very pillars of 
heaven tremble ? I, who by my sins have 
run astray from thee, though thou art pre- 
sent in every place: I, who have polluted 
my soul, espoused to thee in baptism, with 
filth and wickedness, abandoning thee my 
JUaker and Redeemer, for the love of va- 
nity and deceitful pleasures. Thou hast 
created me from nothing, and, by thy grace, 
plentifully furnished me with the means of 
obtaining eternal happiness; and how ill a 
return have I made lor these blessings, by 
living in sin, and not being solicitous to 
please thee, but rather to satisfy my own 
corrupt inclinations ! Thou hast prepared 
for me a banquet of heavenly sweetness, | 



Prayers before receiving, 289 

and I have longed after the flesh pots of 
^gypt' • Yet still, O my God of infinite 
goodness, behold I, who am nothing but 
dust and ashes, presume to speak to thee. 
Receive, then, thy unworthy servant into 
the compassionate arms of thy mercy, since 
with so much love and solicitude thou hast 
laboured for my conversion. I am now 
sensible, O my God, that without thee I 
am nothing, nor can do any thing; and 
that without the aid of thy grace, there is 
neither life nor salvation for me. Cast 
therefore all my sins out of thy sight, and 
with the tenderness of a loving Father, ex- 
tend thy arms to receive an unworthy child, 
who returns to thee, and let me effectually 
experience the truth of the prophets words, 
" that a sacrifice to God is an acceptable 
spirit/' and that " thou wilt not despise 
a contrite and humbled heart." 

A Prayer before receiving. 

IT is with fear and trembling, 0,Jesus, 
that 1 approach to thy banquet, having 
nothing to confide in but thy goodness and 
mercy, being of myself a sinner, destitute 
'of all virtue. My soul and body are defiled 
with many crimes ; my thoughts and 
jbngue in disorder, and under no restraint. 
In this wretched condition I hasten to thee, 
most compassionate physician, the fountain 
of all goodness, that I may be healed; 1" 
fly under the wings of thy paternal protec- 
tion, hoping thou wilt be my Saviour, though 
I dare not appear before thee as my judge. 
Io thee I expose all my wounds, to thee I 
N 



200 Prayers before receiving, 

■discover all my shame. My sins, I confess, 
are so innumerable and enormous, as to 
make me despair, if thou didst not encou- 
rage me to hope in thy mercies which are 
infinite. Look therefore on me, with the eyes 
of compassion, O Lord Jesus Christ, eternal 
King, God and man, who was crucified for 
the sins of men. Have mercy on me, thou, 
inexhaustible fountain of goodness. Hail, 
saving Victim, offered on the cross for me 
and all mankind* Hail, generous and pre- 
cious blood, flowing from the wounds, and 
-washing away the sins of the world. Re- 
member thy creature, O Lord, whom thou 
hast redeemed by thy death. I am truly 
sorry for my offences, of which I am re- 
solved to amend. Wash away therefore 
all my sins, and blot out my iniquities, that 
purified in soul and body, I may worthily 
approach the Holy of Holies ; and grant that 
thy precious body and blood, which I now. 
though unworthy, am about to receive, may 
avail to a full discharge from the guilt of alj 
my crimes, a victory over my evil thoughts, 
-he beginning of a new life, the seed of' good 
works, and a sure protection of soul anc 
body against all the snares of my enemies. 
Another. 
\ Lmighty and everlasting God, behok 
-Tjl I come to partake of the adorable sa 
trurr.ent of the body and blood of thy onh 
Son cur Lord Jesus Christ. I come as oni 
Mik to the physician of life; asoneuncleail 
to tne fountain of mercy ; and as one blind U\ 
light of eternal glory ;_ as one, poor aiic 






At the Time cf Communion. 5?91 

distressed to the Lord of heaven and earth. 
And I beseech thee, that in the excess of 
thy infinite bounty, thou wouldst vouchsafe 
to heal my infirmities, wash away all that 
defiles me> remove my blindness, relieve 
my necessities, and clothe me with thy 
grace, that 1 may receive thee, the bread 
of angels, King of kings, and Lord of lords, 
with such reverence and humility ; such 
contrition and devotion ; such purity and 
faith, as may be available to the salvation 
of my soul. Grant that I may so partake of 
the same blessed body which was born of 
the Virgin Mary, in so worthy a manner as 
to become a living member of his mystical 
body. Grant, most loving Father, that I 
may hereafter behold thy beloved Son, 
vtfhom I now desire to receive under the 
Atil of bread, and rejoice for- ever in his pre- 
sence, who liveth and reigneth w ith thee in 
unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world 
without end. Amen, 

At tl\e Time of Communion. 
JS there any thing more to be observed at 
jr* the Time of communion >? 

When a person has duly prepared himself, 
he ought, at the time of communion, to 
have regard to two things, viz. the interior 
employment of his heart, and a reverent ex- 
terior comportment of body. As to the first,: 
during the Confiteor, he ought to humble 
himself in acknowledgment of his unwor- 
thiness, being nothing but dust and ashes, 
and, on account of his sins, rather deserving 
to bexast out of the sight of God, than be- 
N.2. 



B$4 At the Time of Cojnmu n 10 n. 

admitted to this banquet. Whilst the priest 
gives the absolution, lei him, with the ut- 
most fervour of soul, beg of God to purify his 
heart by a lively faith, and confidence in the 
entire remission of all his sins : and when 
the priest holds the blessed sacrament in his 
hands, let him with the profoundest adora- 
tion pay homage to his Lord and Redeemer. 
At the repetition of" Domine non sum dig- 
itus," let him again, after humbly confessing 
his unworthiness, place his confidence in 
the power and goodness of God, going on 
with those words, " speak the word, and 
my soul shall be healed." And when he 
receives the blessed Sacrament within his 
lips, then ought his heart to be inflamed 
with love, accompanied by a lively faith and 
firm hope in the goodness of his Lord ; then 
ought he to adore and praise his God and 
Redeemer with ail the faculties of his soul : 
for since God condescends to make a hea- 
ven of his heart, by his coming to reside 
therein, what can he do less than endeavour 
to supply the part of the angels and blessed 
spirits, who in the presence of their Lord 
fall down and adore him, giving " blessing, 
and glory, and thanksgiving, and honour 
to him that sits on the throne, and to the 
Lamb for ever and ever. 

How pmst he regulate himself as to his 
bofy? 

1. He must communicate fasting from 
all kinds of meat, drink, physic, &c. from 
the preceding midnight, except in the ex- 
tremity of sickneas, when the blessed sa- 






At the Timi of Communion, 293 
crament is received by way of viaticum. 2. 
As to his dress he ought to be decently at- 
tiaed, so as to be free from all appearance 
of vanity; and yet not so slovenly as to be 
censured for any irreverence or disrespect. 
Thus habited, in going new to the holy 
table, every thing ought to be laid aside 
that may occasion disturbance to himself 
or others, as book, hat, gloves, stick, &c. 
then taking the towel, and holding it up 
before his breast, without putting it to his 
mouth, either before or after receiving, let 
him kneel upright, with his eyes closed, or 
rather bent reverently downwards. Let him 
also be careful not to snatch back his head 
suddenly upon receiving the sacred host: 
nor to bend downwards, nor raise the towel 
suddenly to his mouth, but in this posture, 
having his lips moderately open, let him re- 
ceive it on his tongue resting on his under 
lip, and so bring it into his mouth : and 
should a part ot the sacred host acciden- 
tally stick to the roof of his mouth, letLim 
not be disquieted, but let it pass gently 
down. Having in this manner received the 
holy communion, let him retire tor a while, 
and shutting out all worldly thoughts from 
his heart, there treat with his Lord, and 
not leave him till he has obtained his bles- 
sing. 

What think you of those who, as soon as 
the ?nass at which they have communicated is 
fnished, retire, immediately } or else fall into 
conursttion with some acquaintance '$ 
N 3 



201 At the Ti Hievf Communion. 

m I think they betray, not only strong 
marks of a want of piety and devotion, but 
also ot* that love, attention and respect 
which is due to their divine guest. 

But suppose business presses, as is frequent- 
ly tkz case witk many, particularly servant?, 
who have not their own time at command, 
whet can they do f 

I wish there were no others in haste, hut 
such as imagine themselves obliged to be so; 
but I fear this pretext of business will be ge- 
nerally found no more than an excuse for 
neglect, tepidity, and indevotion ; tor what 
more important business can a christian 
have, than to treat with his Redeemer con- 
cerning the aftairs of his soul ? ought not 
all other concerns, especially at this time, 
give way to this ? That business must be 
very pressing indeed, which will not admit 
of so short a~delay as a quarter of an hour, 
especially if a man contrives to arrange and 
lay out his affairs before-hand. Alas ! how 
often does it happen that a person quitting 
his devotion, thus done by halves, on pre- 
text of haste, meets with a friend, relation, 
or fellow-servant, on his return home, by 
entering into conversation with him, proves 
evidently that he thinks his business can 
suffer no prejudice by any delay, but such 
as is occasioned by prayer. However, if it 
should so happen, that he is obliged at this 
time to quit his devotion, let him remem- 
ber what he does when interrupted at his. 
dinner, that is, return to it again as soon as 
he can, and finish what he left imperfect. 






At the Time of .Communion. 295 

What devotion is proper after receiving f 
Swch prayers as follow these instructions, 
if said with attention and devotion. But if 
a person runs them lightly over, and then 
rises up and departs, without allowing him- 
self time to digest this holy food, or to re- 
flect on what lie has done, how fruitless 
must his communion be ! Remember, that 
the end fur which a christian approaches 
this holy table, is, that by receiving the body 
and blood of his Redeemer, " Christ may 
abide and dwell in him.'' Can any one, 
therefore, imagine that this slight, negli- 
gent, and disrespectful manner of treating 
our Lurd, is the proper means of obtaining 
the favour of his " abiding and dwelling 
vfith him?" If he runs away from his Lord, 
can he expect his Lord should abide with 
him ? Attend to the words of the gospel, 
u He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh ray 
blood, abideth in me, and I in him." If 
therefore you desire that Christ should abide 
with you, abide thou in him. This he ab- 
solutely requires ; and believe me, those 
who think it tedious to remain a while 
with their Lord, have too great reason to 
fear, that they no sooner turn their backs 
on this heavenly guest, but he likewise 
forsakes them. 

What do you mean by Christ abiding in us ?■ 
That as a man lives by the food he eats, so 
a Christian who eats of the bread of life, 
which is Christ, should live by Christ, and 
have him abiding in him. So that haying 
received Christ, tie oujht now no longeV to 
N4 



296 Prayers after Communion. 

act according to his passions, but being 
quite dead to them, act wholly according 
to this new principle of life, and make it 
appear to all men, that it is not now him- 
self, but Christ that lives in him. Now 
this supposes an entire change of life and 
manners : a work so great and wonderful 
as to require the powerful assistance of that 
divine guest, who comes not only to visit, 
but likewise to comfort, strengthen, and 
raise the soul above itself. Is it not then 
necessary that, after communion, a person 
should treat with his Lord about these af- 
fairs, — lay before him his necessities, — 
crave his help and grace, — consider what 
he was,— twhat faults he has to amend, — 
and what he ought to be ; as likewise the 

I precautions he ought to take against re- 
apsing into his former follies, weaknesses, 
neglects, sins, aud bad habits. 

Prayers after Communion. 

J Return thee thanks, O eternal Father, 
for having, out of thy pure mercy, with- 
out any desert of mine, been pleased to 
feed my soul with the body and blood of 
thine only Son, aud beseech thee that this 
holy communion may not be to my condem- 
nation, but available to the effectual remis- 
sion of all my sins. May it strengthen my 
faith ; encourage me in the practice of 
good' works ; deliver me from my vicious 
customs ; remove from me all concupis- 
cence ; perfect me in charity, patience, 
humility, obedience, and all other virtues. 
May it secure me agajberst sdJ ,;es<if 



j 



Prayers after Communion. 297 

my enemies, visible and invisible ; pru- 
dently moderate my inclinations, both* car- 
nal and spiritual ; closely unite me to thee, 
the only true God, and finally settle me in. 
unchangeable bliss, by admitting me, tho* 
an unworthy sinner, to be a guest at that 
divine banquet, where thou, with the Son 
and the Holy Ghost, art the true light, eter- 
nal fulness, everlasting joy, and perfect 
happiness of* all the saints ! through the 
same Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. 
Another. 

WOUND now, dear Jesus, my heart, 
with the tire of pure love and perfect 
charuy, that my soul may languish and melt 
away with the desires of thee. May all my 
affections be fixed on thee, the eternal good. 
May my thoughts ever dwell on the man- 
sions of happiness, and my soul now long 
to be dissolved and dwell with thee. Grant, 
O Lord, that 1 may ever hunger after thee, 
the bread of angels, the banquet of blessed 
souls, our daily and divine oread, abound- 
ing with all the sweetness that can possibly 
delight the taste. May my soul delight to 
feed on thee, and be filled with thy sweet- 
ness, who art the bread of angels. May 
my soul ever thirst after thee, the source or 
wisdom and knowledge, - the fountain of 
eternal light, the torrent of divine pleasure, • 
and fulness of the house of God. May it 
ever desire thee, seek thee, find thee, and 
proceed on till it happily arrives in thy pre- 
sence. May its thoughts be incessantly 
£,\ed on thee. Of thee may I always speak, , 
No- 



C98 Prayers after Communion. 

and perform all my actions for the praise 
and glory of thy name, with humility and 
discretion ; love and delight ; ease and af- 
fection; and so persevere to the end. Thus 
mayest thou alone be my hope, my strength, 
my treasure, my peace, my food, my re- 
fuge, my help, my wisdom, my portion 
and possession. In thee may my thoughts 
and heart be ever so firmly fixed, as not to 
be in the power of any creature to separate 
jne from thee. 

An Act of Praise and Adoration, 

I Praise and glorify thy blessed name, O 
ray God, for the many favours thou 
hast now bestowed on me, and for all the 
blessings wherewith thou hast enriched my 
soul, atter the many miseries and wants I 
have suffered, when,^ by my pleasures and 
passions, I had departed from thee ! Alas ! 
was not I most miserably blind, to exnect 
content and happiness, when by my folly, 
neglect and indevotion, I removed myself 
at a distance from thee. But such was thy 
goodness, as to withdraw me from the pre- 
cipice whither I was running: enlightening 
me with thy ray, and, by the inspirations 
of thy grace, inviting me to return. Thou 
hast pardoned all my sins ; and, to crown 
all these favours, thou hast now come to 
visit me, that thou mightest for ever abide 
in me, and I in thee. O my God, be thou 
tor ever blessed for all these infinite mer- 
cies. Bless the Lord, my soul, and let all 
that is within mc praise and magnify his 
holy name. Bless the Loid, and see thou 



i 



Prayers after Communion. 299 

forget not the favours he has done thee. 
He has pardoned thee all thy offences, and 
cured thy infirmities. He has preserved 
thee from death, and crowned thee with 
the effects of his bounty. He has satisfied 
thy hunger with good things, and reple- 
nished thee with all the blessings thou 
couldst desire. And oughtest not thou to 
resolve on a change of life, and, renewing 
thy forces, grow young like the eagle, in 
his service? Let thy grace, then, O Lord, 
be ever at hand to assist me, for the expe- 
rience of my own weakness makes me fear- 
ful; and, if thou support* me not, I most 
certainly shall fall again. Be thou there- 
fore my shield and defence. Grant me a 
firm and constant faith; and strengthen it 
not only with respect to this mystery, but 
all other christian truths and principles of 
eternal life; that, by the help thereof, I may 
overcome all such difficulties as I may have 
to encounter in my journey to that state of 
bliss for which I was created ; as it is by 
such a faith those who, for my example, are 
gone before me, have triumphed over their 
enemies, done justice, and obtained the 
promises. 

Of Hope. 

I Adore thy in6nite greatness, O divine 
Majesty, who fiilest both heaven and 
earth, and art adored by all the blessed spi- 
rits, angels, and saints, who without ceas- 
ing praise and cry out before thee,. "Holy, 
Holy, Holy, Lord God of Sabaoth." Is it 
possible thou shouldst condescend to visit 
N<5 



SOO • Prayers after Communion. 

the most unworthy of all thy servants, and 
desire to dwell within him? If the heavens, 
nay, the heaven of heavens, cannot contain 
thee, how much less this habitation, -which 
I have prepared for thy reception ? But thy 
goodness, O great God, knows well how 
to humble itself, when it is for our good. 
Thou knowest how to conceal the dazzling 
splendour of thy glory, and condescend to 
our weak capacity, that so thou maycst 
communicate thyself to us the more freely. 
This thou didst not only at the time of thy 
adorable incarnation, when thou made^t 
thyself like to us, the more forcibly to at- 
tract our love to thee, but also when ihou 
didst institute this mystery, wherein thou 
gavest thyself to us for the food and nou- 
rishment of our souls, the more closely to 
• unite us to thyself, and make us aspire to 
that celestial banquet thou hast prepared 
for the blessed in heaven. O God, grant 
me the grace, so eagerly to long after this 
eternal banquet, that the de*ire of hereafter 
enjoying it may make me despise all the 
goods and pleasures of this life, and labour 
incessantly to prepare myself, till I am hap- 
pily admitted amongst thy guests. There 
is one resolution, which I here make in thy 
presence, viz. to renounce all whatsoever 
my irregular and corrupt affections incline 
me to; For they often press me to forsake 
the way of thy commandments, and put 
i«e in danger of forfeiting my title to eter- 
nal happiness: but behold I now desire to 
wean my heart from them entirely, that \ 



Prayers vfter Communion. 301 

may place my whole love and confidence 
in thee alone. For this end, I am firmly 
resolved to watch over all my actions ; fly 
from sin ; and avoid whatever may be dis- 
pleasing to thee. I will labour to work out 
my salvation by observing thy precepts, and 
as I have, resolved, so I hope to be faithful 
to thee ; but this resolution I acknowledge 
myself unable to. perform, without the help 
of thy grace, which I most humbly im- 
plore. (J Jesus, save me : conduct me 
through the ways of thy commandments, in 
which I now begin to walk, with courage 
and perseverance. Incline my heart to 
Jove thy divine truths: divert my eyes from 
beholding vain objects : enliven and 
strengthen me in the paths of virtue and 
good works, and attract me so powerfully 
to thyself, that I may follow thee as far as 
heaven, where thou livest and reignest for 
all eternity. 

Of Love. 

0\My God, what return can I make for 
feo signal a favour, or what shall I do 
to acknowledge it as much as it deserves ? 
Is it possible I should not continually 
love thee after such manifest proofs of thy 
love ? Thou hast loved me to such an ex- 
cess, as to lay down thy life lor my sake, 
and shall I not make so small a return to 
such boundless love, as to live only for 
thee ? Thou hast communicated thyself at 
present entirely to me, and shall not I from 
henceforth remain wholly thine? Permit 
me not, God, to be ungrateful, or m- 



302 Prayers after Communion. 

sensible of thy love and my own salvation : 
I protest therefore in thy presence, that I 
will for the future be faithful to thee, and 
never depart from thee by the least disobe- 
dience to thy law. I will never forget thy 
bounty, nor the favour thou hast done 
me, in admitting me to partake of thy 
mercy. I will love thee with my whole 
heart, for thou, O Lord, art my strength, 
my support, my refuge, and deliverer, nay, 
my God, and my all. What is there in 
heaven or on earth I shquld love in prefer- 
ence to thee, the God of my heart, the.in- 
heritance and only happiness I pretend to. 
Of thee I have made choice, aud nothing 
shall prevail on me to make me change. 
An Oblation. 

WHAT pledge can I give, O my Sa- 
viour, as an earnest of the love 
which I have now engaged to thee ? I have 
nothing worthy of thee, and if I had, I 
have nothing but what is thine on several 
accounts ! but such is, thy goodness, as to 
be content to accept from us what is alrea- 
dy thine. Wherefore behold I here offer to 
thee my body and soul, which are both 
now sanctified by the honour of thy divine 
presence : I consecrate them to thee for 
ever, since thou hast chosen them for thy 
temple 5 my body to be continually em- 
ployed in thy service, and never more to 
become an instrument of sin ; my soul to 
know thee, to love thee, and be ever more 
faithful to thee. Bless, O Lord, the pre- 
sent I here make thee, " bless, O Lord, this 



Prayers after Communion, 303 

bouse." Permit not my body to be any 
more defiled with sensual delights, nor my 
soul by a will to commit any mortal sin ; 
for as I am now resolved to serve thee with 
body and soul, I will take pains to correct 
their evil inclinations. I will declare war 
against myself, renounce my wonted plea- 
sures, my delights, my passions, my con- 
cupiscence, my anger, my pride, my self- 
love, my own will, and lastly, whatever 
else may offend thee. 

A Prayer for Perseverance, 

PRESERVE, Lord, for ever in my soul 
the holy resolutions wherewith thou 
hast now inspired me, and grant me grace 
faithfully to put them in execution. With- 
out thy aid I can do nothing : I there- 
fore earnestly crave thy assistance to con- 
quer all the difficulties I may meet with in 
the way of my salvation. Regard me with 
the eyes of mercy: have compassion on my 
weakness; and strengthen me daily with thy 
grace. O glorious Virgin, unite with me in 
giving- thanks to* thy beloved Son, who has 
restored me to his gTace,' and refreshed ray 
soul with the banquet of his most precious 
body. Offer him all the grateful service 
thou didst him in this life, to supply the 
defects of my devotion ; and obtain of him 
that he depart hoc from me without leaving 
a large benediction behind him tor my sou). 
Holy angels * ye ministering spirits of God, 
behold the only Son of the eternal Father, 
whom you adored at his entrance into the 
world, O become now petitioners in my 



304 After Coimnunlon. 

behalf, that I may henceforth serve him ' 
with the same spirit and truth, as you did 
whilst he remained on earth, and with the. 
same cheerfulness as you now do in his ce* 
lestial kingdom. All ye men and women, 
saints of' God, behold here within my breast 
your Lord, the origin and reward of all your 
virtuous actions, and let all your prayers 
accompany mine to the throne; that by his 
grace I may follow your steps in the exact 
performance of every duty, till abounding 
in good works, 1 may at length be admitted 
into your society, and possess my Jesus for 
all eternity. . 

The Conclusion. 

GRACIOUSLY hear all my prayers, O \ 
good Jesus : hide me within thy 
wounds, and there protect me from all n.y 
enemies. O let nothing ever separate me 
from thee. Call me to thee at the* hour of 
my death, that with thy saints I may praise 
thee for ever. And now Lord Jesus, I go 
from thee for a while, but I hope notrwith- 
out thee, who art my comfort and the ulti- 
mate happiness of my soul. To thy love 
and protection I . recommend myself, as 
well as my brethren, relations, ray country, 
my friends, and my enemies. Love us, O 
Lord, change our hearts, and transform us 
into thyself. May I be wholly employed 
in thee and for thee ; and may thy love be 
the^nd of all my thoughts, words, and ac— 
tions, who livest and reignest for ever and 
ever. Amen, 



Devout Aspirations. 305 

The following Aspirations may not be 
unseasonable for such as have an Opportu- 
nity on the day of Communion, if said 
with Recollection of Spirit and Attention. 
X. T?NLIGHTEN the eyes of my suul,0 
JCj Lord, with the rays of divine faith 
and wisdom, that I may ever look on thee 
as the way, the rule, and example of all 
my thoughts, words, and actions. 

What am I Lord, or what claim can I have 
on thy bounty, that thou shouldst thus 
pursue me with thy blessings ? Yes, thou 
hast created me for thyself, and mayest thou 
alone be the rest and centre of my soul. 

Good Jesus, my hope and only hap- 
piness, I here return thee thanks for all thy 
sufferings ; and beg that I may ever find a 
place of refuge in thy sacred wounds against 
the assaults of all my enemies : imprint the 
memory of them, I beseech thee, so deeply 
in my heart, that I may ever love thee ; and 
in all my sufferings never' forget what thou 
hast suffered for me. 

Take from me all self-love, and grant me 
a perfect love, that I may hereafter be more 
faithful to thee; and suffer nothing for the 
future to prevent me from a faithful dis- 
charge of my duty. 

O'that I could ever remember tliee ! ever 
think of thee ! and love thee only ! O that 
my senses were ever shut against vain and 
sinful objects, and my mind freed from air 
fruitless solicitude, that I might ever abide 
in thee. From henceforth I will, with the 



300 Devout Ajpifatimt* 

utmost diligence, seek thee, my only good ; 
my desires shall be fixed on thee alone, ami 
all my actions shall be directed to thy glory. 

I resign myself into thy hands, O God, de- 
siring that thy holy wilfmay be done in and 
by me, both now and tor ever. Be thou my 
instructor, director and helper on all occa- 
sions, that I may neither do, speak, think, 
or desire any thing but what is according 
to thy good will and pleasure. 

II. Grant thy servant, O Lord, under- 
standing, that he may learn the way of thy 
commandments, and lay aside all interest 
besides that of heaven. 

O sweet Jesus, thou fountain of goodness, 
direct my steps in thy paths, and teach me 
to do thy will. Inspire me with courage to 
take up my cross and follow thee. Disen-' 
gage my heart from all unprofitable cares 
and vain affections ; and though I dwell 
among creatures, yet may I ever live in 
thee and for thee. Grant me true fervour of 
spirit, and enkindle in my breast the fire of 
divine low, that I may find no rest! but in 
thee. 

How sweet, O Lord, is thy spirit ! how 
pleasant to my ear are the words of thy- 
mouth ! O that I could ever be attentive to 
them, and fulfil thy law ! May I die to the 
world and all its concupiscences ; and let 
the greatness of thy love make all that is 
earthly appear to me as nothing. Protect 
me against my enemies, and in all danger; 
come to my defence ; make haste to help 
me, O God, and say to my soul, I am thy 
health and salvation* 



After Communion, 307 

Remember thou art my Father, and have 
compassion on my distressed soul: clothe it 
with all virtues, and teed it with thy grace : 
tor it belongs to a father to be careful of his 
child. 

As it is in thee I live, sweet Jesus, so it 
is in thee I desire to clie ; and Loth living 
and dying I will ever profess, that thou art 
good, and thy mercy endureth for ever. 

III. O Sweetness of ray life, and life of 
my soul, withdraw my heart; and thoughts 
from all creatures, that they may find do 
rest but in thee. 

My God, how long dost thou permit me 
to wander from thee > When wilt thou con- 
sume in me all that is corrupt and contrary 
to thy will ? Draw me after thee, I beseech 
thee, that I may walk cheerfully in the way 
of thy precepts. Make me according to 
thine own heart, and let my soul be now 
thy habitation for ever. 

My soul, without thee, is dry, like earth 
without water ; moisten it, I beseech thee, 
with the dew of heaven, and grant me thy 
blessing from the land of the living. Wound 
my heart with thy love, that it may relish 
no earthly objects, but entirely depend on 
thy will/ 

Hail, d«ar Redeemer, whom I now de- 
sire to adore with the spirit aud affection of 
thy elect ; to thy direction I commit all the 
motions of my soul. 

Ah! when will the day of eternity ar>- 

r?ar, that liberated from this prison offlesn, 
may join with the saints in thy everlasting 



503 Bevout Aspirations. • 

praise. O sweet light, inflame my heart 
with the fire of celestial charity, and let ks 
divine flames consume my bowels. 

IV. O that I could give thee, dear Lord, 
as much praise, glory, and honour, as is 
given thee by the angels and blessed spirits 
in heaven. But as this, in my present state 
of existence, is impossible, accept at least 
my desire and good-will. Deliver me from 
every thing that is contrary to thy will, and 
dispose my soul tor thy greater glory. 

Into thy hands I surrender myself, O my 
Creator, and laying aside all private wishes, 
desire to depend on thee, not only as to the 
whole state of my body and soul, but also 
as to all the accidents and events thou may- 
est please to appoint for me, asking nothing 
more but that thy name may be glorified 
for ever. 

If it be more for thy honour that I should 
suffer interior desolation, I accept it from 
thy hand, convinced that whatever I suffer 
in my soul, for love of thee, is for my good. 

O my God, how little art thou known, 
, how little loved ! Come to me, dear Lord ! 
and if thou no where' else findest rest, in- 
fuse thyself wholly into my soul. May the 
fire of thy love, O God, ever burn in my 
heart, and increase to such af.ameas may 
consume not only the sacrifice, but the altar 
also. 

Let nothing be my comfort, but thou, 
my Lord Jesus, nor any thing afflict me 
but my sins, and whatever is displeasing to 
thy divine Majesty, 



Instructions after Communion, S09 

O blessed Jesus ! Life eternal ! by wham 
I live, and without whom I die; grant I 
may be united to thee: that in the embraces 
of thy holy love and divine will, I may rest 
for ever. 

When shall I behold thee, sweet Lo*d, 
when shall I appear before thy face? When 
shall I see thee in the land of the living? Till 
then I sigh and bewail my banishment, de- 
siring to be dissolved, and be with thee. 



Instructions after Communion. 
TS it necessary that every one should say 
"*• their prayers after communion f 

I think that every one should after com- 
munion continue in prayer near a quarter of 
an hour, and employ this, time in the best 
manner they can, for the benefiting their 
souls by this holy food. These prayers may 
do very well: but in this case let every one 
adopt the devotion wherewith he finds 
himself affected. 

How ought the rest of the day to be spent ? 

In spiritual reading, prayer, recreation of 
mind; in pious and charitable offices, and ■. 
good works; and consequently, in carefully 
avoiding vain diversions, uncharitable and 
unprofitable discourses, and all such com- 
pany and entertainments, as generally ex- 
pose men to more liberty than is becoming 
days of devotion. 

How often would you hate one communi- 
cate? 

There can be no invariable rule in this 
point ; but that which agrees- wiih most 



310 Instructions after Communion. 

states and conditions, is lo communicate 
alxHit once every month. Others oftener, 
with the advice of their director ; but then 
let them remember, that their lite and con- 
versation be answerable to their devotion. 

Why are Christians to coinmunicute so of- 
ten f 

That (says St. Francis de Saks) by virtue 
of this holy 1 food, they may learn to love 
God, and be puritied from their imperfec- 
tions, delivered from their miseries, com- 
forted in their afflictions, and strengthened 
in their weaknesses ; and therefore, (conti- 
nues he) there are two sorts of persons who 
ought to communicate often : the perfect, 
because being well disposed, they do them- 
selves an injury in- not approaching the 
fountain of perfection: the imperfect, that 
they may be enabled to tend to perfection : 
the strong, lest they should become feeble : 
tjie feeble, that they may become strong : 
the sick to be healed : the healthy, lest 
they fall into sickness : those that have not 
much worldly business, because they have 
leisure : and those that have much business, 
because they stand in more need of this 
spiritual refreshment* 

V/hat can be the reason zohy many receive 
sc little benefit by their coynmuniou i 

It must proceed from a want of due pre- 
paration, Or from leaving off their devotions 
as soon as they have received, and not al- 
lowing sufficient time for this holy food to 
ingest and work its effects in their souls. Be 
careful therefore, as often as you comiuum- 



A Prayer for Christ's Church, $e. 311 
catc, to be as extremely diligent in prepar- 
ing yourselves as if it were to be your last 
communion. After you have received, al- 
low yourself siffncient time for prayer, and 
when you return home, let it be your care to 
reform all your evil habits, and make use of 
the graces you have received by means of 
this adorable sacrament. Thus will it con- 
tribute to your advancement in virtue and 
the love of God, and prove an eternal 
blessing to your soul. 



A Prayer for the whole State of Christ* s 
Church upon Earth, and all the Intentions 
of an Indulgence. 

O Eternal Father of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, Creator of all things visible 
and invisible, Source of all our good, infi- 
nitely good in thyself, and infinitely bounti- 
ful, gracious, and good to us: behold we thy 
poor servants, the work of thy hands, re- 
deemed by the blood of thy only Son, come, 
in answer to his summons by his vicege- 
rent, to present ourselves, as humble peti- 
tioners, before the throne of thy mercy : we 
come ail in a body at this time, even all thy 
people upon earth ; and w T e come in commu- 
nion, with thy whole Church in heaven, hop- 
ing to be assisted by their prayers and me- 
rits : and with Jesus Christ at our head, our 
High Priest and Mediator, in whose pre- 
cious blood we place all our tiust. We 
prostrate ourselves here before thee, z:A 
most humbly beseech, thee to., sanctity 



3l<2 A Prayer for the whole State 

thy own most holy name, by sanctifying 
and exalting thy holy Catholic Church 
throughout the whole world. O Eternal 
King, who hast sent thy only Son down 
from thy throne above to establish a 
temporal kingdom here amongst us, from 
whence we might hereafter be translated 
to thy eternal kingdom: look down, we 
beseech thee, upon this kingdom of thy 
Son, and propagate it through all nations, 
and through all hearts. Sanctify it in all 
truth ; maintain it in peace, unity, and - 
holiness. Give to it, saints for its rulers., its 
chief pastor, and all its other prelates : en- 
Jighten them all with heavenly wisdom, and 
make them all men according to thy own 
heart. Give thy grace and blessing to all 
the clergy ; and dispense among them that 
heavenly fire, which thy Son came to cast 
en the earthy and which he so earnestly de- 
sired should be enkindled. Assist and pro- 
tect all apostolical missionaries, that they 
may zealously and, effectually promote thy 
glory, and the salvation of souls redeemed 
by the blood of thy Son. Sanctify all religi- 
ous men and women of all orders; give them 
the grace to serve thee with all perfection, 
according to the spirit of their institute, 
and to shine like lights to the rest of the 
faithful Have mercy on all Christian kings 
and princes : grant them those lights and 
graces that are necessary for the perfect 
discharge of their duty to thee and tneir 
subjects; that they may be true servants to 
thee> the King of kings, true fathers to their 



of Christ's Churchy fyc. 313 

people, and nursing fathers to thy church. 
Have mercy on all magistrates, and men in 
power ; that they may all fear thee, love 
thee, and serve thee ; and ever remember 
that they are the deputies, and ministers of 
thy justice. Have mercy on all thy people 
throughout the world ; and give tLy bles- 
sing to thine inheritance* Remember thy 
congregation which thou hast possessed 
from the beginning. Grant to all thy chil- 
dren here upon earth, the grace to do 
thy holy will in all things, even as the 
blessed do in heaven. — Extend thy mercy 
also to all poor iniidels, that sit in darkness 
and in the shadow of death : to all those 
nations that know thee not, and that have 
not yet received the faith and law of thy Sou 
their Saviour: to all Pagans, Mahometans, 
and Jews. Remember, O Lord, that all 
these poor souls are made after thine own 
image and likeness, and redeemed by the 
blood of thy Son : O let not Satan any lon- 
ger exercise his tyranny over these thy cr>a^ 
tures, to the great dishonour of thy name. 
Let not the precious blood of thy Son be shed 
for them in vain. Send amongst them zeal- 
ous preachers, and apostolic labourers en- 
dued with the like graces and gilts as thy 
apostles were, and bless them wrtil the like 
success, for the glory ot thy name, that these 
poor souls may be brought to know thee, 
love thee, and serve thee here in thy Church, 
and bless thee hereafter for ail eternity. — 
Look down also with an eye of pity and com- 
passion on all those deluded souls who, un- 
O 



SH A Prayer/or the whole State 

der the name ofChristians, have gone astray 
from the paths of truth and unity, and from 
the one fold of the one Shepherd, thy only 
Son Jesus Christ, into the bye-paths of error 
and schism. O bring them hack to ihee and 
to thy church. Dispel their darkness by thy 
heavenly light; take off the veil from before 
their eyes, with which the common enemy 
has blindfolded them, let them see how they 
have been misled by misapprehensions and 
misrepresentations. Remove the prejudices 
of their education; take away from them 
the spirit of obstinacy, prida, and self-conceit. 
Give them an humble and docile heart. Give 
them an ardent desire of finding out thy 
truth, and a strong grace to enable them to 
embrace it, in spite of all the opposition of 
the world, the flesh, and the devil. For why 
should these poor souls perish, for which 
Christ died ? Why should Satan any longer 
possess these souls, which, by their baptism, 
were dedicated to thee, to be thy eternal 
temple ? O Father of lights, and God of all 
truth, purge the whole world from all errors, 
abuses, corruptions, and vices. Beat down 
the standard of Satan, and set up every where 
the standard of Christ. Abolish the reign of 
sin, and establish the kingdom of grace in 
all hearts. Let humility triumph over pride 
and ambition; charity over hatred, envy, 
and malice; purity and temperance over lust 
and excess ; meekness over passion; and 
vlisinterestedness and poverty of spirit over 
jovetousness, and the love of this perishable 
world. Let the gospeL of Jesus Christ, both. 



of Christ's Church, $c. 315 

in its belief and practice, prevail throughout 
all the universe. Grant to us thy peace, O 
Lord, in the days of our mortality, even that 
peace which thy Son bequeathed as a legacy 
to his disciples ; a perpetual peace with thee, 
a perpetual peace with one another, and a 
perpetual peace within ourselves. Grant that 
all Christian princes and states may love, 
cherish, and maintain an inviolable peace 
among themselves. Give them a right sense 
of the dreadful evils that attend on wars. 
Give them ah everlasting horror of all that 
bloodshed, of the devastation and ruin of so 
many territories ; of the innumerable sacri- 
leges, and the eternal loss of so many thou- 
sand souls, as are the dismal consequences 
of war. Turn their hearts to another kind of 
warfare; teach them to fight for a heavenly 
kingdom. Remove, O Lord, thy wrath, 
which we have reason to apprehend actually 
hanging over our heads for our sins. Deliver 
all Christian people from the dreadful evil of 
mortal sin; make all sinners sensible of 
their misery; give them the grace of a sin- 
cere conversion to thee, and a truly peni- 
tential spirit, and discharge them from all 
their bonds. Preserve all Christendom, and 
in particular this nation, from all the evils 
that threaten impenitent simiers, such as 
plagues, famines, earthquakes, fires, inun- 
dations-, mortality of cattle, sudden and un- 
provided death, and thy many other judg- 
ments here, and eternal damnation hereafter. 
Comfort all that are under any affliction, 
sickness, pr violence of pain: support all. 
(X*. 



316 Litany of the 

that are under temptation ; reconcile all 
that are at variance ; deliver all that are in 
slavery or captivity ; defend all that are in 
danger ; grant relief to all in their respec- 
tive necessities : give a happy passage to all 
that are in their agony. Grant thy blessing 
to pur friends and benefactors, and to all 
those for whom we are particularly bound 
to pray; and have mercy on all our ene- 
mies. Give eternal rest to the faitblul de- 
parted ; and bring us all to everlasting life : 
thro' Jesus Christ thy Son. Amen. 

The Litany of the Blessed Sacrament, 

LORD, have mercy upon us. 
Christ, have mercy upon us. 
Lord, have mercy upoh us. 

God the Father, Creator of the wodd, 

God the Son, Redeemer of mankind, 

God the Holy Ghost, perfecter of the 
elect, 5 

Sacred Trinity, three Persons in one§ 
God, ^ 

Jesus, God and man, in two natures, S 
and one divine Person, Q 

Jesus, our wonderful God, who for our s 
sakes vouchsafest to subject thy Al-"§ 
mighty Self to the power of min, by im- ~ 
mediately descending upon our Altar, *• 
when the Priest pronounces the words of 
consecration, 

Jesus, our incomprehensible God, who 
tho* the heaven of heavens cannot contain 
thy immensity, yet vouchsafest personally 



blessed Sacrament. 317 

to reside in our churches, and dwell a- 
mongst us in a small tabernacle, 

Jesus, our Sovereign King, who, tho' 
thy throne above is continually surround- 
ed by glorified ministering spirits, yet 
vouchsafest here in our most solemn pro- 
cessions to be accompanied by such mean 
attendants as ourselves, 

Jesus, our heavenly physician, who 
descendest from thy palace"of immortal 
bliss to our houses of clay, to visit us on 
our sick beds, and give thyself to com- 1^ 
fort our sorrows, § 

Jesus, our glorious God, who sittest- 
at the right-hand of thy eternal Father, § 
adored by innumerable angels, and en-<3 
compassed with the splendor of inacces- s 
sible light, 1 

Jesus, our gracious God, who conde-~ 
scending to the weakness of our nature, ? 
coverest thy glory under the familiar 
forms of bread and wine, and permitted 
thyself to be seen, touched, and tasted 
by wretched sinner^, 

Jesus, our gracious God, who conceal- 
ing the awful brightness of thy Majesty 
under such low and humble veils, sweet- 
ly invitest us to approach thy person, lay 
open our miseries, and deliver our peti- 
tions into thy hands, 

Jesus, our gracious God, who, to com- 
municate thy divine nature to miserable 
sinners, humblest thyself to descend in- 
to our breast, and by an inconceivable 
union become one with us, 
03 



i>18 Litany of the 

Jesus, the bread of life, that came down 
from heaven, of which whoever eats, shall 
Hve for ever, 

Jesus, the heavenly manna, whose 
sweetness nourishes thy elect in the de- 
sert of this world, 

Jesus, the food of angels, whose deli* 
ciousness replenishes our hearts with ce- 
lestial joys, 

Jesus, the Lamb without spot, who 
art every day sacrificed, and yet always 
liveth ; every day eaten, and yet still re- 
mainest entire, 

Jesus, the good Shepherd, who layedst fej 
down thy life for thy sheep, and feedest § 
them with thine own body, ^ 

Jesus, who, in this august and vene- 3 
rable mystery, art thyself become the<g 
priest and sacrifice, js 

Jesus, who, in this sacred memorial of© 
thy death, hast included all thy wonders e 
into one accumulated miracle, •* 

Jesus, who, in this admirable sacra- 
ment, hast contracted all thy blessings 
into one stupendous bounty, 

Jesus, who, by this blessed fruit of the 
tree of life, restorest us again to immor- 
tality, 

Jesus, who, by sanctifying the most 
familiar of thy creatures, dost inspire us 
with a pure desire of thee, and teacheth 
us the right use of the rest, 

Jesus, who, by becoming our daily food 
in this life, preparest us to ft§d on thee 
eternally in. the next, 



blessed Sarrament* 319 

Jesus, who, in this divine banquet givest 
us possession of thy grace here, and a se« 
cure pledge of our glory hereafter, Hare 
mercy upon us. 

Have mercy, O Lord, and pardon our sins. 

Have mercy, O Lord, and hear our prayers. < 

From presuming to measure the depth of 
divine Omnipotence by the short line of 
human reason, Deliver us, Lord. 

From presuming to interpret the se- 
crets of thy will by the unerring rule of 
private judgment, 

From all distraction and irreverence in 
assisting at this awful sacrifice, 

From neglecting to approach this holy 
table, and from coming to it negligent- tJ 

From an unworthy and fruitless receiv- £ 
ing of this adorable sacrament, ^ 

From all hardness of heart, and ingra-^ 
titude for so unspeakable a blessing, o 

Thro' thy irresistible power, which M 
changeth the course of nature as thou jfr 
pleasest, 

Thro* thy unsearchable wisdom, which 
disposeth all things in perfect order, 

Thro' thy infinite goodness, in bestow- 
ing thyself on us in this incomprehensi- 
ble mystery, 

Thro' thy blessed body broken for \\ 
on the cross, and really given to us in 
the holy communion, 

Thro' thy precious blood, shed for us 
on the cross, and substantially present 
in the Gtoalice of benediction. 
04 



Litany of the 

We sinners, beseech thee, hear us. 

That we may always believe nothing 
more reasonable, than to submit reason 
' to faith, We bestcch thee, hear us. 

That, by this sacred oblation, we may 
solemnly acknowledge thy infinite per- 
fections, and supreme dominion over all 
things, 

That, by this sacred oblation, we may 
humbly acknowledge our dependance on 
thee, and absolute subjection to the dis- 
posal of thy will, 

That we may eternally adore thy good- 
ness, who standing in no need of us, ha$t 
contrived such endearing motives to make *?j 
us love thee, and be happy, *.. 

That we may thankfully comply with £* 
thy gracious desire of being united to us, § 
by a fervent desire of being united to "*■ 
thee, v =£• 

That before we approach this banquets 
of divine love, we may sincerely endea- g* 
vonr to he reconciled to thee, and in per- ^ 
tect charity with all mankind, g 

That, at the moment of receiving thy* 
sacred body, our souls may dissolve into 
reverence and love, to attend on and en- 
tertain so glorious a guest, 

That, returning from this divine ban- 
quet, we may recollect all our thoughts 
to praise thee, and immediately apply 
< lir utmost endeavours to the amend- 
ment or' our lives. 

That, by this heavenly preservative, our 
- may be healed of their infirmi* 



blessed Sacrament. 32V 

ties, and strengthened against future re- ^ 
lapses, £. 

That, as- we adore thee here by faith, £ 
under these sacred veils, we may herear- s 
ter behold thee face to face, and eter-^ 
nally rejoice in thy presence, 

Lamb of God, that takest away the sins 
of the world, Spare us, O Lord. 

Lamb of God, that takest away the sins 
©f the world, Hear us, Lord. 

Lamb of God, that takest away the sin* 
of the world, Have mercy upon us. 
The Antipfum. 

TftE glorious King of heaven and earth, 
to shew the richness of his bounty, hath 
prepared' a solemn and splendid feast: and 
calls even the meanest of his subjects to sit 
down at his table by his gracious invita- 
tion : " Come to me all you that labour 
and are oppressed, and I will refresh you;, 
for my flesh is meat indeed, and. my blood 
is drink indeed." 

V. Thou hast given us, Q- Lord,, bread 
from heaven* Alleluia. 

R. Replenished with all sweetness and 
delight. Alleluia*, 

V. O Lord hear my prayer. 

R» And let my cry come unto thee. 
The Prayer. 

OGod^ who in this wonderful sacrament 
hast left us a perpetual memorial of 
thy passion; grant us^ we beseech thee, so 
to reverence these sacred mysteries of thy 
body and blood, that we may continually 
perceive in our souls the fruits of thy re^- 
05 



3?9 I'csytrsfor Sundays. 

demption : who, with the Father, and the 
Holy Ghost, livest and reignest, world with- 
out'end. Amen. 
A Prayer in honour of our 'Lord's Fassion, 

I Beseech thee, O Lord Jesus Christ, that 
thy precious death may be my resur- 
rection and life; thy sacred wounds, my 
remedy and cure ; and thy most holy body 
~nd blood, my meat and ^drink. May thy 
blessed Passion bring me to everlasting 
glory ; and let it be the joy, study, and de- 
sire, as it is the health and safety of mv 
soul, to meditate on these thy mercies, both 
now and for ever. Azcen, 



Th* VESPERS, or Evening Office, 
according to the Roman Breviary. 

Our FatJur, frc. Hail Mary, Sec. 

V. Incline unto my aid, O God. R. O 
Lord, make haste to help me. V. Glory be 
to the FatheV, &c. R. As it was in the be^- 
ginning, &c. Alleluia. 

Antk. The Lord said, &c. 

Psalm cix. Dixit Dominus. 
LnHIIE Lord said to my Lord; Sit thou 
X at my right-hand. 

2. Until I make thy enemies thy footstool. 

3. -The Lord will send forth the sceptre 
of thy power out of Sion : rule thou in the 
midst of thy enemies. 

4. With thee is the principality in the 
.day of thy strength, in the brightness of 
the flints, from the worab before the da$- 
aar ; I begot thee. 



Vespers fur Su ndays, 323 

5. The Lord hath sworn, and he willhot 
repent : thou art a priest for ever, according 
to the order of Mclchisedech. 

6*. The Lord at thy right* hand hath 
broken kings in the day of his wrath. 

7. lie shall judge among nations, he shall 
fill ruins, he shall crush the heads id the 
land of many. 

3. He shall drink of the torrent in the 
way : therefore shall he lift up the head. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 

A nth. The Lord saki to my; Lord: Sit thou 
at my right-hand, Antk. Faithful. 

- Psalm ex. Confitebor tibi. 
1. T Will praise thee, O Lord-, with my 

X whole heart : in the counsel of the 
just, and in the congregation. 

2. Great are the works of the Lord, 
sought out according to ill his wills. 

3. His work is praise and magnificence, 
and his justice continueth for ever and ever. 

4. He hath made a remembrance of his 
•wonderful works, being a merciful and gra- 
cious Lord : he hath given food to theirr 
that fear him: 

5. He will be mindful for ever of his co- 
venant: he will shew forth to his people 
the power of his works. 

(5. That he may give them the inherit- 
ance of the Gentiles : the works of his 
hands are truth and judgment. 

7. All his commandments are faithful, 
confirmed for ever and ever; made in truth 
and equity. 

7<. He hath sent redemption to hispeo- 
0-6- 



. S 24 Vespers for Su n days. 

pie : he hath commanded his covenant ♦for 
•ever. 

8. Holy and terrible is his name. The 
fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. 

9. A good understanding to all that do 
it ; his praise continueth for ever and ever. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 

Anth. Faithful are all his commandments, 
.confirmed for ever and ever. 

Anth. In his commandments. 
Psalm cxi. Beatus vir. 
1. T3LESSED is the man that feareth the 

*-* Lord : he shall delight exceedingly in 
his commandments. 

2. His seed shall be mighty upon earth : 
the generation of the righteous shall be 
iblessed. 

3. Glory and wealth shall be in his house; 
and his justice remaineth for ever and ever. 

4. To the righteous a light is risen up in 
darkness : he is merciful, and compassion- 
ate, and just. 

5. Acceptable is the man that sheweth 
mercy, and lendeth : he shall order his 
words with judgment, because he shall not 
be moved for ever. 

o. The just man shaU be in everlasting 
remembrance : he shall not feel the evil 
hearing. 

7. His heart is ready to hope in the Lord : 
his heart is strengthened : he shall not be 
moved until he look over his enemies. 

8. He hath distributed, he hath given to 
the poor : his justice remaineth for ever and 
ever : his horn shall be exalted in glory. 



Vespers for Sundays. S25 

P. The sinner shall see, and shall be an- 
gry; he shall gnash his teeth, and pine 
away : the desire of the wicked shall perish. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 

Anth. Tn his commandments he delights 
exceedingly. Anth. Let the name of the 
Lord. 

Psalm cxii. Laudate pueri. 
1. T) RAISE the Lord, ye children : praise 

JL ye the name of the Lord. 

2. Blessed be the name of the Lord, from 
henceforth now and for ever. 

3. From the rising of the sun until the 
going down of the same, the name of the 
Lord is worthy of praise. 

4. The Lord is high above all nations : 
and his glory above the heavens. 

5. Who is as the Lord our God, who 
dwelleth on high, and looketh down on the 
low things in heaven and in earth ? 

6. Raising up the needy from the earth, 
and lifting up the poor out of the dunghill. 

7. That he may place him with princes, 
w T iththe princes of his people. 

8. Who maketh a barren woman to dwell 
in a house, the joyful mother of children. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 
Anth. Let the name of the Lord be bless- 
ed for ever. Anth. We that live. 

Psalm cxiii. In exitu Israel. 
l.T7f7H£N Israel went out of Egypt, 
V V the house of Jacob from a barba- 
rous people. 

g, Judea was made his sanctuary, Israel 
his dominion. 



320 Vespers for Sundays. 

3. The sea saw and fled, Jordan was turn- 
ed back. 

4% The mountains skipped like rams, and 
the hills like the lambs ot the flocks. 

5. What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou 
didst ilee, and thou, O Jordan, that thou 
wast turned back > 

6. Ye mountains that ye skipped like rams, 
and ye hills like lambs of the flock ? 

7. At the presence of the Lord the earth 
was moved ; at the presence of the God of 
Jacob. 

8. Who turned the rock into pools of wa- 
ter, and the stony hills into fountains of 
water. 

9. Not to us, O Lord, not to us ; but to* 
thy name give glory. 

10. For thy, mercy and for thy truth's 
sake, lest the Gentiles should say, Where 
is their God ? 

11. But our God is in heaven : he hath 
done all things whatsoever he would. 

12. The idols of the Gentiles are silver 
and gold : the works of the hands of men. 

13. They have mouths and speak not; 
they have eyes and see not. 

14. They have ears and hear not ; they 
have noses and smell not. 

15. They have hands and feel not ; they 
h&ve feet and walk not ; neither shall they 
cry out through their throats* 

16. Let them that make them become like 
unto them ; and all such as trust in them. 

17. The house oflsrael hath hoped in the 
Lord ; he is their helper and protector. 



Vesp ers f or Su n duys. o - 7 

18. The house of Aaron hath hoped in 
the Lord : he is their helper and protector. 

19. They that fear the Lord have hoped 
in the Lord : he is their helper and their 
protector. 

20. The Lord hath been mindful of us, 
and hath blessed us. 

21. He hath blessed the house of Israel : 
he hath blessed the house of Aaron. 

22* He hath blessed all that fear the Lord, 
both little and great, 

23. May the Lord add blessings upon you : 
upon you and upon your children. 

24. Blessed be you of the Lord, who 
made heaven and earth. 

25. The heaven of heavens is the Lord's : 
but the earth he hath given to the children 
of men. 

26. The dead shall not praise thee,OLord, 
nor any of them that go down into hell. 

. E3ut we that live praise the Lord, from 
this time, now and for ever. 
Glory be to the Father, &c. 
J nth. We that live do bless the Lord. 

The little Chapter, 2 Cor. i. 
"DLESSED be God and the Father of o:ir 
**-* Lard Jesus Christ, the Father of mer- 
cies, and the God oi all comfort, who com- 
forteth us in ail our tribulations. 
Antfu Thanks be to God 

The Hymn. Lucis Creator optime. 

O Great Creator of the light, 
Who from the darksome womb of 
night 



328 Vespers for Sundays. 

Brought'st forth new light at nature's birth, 
To shine upon the face of th' earth. 

Who by the morn and ev'ning ray 
Hast measur'd time and call'd it day; 
Vouchsafe to hear our prayers and tears, 
Whilst sable night involves the spheres. 

Lest our frail mind, with sin denTd, 
From gifts of life should be exil'd, 
Whilst on no heav'nly thing she thinks, 
But twines herself in Satan's links. 

O may she soar to heav'n above, 
The happy seat of life and love : 
Mean time all sinful actions shun, 
And purge the foul ones she has done. 

This pray'r, most gracious Father, hear ; 
Thy equal Son incline his ear ! 
Who, with the Holy Ghost and thee, 
Doth live and reign eternally. Amen. 

V. May my prayer, O Lord, be directed, 

R. As incense in thy sight. 

The Anthem for the Magnificat is different 
every Sunday. 

The Magnificat, or Canticle of the Blessed 
Virgin, St. Luke i. 

MY soul doth magnify the Lord, 
And my spirit hath rejoiced in God' 
my Saviour. 

Because he hath regarded the humility of 
his handmaid ; for behold from henceforth 
ail generations shall call me blessed. 

For he that is mighty hath done great 
things to me, and holy is his name. 

And his mercy is from generation to ge- 
neration, to them that fear him.. 



Suffrage* for Sundays. 329 

He hath shewn might in his arm, he hath 
scattered the proud in the conceit of their 
heart. 

He hath put clown the mighty from their 
seat, and hath exalted the humble. 

He hath filled the hungry with good 
things, and the ricli he hath sent empty 
away. 

He hath received Israel his servant; 
being mindful of his mercy. 

As he spoke to our Fathers; to Abraham 
and to his seed for ever. 

Glory be to the Father, &c. 

The Prayer is the collect of the day : which 
being different every Sunday, jou may say 
this that follows : 

Let us pray. 

LOOK down, we beseech thee, .0 Lord, 
upon this thy family, for which our 
Lord Jesus Christ did not scruple to be de- 
livered into the hands of sinners, and to un- 
dergo the torments of the cross. Who livest 
andreignest with thee in the unity of the 
Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. 
Amen. 

A Commemoration of the B. V. Mary. 
Anth.(~\ Holy Mary, succour the misera- 
V>/ ble, help the faint-hearted, com- 
fort the afflicted; pray for the people, in- 
tercede for the clergy, make supplication 
for the devoiu female sex ; let all oe sensi- 
ble of thy help, who celebrate thy holy- 
commemoration. 

V. Pray for us, holy Mother of God. 



330 Suffrages for Sundays. 

R. That we may be made worthy of the 
promises of Christ". 

Let us pray, 

GRANT, we beseech thee, O Lord God, 
that we thy servants may enjoy per- 
petual health of mind and body, and by the 
glorious intercession of blessed Mary, ever 
a Virgin, be delivered from present sorrows, 
and come to eternal joys, through our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

A Commemoration of the Holy Apostles 
Peter and Paul. 

-4/rt/;.rriHE Apostle Peter, and Paul the 
JL doctor of the Gejitilcs, were they 
that taught us thy law, O Lord. 

V. Thou hast established them rulers 
over the whole earth. R. They shall be 
mindful of thy name, Q Lord. 
Let us pray. 

OGod, whose right hand raised up St. 
Peter walking on the waves, that he 
might not be drowned ! and delivered his 
fellow apostle Paul from the depth of the 
sea, when he was thrice shipwrecked ; mer- 
cifully hear us, and grant that by the me- 
rits of them both, we may obtain the glory 
of eternity. 

Of St. George. 
Antk. T ET him that would come after 
JLj me, deny himself, take up his 
cross, and follow me. 

V. The just man shall flourish like a 
palm-tree, 



Suffrages for Sundays. 331 

It. He shall thrive like the cedar of Li- 
banus. 

Let us pray* 

OGod, who by the merits and interces- 
sion of blessed George thy martyr re- 
joicest the hearts of the faithful, mercifully 
grant, that what we ask in his name, we 
may obtain thro* the gift of thy grace. 

For Peace* 
Jnth. /^ RANT peace, O Lord, in our 
VX days ; for there is no other to 
fight for us but thou our God. 

V. Let peace be made in thy strength. 
R. And plenty in thy towers. 
Let us pray. 

OGod, from whom are all holy desires, 
right counsels, and just works ; give 
to thy servants that peace which the world 
cannot give ; that both our hearts may be 
addicted to thy commandments, and the 
fear of enemies being taken away, the times 
may be quiet uuder thy protection. Thro' 
Jesus Christ, &c. Amen. 

V. The Lord be with you. 

R. And with thy spirit. 

V. Let us bless the Lord. 

R. Thanks be to God. 

V. May the souls of the faithful depart- 
ed, through the mercy of God, rest in peace, 

R* Amen. 

Our Father, kc. 



332 
A Method for the Absent of offering Mass. 

THOSE who are prevented from fulfilling 
the obligation of hearing Mass on Sun- 
days or holidays, such as persons on a voy- 
age at sea, or on a journey by land, through 
a country where, a Catholic Priest, church, 
or chapel, can scarcely, or perhaps are ab- 
solutely not to be met with, mav adopt the 
following method, recommencfed by Mr, 
Gother, of pious and learned memory. 

Having first bewailed their misforturfe, 
in not being present at this holy sacrifice, 
and fervently expressed their desire of be- 
ing there, let them in spirit place them- 
selves where they commonly hear Mass ; 
and having in general begged of Almighty 
God to be made partakers of the holy ob- 
lation which is there offered to his name, 
let them afterwards apply themselves to 
the prayers commonly used at the time of 
hearing Mass ; and without a doubt they 
will perform a devotion highly acceptable 
to Almighty God, and beneficial to them- 
selves ; being careful not to omit the prin- 
cipal parts thereof. For although the priest 
be not really with them, yet they are in 
spirit present before the altar with him, and 
in the presence of Almighty God, where 
the merits of Christ's sacred passion may be 
applied to their souls, Therefore will he 
most certainly hear them, if at the Conji- 
teor they humbly acknowledge their offen^ 



A Method for the Absent, SfC. 333 

ccs ;— if at the Kyrie eleison, they cry out 
for mercy ; — if at the Gloria in excelsis, 
they give adoration and glory to God; — if 
at the Collects, they recommend their twn 
and the Church's necessities ; — if at the 
Epistle, they beg of him to imprint on their 
minds the truths he has revealed in the 
old Testament ; — if at the Gospel, they make 
profession of living according to its maxims, 
arid pray that its .divine light be extended 
to all infidel nations ; — it at the Creed, 
they adhere with a firm and lively faith to 
the articles it contains ; — if at the Offertory, 
they offer up. themselves as mystical vic- 
tims; — if at the Lavabo, they pray to be 
cleansed from their sins; — if at the Canon, 
they form an act of oblation ; — if at the 
Elevation, they adore Jesus Christ, implor- 
ing ihe benefits of his sacrifice; — if at the 
Agnus Dei, they beg forgiveness of their 
sins; — if at the Communion, they commu- 
nicate inspirit; — if at the Tost Communion, 
they return thanks; if at the Benediction, 
they implore the blessing of Christ; — if at 
the last Gospel, they pray to become wor- 
thy of contemplating his glory. By this 
method the soul is awakened, raised up, 
and united to God, in the exercise of those 
virtues which form a true christian life, 
and render its condition, as far as its 
present state can admit of, like that of the 
blessed in heaven. 

UN1S. 
Erratum, p. 389, line 18, for acceptable read aftlictcd. 



CONTENTS, 



Page 

THE principal feasts and holidays in the 

whole year expounded 11 

An explanation of the colours which the 

Church uses in her service 29 

Impediments to matrimony 30 

Necessary rules for a christian 31 

The beginning of the Gospel according to 

St. John 33 

Christian Doctrine 34 

A profession of Catholic Faith, extracted out 

of the Council ofTrent, by Pope Pius IV. 39 

An instruction^br (ne morning.*..... 43 

An exercise for the morning 46 

Grace before and after meat 51 

A prayer for scholars before study ib. 

Prayers to be said at night 52 

The seven penitential psalms 60 

The litany 69 

Devout prayers which may be said after the 
litanies, according to the diversity of 

times and occasions...'. 76 

Prayers to beg the grace of the Holy Ghost 82 

The thanksgiving, or Te Deum laudamus 64 

A prayer for a special friend 86 

for a friend in tribulation 87 

for servants or hirelings ., ib. 

for the master or mistress of a fa- 
mily 88 

for parents 89 

for children 91 

for husband and wife ib. 

for widows 92 

for those who lead a single life . . . ( Jd 



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